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A piece this morning claims that the company exerts significant influence over a body designed to represent developers, when their interests may be at odds with those of the App Store owner …The App Association
The App Association describes itself as “the leading industry voice on the app economy.” It says that it represents more than 5,000 developers, including makers of connected devices.
As the leading industry voice on the app economy for our members as well as policymakers, we provide resources and tools to help app makers understand the rules, regulations, and best practices that are critical to secure success and consumer confidence. Our members and experts frequently testify before Congress on topics ranging from the internet of things to connected health innovation. In addition, we regularly host briefings and product demos to showcase innovations and highlight issues faced by entrepreneurs across the country.
Given that app developers are sometimes engage in battles with Apple over such things as App Store commissions, it would at first glance seem odd that the iPhone maker would have any influence over it – but that’s what a piece today claims.Apple ‘shapes the association’s goals’
Four former employees of The App Association have reportedly told Bloomberg that Apple shapes the goals and policies of the group.
The App Association brands itself as the leading voice for thousands of app developers around the world. In reality, the vast majority of its funding comes from Apple Inc.
The tech giant isn’t a member of the association. But it plays a dominant behind-the-scenes role shaping the group’s policy positions, according to four former App Association employees who asked not to be named discussing internal matters.
In fact, critics note, the association’s lobbying agenda tracks closely with Apple’s — even when it’s at odds with app developers, the companies that make the individual games and programs that run on Apple’s iPhone and other devices.But the piece appears to be based on a misunderstanding
The piece gives the impression that Apple is somehow supplying cash to the association in some quiet way in order to influence policy. It also suggests that Apple seeks influence without membership.
But this appears to be based on a misunderstanding. Apple is not a member of The App Association, but it is – very publicly – a sponsor of one specific initiative of the association. Namely, its attempt to get more sensible FRAND arrangements in place, as part of much-needed patent reform.
FRAND applies to so-called standards-essential patents, that is one without which it would be impossible to make a smartphone or other device. It states that the owner must licence the right to use the patented tech on terms which are Fair, Reasonable, And Non-Discriminatory.
Apple clearly has a keen interest in this area and sponsors this work, alongside other companies like Cisco, Intel, and Microsoft.
You can read below a letter the association and others sent to then President-elect Biden calling for FRAND reform. It is self-evident why Apple would wish to help fund this campaign.
Microsoft Word – Cover Letter Multistakeholder SEP Recommendations (13 Jan 2023).docx
January 13, 2023
RE: Recommendations for the Biden-Harris Administration on Standard-Essential Patent Licensing Policy Priorities & Actions
President-elect Joseph Biden outlined a strategy and vision for economic growth in the United States centered around a manufacturing future that is “Made in All of America.” In order to achieve this, we urge the incoming administration to ensure American innovators can access emerging technologies like 5G, Internet of Things (IoT), and artificial intelligence. But the transformative power of these technologies can only be achieved if the underlying technical standards upon which they are built can be used by all interested players on reasonable and non- discriminatory terms. Patents covering technology that is essential to using these standards — known as Standard-Essential Patents (SEPs) – must be available for American manufacturers to license in a fair and balanced framework, as promised by the owners of these patents when the standards were set.
To the detriment of American manufacturers and consumers, the previous administration’s policies over the past four years have drastically disrupted this balance and tilted the scales of leverage away from promoting products that build on these emerging technologies and in favor of royalty-seeking licensors. The desire to avoid high litigation costs and business risk can cause businesses to either accept excessive and abusive licensing terms or exit the market entirely. The impact of such decisions is felt by consumers in the form of reduced choices and higher costs.
To restore the balance to SEP licensing, and make sure American manufacturers can license the technologies needed to compete, we urge the Biden-Harris Administration to:
● Support a broad range of procompetitive SEP licensing practices and actively combat anticompetitive practices, including updating or withdrawing the 2023 Policy Statement on Remedies for Standards-Essential Patents Subject to Voluntary F/FRAND Commitments, withdrawing the 2023 “supplement” to the Department of Justice Antitrust Division’s Business Review Letter (BRL) originally issued to IEEE in 2024, and withdrawing the improperly issued Avanci BRL and countering the previous Administration’s SEP amicus filings.
● Promote the ability of U.S. companies to innovate and compete in markets around the world, including championing the U.S. government’s opposition to foreign courts forced global SEP portfolio-based licensing.
● Create a conducive environment within the U.S. government for federal agencies’ support of, adoption, and use of emerging connected technologies, including enabling standard setting organizations to develop and adopt balanced and reasonable intellectual property policies that best address an organization’s needs.
Our attached position paper provides more detail on these objectives. We look forward to working with you to help deliver on President-elect Biden’s promise to Build Back Better.
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Difference Between Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association
The Memorandum of Association, as a key company document, outlines the principles necessary to lay the foundation, including the objectives, scope of authority, competencies, liabilities, and legal rights, to define the company’s relationship with its shareholders. The memorandum is a legal code of conduct that binds the company and its shareholders, investors, and beneficiaries, necessitating any sound organization to grow.
Start Your Free Investment Banking CourseContents of Memorandum of Association
Under Section 4 of the Companies Act of 2013, a Memorandum of Association comprises of following clauses as discussed below:
1. Name Clause
For a public Limited company, the company’s name should end with the word ‘Limited’ as the last word.
For the private limited company, the name of the company should end with the words ‘Private Limited’ as the last words.
Moreover, these words are not covered under Section 8 of the Act; they must include one of the following words, as applicable.
Electoral Trust, etc.
2. Registered Office Clause
It specifies in which state the registered office is situated off the company.
3. Object Clause
It defines the objective of the company for which it has been incorporated. If the company does not serve the purpose, it has a right to change its name within six months from the date of incorporation.
In the memorandum, each organization member must clearly state their liabilities. Shares or guarantees can limit these liabilities. However, if unlimited liability exists, the entire clause will be abolished.
5. Capital Clause
It defines the maximum amount of capital the company’s members generate should be specified inside the Memorandum of Association. However, the company has no legal limit on the maximum amount of capital to be raised.
6. Association or Subscription Clause
The Memorandum of Association should specify the amount of authorized capital and the number of shares each company member owns.Articles of Association(AOA)
Shares belonging to a specific class should have certain values and rights attached.
Calls of shares, transfer of shares, forfeiture, conversion of shares, and alteration of capital.
Directors, their appointment, power, and duties are also included.
Minute of Meeting circulation and their intimation.
Accounts and their audit at regular intervals of time.
Auditor’s appointments and their remuneration.
Dividends and Reverse.
Formulation of rules to utilize and custody of the common seal.
Rules and regulations need to convert fully paid shares into stocks.
The proposed alteration increases the liability of existing members.
The alteration is allowed only to obtain better results.
The alteration can be done with a retrospective effect.Head To Head Comparison Between Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association (Infographics)
Below is the top 10 difference between a Memorandum of Association vs Article of AssociationKey Differences Between Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association
Both Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association are popular choices in the market; let us discuss some of the major Differences:
MOA is a document that defines the necessary documents which are required to fulfill the registration of the company. At the same time, the Articles of Association is a document that defines the rules and regulations for the company’s administration.
The Indian Companies Act 1956; MOA is defined in section 2(56). However, the AOA is elaborated in section(5).
MOA is a subsidiary of the Companies Act, while AOA is a subsidiary of both MOA and AOA.
In any of the clauses, a contradiction occurs between the Memorandum and Articles; the Memorandum of an association will prevail over the Article of Association.
MOA is a supremacy body that contains information about the company’s powers. At the same time, AOA contains information about the rules and regulations which need to implement.
MOA comprises six clauses, while AOA is designed at the company’s discretion.
MOA establishes the relationship with external bodies for streamlining the organization’s operations. However, AOA regulates the relationship between the company and its members.Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association Comparison Table
Below is the 10 topmost comparison between a Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association
Basis Of Comparison
Memorandum of Association (MOA)
Article of Association (AOA)
Definition MOA specifies all the fundamental data required to incorporate a company. AOA defines the rules and regulations necessary to govern the company.
Registration MOA is registered during the time of incorporation Not mandatory to register.
Scope The Memorandum is the charter, which characterizes and limits the powers and constraints of the organization. The articles define an individual’s obligation, rights, and power, which are necessary to govern the organization.
Status Major document Subordinate to the memorandum.
Power MOM gives a right to the company to violet company act The act constrains the articles.
Contents Six clauses are mandatory to write a memorandum. The company’s decision is sufficient to write the articles.
Objectives The objective and power of the company are specified in the memorandum. The articles are the means to attain the objectives and power.
Validity MOA is a reserve of all the rights to attain the objective. AOA follows the defined procedure of MOA.
Defined in Section 2(56) Section 2(5)
Relation The relationship between the company and the outsider A relationship between a company and its membersConclusion
The Memorandum of Association and the Article of Association are two documentation procedures that adopt different methods to cater to the fundamental data required to incorporate an organization and formulate definite sets of rules and regulations by the MOA. The mutual collaboration of both procedures helps the proper management and functioning of the company throughout its life. Due to this reason, every company requires to have its own memorandum and articles.Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to the top difference between a Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association. Here we also discuss the key differences between the Memorandum of Association vs Article of Association with infographics and a comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more.
To reset an Apple ID password without a phone number, you need to go to the iForgot website.
On the website, you need to follow the instructions to reset your password.
There are multiple instructions that you need to follow.
This includes confirming your phone number, choosing the appropriate options, and entering a new phone number.
After you’ve completed all of the steps, you need to wait for Apple to contact you.
Apple will contact you via the new phone number that you’ve provided.
However, it may take several days for Apple to verify your identity.
Here’s how to reset an Apple ID password without a phone number:
The website allows you to recover your Apple account if you have trouble signing in.
On the website, you’ll see an “Apple ID” field.
Your Apple ID is the email address that you use to sign in to your account.
Enter your Apple ID (email address) in the “Apple ID” field.2. Confirm your phone number
After you’ve entered your Apple ID, you need to confirm your phone number.
To do so, enter your (old) phone number in the “Phone number” field.
Don’t worry if you don’t have access to it, because you don’t need to use it.3. Select “Don’t have access to your iPhone?”
After you’ve entered your phone number, a notification will be sent to your iPhone.
If you have access to your old phone number, you can tap “Allow” in the notification.
Then, follow the instructions to reset your password.
Since you don’t have access to your old phone number, you won’t be able to receive it.
Hence, you need to select “Don’t have access to your iPhone?”.4. Select “Can’t use any of these options?”
After you’ve selected “Don’t have access to your iPhone?”, you’ll be given 3 options to reset your Apple ID password.
This includes “Reset your password while signing in on a new device”, “Use someone else’s iOS device”, and “Use an iOS device at an Apple Store”.
If you have another iPhone, you can use it to reset your Apple ID password.
However, if you don’t have access to any Apple devices, you won’t be able to use the options.
If that’s the case, you need to select “Can’t use any of these options?”.
After you’ve selected “Can’t use any of these options?”, you’ll be told that you need to wait to reset your password without an Apple device.
The fastest way to reset your password is from an Apple device.
If you don’t have an Apple device, it can take several days or more before you can reset your password.
This is to ensure the safety of your account.6. Select “Don’t use this number anymore?”
Enter the 6-digit code that is sent to your phone number to verify it.
If you don’t have access to your old phone number, you won’t be able to receive the code.
If that’s the case, you need to select “Don’t use this number anymore?”.7. Select “Can’t use this email address?”
After you’ve selected “Don’t use this number anymore?”, a code will be sent to your email address.
Check your email address for the code and enter it.
After you’ve entered the 6-digit code, follow the on-screen instructions to reset your Apple ID password.
If you don’t have access to your email address, you won’t be able to receive a code.
If that’s the case, select “Can’t use this email address?”.8. Enter a new phone number
After you’ve selected “Can’t use this email address?”, you need to enter a new phone number.
Apple will contact you via this phone number later on.
Firstly, select your country code using the dropdown box.
For example, if you’re living in the US, select “+1 (United States)”.
Secondly, enter your phone number in the “Phone number” field.
Now, you need to choose your method of contact.
You can either select “Text message” or “Phone call”.
Select “Text message” to get instructions via a text message.9. Enter the code
After you’ve entered a new phone number, a code will be sent to it.
Check your new phone for the 6-digit code.
Then, enter the 6-digit code to verify your phone number.
This is to prove that you’re the owner of the phone.10. Wait for Apple to contact you
After you’ve verified your new phone number, you’ll land on the “Thank you” page.
Apple will now evaluate your information to determine if you can reset your password.
Within 24 hours, Apple will contact you to let you know when you will be able to reset your password.
However, it can take several days for the evaluation process to complete.
If successful, Apple will contact you via your new phone number and give you instructions on how you can reset your password.
You’ve successfully learned how to reset your Apple ID password without a phone number or email!Conclusion
Resetting your Apple ID password can be easily done if you have an Apple device.
This is because you can use your Apple device or someone else’s.
However, if you don’t have an Apple device and you don’t have access to your old phone number, it’ll take a longer time to reset your password.
This is because of a couple of reasons.
Firstly, it gives you time to cancel the request if someone is trying to get into your account.
Secondly, Apple needs to verify whether it’s really you who is making the request.Further reading
How to Remove Calendar Virus on iPhone
240+ Funny Instagram Captions (For Friends & Selfies)
How to Reply to a Specific Instagram Message
A new non-jailbreak tweak was recently revealed to us via email, and it involves the ability to place and launch an unlimited amount of apps from the Newsstand folder on iOS 6. Yes, it works perfectly fine with the iPhone 5.
First sent to us by reader, Pim Oomen, the trick involves a little bit of timing and practice. The end result is an infinite scrollable folder that may contain as many apps as you can throw into it.
The nice thing about this trick is that it doesn’t rely on any external websites or apps in order to make it work. Take a look at our step-by-step video walkthrough inside to see how easy it is.Video tutorial How to do it
Step 1: Place the Newsstand folder anywhere on the second page of the Home screen.
Step 2: Place the apps that you would like to move into the Newsstand folder on the third page of the Home screen.
Step 3: Swipe to the third page of the Home screen containing the apps that you would like to move.
Step 4: Press the Home button once, and then immediately tap and hold on the app that you wish to move.
Step 5: Continue holding on the screen until the Home screen moves to the first page due to your press of the Home button.
Step 6: Release your hold on the screen and immediately swipe back to the second page containing the Newsstand folder
Step 7: If the trick worked correctly, then you should see wiggle mode enabled.
Step 8: Tap on the Newsstand folder to open it, and then press the Home button once to close it.
Step 9: You should see the app that you tapped and held on in Step 4 move into the Newsstand folder.
If wiggle mode did not enable when you performed step 7, then the trick was unsuccessful, so try again. It does take a little bit of practice to get this down correctly, so keep trying. Bear in mind that you don’t need to be lightning fast in order to do this, just do it exactly as explained in the tutorial and on the video.
Most likely, you will run into trouble on step 4. Be sure to tap and continue to hold on the app right after you press the Home button. The Home screen will switch to the first page as you tap and hold on the app. That is perfectly fine. You also have to make sure that once the screen switches to the first page, that you immediately swipe back over to the second page containing the Newsstand folder. You do need to be very quick on this part or else the trick will fail.
As I stated, you can continue to do this as many times as necessary. There is no limit to the amount of app icons that you can place into the folder.
One of the nice things about this trick is, unlike similar solutions in the past, you can still launch the apps contained within the Newsstand folder just like you normally would.
The only downside to this trick that I’ve found thus far, is that rebooting your iPhone will remove all of the apps from the Newsstand folder, forcing you to repeat the process all over again. You also cannot remove the items from the Newsstand folder without rebooting, so choose wisely.
Note: as you can see from the screenshot above, this also works with folders in folders, but I can’t recommend it. Placing a folder in a folder, and then trying to open any of the folders within a folder results in an immediate Springboard crash. If you do this, and you want to open a folder, first remove the folder from the folder.
The Apple News app has been around for nearly five years and, in that time, has become a quiet giant. With the opportunity to see top feeds curated by human editors, trending stories suggested by Siri or stories popular with other readers, there is something for everyone. The more time you spend in Apple News, the more personalized the stories become. If you have not tried the app, you really are missing out on a customizable experience. What if you want to really make the Apple News app “your own”? Try these settings to customize your Apple News app.Adding Channels
The first thing you want to do is start adding channels. If it’s your first time opening the News app, “Discover Channels & Topics” is down on the left side of the screen. If you have already been using the News app to add topics, go to File on the menu bar and select “Discover Channels & Topics.”
When the popup opens, the app essentially wants you to choose your favorite topics or news sites to follow. When going through these options, there is a fairly endless scroll taking you through a variety of news, celebrity, gaming, science, politics, culture and other sources or topics. As the Apple News app starts to recognize you are selecting a lot of gaming sites to follow, you will start to see more gaming options appear.Unfollowing Channels Restricted View
As noted above, Apple News is something of a combination of human editors plus your own selection of topics or channels to follow. Perhaps you want to cut out of a lot of the superfluous activity that is not of interest to you. That might be the top stories around politics, world events or sports. Either way, you can make this happen easily by restricting the stories you to see to only those that come from the channels or topics you follow.Voting on Stories
Among other options, you will see two choices to either “Suggest More Like This” or “Suggest Less Like This.” Each of these choices will help the News app algorithm learn your interests and help you discover more stories on your own that might be of interest. The more you select either of these two options, the more the system can learn and help customize the type of news and sources you see on a daily basis.Manage Notifications
Like the mobile Apple News app, the Mac app can send as many or as few notifications as you would like. Do you want to see notifications from every topic or site you follow or just a few? If you choose the former, you could potentially get inundated with notifications all day long. In that case, it is good to manage your notifications and limit to specific channels or topics.
To get started, head to File in the Mac menu bar and select “Manage Notifications & Email.” When the small pop-up opens, you can scroll through and select which channels you want to receive notifications from. You will have the option of both channels or topics you selected or “More Channels,” which is full of sites you have previously read or voted for.
It is easy to customize the Apple News app on Mac, as it allows for plenty of control over who and what you follow. If you are on iOS, here is how you can sign up for a new subscription in your iPhone.
David is a freelance tech writer with over 15 years of experience in the tech industry. He loves all things Nintendo.
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iPhone addiction can be a serious and uncomfortable problem for a lot of people in modern life. With the right settings, Apple Watch can help you create new behaviors away from your phone without being totally disconnected.iPhone Addiction
That concern is why Apple included new Screen Time and Down Time features in iOS 12 that let you track and limit how you use your smartphone and apps with rules you create. Screen Time is a great tool — especially useful for parents, seriously, check it out — but it can be challenging to limit yourself when you hold the keys.
The challenge can be made worse when you mix the tools that you use for personal life with the tools that you rely on for work life. It can be impossible to put hard limits on access to communication and information.
It’s when we notice ourselves removed from a moment we should be sharing with others or engaging in a cycle of checking buckets of information for changes that aren’t there that we feel the symptoms of the problem.Remedies
There are lots of ways to fight the impulses to not miss a moment of the news cycle or what’s going on in our social circles.
Charge your iPhone in another room at night, schedule Do Not Disturb at a certain hour each night and use Do Not Disturb While Driving, or even pick up a new hobby that keeps your hands busy like playing an instrument, sketching on paper, or even playing a video game. Anything to keep my hands busy and my mind engaged.
Just be careful not to replace one bad habit with another. The fix is an ongoing experiment for me, but I’ve found that anytime I enjoy an experience that doesn’t involve checking Twitter and Instagram on my iPhone that’s something I should explore deeper.Apple Watch
Creating new routines and behaviors that don’t involve the iPhone can be key in reducing the compulsive habit of looking for entertainment on your phone. For me, the Apple Watch has played a major role in creating these experiences.
That’s because the Series 3 and Series 4 with LTE allow you to leave your iPhone behind without going totally offline. As a parent, I appreciate being able to distance myself from my iPhone without worrying about missing critical messages and phone calls if needed.
Experiences without iPhone can include workouts (outdoor workouts or even gym workouts with the iPhone secured in the car or locker), trips to the movie theater or dinner at a restaurant, visits to parks with your family or spending time outdoors on your own, or even an hour spent grocery shopping. If photography is important to you, it may even be worth investing in a decent camera so you can keep shooting photos when you disconnect from your iPhone.
Apple Watch Series 3 and Series 4 let you do all sorts of activities without your iPhone and without being disconnected in case of an emergency. Removing the iPhone from the equation for an hour or two is a great way to experience first hand what it’s like to not have it as an option.Away Mode
If you want to stay connected, you need an Apple Watch Series 3 or Series 4 with an active cellular plan — and you’ll probably want to enter nearly the same mode with settings that I recommend for sleep tracking to prevent interruptions.
Theater Mode may not be needed unless you’re actually at the movie theater, but Do Not Disturb and Silent Mode can reduce distractions while still allowing favorited contacts and repeated calls to come through — and you can still contact anyone as needed.
If you’re using Apple Watch to track workouts, you can automatically enable Do Not Disturb at the start of a workout. Turn ‘Workout Do Not Disturb’ on from the Watch app on iPhone on the My Watch tab under General and Do Not Disturb.
Apple Watch still lets you do much of what you can do on your iPhone including listen to music and play podcasts or even check Twitter and refresh your inbox, but the experience is much less immersive and may feel less compulsive. We’re not at a point where the watch can replace the phone for all tasks, and that’s probably a good thing for now.
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