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Regardless of whether your are running the regular Windows OS or Windows Server, not being able to install new applications can severely hinder your workflow

We will be covering 8 different solutions for you to try when you encounter the ERROR_IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NOT_PRESENT error message.

This article is part of our dedicated hub for troubleshooting System Errors, so make sure you keep it close, since these are pretty common.

Have a look at our specialized Fix page for more great troubleshooting guides.



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System errors can occur on almost any PC, and some users reported ERROR_IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NOT_PRESENT error on their PC. This error usually comes with The subsystem needed to support the image type is not present message, and today we’re going to show you how to fix it.


1. Copy 32-bit version of Imagex

According to users, this error occurs when using Imagex. To fix the problem, you need to copy 32-bit version of Imagex from Windows AIK to the ISO folder instead of AMD64 version. After doing that, the problem should be completely resolved.

2. Install the latest updates

Press Windows Key + I to open the Settings app.

Windows 10 is a solid operating system, but it has few bugs and glitches. To ensure your PC is bug-free and up to date, it’s recommended to install the latest Windows updates.

3. Check your antivirus

Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender that works as a default antivirus, but most users tend to install third-party tools because they offer more features.

If you can’t find the problematic feature, you might want to try disabling your antivirus tool completely. As previously mentioned, Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender so your PC will remain safe even after you disable your antivirus.

If disabling the antivirus solves the issue, you might want to try finding the problematic feature and disabling it. In addition, you can also try switching to a different antivirus software.

Lastly, you can also try to remove your antivirus software and check if that fixes the problem. Keep in mind that many antivirus tools tend to leave certain files and registry entries behind even after you remove them.

To make sure that all related files are removed, we recommend to use a dedicated removal tool. Most antivirus companies offer these tools for their software, so be sure to download one for your antivirus.

After you remove your antivirus software, check if the issue still persists. If not, you might want to consider switching to a different antivirus software or updating your antivirus to the latest version.

4. Check your PC for malware

Several users reported that this error was caused by malware infection. Malware infections can be sometimes hard to deal with so you might want to try using several different tools to remove the malware. Alternatively, you can also fix the problem by using a special antivirus software such as Bitdefender.

5. Perform an SFC scan

Press Windows Key + X to open Win + X menu.

Select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.

Once Command Prompt opens, enter sfc /scannow and press Enter.

Wait for the scan to complete.

Sometimes these types of errors can occur due to corrupted Windows files. However, you might be able to fix this problem by running an SFC scan.

This scan can take a while, so try not to interrupt it. After the scan is finished, check if the problem still appears.

Expert tip:

If you can’t run SFC scan or if the SFC scan can’t fix the problem, you might want to try using DISM scan instead. To do that, follow these steps:

Start Command Prompt as administrator.

When Command Prompt opens, enter the following commands:

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth

If any of these two commands report any corruption, run DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth command to repair your system.

Keep in mind that this process can take more than 20 minutes, so be sure not to interrupt it.

If you’re using Server Core and you’re getting this error, you might be able to fix it by running DISM.EXE /online /enable-feature /featurename:ServerCore-WOW64 command in Command Prompt.

7. Use System Restore

Press Windows Key + S and enter system restore.

System Properties window will now appear.

Check Show more restore points option and select the desired restore point.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the restoration process.

If this error message started appearing recently, you might be able to fix it by restoring your system. This is rather simple and you can do it by using System Restore.

Thanks to this feature, you can easily restore Windows to the previous state and fix any recent problems. Keep in mind that this feature can cause you to lose recently saved files, so be sure to back up your important data.

After restoring your PC, check if the error message still appears.

8. Reset Windows 10

You might be asked to insert Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to have it ready.

You’ll see a list of changes that reset will perform.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the reset process.

Several users reported that they managed to fix this error by resetting Windows 10. We have to warn you that this solution will remove all files and apps from your system drive, so use it only if other solutions can’t fix the problem.

Before you start the reset process it’s highly recommended to back up your important files. In addition, you might need a Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to create it.

After resetting your PC the problem won’t appear anymore. Once again, this solution will remove all your files and apps, so use it as a last resort.

Change your BIOS settings

Enter BIOS. If you don’t know how to do that, check your motherboard manual for detailed instructions.

Now look for SATA OPERATIONS setting and set its value to ATA.

Save changes and exit BIOS.

According to users, this error message can start appearing after updating BIOS. It seems that the cause of this problem was a certain setting in BIOS, and in order to fix it you need to make few changes.

Users reported that setting SATA OPERATIONS to AHCI can cause this problem, but after changing the value to ATA the error message should be resolved.

2. Enable / disable SecureBoot

SecureBoot is a useful feature that will prevent malware from infecting your PC. However, this feature can also cause certain problems when trying to run 32-bit program in 64-bit WinPE environment.

If you’re getting this error while trying to run a 32-bit application, be sure to turn off SecureBoot in BIOS. Alternatively, you can choose to use Legacy Boot instead. To see how to do that, be sure to check your motherboard manual.

On the other hand, if you’re trying to run 64-bit app, be sure to turn on SecureBoot option. Alternatively, you can also rename 32-bit chúng tôi file and copy Boot_x64.wim to its directory. To complete the process, rename the Boot_x64.wim to chúng tôi .

The subsystem needed to support the image type is not present message can cause certain problems on your PC, but we hope you managed to solve it by using one of our solutions.

Still experiencing troubles? Fix them with this tool:


Some driver-related issues can be solved faster by using a tailored driver solution. If you’re still having problems with your drivers, simply install OutByte Driver Updater and get it up and running immediately. Thus, let it update all drivers and fix other PC issues in no time!

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Eight Apps To Help You Win National Novel Writing Month

Authors write novels all year long. But November marks National Novel Writing Month, better known as NaNoWriMo, a time when amateurs and pros alike strive to finally put their ideas on paper. Feeling daunted by the idea of writing a book in a month? Technology can help.

We’ve collected the best programs for getting your literary masterpiece out of your head and down in black and white. While we’re focusing on computer applications (assuming you’d prefer to tap out your carefully crafted sentences on a proper keyboard), for both Windows and macOS, many of our picks come with phone apps as well.

Microsoft Word

What’s left to say about the definitive word processing app? Although Microsoft Word was once in danger of becoming stodgy and outdated, in recent years, Microsoft updated it to look much more fresh and modern. In addition to the clean, elegant interface, you get just about every feature you could possibly want from a word processor.

Microsoft Word for Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS, starting at $70 per year; also available as free trial and web app


Unlike many word processors, Ulysses prioritizes a clean and pleasingly minimal interface. Rather than showing cluttered menus or toolbars, it puts the focus on the words on the page. In fact, the app doesn’t include any of the usual formatting tools: Instead, you create headings, bold text, and so on through the Markdown annotation standard (for example, ## precedes a heading).

Some of the app’s nice touches include a typewriter mode, where the line you’re working on stays fixed in the center of the screen, and a writing goals option, which tracks your progress as you put together your novel. Because it’s also available on mobile, you can easily manage and sync documents across macOS and iOS. One of the only downsides: You can’t use it on any non-Apple hardware.

Ulysses for macOS and iOS, starting at $40 per year; also available as free trial


The word processor component—Writer—gives you a variety of useful tools: multiple layouts, tons of formatting options, word counting, spell checking, a variety of import and export options, proofing tools, and more. Like with Word, an AutoCorrect ability lets you fix mistakes as you type them. However, as an open-source project supported by volunteers, LibreOffice doesn’t quite match the specs and polish of Word. Still, it’s a pleasure to use and won’t cost you a penny.

LibreOffice for Windows and macOS, free


Scrivener aims to serve serious writers, not just people composing letters to the bank or putting together yard-sale flyers. To that end, it provides extra features for managing long documents, and helps you organize the chapters, plotlines, characters, and general structure of your novel.

For example, with Scrivener, you can view your research and notes alongside the actual manuscript, and you can break up the text however you like. It acts more like a complete project manager for the whole novel-writing process. You can also fine-tune all kinds of formatting options, including headers, footers, and footnotes. This extended level of control continues when you’re ready to export your work: Scrivener supports all the popular formats, including PDF and Microsoft Word.

Scrivener for Windows and macOS, $40; for iOS, $20; also available as free trial

Google Docs

Most of the benefits of the Google Docs word processor come from its status as a web app. You can use it wherever you find a browser, including on a Chromebook; it will sync your novel across every machine you log into; and your work will save automatically. If your laptop falls under a bus, this won’t destroy your novel: Just log into a new computer and carry on.

Another plus is that Google constantly updates the Google Docs software, so you’ll always have access to the latest version. That said, the app doesn’t have quite as many layout and formatting options as some of the other programs here. But the basics—including support for tables, images, and spell checking—are all present and correct.

Google Docs for Android and iOS, free

iA Writer

iA Writer is the complete opposite of notes-heavy Scrivener: It strips away everything but the text itself, letting you focus on the words, sentences, paragraphs, and chapters while keeping other distractions to a minimum. As with Ulysses, you type simple Markdown codes to format your text, and you can incorporate images and simple tables too.

iA Writer for macOS, $20; for Android and iOS, $5


Working on a MacBook or iPad? Unless you need a Windows desktop app or Android support, the free Pages program is an obvious choice, offering all the usual Apple polish and finesse. Even Windows users can enjoy the more basic version available through iCloud online. Thanks to iCloud, everything syncs quickly and easily across devices.

Pages for macOS and iOS, free; also available as free web app


Last but not least, Byword is another minimalistic writing app in the vein of Ulysses or iA Writer. Again, you format with Markdown codes, which means you get an uncluttered interface that lets you focus on your text. And that stylish-looking interface really is the main selling point of Byword. You won’t see a huge number of features, although you do get some neat extras such as real-time word counts, but your text will look great.

Everything saves instantly and syncs across devices, so you can stop worrying and just concentrate on writing. Finally, when it’s time to share your work, you can post your writing straight to the web or export it to a number of commonly-used formats, including HTML, PDF, and rich text. In the cons column, this straightforward app will only work in the Apple ecosystem.

Byword for macOS, $11; for iOS, $6

Eight New Mental Illnesses Brought To You By The Internet

The Internet is an endless buffet of cat videos, bingeable TV, and celebrity Instagrams. And it may also be slowly driving you to the brink of insanity.

That’s no mere bloggy hyperbole. As the Internet evolved into a ubiquitous part of #ModernLife, we’ve witnessed a rise in the number of distinct mental disorders directly tied to our use of digital technology. These afflictions, which range from benign to destructive, weren’t recognized by the medical community until very recently, and didn’t even exist before the Clinton administration.

Some of these disorders are new versions of old afflictions retooled for the mobile broadband age, while others are wholly new creatures. Don’t be surprised if you’ve felt a tinge of at least one or two of them.

Phantom Ringing Syndrome

What is it: When your brain punks you into thinking your phone is buzzing in your pocket.

Have you ever reached for the vibrating phone in your pocket only to realize that it was silent the whole time—or weirder still, it wasn’t even in your pocket to begin with? While you may be slightly delusional, you aren’t alone.

According to Dr. Larry Rosen, author of the book iDisorder, 70 percent of people who self-categorize as heavy mobile users have reported experiencing phantom buzzing in their pocket. It’s all thanks to misplaced response mechanisms in our brains.

“We’ve probably always felt slight tingling in our pocket. A few decades ago we would have just assumed it was a slight itch and we would scratch it,” Dr. Rosen told TechHive. “But now we’ve set up our social world to be tied to this little box in our pocket. So, whenever we feel any tingling in our leg we get a burst of neurotransmitters from our brain that can cause either anxiety or pleasure and prompt us to action. So, instead of reacting to this sensation like it’s a few wayward tingling nerves, we react as if it’s something we have to attend to right now.”

In the future, it’s possible that as new mobile form factors like Google Glass notify us in a visual way (the current incarnation of Glass uses audio cues rather than visual), our brains may be primed to see things that aren’t there.


What is it: The anxiety that arises from not having access to one’s mobile device. The term “Nomophobia” is an abbreviation of “no-mobile phobia.”

You know that horrible disconnected feeling when your phone dies and there’s no electrical outlet in sight? For a few among us, there’s a very neural pathway between that uncomfortable feeling of techno deprivation and a full-on anxiety attack.

Nomophobia is the marked increase in anxiety some people feel when they are separated from their phones. While phone addiction may sound like a petty #FirstWorldProblem, the disorder can have very real negative effects on people’s lives. So much so that the condition has found its way into the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and has prompted a dedicated Nomophobia treatment program at Morningside Recovery Center in Newport Beach, California.

“We’ve all been conditioned to be alert for notifications from our phones,” said Dr. Rosen. “We’re like Pavlov’s dogs in a way. You see people pull out their phones and two minutes later do it again even though nothing has taken place. That’s driven by reflex action as well as by anxiety to make sure we haven’t missed out on anything. It’s all part of the FOMO [Fear Of Missing Out] reaction.”

As it turns out, nomophobia is not distributed eaqually among all mobile users. Dr. Rosen and Dr. Nancy Cheever conducted an experiment that found that those who self-identify as heavy users experience the effects of being without their phone most acutely.

A study shows that high-usage phone users were most acutely affected by time apart from their phones.


What is it: The disorientation and dizziness some people feel when interacting with certain digital environments.

Apple’s latest version of iOS is a flattened, versatile, and beautiful reinvention of the mobile user interface! Unfortunately, it is also making people barf. And it provided the most recent high-profile example of cybersickness.

As soon as the new incarnation of iOS was pushed out to iPhone and iPad users last month, the Apple support forums started filling with complaints from people feeling disoriented and nauseous after using the new interface. This has largely been attributed to Apple’s snazzy utilization of the parallax effect, which makes the icons and homescreen appear to be moving within a three-dimensional world below the display glass.

This dizziness and nausea resulting from a virtual environment has been dubbed cybersickness. The term came about in the early 1990s to describe the disorienting feeling experienced by users of early virtual reality systems. It’s basically our brains getting tricked into motion sickness when we’re not actually moving.

The Apple support forums were alive with talk about the barftastic elements of the new iPhone iOS.

Facebook Depression

What is it: Depression caused by social interactions, or lack thereof, on Facebook.

Humans are social creatures. So you might think that the increased communication facilitated by social media would make us all happier and more content. In fact, just the opposite appears to be true.

A University of Michigan study shows that depression among young people directly corresponds to the amount of time they spend on Facebook.

One possible reason is that people tend to post only good news about themselves on Facebook: Vacations, promotions, party pics, etc. So, it’s very easy to fall under the false belief that everyone else is leading far happier and successful lives than you (when this may not be the case at all).

Keep in mind that increased social media interaction does not have to lead to despair. Dr. Rosen also conducted a study of the emotional state of Facebook users (PDF) and found that while there was indeed a correlation between Facebook usage and emotional issues such as depression, users who had a large number of Facebook friends were actually shown to have fewer incidences of emotional strain. This is particularly true when their social media usage was coupled with other forms of communication like talking on the phone.

The moral of the story seems to be 1) don’t believe everything your friends post on Facebook and 2) pick up the phone every so often.

Internet Addiction Disorder

What is it: A constant and unhealthy urge to access the Internet.

Internet Addiction Disorder (sometimes referred to as Problematic Internet Use) is excessive Internet use that interferes with daily life. The terms “addiction” and “disorder” are somewhat controversial within the medical community as the compulsive use of the Internet is often a symptom of a larger problem, rather than a unique disorder in itself.

“Dual Diagnosis is part of [treatments] so that the issue is focused on other disorders such as depression, OCD, ADD, and social anxiety,” wrote Dr. Kimberly Young in an email to TechHive. Dr. Young has run the Center for Internet Addiction, which treats numerous forms of Internet addictions such as online gaming addiction, online gambling, and cybersex addiction.

In addition, she finds that forms of Internet addiction can usually be attributed to “things like poor coping skills, low self-esteem, and low self-efficacy.”

Online Gaming Addiction

What is it: An unhealthy need to access online multiplayer games.

According to a 2010 study funded by the South Korean government, about 8 percent of the population between the ages of 9 and 39 suffer from either Internet or online gaming addiction. The country has even enacted a so-called “Cinderella Law,” which cuts off access to online games between midnight and 6 a.m. to users under the age of 16 nationwide.

While there are few reliable stats regarding video game addiction in the United States, the number of online help groups specifically aimed at the affliction has risen in recent years. Examples include the Center for Internet Addiction’s Online Gaming program and On-Line Gamers Anonymous, which has fashioned its own 12-step recovery program.

While the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders does not recognize online gaming addiction as a unique disorder, the American Psychiatric Association has decided to include it in its index (or section III), which means it will be subject to more research and may eventually be included along with other non-substance based addictions like gambling addiction.

“If you look at the brain, when you are addicted to something your brain is telling you that it needs certain neurotransmitters—particularly dopamine and serotonin—to feel good,” says Dr. Rosen. “The brain learns very quickly that certain activities will release these chemicals. If you’re a gambling addict, that activity is gambling. If you’re a gaming addict, then it’s playing games. That need for those neurotransmitters drives your behavior. It makes you want to do it again and again.”


What is it: The tendency to believe you have diseases you read about online.

The human body is a magnificent bundle of surprises that constantly greets us with mysterious pains, aches, and little bumps that weren’t there last time we checked. The majority of the time these little abnormalities turn out to be absolutely nothing. But the Web’s vast archive of medical literature allows our imaginations to run wild with all manner of nightmarish medical scenarios!

Have a headache? It’s probably nothing. But then again, WebMD did say that headaches are one of the symptoms of a brain tumor! There’s a chance you may die very soon!

That’s the kind of thinking that goes on in the head of Cyberchondriacs—a downward spiral of medical factoids strung together to reach the worst possible conclusions. And it’s far from uncommon. A 2008 Microsoft study found that search-engine-aided self-diagnosis typically led the afflicted searcher to conclude the worst possible outcome.

“[The Internet] can exacerbate existing feelings of hypochondria and in some cases cause new anxieties. Because there’s so much medical information out there, and some of it’s real and valuable and some it’s contradictory,” says Dr. Rosen. “But on the Internet most people don’t practice a literal view of information. You can find a way to turn any symptom into a million awful diseases. You feed the anxiety that you’re getting sick.”

Hypochondria, of course, was around long before the Internet. But previous generations didn’t have a way to surf medical sites at three in the morning researching the million different ways their bodies might fail them. Cyberchondria is just hypochondria with a broadband connection.

The Google Effect

Thanks to the Internet, a single individual can easily access nearly all the information civilization has amassed since the beginning of time. And as it turns out, this ability may be altering the very way our brains function.

Sometimes referred to as “The Google Effect,” research has shown (PDF) that the limitless access to information has caused our brains to retain less information. We get lazy. Somewhere in our minds we think “I don’t have to memorize this because I can just Google it later.”

According to Dr. Rosen, the Google Effect isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It could be the mark of societal evolution where the end result is a smarter, more informed populace. But it’s also possible, he concedes, that it may have a negative result in certain situations. For example, a young teenager might not retain information for a test by assuming the knowledge will be readily available, he says.

We are all going insane

If you’ve ever watched as a moth repeatedly kamikazes your porch lamp, or as your cat unnecessarily freaks out over the presence of a laser pointer, you’ve witnessed the sometimes uncomfortable meeting of the natural world with our new, digital reality.

Advanced as we humans are, we still share a lot in common with those lower creatures. In evolutionary terms, we’ve been thrust pretty quickly into a new digital world to which our brains are hurrying to adapt. Some of the afflictions we suffer may reveal that the process of adaptation isn’t yet finished.

In fact, when you think about it, it’s not surprising that our brains sometimes get sick because they can’t process all the bizarre figments of this new world. Really, it’s more surprising that it doesn’t happen far more often.

Medical Campus Sees Eight New Full Professorships

Medical Campus Sees Eight New Full Professorships Research on cancer biomarkers, health care corruption, implant dentistry rewarded

Full professorships have been granted to eight faculty at the Goldman School of Dental Medicine, the School of Medicine, and the School of Public Health. Photo by Jackie Ricciardi

At the BU School of Medicine, Tony Godfrey dedicates himself to finding molecular biomarkers for esophageal cancer, while Susan Minear devises training programs for healthcare professionals working with newborns addicted to opioids. And at the School of Public Health, Taryn Vian exposes healthcare corruption in developing countries. That research and other equally groundbreaking scholarship has helped eight Medical Campus associate professors receive promotions to full professor.

“These faculty, representing the Schools of Medicine and Public Health and the Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, have strong national and international reputations in their field,” says Karen Antman, dean of MED and provost of the Medical Campus. “We congratulate them on their significant accomplishments and recognition.”

The full list of promoted professors:

Albert Price (SDM’74), Goldman School of Dental Medicine professor of periodontology

Price is a well-known expert with more than 40 years of experience in clinical care and the teaching of implant dentistry and periodontics. He has written numerous book chapters and published papers on wound healing, surgical implants, bone grafts, and augmentations. A fellow of the International College of Dentists, he belongs to numerous dental societies, such as the American Dental Association, the International Association for Dental Research, and the American Academy of Periodontology. In addition to his current teaching and research work, he is developing a digital dentistry curriculum in collaboration with Jess Liu, an SDM clinical assistant professor.

Tony Godfrey, School of Medicine professor of surgery and associate chair for surgical research

Internationally known for his expertise in cancer genetics and molecular pathology, Godfrey and his lab are currently focused on a condition called Barrett’s esophagus, which is associated with chronic acid reflux, as well as an increased risk of esophageal cancer. His lab works closely with Translational Research teams of surgeons, pathologists, and oncologists to develop new molecular approaches to cancer detection and treatment. Godfrey’s work has appeared in 74 peer-reviewed publications and 4 textbooks, and he is often cited as a principal or co–principal investigator in numerous National Institutes of Health and foundation research grants.

Susan Minear, MED clinical professor of pediatrics

Minear is the cocreator of the Newborn Behavior Observation Curriculum, being used by newborn care professionals in 19 states and 13 countries. She helped develop the Eat Sleep and Console Training for professionals who care for infants exposed to opiates prenatally, which is being disseminated throughout New England. Minear has more than 20 years of experience in clinical care and teaching in childhood primary care and development, as well as in newborn medicine. Since 2009, she has been the medical director of Baby Steps, an outpatient clinic at Boston Medical Center (BMC) that works to prevent failure to thrive syndrome and promote early intervention strategies for at-risk infants.

Michael Silverstein, MED professor of pediatrics and director of the division of general pediatrics

Silverstein is widely recognized for his work in family-based mental health, including maternal depression, traumatic stress, and addiction in newborns and infants. A Harvard Medical School graduate with a master’s degree in public health from the University of Washington, he is committed to working with low-income and underserved children. He is BMC’s associate chief medical officer for research and population health and has been the principal investigator in numerous studies funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute.

Kevin Wilson, MED professor of pulmonary, allergy, sleep, and critical care medicine

Wilson is an expert in developing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the management of various pulmonary disorders. He has twice been awarded the Presidential Commendation from the American Thoracic Society, and he founded the society’s training program in guidelines and methodology, the first of its kind. His peer-reviewed articles have been published in several pulmonary journals, among them the American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, the European Respiratory Journal, Virology, and Biochemistry. He has received the pulmonary, allergy, sleep, and critical care department teaching award and has mentored 22 fellows.

Gheorghe Doros, School of Public Health professor of biostatistics

Doros evaluates the stresses of caregiving on physical and psychological health and develops methodological approaches to the design and analyses of clinical trials, with an emphasis on clinical trial data. He earned a PhD from Yale University and joined BU after two years at Eli Lilly as a member of the company’s Drug Discovery and Toxicology Department. He has published more than 130 peer-reviewed journal articles in such publications as JAMA, Statistics in Medicine, Lancet, and the Journal of Vascular Surgery and has been cited more than 2,000 times. He has won three SPH Excellence in Teaching awards.

Wendy Heiger-Bernays, SPH professor of environmental health

Taryn Vian (UNI’10), SPH clinical professor and associate chair of global health

Megan Woolhouse can be reached at [email protected].

Eight Science Policies At Stake This Election Day

Science doesn’t typically drive voters to the polls. Just consider this: Most Americans agree that the government isn’t doing enough to protect the environment, yet neither curbing climate change nor ecological protection has yet cracked the list of America’s top 10 policy priorities, according to Pew Research. But even without a public push from the majority, the results of next week’s midterm elections could have a lasting impact on the federal government’s science and tech priorities.

Enough House and Senate seats are on the ballot to flip legislative control—though a House swap is more likely. FiveThirtyEight says there’s an an 85-percent chance that the lower chamber will change hands, and the Cook Political Report has marked 49 races as toss-ups.

A sweeping change could reset the agenda on dozens of issues, including incentivizing renewable-energy efforts and protecting net neutrality. “One of the primary things we would see immediately would be issues surrounding the environment and climate change playing out in oversight hearings,” says Joanne Carney, head of government relations for the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), a nonprofit based in Washington, D.C.

We combed through the voting records and committee hearing agendas of the current Congress to determine what issues might be on the table if either (or both) of the chambers flip.

Extended life for wildlife protections

This year, Congress called for an overhaul of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973, landmark legislation that established a listing-and-protection system for at-risk plants and animals. Current representatives contend that the law is outdated, hurts industry, and flat-out isn’t working. In the setup, a species leaves the list when its population rebounds, but less than 3 percent of 2,493 species have been delisted, a fact that some cite as evidence that the law has failed to protect wildlife. Conservationists counter that tweaks to the legislation—even minor ones—will leave even more species exposed to threats.

The House Committee on Natural Resources sent five ESA-editing bills to the full House in September. Among other changes, the package of laws would require regulators to consider both scientific data and economic cost of listing a species as endangered, limit the ability to sue for ESA breaches, and give local governments more control over protection decisions. None of the measures will see a full floor vote before Election Day.

A lift for wind Rolling back net-neutrality rollbacks

Early this year, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to dismantle Obama-era net neutrality provisions. Generally speaking, net neutrality is the idea that your internet service provider (ISP) shouldn’t have undue control over what you do or see online—that it can’t prioritize certain content or vary speeds based on what you’re looking at, among other protections.

Keeping farms clean

Farms like this one tap the Conservation Stewardship Program to fund maintenance of natural resources. USDA / Preston Keres

Currently, the House and Senate are at odds over the farm bill, a centerpiece of national agricultural policy. The legislation, which goes up for renewal every five years, is often controversial because it can influence policies beyond cultivation, such as environmental regulations, conservation, and food safety.

House and Senate members have been in stalemate for weeks over differences in their respective versions of the bill. A reconciled law and a vote before Election Day is a longshot, but the delay could also put the kibosh on some land- and water-protection rollbacks. The current version of the House bill cuts land-preservation efforts, including the Conservation Stewardship Program, a measure that protects some 70 million acres by incentivizing farmers to preserve workable land. The proposed House bill also allows farmers to bypass the permitting process for using pesticides around water sources, and bars local governments from restricting the use of certain chemicals.

Checking the EPA

In March, the House passed the SENSE Act, a law that would exempt power plants that burn waste coal from emissions caps outlined in Obama-era EPA rules. President Trump has also been using his executive authority to loosen regulations; the Affordable Clean Energy Rule, proposed in August, would replace President Obama’s Clean Power Plan and give states the freedom to choose how they regulate plants’ greenhouse gases and pollutants like smog, soot, and mercury.

Taxing carbon

A refinery in West Bountiful, Utah. Patrick Hendry / Unsplash

The creation of a carbon tax, a fee levied on emissions from burning fossil fuels, has been a partisan lightning rod for decades. Most recently, this past July, the House passed a non-binding resolution saying such a tax would be “detrimental to American families and businesses, and is not in the best interest of the United States.” The move was largely symbolic, since such resolutions can’t progress into law.

Just days later, Florida representative Carlos Curbelo introduced a bill that proposes a such a tax. If adopted, the measure would set the country up to meet or exceed goals set out in the Paris Agreement and fund much-needed improvements to U.S. transportation infrastructure. A Columbia University Center for Global Energy Policy analysis found the plan would result in a 27-32 percent emissions reduction by 2025 and a 30-40 percent dip by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. While the Natural Resources Defense Council casts the bill is a good conversation starter, the group believes that the more-ambitious American Opportunity Carbon Fee Act of 2023, introduced in February, would have an even greater impact.

Funding gun-violence research Regulations to protect personal data

After reports of Russian social-media interference in the 2024 election, both Representatives and Senators have criticized the ability of technology companies to police their own platforms and protect user data. Yet, congressional hearings with Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey revealed a serious knowledge gap about an evolving landscape. While the E.U. has adopted the massive General Data Protection Regulation to safeguard user privacy, U.S. officials have been slow to act.

Congress has put forth half a dozen bills but has yet to vote on any. The CONSENT Act, introduced by Senators Edward Markey (Massachusetts) and Richard Blumenthal (Connecticut) in April, would require websites to get users’ consent to share, use, or sell their personal information. This month, California Representative Ro Khanna, whose home district includes Silicon Valley, proposed an “Internet Bill of Rights” to move the conversation along.

Microsoft Outlook Not Responding? 8 Fixes To Try

Is Microsoft Outlook crashing intermittently when you open the app on your Windows computer? Does the app occasionally freeze and display a “Microsoft Outlook Not Responding” alert at random intervals?

In this tutorial, you’ll learn why Microsoft Outlook fails to respond in Windows and eight potential fixes to the problem.

Table of Contents

1. Force Close and Reopen Outlook

Terminating Outlook in the Windows Task Manager might set things back in order.

Quick Tip: The Ctrl + Shift + Esc keyboard shortcut is a faster way to launch the Windows Task Manager.

Go to the “Processes” tab, select Microsoft Outlook, and select End task in the bottom-right corner.

If you don’t find Outlook in the “Processes” tab, go to the “Details” tab, select chúng tôi , and select End task.

Select End process on the confirmation prompt.

Reopen Microsoft Outlook and check if the app works without freezing or crashing.

2. Run Outlook in Safe Mode

As mentioned earlier, Microsoft Outlook may not respond if some pre-installed or third-party add-ins are affecting its performance. Starting Outlook in Safe Mode will disable all add-ins and other customizations when you launch the app. That’ll help you determine if a broken or conflicting add-in is the reason why Outlook isn’t responding.

Press the Windows key + R to open the Run box.

Type or paste Outlook.exe /safe in the dialog box and select OK or press Enter.

If Windows fails to launch Outlook in Safe Mode via the Run box, use the keyboard shortcut instead. Press and hold the Ctrl key and select the Outlook app icon on the Desktop, Taskbar, or Start menu.

You’ll get a prompt asking you to confirm that you want to open Outlook in safe mode. Select Yes to proceed.

Choose Outlook in the “Profile Name” drop-down menu and select OK.

If Outlook works properly in safe mode, that tells you an add-in is responsible for the “Microsoft Outlook (Not Responding)” error. The next thing to do is to disable all add-ins and restart Outlook.

Select File on the menu bar.

Go to the Add-ins page, select COM Add-ins in the “Manage” drop-down menu, and select Go.

Uncheck all add-ins in the “Add-ins available” section and select OK.

Close and reopen Outlook, re-enable the disabled add-ins one after another to determine the bad/broken add-in responsible for crashing Outlook.

Return to Outlook’s Add-ins page (see step #7), and check the add-in you want to enable, and select OK.

Close and reopen Outlook and repeat step #8 for all built-in or third-party add-ins on the list. If Outlook freezes and displays the “Microsoft Outlook Not Responding” alert after enabling an add-in, that tells you the source of the problem. Reopen Outlook in safe mode, disable the add-in, and launch Outlook again.

3. Update Outlook

Outlook may occasionally go unresponsive on your PC if the version installed on your PC is outdated or bug-ridden. Connect your computer to the internet and follow these steps:

Open Outlook and select File on the menu bar.

Select Office Account on the sidebar.

Select the Update Options drop-down button.

Select Update Now.

Close the update client and try the next troubleshooting solution if the “Microsoft Outlook Not Responding” issue persists.

4. Run the Outlook Advanced Diagnostics Tool

Microsoft has an automated diagnostics tool that fixes issues with Outlook and other Office or Windows applications. Download the setup file, install the tool on your PC, and follow the steps below. One more thing: make sure your PC is connected to the internet.

Open the Start menu, type microsoft support in the search bar, and open select Run as administrator in the “Microsoft Support and Recovery Assistant” menu.

Select Outlook and select Next.

Select the problems that best describe the issue with Outlook on your PC—Outlook won’t start, Outlook stops responding or freezes, or Outlook keeps crashing with a message ‘Microsoft Outlook has stopped working”. Select Next to proceed.

Choose Yes and select Next if you’re running the diagnostics tool on the affected computer.

Select your Microsoft account or select Use another account to sign in with a different account.

Wait for the tool to diagnose Outlook on your computer and follow the recommendations. Try other troubleshooting steps below if Microsoft Support and Recovery Assistant don’t fix the problem.

5. Reduce Outlook’s Data File

Your Outlook inbox (and data) grows bigger as you send and receive more emails. Outlook will take longer open emails and execute other tasks if its data file becomes corrupt or too large. Outlook may even crash or occasionally fail to respond during usage.

Interestingly, Microsoft lets users manually compact or reduce the size of the Outlook data file without having to delete messages and folders.

Open Outlook, select File on the menu bar, select the Account Settings drop-down option, and select Account Settings.

Go to the Data Files tab, select a data file you want to reduce/compress, and select Settings.

Head to the Advanced tab and select Outlook Data File Settings.

Select Compact Now and select OK when Outlook is done compressing the data file.

Close and reopen Outlook and monitor the app’s performance. Repair the Outlook app if this doesn’t fix the “Microsoft Outlook Not Responding” glitch.

6. Repair Outlook

Repairing Outlook may resolve issues causing the app to malfunction when sending or reading emails in your inbox. You can repair Outlook from the Windows Settings app or via the Control Panel.

Choose how you want to repair Outlook and select Repair.

Quick Repair is a self-repair process that scans for file corruption and replaces any damaged file with fresh copies available locally on your computer. It’s fast and requires no internet connection.

Online repair, on the other hand, uninstalls Outlook from your PC and reinstalls a fresh copy from Microsoft servers. The operation requires an internet connection. Plus, it also takes a longer time to reach completion.

We recommend running a Quick Repair first. If the problem persists, re-open the repair tool and select the Online Repair option instead.

7. Restart Your Computer

Doing this will refresh Windows, close programs conflicting with Outlook, and fix other issues causing Outlook to malfunction. Make sure you close all apps before restarting your PC, so you don’t lose any unsaved work.

Press the Windows key or Start menu icon, select the Power icon, and select Restart.

8. Update Your Computer

Windows Updates sometimes ship with updates for Microsoft Outlook and other Office apps. These updates fix issues that prevent Outlook from opening or running correctly in Windows.

If you have a Windows 11 computer, open the Settings app, select Windows Updates on the sidebar, and install or resume any available update.

Stabilize Outlook in Windows

Some reports suggest that third-party antivirus software can interfere with Outlook’s performance in Windows. If Outlook still crashes after trying these fixes, disable or uninstall your antivirus tool. Contact Microsoft Office Support if the problem persists.

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