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Cisco Systems has made a couple of announcements about mobility of late.

The first one, issued at the end of April (read it here), snuck past us initially, but we caught up with it. It describes a partnership with Nokia that “extends the rich Cisco Unified IP phone capabilities to Nokia Eseries dual-mode smartphones over Cisco Unified Wireless Networks, to offer users a seamless mobile experience in the enterprise environment and public cellular networks.”

Translation: With the help of some software from Cisco, Nokia’s dual-mode handsets will be able to place and receive phone calls over Cisco wireless LANs—when they’re in range—and save money on cellular minutes. In enterprise telephony parlance, this bit of technology will ‘port the desktop phone number’ to the Nokia device over Wi-Fi.

It’s nice to see Cisco taking the first steps toward mobilizing its formidable IP telephony capabilities. And in characterizing this dual-mode capability as “mobile unified communications” (a stretch in our view), the announcement constitutes at least a tacit endorsement of the idea that mobile phone users in the field should have access to the same communications resources they enjoy at their office desk.

But if the company wants to be a serious contender in anything that could legitimately be called mobile unified communications, Cisco is looking at a serious game of catch-up, as a generation of smaller, more nimble competitors has already got a formidable head start.

The first to take on the challenge of the dual-network telephony were the so-called fixed/mobile convergence (F/MC) vendors—startups such as Kineto Wireless and the other members of its Unlicensed Mobile Access coalition (UMA) or BridgePort Networks and other members of the Mobile Ignite trade group.

These companies figured out how to identify the “best available network” for a call and how to engineer automated, on-the-fly handoffs between carriers’ cellular networks and local wireless LANs for mobile users. (With Cisco/Nokia solution, it appears, the user can manually select Wi-Fi or cellular.)

These technical solutions (which relate only to voice, not other communications modes) have been available for years now, although as they are carrier-centric solutions—that is, they are deployed in carrier networks—and the carriers by and large have not seen fit to deploy them yet, they are not currently an option for many would-be adopters.

There are, however, several enterprise-centric solutions that chúng tôi has written about in some detail. Technology from DiVitas Networks, OEM provider FirstHand Technologies, and (to a lesser degree) Siemens Communications, not only goes beyond basic F/MC to mobilize PBX functions and/or other key modes of enterprise communication, they are fully available for deployment now.

For Cisco to get to the place where these providers sit today—again, with a level of functionality that could be reasonably termed mobile unified communications—will not be easy.

Providing extended communications features, such as PBX functions (hold, forward, extension dialing, etc.), e-mail, conferencing, corporate directory access, and the like over cellular networks is not a trivial problem.

Doing this over Wi-Fi is relatively easy, DiVitas CEO Vivek Khuller told chúng tôi in a recent conversation, “because you are in control of the network and it’s an all-IP network. However to provide the same feature set over cellular is not a trivial task. That requires coordination—both on the client side and on the server side—between two disparate networks: cell voice and cell data,” Khuller said.

“When you combine all three together—cell voice, cell data, and Wi-Fi—it gets even more difficult,” Khuller continued. “There could be three people on a single call; one on cell, one on campus Wi-Fi, another on public Wi-Fi—three very different networks, controlled by three separate entities. How do you now manage that call—without echo, latency, with everybody having equal features?”

From DiVitas’s perspective, the task is far easier if that functionality was a fundamental goal of the product’s initial design—from the ground up. It’s tougher to do as an add-on to an architecture that didn’t envision it at the outset.

Which brings us to Cisco’s second announcement (last week), of the Cisco 3300 Series Mobility Services Engine or MSE (read the release here).

If you don’t know what a Mobility Services Engines is, don’t feel bad. Neither did we. If we’ve got it right, this is an appliance-based middleware platform that will serve the ambitious goal of normalizing and integrating the entire spectrum of networking technologies, both wired and wireless, allowing the sharing of both data and application functionality among devices, regardless of their network connections.

The “platform offers an open application programming interface (API) for consolidating and supporting an array of mobility services across wireless and wired network,” according to the company. That is, software applications—and other appliances—will be able to access resources provided by the MSE.

Cisco will be releasing an initial four software offerings for the MSE platform, one of which—Cisco Mobile Intelligent Roaming (MIR), due out some time in the second half of the year—can facilitate (but not actually execute) handoffs when devices roam between networks.

“If we know that network performance is changing in a way that impacts the application, it might make sense to transition to another network. MIR can provide that intelligence to other platforms that actually trigger the roam,” Chris Kozup, Senior Manager, Cisco Mobility Solutions told our sister publication Wi-Fi chúng tôi in an interview.

Actually bringing about the connection transfer requires another device or gateway, and one member of Cisco’s technology “partner ecosystem”—Silicon Valley startup Agito Networks—announced (in conjunction with the MSE release) that its RoamAnywhere Mobility Router will integrate with the Cisco Engine to provide customers with a full-blown solution for seamless cellular/Wi-Fi handoff.

So, before the end of this year, Cisco VoIP shops will have the tools needed to begin to provide communications capabilities to far-flung mobile workers. For better or worse, it will involve one or more additional devices in the network infrastructure that customers will have to manage and troubleshoot.

This article was first published on chúng tôi

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Cisco Switch Configuration Basic Commands

Accessing the Switch

The first step in configuring a Cisco switch is to access the switch’s command-line interface (CLI). This can be done through a console cable or through a Telnet or SSH connection. To access the switch through the console, connect a console cable to the switch and a computer’s serial port. Then, open a terminal emulator software such as HyperTerminal on the computer and set the baud rate to 9600. Press Enter and the switch’s login prompt will appear.

To access the switch through Telnet or SSH, use the command “telnet [switch IP address]” or “ssh [switch IP address]” on the computer’s command prompt. The switch’s login prompt will then appear.

Entering Configuration Mode

Once logged in, the switch will be in user mode. To enter configuration mode, use the command “enable” to enter privileged mode and then “configure terminal” to enter configuration mode. The prompt will change to “switch(config)#” indicating that the switch is now in configuration mode.

Setting the Hostname

The hostname is the name assigned to the switch and is used to identify the switch in the network. To set the hostname, use the command “hostname [hostname]” in configuration mode. For example, to set the hostname to “switch1”, the command would be “hostname switch1”.

Setting the IP Address and Default Gateway

The IP address and default gateway are used to communicate with other devices on the network. To set the IP address and default gateway, use the command “interface [interface number]” to enter interface configuration mode. Then, use the command “ip address [IP address] [subnet mask]” to set the IP address and “ip default-gateway [default gateway]” to set the default gateway. For example, to set the IP address to 192.168.1.1 and the subnet mask to 255.255.255.0, the command would be “ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0”. To set the default gateway to 192.168.1.254, the command would be “ip default-gateway 192.168.1.254”.

Enabling and Disabling Interfaces

To enable or disable an interface, use the command “interface [interface number]” to enter interface configuration mode. Then, use the command “shutdown” to disable the interface or “no shutdown” to enable the interface. For example, to disable interface Fa0/1, the command would be “interface Fa0/1” followed by “shutdown”. To enable the interface, the command would be “interface Fa0/1” followed by “no shutdown”.

Setting the VLAN

VLANs are used to segment a network into smaller logical networks. To set the VLAN, use the command “vlan [VLAN number]” to enter VLAN configuration mode. Then, use the command “name [VLAN name]” to set the VLAN name. For example, to set VLAN 10 with the name “sales”, the command would be “vlan 10” followed by “name sales”.

Configuring Port Security

Port security is used to restrict access to a switch port by limiting the number of MAC addresses that can be learned on the port. To configure port security, use the command “interface [interface number]” to enter interface configuration mode. Then, use the command “switchport port-security” to enable port security on the interface. To set the maximum number of MAC addresses that can be learned on the port, use the command “switchport port-security maximum [number of addresses]”. For example, to enable port security on interface Fa0/1 and set the maximum number of MAC addresses to 2, the commands would be “interface Fa0/1” followed by “switchport port-security” and “switchport port-security maximum 2”.

Enabling Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)

STP is used to prevent loops in the network by electing a root bridge and blocking certain ports. To enable STP, use the command “spanning-tree vlan [VLAN number] root primary” in configuration mode. This will set the switch as the primary root bridge for the specified VLAN. To set a specific interface as the root port, use the command “spanning-tree vlan [VLAN number] interface [interface number] root primary”. For example, to enable STP on VLAN 10 and set interface Fa0/1 as the root port, the commands would be “spanning-tree vlan 10 root primary” and “spanning-tree vlan 10 interface Fa0/1 root primary”.

Saving Configuration Changes

Once all of the desired changes have been made, it is important to save the configuration to the switch’s non-volatile memory (NVRAM). This can be done by using the command “copy running-config startup-config” in configuration mode. This command will save the current configuration to the switch’s NVRAM so that it will be used when the switch is rebooted.

Conclusion

These are just a few of the basic commands that are commonly used when configuring Cisco switches. With a solid understanding of these commands and a little practice, configuring a Cisco switch can become a simple task. However, it is important to remember that each network is unique and may require additional configuration commands to meet the specific needs of the network. Always refer to the Cisco documentation for additional information and troubleshooting tips.

Voip Migration Leads To Savings, Worker Mobility

The telephone switchboard and landline desk phone may not be dead, but they are becoming relics of the past along with office ashtrays and typewriters.

Is VoIP Right for You?

VoIP can be ideal if your company handles many calls among multiple people, has mobile employees, or juggles satellite offices. Implementing the technology can help to shrink or eliminate the cost of long-distance and conference calls.

In addition, VoIP provides the flexibility to manage calls as you would other data. For example, a caller’s contact information may pop up on a Web-based dashboard or on a smartphone with a VoIP app when they ring your number. Depending on the service, voice calls can be translated to text that you read via e-mail or on a smartphone. Many VoIP services extend beyond voice to encompass instant messaging, virtual meetings, and videoconferencing. VoIP is key to unified communications efforts to integrate all of your correspondence into a single, digital hub.

If you already have a local or wide-area network, then you’ve already laid much of the groundwork. Make sure that your organization has enough bandwidth–a T1 line or better–before trying to cram your calls through a sluggish data pipeline.

In Video: Making the Leap to VoIP

VoIP Options

But that’s not enough if you need individual phone lines for your employees. In this case, the many VoIP options essentially break down to either a hosted or on-site VoIP service. Hybrid services can blend the two, letting you combine old and new equipment.

Hosted VoIP leaves the heavy technology lifting to another company. It can help a small business appear bigger by offering PBX-style features, such as individual phone numbers for employees and call transfers, even to workers away from their desks. It can include toll-free numbers and integration with e-mail and faxing software. You basically download software and buy or lease IP phones for each user. There’s little need to invest in expensive equipment or to pay an IT pro for ongoing support. 8×8 and Speakeasy are among the many companies offering hosted VoIP. Your Internet service provider may offer options for VoIP service, as well.

Before You Leap

As for the drawbacks, a hosted service may lack the customization you crave, or charge you extra fees for adding features or new users; it could leave you high and dry if the company goes belly-up, too. With on-premise VoIP, you may suffer the obvious headaches and costs of managing any tech equipment in-house, including a large up-front investment.

Before you make the big VoIP switch-over, look closely at the numbers. Compare what you currently spend per user on phone service with what you project to pay a VoIP provider. Read the fine print of any service to determine any hidden fees. Figure in hardware and ongoing maintenance, and don’t forget to add the cost of a faster Internet connection, if you need one.

Case Study: Green Heating-Products Seller Saves Greenbacks With VoIP

The problem:

The solution:

BoxIT chose VoIP to replace the tired PBX technology, which had its heyday in the era of switchboard operators. JTG/Muir threw away boxes of NEC telephones from its staffers’ desks to make way for Yealink SIP (Session Internet Protocol) phones.

For the pipeline through which voice and data traffic flows, BoxIT went with a SIP Trunk from Cbeyond Cloud Services. Rather than connecting to phones via old-school physical wires as in a PBX system, the SIP Trunk controls communication over the Internet. BoxIT prioritized voice over regular Internet traffic on the company network to ensure high call quality.

BoxIT also added to the package a Web-based Fop2 Flash operator panel. This allows office staff to view instantly who is on which call, as well as to transfer and record calls. There are plans to integrate JTG/Muir’s CRM (customer relationship managment) tool with Trixbox CE.

No downtime was necessary during the migration, as BoxIT had prepared the new system to take over immediately once the switch was made.

The outcome:

If the Internet connection goes down at the office, the SIP Trunk can be set up to call an alternate traditional landline or cell phone, or it can send a call directly to voicemail and then deliver it in an e-mail message.

In addition to enjoying a new system that provides flexibility for often mobile employees, JTG/Muir is saving $1200 each month with three times the bandwidth as the old PBX system.

With the overhaul, JTG/Muir not only reduced costs but also freed its staffers to focus on selling solar hot-water heaters, radiant systems, and other heating products, both on the road and from the office.

Founded in 2001 by Thor Myhrstad, BoxIT is a managed service provider and IT consulting firm supporting small businesses and nonprofits in the San Francisco Bay Area. You can find the company at

or at 866/761-6148.

All recommendations and opinions expressed represent the independent judgment of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of PCWorld or its editorial staff.

How To Find Owner Of Voip Number: 10 Methods

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) phone numbers can be more difficult to track as they use the Internet to make calls instead of using traditional landline phone service. So, if you miss an important call or keep getting harassing calls, you need to find the owner of a specific VoIP number.

Some companies allow anonymous calls, while other numbers are not linked to physical addresses like landline phone numbers. These factors make it more challenging to find the name behind the phone number. If you need to know how to find the owner of a VoIP number, there are several methods you can try.

Method 1: Set Up Caller ID on Your Device

Smartphones have Caller ID by default, but you can also install this option on your other devices. If you’re using a VoIP service, you can set up the Caller ID within the account settings menu. The other person’s VoIP service provider can also activate the Caller ID, which will show you the name and number of the calls coming through.

However, it’s possible to spoof Caller ID by manipulating it to show inaccurate information. Spam calls frequently use spoofing to show a number similar to yours or the same area code, increasing the likelihood that you’ll answer.

Method 2: With the help of the VoIP Service Provider

When you get an unknown call, note the time and phone number, then contact your VoIP service provider. Using this information, they can track the owner of the number that called you. However, if they don’t register the number or use a fake IP or third-party service to make the call, the VoIP provider might not have access to the information.

Method 3: Using Hardphone or Softphone Packet Analyzers

Hardphones and softphones are types of phones that are commonly used in call centers. These phones use a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) and connect to a server or proxy.

You can connect to a proxy or server and use a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). This approach lets you use a packet analyzer to trace the VoIP phone number. These phones are connected to a Local Area Network (LAN), where they manage all incoming calls. For this, they use VoIP software to establish a connection to the telephone network.

However, you will need to download and install a packet analyzer on a softphone to trace the VoIP number. You can apply a SIP filter to your calls and see the IP where each call originates, including their name, if they entered it.

Method 4: Do a Reverse Phone Lookup

Reverse phone detective VoIP is the easier and fastest way to get hold of the VoIP number you’re looking for. You just need to enter the number into a VoIP phone number lookup app, which will show the owner’s address and name.

Moreover, you don’t require to download or install software on your device. There are some online programs where you can do this for free, or you can buy some premium services.

Method 5: Perform an IP Address Lookup

In this method, you need the IP address to find the caller’s information. Many VoIP providers show the IP address on other phone screens because it connects the call. Once you have the necessary information, use it to run a WHOIS search. The results include the IP owner, location, Internet Service Provider, and contact information.

Method 6: Using the VoIP Address Domain

The VoIP provider has an address domain associated with each call, which shows up in your phone’s call logs. You’ll see a phone number or the VoIP address in a format resembling an email address. You should look at the domain name on the address and use it to trace the VoIP provider. After that, find the specific user.

Method 7: CNAM Lookup to Find the Owner of a VoIP Number

You must go to the VoIP service provider and tell them you must conduct the VoIP number lookup because you have received threatening calls, spam, or even prank calls. If the justification is insufficient, your VoIP number lookup will certainly fail.

However, if you don’t have a VoIP phone number, this method won’t work for you. Given how easy it can be to fake the caller’s ID, the provider would ask you to give them the CNAM you’re looking for. But you can only perform a CNAM search if you have the proper skills in coding.

Method 8: How to trace VoIP Number Using Call Logs

Phone bills show all calls you made and received during a billing cycle. VoIP service providers work the same way, so you can check your VoIP call logs to see your incoming calls. Look at the specific time of the call and pull the data to track the owner online with methods from this list.

Method 9: Use the Automated Service *69

Dialing “*69” on your phone will take you to the automated service. This number gives info about the last call, like the time of the call, the VoIP number, and where the call came from. If you use this method, you can find the owner of a VoIP number, even if the ID is blocked or hidden.

Method 10: Talk to Law Enforcement

You can also inform the local law enforcement department that you have been receiving spam phone calls, prank calls that are disturbing your mental health, or if you suspect they may be trying to scam you or extort you, they can help in finding the owner of the VoIP phone number.

Phishing scams are illegal, and the FBI needs to know about them to ensure that scammers don’t find more victims. Give you all the data you can pull from your call logs. They are sure to do something about it and, most likely, inform you who is the owner of the VoIP number.

FAQ

You’ve learned how to find the owner of a VoIP phone number, but if you need more information, check out the answers to these frequently asked questions.

The main difference between fixed and non-fixed VoIP phone numbers is that fixed ones are far harder to use for fraudulent activities and scams like phishing. However, they only work on a few devices.

On the other hand, non-fixed numbers don’t have an actual address because they’re linked to a virtual system. People can also opt to use a number belonging to a location where they don’t live, a virtual one.

The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) assigns VoIP numbers based on the location and geography of area codes. However, people don’t need to live in those area codes to register with their service provider.

The main reason why people can keep their same phone numbers or landline numbers is that they have one VoIP account, and they can contact the NANP to make the necessary changes and adjustments.

Conclusion

VoIP technology has become more streamlined and popular, so you’ll likely get calls from this type of phone number. While it might be a challenging process, these methods will help you learn how to find the owner of a VoIP number.

Ip Centrex: Low Cost Enterprise Voip

There has been a lot of press on VoIP recently; however, the jury is still out as to when this technology will become the business standard rather than the new kid on the block.There are a number of reasons but the primary one is the cost to move away from traditional and highly reliable analog telephone systems to digital. Most small office environments have key systems installed, many of which have been in use for a decade or more, and they continue to run with little or no upkeep.

Convergence of voice and data is, and will continue to be, the key enabler that will drive the deployment of VoIP on a wide scale across Corporate America.Convergence offers more flexibility in the development of automated and streamlined business processes, but equally important, it provides the opportunity to consolidate access to the WAN and the PSTN which will drive down support and recurring costs.

This potential to reduce staff as well as recurring data and telephony costs will enamor the CIOS and CFOS. The carriers are driving this point home by taking the legacy Centrex service offering out of moth balls with a fork lift upgrade to IP and then branding the service with new sexy names. Regardless of the name, it is essentially Centrex with a new dress. This new Centrex service, which is now available, makes it possible to provide both data and telephony service at branch offices with a single pipe to the phone company.

Services such as AT&T’s Voice DNA makes it attractive to modernize branch offices because. By converging voice and data at these remote locations, an immediate reduction in recurring costs will be realized in most cases. This also opens up a plethora of applications such as voicemail, 4-digit dialing, and call waiting which the old key systems that are in use today simply cannot accommodate economically. Now you folks that have resided in the ivory towers of headquarters all of your career will not be able to appreciate this. However, the seasoned professionals who venture out to the branch offices periodically to kick the tires will fully understand what I am talking about.

I looked at a couple of services but was impressed most by AT&T’s. Voice DNA eliminates the need for a PBX or Key System at a given location, yet provides all the functionality one would expect to see at a corporate headquarters. A multitude of functions including call waiting, call forwarding, DID, DOD, conferencing, faxing and a host of other applications can be made available.

Now I would be remiss if I didn’t indicate that I was swayed by the intuitive administrator web tool. This tool makes MAC activity a breeze. The tool also makes it easy to set up billing codes and pull up an abundance of reports, such as usage for starters, that the CIO is always requesting at the spur of the moment.

The infrastructure and intelligence behind the Voice DNA service puts the workload on AT&T’s network for voice traffic and not mine. If the traffic is destined for a Voice DNA enabled location, it is processed and delivered on the Voice DNA network. All other traffic hops off the Voice DNA network an on to the PSTN rather than eating up valuable bandwidth on my private IP network.

Most national companies are organized by geographical areas, and as a result, there is a significant amount of interaction between offices in a specific area. This is a perfect situation for Centrex. In example, why not put all of the offices in the Atlanta metropolitan area on a common Centrex service? Then multiply this across the nation in the other large metropolitan areas where you do business. This would, in effect, make each of these areas a large virtual office and provide the same functionality the folks over at corporate consider a given.

Perhaps one of the greatest benefits of this service is the flexibility it provides the road warriors who are in and out of branch offices more than they are at their own desk. This will enable them to sit down at any office with the service, log into a telephone, and voila, all their phone calls will come to them regardless of the office they happen to be working out of that day.

You techies out there will say “this is nothing new.” We can do this ourselves by implementing our own private VoIP capability at the branch offices and the corporate WAN.

Yes, you are indeed right, but I ask you why would you want to?

Another big item you need to consider is the “feet on the ground” required to support these chúng tôi you implement it yourself, you are going to have to “belly up to the bar” and add staff or make arrangements for contractors to be at your beck and call.

Why would you want to do this? Offload this burden to the carriers such as AT&T, MCI, or Sprint who are all better equipped than you to do the job. After all, they have been doing it since Alexander Graham Bell first started providing the service.

This article was first published on chúng tôi

Use Sip And Voip To Add Another Landline To Your Home

There was a time when Skype was the only Voice over IP (or VOIP) service available to the general public. Now Session Initiation Protocol (or SIP) has made VOIP available to businesses and private citizens worldwide. How can you get your piece of the action?

In this article we will cover how by using SIP and VOIP hosting services (and in some cases a small amount of hardware, too) you can use your broadband connection to add another landline to your home for nearly free.

Get on the Horn

VOIP is nothing new, especially in a time when Skype (like Google and Hoover) is so ubiquitous it has become a verb as well as a company name. Skype, while for some still the gold standard of VOIP, has been joined in the market by many competing and sometimes better quality services. Apple’s FaceTime is good and Vonage enjoyed a brief period of popularity, but now many generic services based on SIP offer VOIP voice hosted communications for residential and business customers.

What this means is that for minimal cost and even free in some cases, you can set up a local number landline for your home or business. All that’s required is an account with a VOIP provider.

Get a Provider

All providers charge for calls, but the charges are usually fairly minimal, like 1.9 pence (about 3 cents in US dollars) per minute from sipgate. As with Skype, you can top up your service with credit so you can make calls.

You can even make emergency calls with some providers, but check their website for details about that. If they do, they have to check to be sure you are really a resident in the country (in case you are intending to make prank calls from afar), so to register for 911 or 999 or 112 calls, the companies may ask for your address and check it before you are allowed to make emergency calls.

It varies wildly by country and provider, but take the time to shop around all the providers in your country for the best deal. Once you’re registered, you are issued a phone number (usually you get to pick where this number seems to be from), password and account number.

Get a “Phone”

Once you have yourself set up with a provider, you need to have a means to answer the calls.

Option 1 – the easiest and quickest option while spending no money is X-Lite softphone for Windows and OS X. Download the software, and configure it using the setup instructions from your provider, usually with a password and account number.

Option 2 – you can also get SIP software for your Android and iOS devices, which is another cool option, especially if you have an unlimited data plan. The best free iOS option is Zoiper, and the best iOS and Android paid app is Groundwire.

Option 3 – if you want to take it up a notch you can add a VOIP phone adapter and plug a regular phone into it.

The PAP2 by Linksys is an example of the kind of thing you need as is the OBI-100 by Obihai. Many other such adapters exist. Get one that’s compatible with your provider.

Configuration of the standalone adapter devices is by web browser.

Option 4 – The top of the line solution is a specialized multi-line capable VOIP phone like this one and this one. They just plug right into the Internet but are a little more expensive than other options.

Picking Ethical Numbers

Okay, this is something shady that telemarketers have picked up on. Register with a worldwide VOIP service, pick a number local to another country and phone the public to market to them. Being resident in another country, you are not bound by the NO CALL lists in the country in question. This is evil and disruptive and sleazy.

Don’t be that guy. Obviously there are legit reasons you might want to have a phone number in another country. Having a business which does business mostly with the US but being based in the UK is a totally legitimate reason to have a US number.

For the most part, it’s ethically and legally best if you pick a phone number in the area code closest to you. Obviously if you want to appear to be a bigger or more significant company than you are, then you pick the nearest big city to you or the nation’s capital. Those are also legit reasons as they are a way to gently boost your marketing credibility.

But otherwise do yourself and everyone else a favour; don’t be a scammer or use VOIP for shady purposes. Only crooks do that.

Photo Credit: Billy Brown

Phil South

Phil South has been writing about tech subjects for over 30 years. Starting out with Your Sinclair magazine in the 80s, and then MacUser and Computer Shopper. He’s designed user interfaces for groundbreaking music software, been the technical editor on film making and visual effects books for Elsevier, and helped create the MTE YouTube Channel. He lives and works in South Wales, UK.

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