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Authors write novels all year long. But November marks National Novel Writing Month, better known as NaNoWriMo, a time when amateurs and pros alike strive to finally put their ideas on paper. Feeling daunted by the idea of writing a book in a month? Technology can help.

We’ve collected the best programs for getting your literary masterpiece out of your head and down in black and white. While we’re focusing on computer applications (assuming you’d prefer to tap out your carefully crafted sentences on a proper keyboard), for both Windows and macOS, many of our picks come with phone apps as well.

Microsoft Word

What’s left to say about the definitive word processing app? Although Microsoft Word was once in danger of becoming stodgy and outdated, in recent years, Microsoft updated it to look much more fresh and modern. In addition to the clean, elegant interface, you get just about every feature you could possibly want from a word processor.

Microsoft Word for Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS, starting at $70 per year; also available as free trial and web app


Unlike many word processors, Ulysses prioritizes a clean and pleasingly minimal interface. Rather than showing cluttered menus or toolbars, it puts the focus on the words on the page. In fact, the app doesn’t include any of the usual formatting tools: Instead, you create headings, bold text, and so on through the Markdown annotation standard (for example, ## precedes a heading).

Some of the app’s nice touches include a typewriter mode, where the line you’re working on stays fixed in the center of the screen, and a writing goals option, which tracks your progress as you put together your novel. Because it’s also available on mobile, you can easily manage and sync documents across macOS and iOS. One of the only downsides: You can’t use it on any non-Apple hardware.

Ulysses for macOS and iOS, starting at $40 per year; also available as free trial


The word processor component—Writer—gives you a variety of useful tools: multiple layouts, tons of formatting options, word counting, spell checking, a variety of import and export options, proofing tools, and more. Like with Word, an AutoCorrect ability lets you fix mistakes as you type them. However, as an open-source project supported by volunteers, LibreOffice doesn’t quite match the specs and polish of Word. Still, it’s a pleasure to use and won’t cost you a penny.

LibreOffice for Windows and macOS, free


Scrivener aims to serve serious writers, not just people composing letters to the bank or putting together yard-sale flyers. To that end, it provides extra features for managing long documents, and helps you organize the chapters, plotlines, characters, and general structure of your novel.

For example, with Scrivener, you can view your research and notes alongside the actual manuscript, and you can break up the text however you like. It acts more like a complete project manager for the whole novel-writing process. You can also fine-tune all kinds of formatting options, including headers, footers, and footnotes. This extended level of control continues when you’re ready to export your work: Scrivener supports all the popular formats, including PDF and Microsoft Word.

Scrivener for Windows and macOS, $40; for iOS, $20; also available as free trial

Google Docs

Most of the benefits of the Google Docs word processor come from its status as a web app. You can use it wherever you find a browser, including on a Chromebook; it will sync your novel across every machine you log into; and your work will save automatically. If your laptop falls under a bus, this won’t destroy your novel: Just log into a new computer and carry on.

Another plus is that Google constantly updates the Google Docs software, so you’ll always have access to the latest version. That said, the app doesn’t have quite as many layout and formatting options as some of the other programs here. But the basics—including support for tables, images, and spell checking—are all present and correct.

Google Docs for Android and iOS, free

iA Writer

iA Writer is the complete opposite of notes-heavy Scrivener: It strips away everything but the text itself, letting you focus on the words, sentences, paragraphs, and chapters while keeping other distractions to a minimum. As with Ulysses, you type simple Markdown codes to format your text, and you can incorporate images and simple tables too.

iA Writer for macOS, $20; for Android and iOS, $5


Working on a MacBook or iPad? Unless you need a Windows desktop app or Android support, the free Pages program is an obvious choice, offering all the usual Apple polish and finesse. Even Windows users can enjoy the more basic version available through iCloud online. Thanks to iCloud, everything syncs quickly and easily across devices.

Pages for macOS and iOS, free; also available as free web app


Last but not least, Byword is another minimalistic writing app in the vein of Ulysses or iA Writer. Again, you format with Markdown codes, which means you get an uncluttered interface that lets you focus on your text. And that stylish-looking interface really is the main selling point of Byword. You won’t see a huge number of features, although you do get some neat extras such as real-time word counts, but your text will look great.

Everything saves instantly and syncs across devices, so you can stop worrying and just concentrate on writing. Finally, when it’s time to share your work, you can post your writing straight to the web or export it to a number of commonly-used formats, including HTML, PDF, and rich text. In the cons column, this straightforward app will only work in the Apple ecosystem.

Byword for macOS, $11; for iOS, $6

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5 Recipe Apps To Help Organize Your Meals

Any aspiring cook knows that being skilled in the kitchen comes with some organizational challenges. You have to find a place for all the tools you accumulate over time, and figure out how to use all those highly specific ingredients that are now overflowing your cupboards. And then there are the recipes.  

My mother, for instance, has a collection of at least 1,000. Her floor-to-ceiling bookshelf of newspaper clippings, magazines, cookbooks, and website printouts contain enough recipes for a lifetime, but trying to find the instructions to make a specific dish is way more difficult than it needs to be.

As an avid home cook with not enough space to have my own kitchen library, I decided to switch to a recipe manager app. If you’re in a similar situation, you should try one, too. App stores are filled with options, so finding one that works for you will require a lot of downloading and experimentation. Fortunately, I already went through that process so you don’t have to. 

Paprika 3

Paprika 3 could use an update, but it’s the go-to recipe organizer app for a reason. Jack Izzo

Paprika 3 has been around for a while and it shows—the user interface, while still friendly, has a blocky design that makes it feel dated. However, the app is comprehensive, which is probably why it’s the top paid food app on iOS and No. 6 on Android.

Unlike some of its competitors, Paprika 3 has no limit on the number of recipes you can store, and its search feature makes it easy to find what you want to cook among a sea of dishes. Adding a new recipe is as simple as tapping the main menu (three lines) in the top left, going to the Browser tab, typing in or copying the URL, and making sure Paprika didn’t make a mistake while importing. The app also helps you shop, allowing you to add all the ingredients from a recipe to your in-app grocery list with one tap. Paprika is the only app on this list with a useful dedicated pantry tab, a separate list for the ingredients you already have at home, which comes in handy so avoid double-buying.

[Related: Quick fixes for common cooking mistakes]

The platform can also assist you while cooking, and you can easily adjust serving sizes by moving a slider, so it’s no problem if you’re making larger or smaller amounts. If a recipe calls for a particular cook time, Paprika will highlight it and let you set up an in-app timer with just two taps. You can also have more than one timer going at once, something any iOS user will greatly appreciate.

Unfortunately, Paprika hasn’t added any major features since 2023, falling behind against its competitors. While other apps use in-app scanners to import paper recipes, Paprika makes you transcribe the steps manually or use a third-party scanner. The app also lacks integration across devices, meaning that you can only access your recipe collection by buying the app for each and every one of your gadgets. This is especially annoying since the desktop version costs a whopping $30. The good news is that because the platform was developed before the subscription model became popular, you can use the app after a one-time payment.

After trying all of these different options, Paprika was the app I decided to use. While it may not look as pretty as its competitors, it has almost all of the features that I want. Since the instructions are stored in the app, you’ll have access to your Paprika recipes offline, and it’s easy to edit them if you decide to change a certain step. I found the pantry feature useful when I made a trip to the grocery store and couldn’t remember if I had certain ingredients at home. I’m not super enthusiastic about buying the desktop version, but given how useful I’ve already found Paprika on my phone, I may give it a try if my small phone screen becomes frustrating.

Paprika3 is $5 for iOS and Android, and $30 for MacOS and Windows. 


Whisk is free, but it’ll show external recipes on the original website, which can be annoying. Jack Izzo

Whisk is ridiculously good at almost everything, and it’s free. The app is cleanly designed, user-friendly, and asks about your diet, allergies, and favorite cuisines upon registration—a feature I’m surprised I didn’t see everywhere. 

The app also has a social element, so you can share recipes with fellow Whisk users and review the ones you’ve tried. People in the community can also collaborate and create collections of recipes based on cuisine, meal, cook time, and more. 

Whisk also allows you to easily add ingredients to your grocery list, and thanks to integration with Instacart, Walmart, Amazon, Kroger, and other major stores, you can shop directly for what you need on your favorite platform. The only downside to this feature is that Whisk doesn’t update your grocery list based on what’s in your pantry, so you’ll have to check what you have to make sure you don’t double-buy anything. 

But where I think Whisk dropped the ball is in how the app displays recipes from external sites. The ones created directly on the platform look great, but tapping on Instructions when making a dish you found online redirects you to the original webpage. This means that if you got the recipe from a food blog, you’ll have to scroll all the way down through an extensive backstory and pictured steps to get to the actual instructions. More importantly, if the original publisher decides to stash the recipe behind a paywall you’ll need that subscription to use it, and if they just decide to take it down, you’ll lose your recipe forever. 

Whisk is free for iOS and Android.  


Pestle’s voice controls can be extremely helpful if your hands happen to be covered in batter. Jack Izzo

Pestle is an iOS-only app and all about aesthetics—the user interface is clean and minimal and the green highlights make navigation easy. The app allows you to add recipes from any website, and if something goes wrong in the process (like a missing ingredient) you can fix it manually. Pestle also lets you scan physical recipes with your device’s camera, though you may get mixed results depending on whether the text is handwritten or typed. 

Unlike Paprika, this platform doesn’t keep tabs on what you have in your pantry, so if you use the app’s shopping list feature, you might end up with an extra onion or two.  

Pestle’s big appeal is its cooking mode. You’ll see each step displayed in big text, with the ingredients highlighted as you need them. The app also highlights certain instructions, and by tapping on them you’ll be able to set timers. Unfortunately, the platform only recognizes time in its numeral form, so if the recipe asks you to bake for “twenty” minutes instead of “20,” you won’t get the option to set a timer.

Like its subscription-based competitors, Pestle’s free version is too limited to be practical and only allows you to store up to 15 recipes. The Pro version runs on a subscription plan, which includes features like Apple SharePlay compatibility and synchronization across devices.

Pestle is free for iOS. Support for unlimited recipes comes with a Pro subscription available for $20 a year or a one-time fee of $38.


Yummly is expensive, but if you’re just starting to get into cooking, its premium content might be very well worth it.

Yummly has an interface that looks nice but doesn’t necessarily provide a good user experience—it feels like a dating app for food recipes. It comes with some pretty interesting features, though. Like Whisk, Yummly asks about dietary restrictions up front before jumping into suggested meals. 

The app’s search feature allows you to apply multiple filters, including liked and disliked foods, to help you find the right recipe. Unfortunately, Yummly’s database does not include paywalled content, so you won’t be able to store anything you’re not already paying for.

What’s more disappointing is that Yummly is more of a portal than a recipe manager, so it doesn’t allow you to edit recipes or add your own. The platform also redirects you to the original web source when you open instructions to third-party recipes, which comes with the added hassle of dealing with individual websites or post layouts every time you want to cook

Yummly’s grocery list feature was the best designed of all the apps, sorting individual ingredients by either store aisle or recipe into collapsible tabs that made shopping effortless. It also links with Instacart, allowing you to get your groceries delivered directly to your door. 

The app can also help you if you don’t know what to cook with what you have at hand—the ingredient scanner lets you take photos of what’s in your fridge and pantry, and provides suggestions for recipes you can make with them. This feature is only available with Yummly Pro, but I was genuinely surprised at how well this worked for produce and eggs. Sadly, the scanner didn’t recognize anything inside a container, like spices. 

But what really sets the app apart from the rest is its original content, which is also a premium feature. Famous chefs like Jet Tila, Carla Hall, and Gregory Gourdet collaborated with the platform to produce recipe collections exploring different cuisines, diets, and techniques. All Yummly Pro recipes come with full instructions (a much better system than linking to the original recipe page) and step-by-step video tutorials. 

If you’re trying to migrate a lot of recipes from somewhere else, Yummly isn’t a good option. But if you’re just getting started in learning how to cook, Yummly can be an invaluable tool. Of all the options on this list, Yummly is the most expensive, setting you back $5 a month or $30 a year for a subscription. 

Yummly is free for iOS and Android. Premium content is available with a Yummly Pro subscription of $5 a month or $30 a year.  

Build your own

If you’ve tried your fair share of apps and still haven’t found something that works for you, your best bet might be to design your own system. It requires a little bit more work than just adapting to an app, but using a cloud-based text editor like Google Docs allows you to store recipes simply by copying and pasting them.

People experienced with note-taking apps like Notion (available for Android and iOS) or Obsidian (available for Android and iOS) should also consider using them for recipe management, as they’re incredibly versatile while relatively simple to learn and navigate. Like Yummly and Whisk, using a word processor or notes app means you won’t have access to paywalled sites unless you already have a subscription, but that’s a small price for having complete control over how you manage your recipe collection. 

[Related: The best kitchen gifts for the everyday cook]

You can highlight ingredients and use a few keyboard shortcuts to get a shopping list together. You won’t be able to scroll through the instructions with your voice, but the Google suite, and Notion and Obsidian apps are all free and flexible, which means your system can be as simple or as complicated as you want it to be. For example, you could use a Google Sheet or a Notion template to do metric conversions for you, or you can use a master Google Doc with direct links to your recipes and use Google Keep integration to keep a shopping list always at hand. 

And if none of these apps convinced you, there truly is nothing wrong with storing all your recipes physically, as long as you’re able to keep the collection organized. Print out your recipes, store them in a binder, and label them however you like. If you’re into meal planning, you can always use a planner, and writing your shopping list on a sticky note is a foolproof way to ensure you don’t forget anything. Sometimes, it’s hard to beat good old pen and paper. 

Eight New Mental Illnesses Brought To You By The Internet

The Internet is an endless buffet of cat videos, bingeable TV, and celebrity Instagrams. And it may also be slowly driving you to the brink of insanity.

That’s no mere bloggy hyperbole. As the Internet evolved into a ubiquitous part of #ModernLife, we’ve witnessed a rise in the number of distinct mental disorders directly tied to our use of digital technology. These afflictions, which range from benign to destructive, weren’t recognized by the medical community until very recently, and didn’t even exist before the Clinton administration.

Some of these disorders are new versions of old afflictions retooled for the mobile broadband age, while others are wholly new creatures. Don’t be surprised if you’ve felt a tinge of at least one or two of them.

Phantom Ringing Syndrome

What is it: When your brain punks you into thinking your phone is buzzing in your pocket.

Have you ever reached for the vibrating phone in your pocket only to realize that it was silent the whole time—or weirder still, it wasn’t even in your pocket to begin with? While you may be slightly delusional, you aren’t alone.

According to Dr. Larry Rosen, author of the book iDisorder, 70 percent of people who self-categorize as heavy mobile users have reported experiencing phantom buzzing in their pocket. It’s all thanks to misplaced response mechanisms in our brains.

“We’ve probably always felt slight tingling in our pocket. A few decades ago we would have just assumed it was a slight itch and we would scratch it,” Dr. Rosen told TechHive. “But now we’ve set up our social world to be tied to this little box in our pocket. So, whenever we feel any tingling in our leg we get a burst of neurotransmitters from our brain that can cause either anxiety or pleasure and prompt us to action. So, instead of reacting to this sensation like it’s a few wayward tingling nerves, we react as if it’s something we have to attend to right now.”

In the future, it’s possible that as new mobile form factors like Google Glass notify us in a visual way (the current incarnation of Glass uses audio cues rather than visual), our brains may be primed to see things that aren’t there.


What is it: The anxiety that arises from not having access to one’s mobile device. The term “Nomophobia” is an abbreviation of “no-mobile phobia.”

You know that horrible disconnected feeling when your phone dies and there’s no electrical outlet in sight? For a few among us, there’s a very neural pathway between that uncomfortable feeling of techno deprivation and a full-on anxiety attack.

Nomophobia is the marked increase in anxiety some people feel when they are separated from their phones. While phone addiction may sound like a petty #FirstWorldProblem, the disorder can have very real negative effects on people’s lives. So much so that the condition has found its way into the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and has prompted a dedicated Nomophobia treatment program at Morningside Recovery Center in Newport Beach, California.

“We’ve all been conditioned to be alert for notifications from our phones,” said Dr. Rosen. “We’re like Pavlov’s dogs in a way. You see people pull out their phones and two minutes later do it again even though nothing has taken place. That’s driven by reflex action as well as by anxiety to make sure we haven’t missed out on anything. It’s all part of the FOMO [Fear Of Missing Out] reaction.”

As it turns out, nomophobia is not distributed eaqually among all mobile users. Dr. Rosen and Dr. Nancy Cheever conducted an experiment that found that those who self-identify as heavy users experience the effects of being without their phone most acutely.

A study shows that high-usage phone users were most acutely affected by time apart from their phones.


What is it: The disorientation and dizziness some people feel when interacting with certain digital environments.

Apple’s latest version of iOS is a flattened, versatile, and beautiful reinvention of the mobile user interface! Unfortunately, it is also making people barf. And it provided the most recent high-profile example of cybersickness.

As soon as the new incarnation of iOS was pushed out to iPhone and iPad users last month, the Apple support forums started filling with complaints from people feeling disoriented and nauseous after using the new interface. This has largely been attributed to Apple’s snazzy utilization of the parallax effect, which makes the icons and homescreen appear to be moving within a three-dimensional world below the display glass.

This dizziness and nausea resulting from a virtual environment has been dubbed cybersickness. The term came about in the early 1990s to describe the disorienting feeling experienced by users of early virtual reality systems. It’s basically our brains getting tricked into motion sickness when we’re not actually moving.

The Apple support forums were alive with talk about the barftastic elements of the new iPhone iOS.

Facebook Depression

What is it: Depression caused by social interactions, or lack thereof, on Facebook.

Humans are social creatures. So you might think that the increased communication facilitated by social media would make us all happier and more content. In fact, just the opposite appears to be true.

A University of Michigan study shows that depression among young people directly corresponds to the amount of time they spend on Facebook.

One possible reason is that people tend to post only good news about themselves on Facebook: Vacations, promotions, party pics, etc. So, it’s very easy to fall under the false belief that everyone else is leading far happier and successful lives than you (when this may not be the case at all).

Keep in mind that increased social media interaction does not have to lead to despair. Dr. Rosen also conducted a study of the emotional state of Facebook users (PDF) and found that while there was indeed a correlation between Facebook usage and emotional issues such as depression, users who had a large number of Facebook friends were actually shown to have fewer incidences of emotional strain. This is particularly true when their social media usage was coupled with other forms of communication like talking on the phone.

The moral of the story seems to be 1) don’t believe everything your friends post on Facebook and 2) pick up the phone every so often.

Internet Addiction Disorder

What is it: A constant and unhealthy urge to access the Internet.

Internet Addiction Disorder (sometimes referred to as Problematic Internet Use) is excessive Internet use that interferes with daily life. The terms “addiction” and “disorder” are somewhat controversial within the medical community as the compulsive use of the Internet is often a symptom of a larger problem, rather than a unique disorder in itself.

“Dual Diagnosis is part of [treatments] so that the issue is focused on other disorders such as depression, OCD, ADD, and social anxiety,” wrote Dr. Kimberly Young in an email to TechHive. Dr. Young has run the Center for Internet Addiction, which treats numerous forms of Internet addictions such as online gaming addiction, online gambling, and cybersex addiction.

In addition, she finds that forms of Internet addiction can usually be attributed to “things like poor coping skills, low self-esteem, and low self-efficacy.”

Online Gaming Addiction

What is it: An unhealthy need to access online multiplayer games.

According to a 2010 study funded by the South Korean government, about 8 percent of the population between the ages of 9 and 39 suffer from either Internet or online gaming addiction. The country has even enacted a so-called “Cinderella Law,” which cuts off access to online games between midnight and 6 a.m. to users under the age of 16 nationwide.

While there are few reliable stats regarding video game addiction in the United States, the number of online help groups specifically aimed at the affliction has risen in recent years. Examples include the Center for Internet Addiction’s Online Gaming program and On-Line Gamers Anonymous, which has fashioned its own 12-step recovery program.

While the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders does not recognize online gaming addiction as a unique disorder, the American Psychiatric Association has decided to include it in its index (or section III), which means it will be subject to more research and may eventually be included along with other non-substance based addictions like gambling addiction.

“If you look at the brain, when you are addicted to something your brain is telling you that it needs certain neurotransmitters—particularly dopamine and serotonin—to feel good,” says Dr. Rosen. “The brain learns very quickly that certain activities will release these chemicals. If you’re a gambling addict, that activity is gambling. If you’re a gaming addict, then it’s playing games. That need for those neurotransmitters drives your behavior. It makes you want to do it again and again.”


What is it: The tendency to believe you have diseases you read about online.

The human body is a magnificent bundle of surprises that constantly greets us with mysterious pains, aches, and little bumps that weren’t there last time we checked. The majority of the time these little abnormalities turn out to be absolutely nothing. But the Web’s vast archive of medical literature allows our imaginations to run wild with all manner of nightmarish medical scenarios!

Have a headache? It’s probably nothing. But then again, WebMD did say that headaches are one of the symptoms of a brain tumor! There’s a chance you may die very soon!

That’s the kind of thinking that goes on in the head of Cyberchondriacs—a downward spiral of medical factoids strung together to reach the worst possible conclusions. And it’s far from uncommon. A 2008 Microsoft study found that search-engine-aided self-diagnosis typically led the afflicted searcher to conclude the worst possible outcome.

“[The Internet] can exacerbate existing feelings of hypochondria and in some cases cause new anxieties. Because there’s so much medical information out there, and some of it’s real and valuable and some it’s contradictory,” says Dr. Rosen. “But on the Internet most people don’t practice a literal view of information. You can find a way to turn any symptom into a million awful diseases. You feed the anxiety that you’re getting sick.”

Hypochondria, of course, was around long before the Internet. But previous generations didn’t have a way to surf medical sites at three in the morning researching the million different ways their bodies might fail them. Cyberchondria is just hypochondria with a broadband connection.

The Google Effect

Thanks to the Internet, a single individual can easily access nearly all the information civilization has amassed since the beginning of time. And as it turns out, this ability may be altering the very way our brains function.

Sometimes referred to as “The Google Effect,” research has shown (PDF) that the limitless access to information has caused our brains to retain less information. We get lazy. Somewhere in our minds we think “I don’t have to memorize this because I can just Google it later.”

According to Dr. Rosen, the Google Effect isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It could be the mark of societal evolution where the end result is a smarter, more informed populace. But it’s also possible, he concedes, that it may have a negative result in certain situations. For example, a young teenager might not retain information for a test by assuming the knowledge will be readily available, he says.

We are all going insane

If you’ve ever watched as a moth repeatedly kamikazes your porch lamp, or as your cat unnecessarily freaks out over the presence of a laser pointer, you’ve witnessed the sometimes uncomfortable meeting of the natural world with our new, digital reality.

Advanced as we humans are, we still share a lot in common with those lower creatures. In evolutionary terms, we’ve been thrust pretty quickly into a new digital world to which our brains are hurrying to adapt. Some of the afflictions we suffer may reveal that the process of adaptation isn’t yet finished.

In fact, when you think about it, it’s not surprising that our brains sometimes get sick because they can’t process all the bizarre figments of this new world. Really, it’s more surprising that it doesn’t happen far more often.

Fix: Eight Fixes To Error_Image_Subsystem_Not_Present





Regardless of whether your are running the regular Windows OS or Windows Server, not being able to install new applications can severely hinder your workflow

We will be covering 8 different solutions for you to try when you encounter the ERROR_IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NOT_PRESENT error message.

This article is part of our dedicated hub for troubleshooting System Errors, so make sure you keep it close, since these are pretty common.

Have a look at our specialized Fix page for more great troubleshooting guides.



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System errors can occur on almost any PC, and some users reported ERROR_IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NOT_PRESENT error on their PC. This error usually comes with The subsystem needed to support the image type is not present message, and today we’re going to show you how to fix it.


1. Copy 32-bit version of Imagex

According to users, this error occurs when using Imagex. To fix the problem, you need to copy 32-bit version of Imagex from Windows AIK to the ISO folder instead of AMD64 version. After doing that, the problem should be completely resolved.

2. Install the latest updates

Press Windows Key + I to open the Settings app.

Windows 10 is a solid operating system, but it has few bugs and glitches. To ensure your PC is bug-free and up to date, it’s recommended to install the latest Windows updates.

3. Check your antivirus

Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender that works as a default antivirus, but most users tend to install third-party tools because they offer more features.

If you can’t find the problematic feature, you might want to try disabling your antivirus tool completely. As previously mentioned, Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender so your PC will remain safe even after you disable your antivirus.

If disabling the antivirus solves the issue, you might want to try finding the problematic feature and disabling it. In addition, you can also try switching to a different antivirus software.

Lastly, you can also try to remove your antivirus software and check if that fixes the problem. Keep in mind that many antivirus tools tend to leave certain files and registry entries behind even after you remove them.

To make sure that all related files are removed, we recommend to use a dedicated removal tool. Most antivirus companies offer these tools for their software, so be sure to download one for your antivirus.

After you remove your antivirus software, check if the issue still persists. If not, you might want to consider switching to a different antivirus software or updating your antivirus to the latest version.

4. Check your PC for malware

Several users reported that this error was caused by malware infection. Malware infections can be sometimes hard to deal with so you might want to try using several different tools to remove the malware. Alternatively, you can also fix the problem by using a special antivirus software such as Bitdefender.

5. Perform an SFC scan

Press Windows Key + X to open Win + X menu.

Select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.

Once Command Prompt opens, enter sfc /scannow and press Enter.

Wait for the scan to complete.

Sometimes these types of errors can occur due to corrupted Windows files. However, you might be able to fix this problem by running an SFC scan.

This scan can take a while, so try not to interrupt it. After the scan is finished, check if the problem still appears.

Expert tip:

If you can’t run SFC scan or if the SFC scan can’t fix the problem, you might want to try using DISM scan instead. To do that, follow these steps:

Start Command Prompt as administrator.

When Command Prompt opens, enter the following commands:

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth

If any of these two commands report any corruption, run DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth command to repair your system.

Keep in mind that this process can take more than 20 minutes, so be sure not to interrupt it.

If you’re using Server Core and you’re getting this error, you might be able to fix it by running DISM.EXE /online /enable-feature /featurename:ServerCore-WOW64 command in Command Prompt.

7. Use System Restore

Press Windows Key + S and enter system restore.

System Properties window will now appear.

Check Show more restore points option and select the desired restore point.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the restoration process.

If this error message started appearing recently, you might be able to fix it by restoring your system. This is rather simple and you can do it by using System Restore.

Thanks to this feature, you can easily restore Windows to the previous state and fix any recent problems. Keep in mind that this feature can cause you to lose recently saved files, so be sure to back up your important data.

After restoring your PC, check if the error message still appears.

8. Reset Windows 10

You might be asked to insert Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to have it ready.

You’ll see a list of changes that reset will perform.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the reset process.

Several users reported that they managed to fix this error by resetting Windows 10. We have to warn you that this solution will remove all files and apps from your system drive, so use it only if other solutions can’t fix the problem.

Before you start the reset process it’s highly recommended to back up your important files. In addition, you might need a Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to create it.

After resetting your PC the problem won’t appear anymore. Once again, this solution will remove all your files and apps, so use it as a last resort.

Change your BIOS settings

Enter BIOS. If you don’t know how to do that, check your motherboard manual for detailed instructions.

Now look for SATA OPERATIONS setting and set its value to ATA.

Save changes and exit BIOS.

According to users, this error message can start appearing after updating BIOS. It seems that the cause of this problem was a certain setting in BIOS, and in order to fix it you need to make few changes.

Users reported that setting SATA OPERATIONS to AHCI can cause this problem, but after changing the value to ATA the error message should be resolved.

2. Enable / disable SecureBoot

SecureBoot is a useful feature that will prevent malware from infecting your PC. However, this feature can also cause certain problems when trying to run 32-bit program in 64-bit WinPE environment.

If you’re getting this error while trying to run a 32-bit application, be sure to turn off SecureBoot in BIOS. Alternatively, you can choose to use Legacy Boot instead. To see how to do that, be sure to check your motherboard manual.

On the other hand, if you’re trying to run 64-bit app, be sure to turn on SecureBoot option. Alternatively, you can also rename 32-bit chúng tôi file and copy Boot_x64.wim to its directory. To complete the process, rename the Boot_x64.wim to chúng tôi .

The subsystem needed to support the image type is not present message can cause certain problems on your PC, but we hope you managed to solve it by using one of our solutions.

Still experiencing troubles? Fix them with this tool:


Some driver-related issues can be solved faster by using a tailored driver solution. If you’re still having problems with your drivers, simply install OutByte Driver Updater and get it up and running immediately. Thus, let it update all drivers and fix other PC issues in no time!

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Four Lessons To Help You Learn From Failure

While discussing inventions, Thomas Edison’s associate, Walter S. Mallory, once said to him, “Isn’t it a shame that with the tremendous amount of work you have done, you haven’t been able to get any results?”

Edison replied, “Results! Why, man, I have gotten a lot of results! I know several thousand things that won’t work.”

People tend to see success as positive and failure as a negative, but Edison’s quote shows this isn’t always the case. There are many valuable lessons you can learn from failure, and this knowledge can help you become a more successful and productive entrepreneur. 

What is failure?

At its most basic definition, failure is a lack of success. For businesses, failure can take on many shapes and forms. Failure could mean you were unable to land a big sale or refer to a marketing campaign that never got the results you were looking for. You can also fail in your hiring practices or training opportunities.

However, it can also refer to your business as a whole. A business failure occurs when a company shuts down after consistently being unable to turn a profit. However, it is important to note that not all company closures are failures. 

If a company owner closes a profitable company to pursue different career opportunities, if the business was always intended to be temporary or the business owner dies or retires, the business is likely not closing due to failure.


People often discount the part that failure plays in success, preferring to cling to the myth of overnight success. When Facebook co-founder Dustin Moskovitz was asked how he felt about the company’s seemingly quick success, he said, “If by overnight success you mean staying up and coding all night, every night for six years straight, then it felt quite tiring and stressful.”

How to learn from your failures

Rarely in the business world is there success without failure. As you pursue your entrepreneurial dreams, you’re going to fail. It’s often said that failure doesn’t stop people; it’s how people handle failure that stops them. 

When you encounter failure, tackle it head on and learn from your mistakes. Realize that every idea that pops up in your mind isn’t going to work. Take the time to organize your thoughts after a failure and realize what you did wrong. Above all else, be willing to learn and grow.

Stay humble

When you’re doing well in life, it feels like nothing can stop you. There are no words that can properly pin down feeling like you’re on top of the world. However, when failure hits, it hurts. Sometimes it hurts so bad that you think you’ll never be successful again. 

Staying humble helps curb the dramatic feeling of loss and failure. While you’re flying high on the feelings of success, never forget that you’re human, and treat everyone with the same humility and respect that you expect in return. 

When you’re humble, you’ll be mentally prepared for failure when it comes your way. It will also ensure that you don’t get a “big head.” Plus, people who are close to you will help lift you up when things are not going your way.  

Find silver linings in your mistakes

It’s almost impossible to find a story of success that doesn’t have a trail of mistakes behind it. Nearly everyone experiences failure at some point in their life. The key to overcoming obstacles and becoming successful starts with learning from your mistakes. 

When failure strikes, ask yourself why it happened. Was it a result of something you did? Or did an outside force play a part?

Don’t be afraid to be accountable when you’re responsible for a business failure. In many cases, something could have been done differently to prevent the collapse. Think deeply about your situation and don’t be afraid to do a little soul-searching. [Read related article: Don’t Be Like Elon: Musk Mistakes You Shouldn’t Emulate]

Embrace change

One of the ways to learn from your failures is by embracing change. Some people absolutely despise change, and it’s easy to see why. People get caught up in their ways, they get used to seeing the same people at the office, and they like the routine.

When you fail, sometimes you have to change things drastically. If things are not going your way and you have to start over, sometimes you have to sit back and look at the changes that need to be made and embrace them.

When you embrace change after a failure, you’re encouraging healthy mental growth and development. If you want to be a healthy entrepreneur, you have to be a mentally healthy human being.


Do you struggle with how to manage change in your business and personal life? Learn the benefits of being adaptable and how it can help you as an entrepreneur.

The Next Novel You Read May Be In Facebook Messenger

We aren’t exactly a nation of readers. On a typical day, just 15 percent of men and 22 percent of women read for pleasure. In the last year, one in four Americans haven’t read a single book in any format—paperback, audiobook, or otherwise.

But social media and smartphone app companies think they may have the solution to our reading aversion. From Silicon Valley heavyweights to bookworm-run startups, efforts to bring fiction to our smartphones are proliferating. While reading a book in Facebook Messenger or “chat fiction” on Snapchat might seem strange, silly, or tedious, each new initiative is pushing up against the boundaries of the book cover.

Last year, James Patterson, one of the most commercially-successful authors of all time (Forbes pegged his 2023 income at $95 million), and his team approached Facebook about adapting one of his forthcoming novel to its messaging app. So the author, who believes Americans need “a shared literature,” offered Messenger its choice of two soon-to-debut books. The company selected a narrative about a New Orleans-based detective, who runs a well-known food truck with his ex-wife. After a few months of harried development, The Chef rolled out Tuesday morning on Messenger. You can find it now by searching “The Chef by James Patterson” in the app.

Without a standalone book portal in the Messenger app (a designer says they’re working on that now), every piece of the Patterson novel had to be created within the app’s pre-existing design parameters. Books usually require page-turning, but the Messenger novel unfurls itself to readers each time they press a knife emoji. The text comes through in a typical message bubble, or several at once. Each passage fills a single page on your smartphone—and not a centimeter more—so you don’t have to scroll.

Maps, Instagram posts, and more are embedded in The Chef by James Patterson on Messenger. Courtesy of Messenger

A more established reading app might offer some insight into what’s to come for Facebook. Launched in 2023, Hooked forgoes adaptation in favor of commissioning its own made-for-social stories. These original works are part of a digital genre the company calls “chat fiction”—stories written in the form of text messages, which appear sequentially on-screen.

Husband-and-wife startup duo Parag Chordia and Prerna Gupta went through all kinds of iterations before the launch. The couple originally had high hopes for image-driven media, inspired by comic books, and excerpts of bestselling novels. But completion rates among their target audience of 13- to 24-year-olds was low: Gupta says just 35 percent of readers finished the excerpts. Chat fiction, however, thrived. The 1,000-word story arcs, which involve two or more characters updating each other on plot development in text messages, boasted completion rates in the 80th and 90th percentile.

This week, Hooked released its longest piece of chat fiction yet, on a dedicated Snapchat channel. The 30,000-word-long story, Dark Matter, appeared in “episodes” (more conventionally known as “chapters”) of 5,000 to 8,000 words. Like all Hooked stories, the tale leans heavily on cliffhangers to keep readers “hooked” from message to message. There’s a liberal use of ellipses, and a tension-building mystery. “When you’re on mobile, you are in a constant battle for attention,” Gupta says. “Users need to feel that there’s some payoff in one episode,” or they won’t come back for more.

Chat fiction in action. Courtesy of Hooked

A “Snapchat-based book” sounds like a postmodern word salad, but Hooked’s serialization strategy has actually worked for centuries. In the Victorian era, most authors published their stories in bits and pieces in newspapers, with one novella doled out over weeks or months. The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens, * The Count of Monte Cristo* by Alexandre Dumas, and the character Sherlock Holmes all first appeared in periodical form.

But something else is at work, too. Publishing has never not been in a state of disruption. From monks in scriptoria painting words into books no one could read to the dawn of the printing press to the era of ebooks, how we read is always changing. The only thing that’s remained consistent is that the words themselves matter most.

Selling someone who loves the crack of a fresh hardcover spine, on a Facebook Messenger-based novel is a challenge. So is convincing a Snapchat-loving teenager to read a musty library book. But goading someone who loves literary fiction into reading a James Patterson novel—whether it’s a paperback, ebook, or Messenger bubble—is even harder. The medium and the message feel increasingly indistinguishable, but the message still matters more.

Ultimately, Messenger’s The Chef and Hooked’s Dark Matter aren’t for everyone, and they don’t claim to be. From Patterson to Gupta, the stated goal has always been to get more Americans reading in whatever form they prefer. It’s OK to support a proliferation of reading platforms, and still stick to your paperbacks.

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