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Introduction Using rm Command in Linux

The rm command is used to delete files in Bash. To delete a single file, you can use the

$ rm myfile1.temp

This will delete the file myfile1.temp.

To specifically delete multiple files at once using the rm command followed by the names of the files you want to delete, separated by spaces. 

$ rm chúng tôi myfile2.temp myfile3.temp

This will delete the files myfile1.temp, myfile2.temp, and myfile3.temp.


In addition to specifying the names of the files you want to delete, you can also use wildcards to delete multiple files at once. Wildcards are special characters that match one or more characters in a file name.

The most commonly used wildcard is the * character, which matches zero or more characters in a file name. For example, to delete all .zip files in the current directory, you can use the following command −

$ rm *.zip

This will delete all files in the current directory that end in .zip.

You can also use the ? wildcard, which matches any single character. For example, to delete all files in the current or working directory that have a single-digit numeric name, you can use the following command −

$ rm ?

This will delete all files in the current or working directory that have a single-digit numeric name, such as 1, 2, 3, etc.

Advanced rm Options The -i Flag

By default, the rm command will delete files without prompting for confirmation. However, you can use the -i flag to make rm prompt you for confirmation before deleting each file.

$ rm -i chúng tôi myfile2.temp myfile3.temp

This will display a prompt for each file, asking you to confirm that you want to delete it.

The -f Flag

Sometimes, you may want to delete a file that is write-protected or otherwise cannot be deleted normally. In these cases, you can use the -f flag to force rm to delete the file.

$ rm -f chúng tôi myfile2.temp myfile3.temp

This will delete the files myfile1.temp, myfile1.temp, and myfile1.temp, even if they are write-protected.

The -r Flag

The -r flag can be used to delete directories and their contents, recursively. This is useful when you want to delete a directory and all of its subdirectories and files. 

$ rm -r directory

This will delete the directory directory, as well as all of its subdirectories and files.

Be Careful with wildcards

It is important to be careful when using wildcards to delete multiple files, as it is easy to accidentally delete more files than you intended. For example, the command below will delete all visible files in the current directory, regardless of their extension −

$ rm *

To avoid accidentally deleting important files, it is a good idea to use the -i flag when using wildcards to delete multiple files. This will prompt you for confirmation before deleting each file, giving you a chance to cancel the operation if necessary.

In some cases, you may need to delete a file that is owned by the root user or that has permissions that prevent you from deleting it as a regular user. In these cases, you can use the sudo command to execute the rm command as the root user.


In this article, we have looked at how to delete multiple files at once in Bash on a Linux system. We have seen how to use the rm command with wildcards and the -i, -f, and -r flags to delete multiple files and force the deletion of write-protected files and directories. With these tools at your disposal, you should be able to easily delete multiple files in Bash on your Linux system, while still being careful to avoid deleting important files by accident. So, it is always good to be careful while deleting multiple files at once in Bash on a Linux system.

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Mediahuman Audio Converter Batch Converts Multiple Audio Files

Although new mobiles and MP3 players support almost all standard audio formats, old devices may not be able to play AAC or M4A formats. Moreover, at times, we get files from different voice recorders which do not play on our Windows computer as well as our mobile phones. To solve this problem, a freeware called MediaHuman Audio Converter can help you, as it can convert multiple audios in bulk without losing quality. It also supports iTunes if you have it installed on your computer to access Apple devices.

MediaHuman Audio Converter for Windows PC

MediaHuman Audio Converter is a very simple audio converter. The strength of this free tool is that it can batch convert multiple files to a particular format at once. That means, if you have forty files to convert, you can convert them at once.

Here are some of its features in a nutshell:

Converts files in bulk

It does support iTunes on Windows

It can extract audio from a video and then convert it to any selected format

Available formats are MP3, ACC, FLAC, AIFF, WAV, OGG, WMA, etc.

You can select audio frequency. Either preloaded or custom

It loses the quality, but that is negligible

You can keep the folder structure. This is helpful when you have to convert tons of files based on album/artist/genre etc.

Search for cover art on Discogs, chúng tôi and Google Images

Batch convert multiple audio files

To get started with this free audio converter for Windows, at download and install it on your machine. After opening it, you will see the following window:

By default, the tool saves all the converted files in the following location:

While converting files using MediaHuman Audio Converter, you should know that you can select as many files as you want but it converts only four files at a time. Queued files will be processed automatically.

It also has some options in the Settings pane, some of which are mentioned below:

Choose action after successful conversion: You can choose the action that will be executed after converting files successfully. For example, you can exit the program automatically if all the files get converted correctly.

Considering all the features of MediaHuman Audio Converter, it seems to be a quite useful app for Windows. If you like, you can download it from here.

How do I convert multiple songs to MP3?

You can convert multiple songs to MP3 and other formats with the help of the aforementioned application. You can use the MediaHuman Audio Converter, which is compatible with Windows 11 and Windows 10. It is possible to work with AAC, MP3, FLAC, AIFF, WAV, etc.

Which is the best audio converter?

There are countless audio converter apps available for Windows PC. For example, you can download MediaHuman Audio Converter, VSDC Free Audio Converter, AIMP Audio Player, etc. It is recommended to use more than one converter to check which one suits you the most.

VSDC Free Audio Converter, TAudioConverter, AIMP Audio Player, Any Video Converter, Oxelon Media Converter, Freemake Video Audio Converter, Vixy Freecorder are some of the other free Media Converters available for Windows.

How To Download All Google Photos & Videos At Once

But since there are no good free alternatives – at least we’re yet to find one with the same search power and editing tools – there’s a good argument for accepting that you’ll have to pay to use it once you’ve used up the storage space Google gives you for free.

In any case, you’re here because you want to download your Google Photos, and that’s precisely what we’re going to show you how to do.

Of course, it isn’t entirely obvious how to do this, which is also why you’re here. We’ll explain how to download just some photos and videos or absolutely everything you’ve got on there.

How to download some photos from Google Photos

This is the simpler task of the two, which is why we’re explaining this first. The process is the same whether you’re downloading photos or videos from Google Photos.

How to download all Google Photos (and videos)

Downloading everything photos from Google Drive is quite simple, but the option isn’t in Google Photos.

Instead, you’ll need to use the amusingly titled Google Takeout service.

Google Takeout lets you download data from any of Google’s service, including your Chrome history, Google Play activity, Google Play Books, Hangouts history and much more, such as Photos. 

You can do this in a web browser on a phone as well as on a desktop computer.


Deselect everything


Select Google Photos


Select or deselect albums

Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

If you want to to download everything, skip this step.

Now you will see a list of all your albums. If you haven’t separated all your pictures into albums (because who has time for that?), Google will automatically separate them by year. You might see albums and years.


Scroll down and confirm

Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

Scroll to the bottom of the list of all services and select Next Step.


Choose export settings

Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

In the export settings you can choose how often you want to download all your Google Photo content. You probably want the default Export once option here.


Choose how to download

Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

You won’t download the photos directly. The options are to email download links to yourself, or export everything you’ve selected to another cloud storage service. Currently, the options are Dropbox, OneDrive (Microsoft) and Box.

You can also add them to Google Drive, but this seems like a strange choice when the photos are effectively already stored in your Google account.

Here, we’re using the email option.


Choose download size



Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

Your files will now begin exporting. This can take a long time – as the message says – even days. So you won’t be able to download your collection immediately. You’ll get an email when the export is complete.


Email notification

Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

This is what the email will look like when it arrives. You can now download each exported zip folder to your hard drive. 

Also note, you should get a security authorisation email from Google to confirm it’s you requesting to export your photos and not someone else. You may need to authorise it before you’re able to download your photos and videos

Note: the download links expire after one week.


Export complete

Somrata Sarkar / Foundry

Once the export is complete, it will appear under the Show Exports option in Google Takeout.

Related stories

How To Disable Samsung Recycle Bin And Delete Files Directly


If you are new to a Samsung device, you might be surprised to know that there’s a recycle bin. This recycle bin is similar to the Google Photos’ Bin feature. So, when you delete photos, videos, and files on a Samsung device, rather than straightaway disappearing from your phone, it goes to the recycle bin. These files stay in the bin for 30 days and can be accessed within the Samsung Gallery app or the My Files app. Just tap on the three-dot at the top-right corner and select Recycle bin. Question is, how do you permanently delete photos from Samsung phones?

While it’s good for the majority of users as this is a good way to compensate for accidental deletion, but there are times when it can leave you embarrassed. So, I for one disabled the recycle bin feature as soon as I figured it out. Doing so will delete photos directly without moving them to the bin first.

How to Permanently Delete Photos From Samsung Phones

In order to set up images to be directly deleted, we need to turn off the Recycle bin. The Recycle bin exists in both the Samsung Gallery app and My Files app and hence it needs to be turned off separately for both.

Head over to the Samsung Gallery app and tap on the three-dot menu at the top-right corner. From the options, tap on Settings.

Within the Settings menu, navigate to the bottom and toggle off the Recycle bin. However, you would still see the Recycle bin option on the three-dot menu. Urgh, Samsung! Just ignore it or tap on the “Not now” option in case you open it mistakenly.

We will repeat the same steps for the My Files app. Head over to the Samsung My Files and tap on the three-dot menu icon at the top-right corner and tap on Settings.

From the Settings menu, turn off the “Recycle bin”. Similar to the Gallery app, the Recycle bin option will still exist in the Samsung My Files app but you can safely ignore it.

Moreover, if you use a third-party gallery or a file manager app, it would totally bypass Samsung’s Recycle bin feature. The photos and files deleted from those apps would straightaway disappear from your phone. This is why you need to be careful what you delete moving forward.

Wrapping Up: Disable Samsung Recycle Bin

The idea of a recycle bin has existed since a long time and was first pioneered by Windows operating system. Users have been looking for one on their Android for some time and now they have it. But not all of us need or even use it and some of us just want to get rid of it. Things can get awkward if someone finds all those embarrassing or sensitive documents or media files in the recycle bin because you forgot you delete it. For users like these, it is a far better solution to simply disable recycle bin in Samsung.

Also Read: How to Disable Bloatware Apps on Samsung One UI Phones Without Root

Open Multiple Images As Layers In Photoshop

Open Multiple Images As Layers In Photoshop

Learn how easy it is to open multiple images at once into a Photoshop document, with each image placed on its own layer, and how to add more images to the document as you need them. Watch the video or follow along with the written tutorial below it!

Written by Steve Patterson.

Whether we’re compositing images, creating collages or designing layouts, we often need to load multiple images into the same Photoshop document. And each image needs to appear on its own layer within that document. But that’s not how Photoshop works when we open multiple files. Instead, each file opens in its own separate document, forcing us to move the images ourselves from one document to another.

But there is a way to open multiple images at once into the same document using a command called Load Layers into Stack. And we can add more files to the document as we need them using a different command known as Place Embedded. In this tutorial, I’ll show you how both of these features work. We’ll also look at a few options in Photoshop’s Preferences that make placing images into your document even faster. And as a bonus, I’ll finish things off by blending my images into a simple double exposure effect.

Let’s get started!

Which version of Photoshop do I need?

I used Photoshop 2023 for this tutorial but any recent version up to 2023 will work. Get the latest Photoshop version here.

How to load multiple images as layers in Photoshop

Let’s start by learning how to load multiple images as layers into the same Photoshop document. For that, we use a command called Load Files into Stack. And not only does this command load your images, but it even creates the Photoshop document for you! Here’s how to use it.

Step 1: Choose “Load Files into Stack”

In Photoshop, go up to the File menu in the Menu Bar, choose Scripts, and then choose Load Files into Stack:

Step 2: Select your images

Then in the Load Layers dialog box, set the Use option to either Files or Folder. Files lets you select individual images within a folder, while Folder will load every image in the folder you select. I’ll choose Files.

Cloud documents or local files

Choosing to load files on my computer.

Selecting your images

Then navigate to the folder that holds your images and choose the files you need. In my case, I’ll select all three images in the folder.

Notice the names of my images. We have “texture.jpg”, “portrait.jpg” and “sunset.jpg”. Photoshop will use these names when naming the layers, so it’s a good idea to rename your files first.

Selecting the images to load into Photoshop.

And back in the Load Layers dialog box, the name of each file appears in the list:

The names of the images that will be loaded into Photoshop.

How to remove an image

You can remove any images you don’t need.

Leave the two options at the bottom of the dialog box (“Attempt to Automatically Align Source Images” and “Create Smart Object after Loading Layers”) unchecked.

Photoshop creates a new document, and after a few seconds, the images are placed into it:

A new Photoshop document is created.

And in the Layers panel, each of your selected images appears on its own layer, with each layer named after the name of the file:

The Layers panel showing each image on its own layer.

Use the visibility icons to show or hide layers.

How to place an image into a Photoshop document

So that’s how to create a new Photoshop document and load multiple images into it. Now let’s learn how to add more images to the document using the Place Embedded command.

In the Layers panel, I’ll delete my “portrait” layer by dragging it down onto the trash bin:

Deleting one of the layers.

Step 1: Choose “Place Embedded”

To add a new image to your document, go up to the File menu and choose Place Embedded.

There is also a similar command called Place Linked which will simply link to the file on your computer. But to load the image directly into your document, choose Place Embedded:

Step 2: Select your image

I’ll choose my portrait image:

Selecting the image to place into the document.

Step 3: Accept and close Free Transform

Now before Photoshop places the image, it first opens the Free Transform command so you can resize the image if needed:

Photoshop opens Free Transform before placing the image into the document.

The image is placed as a smart object

Photoshop places the image into the document. But notice in the Layers panel that the image appears not as a normal layer but as a smart object, indicated by the icon in the lower right of the thumbnail:

Photoshop places the image as a smart object.

Smart objects are very powerful. But they also have limitations, and the biggest one is that a smart object is not directly editable.

For example, I’ll select the Rectangular Marquee Tool from the toolbar:

Selecting the Rectangular Marquee Tool.

And then I’ll drag out a selection around the woman’s eyes:

Selecting part of the smart object.

Related: How to use the new Object Selection Tool in Photoshop CC 2023

I’ll invert the selection by going up to the Select menu and choosing Inverse:

And then I’ll delete everything around my initial selection by pressing the Backspace (Win) / Delete (Mac) key on my keyboard.

Photoshop could not edit the smart object.

Related: Learn how to edit smart objects!

How to convert a smart object to a normal layer

So depending on what you’ll be doing with the image, a smart object may not be what you want. In that case, you’ll need to convert the smart object back into a normal layer after you’ve placed it into your document.

And then choose Rasterize Layer from the menu:

Choosing the Rasterize Layer command.

The smart object icon disappears from the thumbnail, and we now have a normal pixel layer:

The smart object has been converted to a pixel layer.

If I press Backspace (Win) / Delete (Mac) on my keyboard, this time Photoshop deletes the selection as expected:

The selection was deleted after converting the smart object to a pixel layer.

How to make placing images into Photoshop faster

So now that we know how to place an image into a document, let’s look at a few options in Photoshop’s Preferences that can help you place images even faster.

To open the Preferences on a Windows PC, go up to the Edit menu. On a Mac, go up to the Photoshop menu. From there, choose Preferences and then General:

Opening Photoshop’s General Preferences.

Skip Transform when Placing

To prevent Photoshop from opening Free Transform every time you place an image, turn on the Skip Transform when Placing option:

The “Skip Transform when Placing” option.

Always Create Smart Objects when Placing

To stop Photoshop from automatically converting images into smart objects, turn off Always Create Smart Objects when Placing. You can always convert a layer to smart object yourself when you need to:

The “Always Create Smart Objects when Placing” option.

Resize Image During Place

And this third option won’t speed things up but it’s definitely worth looking at. By default, if you place an image into a document and the image is larger than the canvas size, Photoshop will automatically resize the image to fit the canvas. In other words, it will make your image smaller.

The “Resize Image During Place” option.

Bonus: Blending the layers to create a double exposure

So we’ve learned how to load multiple images at once into a Photoshop document using the Load Files into Stack command, and how to add more images using the Place Embedded command. I’ll finish off this tutorial by quickly blending my three images together to create a simple double exposure effect.

I’m starting with my portrait image at the top of the layer stack, which makes it the image that’s visible in the document:

The portrait image. Credit: Adobe Stock.

Moving the sunset layer above the portrait

Dragging the sunset above the portrait.

And now my sunset image is visible:

The sunset image. Credit: Adobe Stock.

Changing the blend mode

To blend the sunset in with the portrait, I’ll change the blend mode of the sunset layer from Normal to Screen:

Changing the layer’s blend mode to Screen.

The Screen blend mode keeps the white areas of the portrait visible and reveals the sunset in the darker areas:

The result after changing the blend mode of the sunset layer to Screen.

Moving the texture layer above the sunset

Next, I’ll drag my texture layer above the sunset layer:

Dragging the texture layer to the top of the stack.

And now the texture image is visible:

The texture image. Credit: Adobe Stock.

Changing the blend mode and layer opacity

To hide the dark areas of the texture and keep only the lighter areas, I’ll change its blend mode to Screen.

I’ll also lower the layer’s Opacity down to around 70%:

Changing the blend mode and lowering the opacity of the texture.

And here’s the result with the texture now blended into the effect:

The result after changing the blend mode of the sunset layer to Screen.

Related: Learn three easy ways to blend images in Photoshop!

Merging the layers onto a new layer

Finally, to add a bit more contrast to the effect, I’ll merge all three layers onto a new layer above them by pressing Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E on a Windows PC, or Shift+Command+Option+E on a Mac:

Merging the existing layers onto a new layer.

Learn more: The essential Photoshop layers power shortcuts!

Increasing the contrast

And then to increase the contrast, I’ll go up to the Image menu and I’ll choose Auto Contrast:

And here is my final result:

The final double exposure effect.

And there we have it! Check out my Layers Learning Guide to learn more about layers, or our Photoshop Basics or Photo Effects section for more tutorials!

How To Stream To Multiple Platforms At The Same Time. Twitch, Youtube, Facebook, Etc.

If you have recently started streaming or have been streaming for a while and want to increase your exposure, without adding a ton of extra work to your already busy lifestyle. This article will show you how to quickly and easily set up a system that allows you to stream to multiple services at once, using your current OBS or Streamlabs set up. There are a couple of tweaks you need to make, however, they only take a moment and are entirely worth the time and effort.

Related: How to remove the G-SYNC ON overlay in games.

Quick steps for streaming to multiple services at the same time:

Create an account on Restream and link all your platforms, Twitch, YouTube, Facebook.

Copy your Stream key from Restream to OBS, Streamlabs or whatever you are using.

Start Streaming as you normally would… That simple! Restream will take care of the rest.

How do you set up and stream to more than one streaming service at the same time? Stream to Twitch, YouTube, DailyMotion, Facebook, etc at the same time.

To set up the ability to stream to multiple platforms at the same time, you’ll need to head on over to Restream and create an account. Once you have created an account (the standard account setup stuff). You’ll be taken to a new screen where you can set up how and where you want to stream your content. On this first page, you will see the core platforms, however, there are plenty more to choose from shortly.

To begin, I suggest selecting Twitch or YouTube, as they are the two biggest platforms you want a stream on, followed by Facebook. When you select a service, follow the steps, and link your account to Restream. Once you have linked a few accounts, it’s time to set up Restream with OBS or Streamlabs.

Note: If you’ve been streaming for a while, you already know how to do this for your chosen streaming software, so follow whatever system your platform uses.

Now the rest of the process is super straightforward. Simply keep adding/linking your other accounts to Restream. As soon as you go Live on OBS or whatever you are using, your broadcast will start on every single one of your linked platforms. The most important thing to remember is to update your stream info before you go live, you don’t want to start streaming something under the wrong heading. For exampling, streaming Apex Legends under Genshin Impact. You’ll lose all your potential viewers, subs, followers.

What about all the chat’s that will be coming through all the new services when using Restream?

What about the paid version of Restream?

Although the free package of Restream is damn awesome, there are some added benefits of a paid subscription. Which includes more channels per platform and a lot of added functionality on Facebook. You also get video storage and a few other nicknacks. If you’re only just starting out, I’d suggest staying on the free service until you get comfortable and up and running. Setting up the perfect stream takes a fair bit of work and upkeep.

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