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Today almost every organization has adopted cloud computing technology into their ecosystem to secure the services simply and rapidly. The inevitable rise the technology raises a question that how will on-demand IT will evolve through the next ten years? Some say that the cloud should be used as a platform for innovation, some say the focus should be on developing localized cloud services. Whereas some experts have quite a different opinion – ‘Consider how online will be the default setting for business operations’ or ‘Keep an eye on the developing capability of staff and providers.’ Below are the views of 4 different industry experts on the rising planet of the

Gregor Petri

•   Gregor Petri is Research Vice President at Gartner. •   He believes that CIOs who are looking forward to embracing the cloud should go beyond lifting and shifting prevailing tech-applications. •   They should concentrate on disruption instead of thinking about the cloud as a space that runs present applications. •   Petri said, “Focus on a much more applied level of functionality. Look for areas where you can use the cloud as a platform to create unique functionality and special experience. Many of these experiences will be digital.” •   Further, he added, “And to do that, you need a slew of supporting services, like voice, search and databases and many of those will be best-supported by the cloud, rather than traditional hardware. Only do what you want to yourself as a business; consume the rest as a service.” •   He foresees the future of the cloud as a platform for innovation. •   He asserted that CIOs will use on-demand IT resources as a platform to run emerging technologies including AI/ML and quantum computing. •   Petri also said, “We’ll be running lots of things in businesses we don’t even have today. These are quite compute-intensive technologies and to get that resource on-premise is a big hurdle. These technologies will also be associated with bursts of activity, so not having to own hardware is attractive.”  

Alex von Schirmeister

•   Alex von Schirmeister is Chief Digital, Technology and Innovation Officer at RS Components. •   Talking about his firm he said, “The cloud gives my firm service flexibilities and cost efficiencies that were previously unavailable.” •   Schirmeister believes that CIOs thinking of moving to the cloud in the future will anyway encounter non-IT executives who believe embracing on-demand IT pinned with business risk. •   He says “If a large cloud-based service goes down, it can wipe out the operational activities of entire companies or even industries. Compliance is also a concern for executives, especially when it comes to the General Data Protection Regulation and the geographical location of data.” •   As governments trying to legislate for the storage and use of data, the regulatory guidelines of running cloud arrangements are expected to increase in the future. •   As an impact of such continuous legislation, CIOs should consider building much more localized services. •   Alex said, “I do think there will increasingly be a notion where various companies start looking at private clouds or virtual clouds that are contained within certain boundaries and barriers. It may be a cloud but it may sit in a specific region or country, but we’ll continue to see an evolution in the form of cloud technology.”  

Kevin Curran

•   Kevin Curran is Professor of Cybersecurity at Ulster University and Senior IEEE, member. •   He believes that the definition of the cloud is ‘a scalable foundation for the elastic use of infrastructure which has served a useful purpose in the initial move on demand.’ •   Considering the changes in the business industry CIOs should recognize the new definition of the cloud which means bucking up for a future where what goes online stays online. •   Kevin said, “Currently, most things are offline by default but being online and connected will become the default for everything. This points to a future where every device will simply connect to the cloud. 5G will support this – it might be fast, but it’s most impressive feature is its enormous capacity.” •   He further said, “The cloud will be the foundation of devices that use data at the edge of the network and AI will benefit as a result. We will experience more natural interactions with computers; a superintelligence. This resource combined with fast 5G will serve us with a powerful form of computing that was previously in the realm of science fiction.”  

Alex Hilton

•   Alex Hilton is Chief Executive of Not-for-Profit Industry Body Cloud Industry Forum. •   Alex says that the speed of disruptive innovation is very major that any way to predict what the cloud might look like in the coming decade is meaningless. •   CIOs continuous march will maintain the rate of transformation in the industry. •   He said, “There is a distinct problem with the pace of change for most businesses. In truth, many organizations are not yet on the right trajectory. The constantly evolving technology landscape makes it very difficult for business leaders to move quickly, knowing which horse – in terms of cloud provider – to back.” •   Hilton asserted that his organization has witnessed big change during the last 10 years as the company tracked the shift of vendors to on-demand IT. •   He believes that CIOs should keep an eye on both the skills of their internal IT teams and external cloud providers. •   He said, “Successful companies will be those that embrace disruption – and that will be as true in the future for CIOs as it is for cloud providers.”

Today almost every organization has adopted cloud computing technology into their ecosystem to secure the services simply and rapidly. The inevitable rise the technology raises a question that how will on-demand IT will evolve through the next ten years? Some say that the cloud should be used as a platform for innovation, some say the focus should be on developing localized cloud services. Whereas some experts have quite a different opinion – ‘Consider how online will be the default setting for business operations’ or ‘Keep an eye on the developing capability of staff and providers.’ Below are the views of 4 different industry experts on the rising planet of the cloud • Gregor Petri is Research Vice President at Gartner. • He believes that CIOs who are looking forward to embracing the cloud should go beyond lifting and shifting prevailing tech-applications. • They should concentrate on disruption instead of thinking about the cloud as a space that runs present applications. • Petri said, “Focus on a much more applied level of functionality. Look for areas where you can use the cloud as a platform to create unique functionality and special experience. Many of these experiences will be digital.” • Further, he added, “And to do that, you need a slew of supporting services, like voice, search and databases and many of those will be best-supported by the cloud, rather than traditional hardware. Only do what you want to yourself as a business; consume the rest as a service.” • He foresees the future of the cloud as a platform for innovation. • He asserted that CIOs will use on-demand IT resources as a platform to run emerging technologies including AI/ML and quantum computing. • Petri also said, “We’ll be running lots of things in businesses we don’t even have today. These are quite compute-intensive technologies and to get that resource on-premise is a big hurdle. These technologies will also be associated with bursts of activity, so not having to own hardware is attractive.”• Alex von Schirmeister is Chief Digital, Technology and Innovation Officer at RS Components. • Talking about his firm he said, “The cloud gives my firm service flexibilities and cost efficiencies that were previously unavailable.” • Schirmeister believes that CIOs thinking of moving to the cloud in the future will anyway encounter non-IT executives who believe embracing on-demand IT pinned with business risk. • He says “If a large cloud-based service goes down, it can wipe out the operational activities of entire companies or even industries. Compliance is also a concern for executives, especially when it comes to the General Data Protection Regulation and the geographical location of data.” • As governments trying to legislate for the storage and use of data, the regulatory guidelines of running cloud arrangements are expected to increase in the future. • As an impact of such continuous legislation, CIOs should consider building much more localized services. • Alex said, “I do think there will increasingly be a notion where various companies start looking at private clouds or virtual clouds that are contained within certain boundaries and barriers. It may be a cloud but it may sit in a specific region or country, but we’ll continue to see an evolution in the form of cloud technology.”• Kevin Curran is Professor of Cybersecurity at Ulster University and Senior IEEE, member. • He believes that the definition of the cloud is ‘a scalable foundation for the elastic use of infrastructure which has served a useful purpose in the initial move on demand.’ • Considering the changes in the business industry CIOs should recognize the new definition of the cloud which means bucking up for a future where what goes online stays online. • Kevin said, “Currently, most things are offline by default but being online and connected will become the default for everything. This points to a future where every device will simply connect to the cloud. 5G will support this – it might be fast, but it’s most impressive feature is its enormous capacity.” • He further said, “The cloud will be the foundation of devices that use data at the edge of the network and AI will benefit as a result. We will experience more natural interactions with computers; a superintelligence. This resource combined with fast 5G will serve us with a powerful form of computing that was previously in the realm of science fiction.”• Alex Hilton is Chief Executive of Not-for-Profit Industry Body Cloud Industry Forum. • Alex says that the speed of disruptive innovation is very major that any way to predict what the cloud might look like in the coming decade is meaningless. • CIOs continuous march will maintain the rate of transformation in the industry. • He said, “There is a distinct problem with the pace of change for most businesses. In truth, many organizations are not yet on the right trajectory. The constantly evolving technology landscape makes it very difficult for business leaders to move quickly, knowing which horse – in terms of cloud provider – to back.” • Hilton asserted that his organization has witnessed big change during the last 10 years as the company tracked the shift of vendors to on-demand IT. • He believes that CIOs should keep an eye on both the skills of their internal IT teams and external cloud providers. • He said, “Successful companies will be those that embrace disruption – and that will be as true in the future for CIOs as it is for cloud providers.” • He further added, “Technology skills shortages around the cloud are evident and many of the success stories are from companies who deliver disruptive new ways of thinking or addressing a business need. The providers with foresight and the willingness to invest and be agile will be the winners in the future.”

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Cloud Computing Can Offer 10 Business Benefits

Businesses today want to be more flexible and cost-effective. Cloud computing has become a viable option for nearly every business. Cloud computing is a network of remote servers that are accessible via standard web browsers and mobile apps.

It allows users to remotely store and exchange data, access software applications, and access files from any device with an internet connection. Individuals and businesses can also access their cloud data from any device or computer that is connected to the internet. This allows them to sync and transfer their files and settings wherever they are.

Cloud computing can offer many benefits to your business. These are 10 benefits that cloud computing can bring to your business.

Cloud Computing Benefits That Will Help Your Business Security

Cloud computing’s security is one of its greatest benefits. Cloud computing means that you won’t need to worry about data security.

Cloud providers employ industry-standard security measures to protect your data, including firewalls and encryption.

If your company uses a private cloud, you can further customize the security settings for your business. Remotely disabling a device can be done by an employee if they lose or misplace it.

To protect your data against cyber threats, you can also encrypt it. Multi-factor authentication (MFA), which is used by businesses to further protect their data, can also be used. To log in to MFA, users must enter a unique passcode that is sent to their mobile phone.

Also read:

10 Best Saas Marketing Tools And Platforms For 2023

Scalability

Another benefit of cloud computing is its scalability. Cloud providers provide flexible cloud solutions that can be tailored to your business’s requirements.

To deal with unexpected spikes or seasonal traffic, you can adjust the system to meet demand. This lets you save money on upfront computing costs and allows your business the flexibility to adapt to changing demands quickly.

A trial period allows you to test out the cloud solution before you buy it. Cloud solutions allow you to easily upgrade or downgrade as your business grows.

This means you don’t need to purchase more computing power upfront and that your system doesn’t have to be upgraded again if you experience a slowdown in your business.

Mobility

If your business depends on remote workers, cloud computing may be a great option to increase flexibility and mobility. Cloud solutions allow you to access your data from any device or computer connected to the internet and run your applications.

Employees can access their data anywhere they want, so they can work at home or in coffee shops. Cloud providers also offer many collaboration and communication tools that can be used with their services.

Cloud Computing Offers a Unique Advantage: Consistent Experience

Cloud computing also offers consistency. Cloud computing is consistent. Different departments and people may use different software and devices. However, everyone will have the same experience.

This avoids miscommunications and makes sure everyone is on the same page. Your business will enjoy a consistent experience regardless of whether you use Office 365 or Google G Suite, Salesforce, or any other cloud service.

You can also access information from multiple applications using tools such as identity integration without having to switch between them.

Cloud Computing Offers The Greatest Benefit: Lower Costs

Cloud solutions offer significant cost savings over the long term compared with other IT solutions. Cloud solutions can help you save money on software, hardware upgrades, and software licensing, while also allowing you to be flexible and scalable.

Cloud providers take care of all maintenance and upgrades so that you don’t need to keep up with IT trends.

Cloud solutions can offer significant cost savings over the long term compared with other IT solutions. Cloud solutions can help you save on hardware and software upgrades as well as provide a flexible, scalable solution.

Unlimited Storage

Cloud storage offers unlimited storage unlike other data storage options like on-premise computers. You can reduce the storage you use for your data by scaling down your cloud solution, but you can always increase it later.

Perform faster

Another benefit of cloud computing is faster performance. Cloud computing is also more flexible than traditional hardware and allows you to scale your systems.

This means your website and other business applications will run faster without the need to upgrade their hardware.

A hybrid solution can be used to increase your performance. It allows you to keep your most important data close at hand while allowing you to access other data in the cloud.

Better Collaboration

Cloud solutions allow you to share information online with vendors and clients. Collaboration tools such as blogs, wikis, and forums can be used to collaborate with your team members and manage projects.

Collaboration tools can be used to communicate with vendors and clients who do not need access to your company data. These tools allow you to share documents, collaborate on tasks and manage your workflow all from one platform.

Disaster Recovery

Control is an important aspect of any company’s success. However, you can’t control certain things. No matter how well your company controls its procedures, there are some things you cannot control. Even a slight downtime can have a huge impact on your business in today’s competitive market.

Conclusion

Cloud computing offers many benefits that make it an attractive option for nearly every business. Cloud computing offers many benefits that will help you to streamline your workflow, improve performance, and work more efficiently.

The Ultimate Guide To Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is one of the most influential IT trends of the 21st century. Over two decades it has revolutionized enterprise IT, and now most organizations take a “cloud-first” approach to their technology needs. The boom in cloud has also prompted significant growth in related fields, from cloud analytics to cloud security.

This ultimate guide explains everything you need to know about cloud computing, including how it works, the difference between public and private clouds, and the benefits and drawbacks of different cloud services.

Bottom Line: Cloud Computing

There are many definitions of cloud computing, but the most widely accepted one was published in 2011 by the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and subsequently summarized by Gartner as “a style of computing in which scalable and elastic IT-enabled capabilities are delivered as a service using Internet technologies.”

NIST’s longer definition identifies five “essential characteristics” shared by all cloud computing environments:

On-demand self-service: Consumers can unilaterally provision computing capabilities (such as server time and network storage) as needed.

Broad network access: Capabilities are available over the network and accessed through standard mechanisms.

Resource pooling: Resources are pooled to serve multiple consumers using a multi-tenant model, with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand to allow for location independence and high resource availability.

Rapid elasticity: Capabilities can be elastically provisioned and released to scale rapidly with demand. To the consumers, provisioning capabilities appear unlimited and highly flexible.

Measured service: Cloud systems automatically control and optimize resource use by metering appropriate to the type of service (e.g., storage, processing, bandwidth, and active user accounts). To codify technical aspects, cloud vendors must provide every customer with a Service Level Agreement.

Cloud also makes use of a number of key technologies that boost the efficiency of software development, including containers, a method of operating system virtualization that allows consistent app deployment across computing environments.

Cloud computing comprises a lot of different types of cloud services, but the NIST definition identifies three cloud service models: software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and infrastructure as a service (IaaS). While these three models continue to dominate cloud computing, various vendors have also introduced other types of cloud services that they market with the “as-a-service” label. These include database as a service (DBaaS), disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS), function as a service (FaaS), storage as a service (SaaS), mobile backend as a service (MBaaS), security as a service (SECaaS), networking as a service (NaaS), and a host of others.

All of these cloud services can be gathered under the umbrella label “everything as a service,” or XaaS, but most of these other types of cloud computing services fall under one of the three original categories.

In the SaaS model, users access applications via the Web. Application data resides in the software vendor’s cloud infrastructure, and users access it from any internet-connected device. Instead of paying a flat fee, as with the traditional software model, users purchase a subscription on a monthly or yearly basis.

The SaaS market alone is expected to grow from $273.55 billion in 2023 to $908.21 billion by 2030, representing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.7 percent. The world’s largest SaaS vendors include Salesforce, Microsoft, Google, ADP, SAP, Oracle, IBM, Cisco and Adobe.

IaaS vendors provide access to computing, storage, networks, and other infrastructure resources. Using an IaaS is very similar to using a server, storage appliance, networking device, or other hardware, except that it is managed as a cloud rather than as a traditional data center.

The IaaS cloud market, which was estimated at $118.43 billion in 2023, will be worth $450.52 billion by 2028, maintaining a CAGR of 24.3 percent over the analysis period. Amazon Web Services is considered the leading public IaaS vendor, with over 200 cloud services available across different industries. Others include Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, IBM SoftLayer, and VMware vCloud Air. Organizations like HPE, Dell Technologies, Cisco, Lenovo, NetApp, and others also sell infrastructure that allows enterprises to set up private IaaS services.

PaaS occupies the middle ground between IaaS and SaaS. PaaS solutions don’t offer applications for end-users the way SaaS vendors do, but they offer more than just the infrastructure provided by IaaS solutions. Typically, PaaS solutions bundle together the tools that developers will need to write, deploy, and run applications. They are meant to be easier to use than IaaS offerings, but the line between what counts as IaaS and what counts as PaaS is sometimes blurry. Most PaaS offerings are designed for developers, and they are sometimes called “cloud development platforms.”

The global PaaS market is worth $61.42 billion, an increase of 9.8 percent over 2023. The list of leading public PaaS vendors is very similar to the list of IaaS vendors, and includes Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, IBM Bluemix, Google App Engine, Salesforce App Cloud, Red Hat OpenShift, Cloud Foundry, and Heroku.

Cloud computing services can also be categorized based on their deployment models. In general, cloud deployment options include public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses.

As the name suggests, a public cloud is available to businesses at large for a wide variety of remote computing needs. These cloud services are managed by third-party vendors and hosted in the cloud vendors’ data centers.

Public cloud saves organizations from having to buy, deploy, manage, and maintain their own hardware. Instead, vendors are responsible in exchange for a recurring fee.

On the other hand, public cloud users give up the ability to control the infrastructure, which can raise security and regulatory compliance concerns. Some public cloud providers, like AWS Outposts rack, now offer physical, on-premises server racks for jobs that need to be done in-house for security and compliance reasons. Additionally, many vendors offer cloud cost calculators to help users better predict and understand charges.

A private cloud is a cloud computing environment used only by a single organization, which can take two different forms—organizations build their own private clouds in their own data centers, or use a hosted private cloud service. They’re also the most commonly used and best option for businesses that require a multi-layered infrastructure for IT and data protection.

Like a public cloud, a hosted private cloud is operated by a third party, but each customer gets dedicated infrastructure set aside for its needs rather than sharing servers and resources. A private cloud allows organizations to enjoy the scalability and agility of cloud computing without some of the security and compliance concerns of a public cloud. However, a private cloud is generally more expensive and more difficult to maintain.

A hybrid cloud is a combination of public private clouds managed as a single environment. They can be particularly beneficial for enterprises that have some data and applications that are too sensitive to entrust to a public cloud but need it to be accessible to other applications that do run on public cloud services.

Hybrid clouds are also helpful for “cloudbursting,” which involves using the public cloud during spikes in demand that overwhelm an organization’s private cloud. Managing a hybrid cloud can be very complex and requires special tools.

It’s important to note that a hybrid cloud is managed as a single environment. Already the average enterprise is using more than one cloud, and most market researchers expect multi-cloud and hybrid cloud environments to dominate the enterprise for the foreseeable future.

Availability: It’s easier to recover data if a particular piece of infrastructure experiences an outage. In most cases, organizations can simply failover to another server or storage device within the cloud, and users don’t notice that a problem has occurred.

Location Independence: Users access all types of cloud environments via the internet, which means that they can get to their applications and data from any web-connected device, nearly anywhere on the planet. For enterprises seeking to enable greater workforce mobility, this can be a powerful draw.

Financial Benefits: Cloud computing services tend to be less expensive than traditional data centers. However, that isn’t true in every case, and the financial benefit varies depending on the type of cloud service used. For all types of cloud, however, organizations have a greater ability to chargeback computing usage to the particular business unit that is utilizing the resources, which can be a big aid for budgeting.

Of course, cloud computing also has some drawbacks. First of all, demand for knowledgeable IT workers remains high, and many organizations say it is difficult to find staff with the experience and skills they need to be successful with cloud computing. Experts say this problem will likely diminish over time as cloud computing becomes even more commonplace.

In addition, as organizations move toward multi-cloud and hybrid cloud environments, one of their biggest challenges is integrating and managing the services they use. Some organizations also experience problems related to cloud governance and control when end users begin using cloud services without the knowledge or approval of IT.

Most of the security concerns around cloud computing relate primarily to public cloud services. Because public clouds are shared environments, many organizations have concerns that others using the same service can access their data. And without control over the physical infrastructure hosting their data and applications in the public cloud, enterprises need to make sure vendors take adequate measures to prevent attacks and meet compliance requirements.

However, some security experts argue that public cloud services are more secure than traditional data centers. Most cloud vendors have large security teams and employ the latest technologies to prevent and mitigate attacks. Smaller enterprises simply don’t have as many resources to devote to securing their networks.

But organizations should not just assume that cloud vendors have appropriate safeguards in place—vendors and users share responsibility for cloud security and both need to play an active role in keeping data secure.

The popularity of cloud computing has grown steadily with no signs of slowing down since the phrase “cloud computing” was first used in the mid-1990s. It’s nearly ubiquitous among enterprises, with 87 percent operating a multi-cloud strategy and 72 percent a hybrid cloud strategy. Experts predict the market will continue to grow as organizations migrate more applications and data to the cloud. There are multiple models and a wide range of services available, giving organizations a lot of flexibility when it comes to cloud computing. From public to private to hybrid cloud, businesses can find or build the right configuration to meet their own particular budget, requirements, and needs.

Read next: Cloud Services Providers Comparison.

Cloud Quantum Computing & Top Cloud Qc Vendors In 2023

Cloud-based quantum computing provides direct access to emulators, simulators and quantum processors. Vendors also provide development platforms and documentation for quantum computing languages and tools.

What is cloud-based quantum computing?

Cloud-based quantum computing allows companies and researches to test their quantum algorithms. First of all, quantum algorithms are developed using classical computers and then these algorithms are tested of these in real quantum computers through the cloud.

The deployment of quantum circuits and the support systems necessary for their operation is a costly and difficult process. Within the scope of the research, companies that already use these systems enable cloud-based quantum computing via the platforms they build.

How does it work?

Rigetti is one of the leading startups in cloud-based quantum computing and their Forest product works as shown below:

Developers can interface the quantum machine image (QMI) using their classical computers. QMIs are virtualized programming and execution environments designed to develop and run quantum software applications by using such tools as pyQuil.

The developed code is executed on quantum virtual machines (QVM). QVMs are implementation of the quantum machines in order to test the code and generate a waveform to run on quantum processors.

Quantum machine image sends and receives waveforms from the quantum processing unit (QPU) which is basically a quantum chip that contains interconnected qubits. These qubits can be configured by using waveforms.

QPU sends the necessary information from the solution set and QMI processes the information and sends it back to the classical computer.

Why is it important now?

Although quantum computing is an immature field, it can make a difference in many areas with improvements in implementation and error correction. This new technology will reach a beneficial point with the participation of more people and their collaboration. Thanks to emulators and simulators, it is possible to test quantum coding and software.

Cloud-based quantum computing offers a direct interface to quantum circuits and quantum chips enabling final testing of quantum algorithms.

Cloud-based quantum computing has provided a way that enables people to make improvements in quantum computing. Businesses and academia can practice by using QC on the cloud and do not have to wait for quantum computing technology to be mature and widespread.

According to MarketsandMarkets research, the quantum computing market is estimated to reach $280M by the end of 2024 which was about $90M  by 2023.

How is the pricing for cloud QC?

IBM Q Experience announced that they provide free access for research and educational use. However, the exact price of product use for enterprises is not yet available.

Currently, most companies are working to broaden the appeal of quantum computing in enterprises and are not focused on monetizing the product immediately. Even AWS Braket did not yet publish pricing guidelines.

What are the top vendors of quantum computing in the cloud?

Tech giants like Microsoft, IBM, Google and Amazon, the defense industry, specialized startups and government organizations are investing in quantum computing. While technology giants are developing their own quantum systems, they can partner with experienced startups. If you want to learn more about quantum computing ecosystem, you can visit our research.

Here is some of the cloud-based quantum computing providers:

Microsoft Azure Quantum

Microsoft provides tools as QDK and quantum script languages as Q# for quantum computing development. Microsoft is partnering with 1Qbit, Honeywell, IONQ, QCI in the development of quantum computing systems. The capabilities of Azure Cloud enables access for quantum computers developed by its’ partners.

Microsoft also developed their own quantum system called Station Q. Their approach is called topological qubit method for stable quantum bits in order to serve for mass production of quantum computers.

IBM Q Experience

IBM started a quantum network called IBM Q network in 2024. Since then, IBM became one of the forerunner in the quantum computing ecosystem. IBM Q can be accessed on the cloud through Qiskit(an open-source quantum software development kit).

Amazon Braket

At the end of 2023, Amazon announced that it started quantum computing with the Bracket. Combining quantum computing with the cloud, Amazon provides the entire system as a service. Amazon also set up a physical lab called Amazon Quantum Solutions Lab.

Google’s Quantum Playground

Quantum Playground provides a simulator with a user interface, scripting language and 3D quantum state visualization. Also, Google announced the achievement of quantum supremacy by using 54-qubit Sycamore processor in late 2023.

Rigetti Forest

Rigetti is a quantum computing startup company that raised a total of $190M. Their product Forest consists of a tool suite for quantum computing. It includes a programming language, development tools and example algorithms.

D-wave Leap

D-wave is the first company to provide a commercially available quantum computer. D-wave is another startup company that raised more than $200M. Recently D-wave systems announced the availability of free access to its quantum system over Leap cloud service during COVID-19 pandemic.

Xanadu

Xandau released the first photonic quantum cloud platform offering 8 and 12 qubits. Enterprises such as Creative Destruction Labs, Scotia Bank, BMO and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are claimed to be testing the technology.

If you are interested in learning more about quantum computing, read:

Finally, if you believe your business would benefit from quantum computing, you can check our data-driven lists of:

We will help you choose the best one:

Cem regularly speaks at international technology conferences. He graduated from Bogazici University as a computer engineer and holds an MBA from Columbia Business School.

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Cloud Computing Architecture And Components

What is Cloud Computing Architecture?

Cloud Computing Architecture is a combination of components required for a Cloud Computing service. A Cloud computing architecture consists of several components like a frontend platform, a backend platform or servers, a network or Internet service, and a cloud-based delivery service.

Let’s have a look into Cloud Computing and see what Cloud Computing is made of. Cloud computing comprises two components, the front end, and the back end. The front end consists of the client part of a cloud computing system. It comprises interfaces and applications that are required to access the Cloud computing or Cloud programming platform.

Cloud Computing Architecture

While the back end refers to the cloud itself, it comprises the resources required for cloud computing services. It consists of virtual machines, servers, data storage, security mechanisms, etc. It is under the provider’s control.

In this Cloud Computing Architecture tutorial, you will learn-

Cloud Computing Architecture

In this Cloud Computing Architecture tutorial, you will learn-

The Architecture of Cloud computing contains many different components. It includes Client infrastructure, applications, services, runtime clouds, storage spaces, management, and security. These are all the parts of a Cloud computing architecture.

Front End:

The client uses the front end, which contains a client-side interface and application. Both of these components are important to access the Cloud computing platform. The front end includes web servers (Chrome, Firefox, Opera, etc.), clients, and mobile devices.

Back End:

The backend part helps you manage all the resources needed to provide Cloud computing services. This Cloud architecture part includes a security mechanism, a large amount of data storage, servers, virtual machines, traffic control mechanisms, etc.

Cloud Computing Architecture Diagram

Important Components of Cloud Computing Architecture

Here are some important components of Cloud computing architecture:

1. Client Infrastructure:

Client Infrastructure is a front-end component that provides a GUI. It helps users to interact with the Cloud.

2. Application:

The application can be any software or platform which a client wants to access.

3. Service:

The service component manages which type of service you can access according to the client’s requirements.

Three Cloud computing services are:

Software as a Service (SaaS)

Platform as a Service (PaaS)

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

4. Runtime Cloud:

Runtime cloud offers the execution and runtime environment to the virtual machines.

5. Storage:

Storage is another important Cloud computing architecture component. It provides a large amount of storage capacity in the Cloud to store and manage data.

6. Infrastructure:

It offers services on the host level, network level, and application level. Cloud infrastructure includes hardware and software components like servers, storage, network devices, virtualization software, and various other storage resources that are needed to support the cloud computing model.

7. Management:

This component manages components like application, service, runtime cloud, storage, infrastructure, and other security matters in the backend. It also establishes coordination between them.

8. Security:

Security in the backend refers to implementing different security mechanisms for secure Cloud systems, resources, files, and infrastructure to the end-user.

9. Internet:

Benefits of Cloud Computing Architecture

Following are the cloud computing architecture benefits:

Makes the overall Cloud computing system simpler.

Helps to enhance your data processing.

Provides high security.

It has better disaster recovery.

Offers good user accessibility.

Significantly reduces IT operating costs.

Virtualization and Cloud Computing

The main enabling technology for Cloud Computing is Virtualization. Virtualization is the partitioning of a single physical server into multiple logical servers. Once the physical server is divided, each logical server behaves like a physical server and can run an operating system and applications independently. Many popular companies like VMware and Microsoft provide virtualization services. Instead of using your PC for storage and computation, you can use their virtual servers. They are fast, cost-effective, and less time-consuming.

For software developers and testers, virtualization comes in very handy. It allows developers to write code that runs in many different environments for testing.

Virtualization is mainly used for three main purposes: 1) Network Virtualization, 2) Server Virtualization, and 3) Storage Virtualization

Network Virtualization: It is a method of combining the available resources in a network by splitting up the available bandwidth into channels. Each channel is independent of others and can be assigned to a specific server or device in real time.

Storage Virtualization: It is the pooling of physical storage from multiple network storage devices into what appears to be a single storage device that is managed from a central console. Storage virtualization is commonly used in storage area networks (SANs).

Server Virtualization: Server virtualization is the masking of server resources like processors, RAM, operating system, etc., from server users. Server virtualization intends to increase resource sharing and reduce the burden and complexity of computation from users.

Virtualization is the key to unlock the Cloud system, what makes virtualization so important for the cloud is that it decouples the software from the hardware. For example, PCs can use virtual memory to borrow extra memory from the hard disk. Usually, a hard disk has a lot more space than memory. Although virtual disks are slower than real memory, if managed properly, the substitution works perfectly. Likewise, there is software that can imitate an entire computer, which means 1 computer can perform the functions equals to 20 computers. This concept of virtualization is a crucial element in various types of cloud computing, which you can learn more about in this comprehensive guide.

Summary

Cloud Computing Architecture is a combination of components required for a Cloud Computing service.

The front-end part is used by the client that contains client-side interfaces and applications, which are important to access the Cloud computing platforms.

The service provider uses the back-end part to manage all the needed resources to provide Cloud computing services.

Components of Cloud Computers are 1) Client Infrastructure, 2) Application, 3) Service, 4) Runtime Cloud, 5) Storage, 6) Infrastructure, 7) Management, 8) Security, and 9) Internet.

Cloud computing makes a complete Cloud computing system simpler.

Virtualization is the partitioning of a single physical server into multiple logical servers.

How Cloud Computing Security Resembles The Financial Meltdown

How do you know if a cloud computing vendor is secure?

After all, you’re trusting them with highly sensitive data and business critical processes. Your entire business may rest on your ability to evaluate their level of security.

When they make claims about their nearly absolute level of safety, should you just…take their word for it?

Goodness no, say the vendors, we’ve got a third party certification to back up our claims. Specifically, they point to their SAS 70 certification. SAS 70 is a set of auditing standards used to measure the handling of sensitive information. It was created by the impressively-named American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (those folks know how to fill out forms). SAS 70 was around before cloud computing, and has been shoehorned into use by vendors seeking an impartial third party credential to reassure nervous cloud customers.

But here’s where it gets dubious. Guess who writes a check to the SAS 70 certifiers? Believe it or not, it’s the vendors themselves. If you were a cynical, non-trusting type (which you should be if your company’s data is at stake) you might wonder…isn’t that a conflict of interest? Don’t accounting firms have a vested interest in granting SAS 70 certifications to those cloud computing vendors who can pay for them?

Hmmm…as a client of a cloud vendor, I’m feeling nervous. But SAS 70 really does mean something, doesn’t it? Well…probably.

More troubling, at this point you might have a moment of déjà vu. Wasn’t a similar conflict of interest at the heart of the recent financial meltdown?

In the view of Jay Heiser, a Gartner analyst who specializes in security, the connection is clear. He’s the author of the research report Analyzing the Risk Dimensions of Cloud and SaaS Computing. After reading Michael Lewis’s account of the financial debacle, The Big Short, Heiser told me, “I found more parallels between what happened in the financial services and cloud computing than I anticipated.”

Let’s rewind the tape a bit. A distressing fact about the Crash of 2008 is that the major credit rating agencies – the very groups tasked with protecting investors – were tacitly complicit.

The two biggest ratings agencies, Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s, failed to send up red flags about subprime mortgage-backed securities. These supposedly impartial watchdogs evaluate the credit worthiness of securities, enabling investors to make informed decisions. Yet instead of labeling junk as junk, they bestowed a top AAA grade on highly risky assets.

Shockingly, virtually all of the AAA-rated subprime-mortgage-backed securities issued in 2006 have now been downgraded to a junk rating.

It was a clear conflict of interest. These ratings agencies are paid by the issuer of the security. So perhaps it’s not surprising that they labeled some rotting sausage as high-grade beef. If one of the agencies had threatened to give a low (but accurate) rating, the issuer would simply shop at another ratings agency. The system itself was set up to provide false assurance.

Now back to cloud computing and SAS 70. Okay, let me get this straight: So the cloud companies pay accounting firms for SAS 70 certifications just as the financial organizations paid Moody’s for an investment-grade rating?

“Yes, if you see someone who claims to be SAS 70, they have paid an accounting firm. Not only have they paid an accounting firm to go do the test, but they’ve told the accounting firm what processes need to be tested,” Heiser says.

“And you see a distressing number of providers that are claiming, ‘Well, we’re secure, or we have availability – it’s proven by the fact that we have a SAS 70.’”

This statement echoes a key finding that Heiser noted in his report:

Third-party certifications are immature, are unable to address all aspects of cloud- computing risk, and should be relied on only after a thorough evaluation of the written report.

Next Page: “Call me a cynic…”

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