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Since the release of GraphQL in 2024, there have been comparisons between GraphQL and REST due to their similar end results and GraphQL’s innovative approach. In some instances, GraphQL is even seen as a direct alternative or has been used in conjunction with REST.
Despite GraphQL’s innovative approach and acclaimed potential, in 2023, only 19% of companies used GraphQL, while 82% used REST.
While REST is far more widely used than GraphQL at the moment, industry leaders and big companies such as Facebook, Airbnb, and Github are adopting GraphQL.GraphQL vs. REST
Figure 1: Representation of the GraphQL process
GraphQL is an open-source query and manipulation language for APIs developed by Facebook in 2012. Contrary to REST architecture, GraphQL is not an API specification; it’s a runtime for fulfilling queries with existing data. Backbend GraphQL provides a type system that describes a schema for data; in return, this gives front-end API consumers the ability to request the exact data they need.
Figure 2: Representation of REST API1. Specificity
GraphQL can provide customers with the exact data they need. One of the most common problems with traditional REST APIs is that they tend to cause overfecthing, obtaining more information than needed. A REST query will extract all the data from a specific resource, while GraphQL will only get what is dictated in a query (see Figure 3).
Figure 3: Rest API query vs. GraphQL query
Source: Medium.2. Performance
GraphQL can process customized queries which contribute to enhanced performance. Processing customized queries reduce the number of API calls.
Contrary to REST, GraphQL has a single endpoint, it is much more predictable, and there is a lower chance of unnecessary API calls. Research shows that mitigating GraphQL from REST increases performance by 66%3. Flexibility
GraphQL allows its user to integrate multiple systems, and it can fetch data from existing systems. This allows GraphQL to be utilized without needing to uninstall existing infrastructures, and it can work with existing API management tools.4. Less effort to implement 1. Single endpoint bottleneck
While a single endpoint is one of the strengths of GraphqL, it can become a bottleneck in certain circumstances. HTTP’s built-in cache function in REST APIs produces faster results than GraphQL in almost every scenario. This is because REST APIs’ multiple endpoints allow them to use HTTP caching to avoid reloading resources. GraphQL’s single endpoint pushes the user to rely on an additional library.2. Security
REST’s vast popularity and authentication methods make it a better option for security reasons than GraphQL. While REST has built-in HTTP authentication methods, GraphQL does not provide a specific process to ensure security. The user must figure out their own security methods, whether authentication or authorization. However, users can overcome this issue with a well-planned security plan for using GraphQL.3. Complexity 4. Cost
One of the significant drawbacks to using GraphQL is that it is more difficult to specify the API rate limit than REST. This creates the risk of the cost of queries being unexpectedly large, leading to computation, resource, and infrastructure overload.
To overcome such risks, the user must calculate a query’s cost before executing it. However, calculating GraphQL’s queries is challenging due to its nested structure. Thus, it is best to use a machine-learning approach to estimate.
If you want to explore specific software, feel free to check our data-driven list of testing tools and data-driven test automation tools vendor list. If you have other questions, we can help:
He received his bachelor’s degree in Political Science and Public Administration from Bilkent University and he received his master’s degree in International Politics from KU Leuven .
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How does Apple’s iPhone 4 stacks up against the competition? Take a look at these charts and see for yourself and read on.
The iPhone 4 may look similar to the prototype Gizmodo got its hands on last month. But the devil is in the details, as they say. The iPhone 4 now unveiled we can put it head-to-head with the hottest phones right now, including a couple of unreleased devices from Dell and Research In Motion.
The phones we are looking at are the HTC Incredible, HTC Evo 4G, Samsung Galaxy S and Motorola Milestone XT720 from the Android side, the HTC HD2 and Dell Lightning from the Windows Mobile camp, the Nokia N8 representing the Symbian platform and the recently leaked BlackBerry Bold 9800, a crossover touchscreen phone with a famous physical BlackBerry keyboard.
iPhone 4 vs The Android Army
Steve Jobs stressed in his keynote on Monday that Android is only fourth in the smartphone race, pointing out Research In Motion is leading the pack, followed by the iPhone, Windows Mobile and only then Google Android. Yet Android phones are selling in large numbers and are quickly catching up, mainly due to sheer volume of models from various manufacturers running the OS.
Speed-wise, all the above-mentioned Android phones run on speedy 1GHz processors, except the Milestone XT720, which runs on a 550MHz chip. Apple on the other hand, took its speedy A4 chip found on the iPad and put it in the iPhone 4 (no surprise here). With this, the iPhone 4 comes in line with the top-notch Android phone, but given the OS and app differences, a proper speed comparison would be quite subjective.
The iPhone 4 also has the smallest display in comparison to the Android phones in this chart, but the Retina Display technology in the iPhone 4 rivals even the huge 4.3-inch screen on the Evo 4G, packing in more pixels per inch. The camera on the iPhone 4 is now on the par with the Samsung Galaxy S, and still below the Incredible, Evo 4G or Milestone in terms of megapixels. All five phones can record 720p HD video though – yet only the iPhone will have the Apple-designed iMovies app, and nothing out today is remotely comparable to this in terms of mobile video editing.
The Samsung Galaxy S is the only one left out of the camera flash party, but the phone is second only to the iPhone when it comes to thinness. Weight-wise, the iPhone 4 is heavier than the HTC Incredible and the Galaxy S, but lighter than the Evo 4G and the Milestone XT720.
As for battery life, the iPhone 4 claims the longest battery life, with up to seven hours of talk time, closely followed by the Galaxy S, with 6.5 hours. Of course, these are manufacturer specifications, and real-life results can be very different. Stay tuned for PCWorld testing.
The Android Market may not be as big as Apple’s App Store (with over 225,000 apps), but it is getting new apps every day — now clocking over 38,000 apps. But for Flash games fans, Android is the most viable solution, as the iOS will clearly not support Adobe’s technology any time soon. To top it off, multitasking and tethering also come with the iOS 4 in the iPhone 4, catching up with the Android phones.
iPhone 4 vs WinMo, Symbian and BlackBerry
The HTC HD2 and the Lightning also have an FM tuner, a feature not found on the iPhone 4. Microsoft still lacks in the app store department, and the Lightning, running Windows Mobile 7 will go a step back in terms of multitasking and Flash support.
Nokia however, will also challenge the iPhone 4 with its flagship N8 device. The N8 has a 12-megapixel camera (the biggest in the whole lot), an FM tuner and transmitter (think wireless music in your car via radio), and runs Flash (albeit Lite).
Like every other sector, AI is also changing the fashion industry by offering solutions to various challenges. The global market for AI in the fashion sector was reported at $270M in 2023 and is projected to grow to $4.4B by 2027.
This article explores top AI use cases in the fashion industry to help business leaders in the sector learn where AI can be implemented in their businesses.AI for design
Most companies in the fashion sector rely on clothing designs made manually. However, creative AI can be an effective way to take over in situations like the pandemic when people can not work. AI-enabled tools can create clothing designs by using data such as images from the brand’s previous offerings or from other designers, data regarding customers’ tastes (color and style choices), and current fashion trends.
Watch this video to see how the London college of fashion, amongst other institutions, is researching to find new ways to use AI for fashion design and production:
While extensive research is being done in this area, limited real-world applications of AI-enabled fashion designing can be observed, and all of the ones that exist are based on human-in-the-loop (HITL) models.
For example, the German fashion platform Zalando and Google created project Muze, which uses machine learning to create fashion designs. The model gathers data regarding customers’ favorite textures, colors, and style preferences by asking a series of questions to create clothing designs.
The project created 40,424 fashion designs within the first month.
However, some found the designs created by the model strange and unwearable (See the image below).
But, with generative AI growing and improving at the speed of light, the design will soon be practical and considerable.Improved production
Currently, the apparel manufacturing sector mostly relies on manual production processes with questionable working conditions for the workers. However, AI-enabled solutions are changing these trends by enabling automation in the apparel production sector.
AI can help overcome these ethical challenges by enabling automation. For instance, robotics can help automate risky or error-prone tasks in a manufacturing facility to decrease workload and improve worker safety. Companies like Sewbo and Softwear are revolutionizing clothing production by developing automated garment-producing machinery.
Moreover, computer vision enabled with AI also has various applications in fashion production, including efficient quality assurance and predictive maintenance of equipment which reduces the downtime of the machines and ensures operational continuity.
For more on AI training data collection, feel free to download our free whitepaper:Trend forecasting
Fashion trend forecasting is the process of predicting possible future fashion trends. Traditionally, fashion trend forecasters combine their fashion knowledge, intuition, and historical data to predict possible fashion trends. However, measuring the accuracy of trend forecasts is difficult, and you can not know how accurate they are.
In the current digital era, AI is being used to accurately predict fashion trends using different types of data. For instance, the fashion tech company Heuritech developed an AI-enabled service to predict fashion trends by analyzing millions of social media images.
Watch the video to learn more:
Trend prediction can also be used to reduce wastage in the fashion and clothing sector by designing clothes people would actually want to wear. More accurate predictions can lead to leaner production and distribution cycles and less waste.Improved fashion retail
AI-enabled technologies are widely used in fashion retail. The applications include:
Intelligent automation of repetitive back office tasks such as invoice creation can be automated.
AI-enabled computer vision systems can enable inventory management automation, retail theft prevention, cashierless automated stores, etc.
RPA also has various applications in retail, including improved customer relationship management and marketing operations.
Watch how H&M, one of the largest fashion retailers in the world, leverages AI to improve its operations:Further reading
If you need help in finding a vendor for your business or have any questions, feel free to contact us:
Shehmir Javaid is an industry analyst at AIMultiple. He has a background in logistics and supply chain management research and loves learning about innovative technology and sustainability. He completed his MSc in logistics and operations management from Cardiff University UK and Bachelor’s in international business administration From Cardiff Metropolitan University UK.
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Microsoft on Monday introduced a portfolio of smartphones based on the new Windows Phone 7 operating system to take on the iPhone 4 and the Android army. Of the ten new Windows Phone 7 devices, six will be headed to the U.S. market: AT&T will have the HTC 7 Surround, the LG Quantum, and the Samsung Focus; Sprint will have the HTC 7 Pro; and T-Mobile will get the HTC HD7 and the Dell Venue Pro (aka Lightning).
The six new Windows Phone 7 devices due out next month all run on a 1GHz processor, as do most smartphones on the market today. The LG Quantum and the Samsung Focus have 256MB of RAM, the Dell Venue Pro has 512MB, and each of the three HTC devices offers 576MB.
The HTC 7 Pro, the HTC HD7, and the LG Quantum carry 16GB of on-board storage for your music and videos. The HTC 7 Surround, the Samsung Focus, and the lower-end version of the HTC HD7 come with 8GB of storage.
If you’re looking for a large-screen Windows Phone 7 device, you have a wide range of choices. Screen sizes start at the 3.5 inches diagonally (the same size as the iPhone) for the LG Quantum, and move up to a whopping 4.3 inches diagonally (the same size as the Droid X) for the HTC HD7. Display resolution is 480 by 800 pixels on all of the Windows Phone 7 devices, putting them on a par with the Droid X and the T-Mobile G2. The iPhone 4, with its 3.5-inch display still boasts the highest pixel density and the largest resolution in this comparison.
If you want a hardware keyboard, you have three choices: the Samsung Focus and the HTC 7 Pro have lateral slide-out keyboards, while the Dell Venue Pro has a vertical QWERTY slide-out keyboard. If you don’t need a keyboard, you can always go for the HTC 7 Surround, the Samsung Focus, or the HTC HD7.
All six Windows Phone 7 devices come with a 5-megapixel camera, with a flash. All of the cameras can record video, too, and on the HTC devices you get HD (720p) video capture, as on the iPhone and Android phones. The only U.S.-bound Windows Phone 7 device with a front-facing camera for handling video calls is the Samsung Focus.
Other features shared by all six Windows Phone 7 smartphones are Wi-Fi, GPS, and Bluetooth; none of them has an HDMI slot, however, as the Droid X does. On the other hand, perks such as a slide-out surround-sound speaker on the HTC 7 Surround, and Dolby Digital sound on all three HTC phones, should compensate for this omission.
Microsoft’s new Windows Phone 7 OS has some difficulties to overcome. The OS lacks such functionality as copy/paste and multitasking–features that rivals like Apple took their time to implement but now do have on the market. Like iOS, the Windows Phone 7 devices lack Adobe Flash support; and in contrast to most Android smartphones on Verizon, they can’t act as a Wi-Fi hotspot.
Applications will be another challenge for Microsoft, as developers have yet to rush to create apps for the platform (despite cash incentives). In comparison, Apple has over 270,000 apps, and Android over 100,000, so Microsoft has some catching up to do in this department.
The as-yet untested Windows Phone 7 devices could have a bright future. My colleague Ginny Mies spent some hands-on time with the new OS, and despite her doubts, she was impressed with it. The OS on an HTC HD7 was fast, Mies reported, and she liked what she saw in the first encounter.
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Latex Software for Windows: 4 Best in 2023
Using the TeX typesetting system you can create excellent scientific and technical documents, so check out the best tools below.
Find a software here that features many templates to shorten your project preparation time.
Another program helps you write letters, novels, plays or even movie scripts.
You can also choose another tool to create
comprehensive and extensive scientific documentation.
INSTALL BY CLICKING THE DOWNLOAD FILE
To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool
Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:
Download Fortect and install it on your PC.
Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem
Fortect has been downloaded by
readers this month.
LaTeX is a high-quality typesetting system that includes various features that allow you to create both technical and scientific documents and is the standard for the publication of scientific documents.
Even though this type of software was designed to be used in medium to large documents, LaTeX can be used for documents of any size.
This typesetting system allows users to focus on the creation of great content, and not having to worry about the way that information is presented in the text file.
If you would want to create scientific documents by using word processor software, it would mean that the content writer would have to waste time setting up the document to look as it is required. This takes a lot of time and is not an efficient way of dealing with this issue.
LaTeX is not a typesetting program in itself, being considered more of a document preparation software that uses the TeX typesetting system to work more efficiently.
Let’s explore some of the best software options that allow you to create amazing scientific and technical documents by using the TeX typesetting system.
Overleaf is another great typesetting environment which offers you a simple solution to help with the creation of scientific and technical papers.
One of the best features of this software is the fact that it offers you access to a wide range of templates that can shorten the time spent preparing for your project, considerably.
You can see what templates Overleaf has to offer by visiting this webpage.
You can insert images, bibliographies, equations, etc. , and if you want to know more about this software option’s capabilities, you can visit the official OverLeaf guides page.
If you want to see a full list of features, you can also visit the official Overleaf features page.
Lyx is a very useful document processor that allows you to write content that is automatically projected based on the configuration of your document.
This software offers you all the features found in Tex/LaTeX and offers you access to them by using a good looking interface.
The entire creation process becomes a lot easier than in the case of the other software options we mentioned in this article, by giving you access to a well-rounded built-in document layout options.
Want to manage your documents like a pro? Try one of these applications!
This software is an up to date edition of the Tex/LaTeX and other related programs and allows you to create comprehensive and extensive scientific documentation, mathematics books, and others.
This software is extremely easy to install with the help of the built-in Setup Wizard. This wizard takes you through the entire process by taking it one step at a time.
Once you install this software, it automatically installs missing components by downloading them from the Internet, depending on what tools you will need for your projects.
Choosing which modules will be downloaded based on the tools you need allows this software to reduce the size of the installation to the level you require.
Included in this software you will find another tiny addon called TeXworks. This element allows you to edit and preview all the LaTeX documents you need to work on.
This software is a very customizable text editor that was designed to help you in the process of text editing, and can also be used by programmers as an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) software.
In order to access the files you’re created in VIM Editor you will need to use a Cygwin terminal emulator called Mintty, which comes bundled with Cygwin.
Download Vim EditorConclusion
In this article, we explored some of the best software options that can help you create incredible scientific, and also technical papers that include a wide range of topics and areas of activity.
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Definition of Inventories List
The inventories list comprises line-item details of all the items of the stock of the company. It is a technique to have more control over inventory management and helps efficiently utilize the inventory. The list is updated from time to time, the frequency of which is dependent upon the type of the business.Explanation
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It provides accurate and readily available stock details, which helps management make decisions and smooth business operations. Suppose the business comprises inventory that moves swiftly. In that case, the inventory should be updated daily, but in case of the slow movement of inventory, the business can update it weekly or monthly.Examples of Inventories List
Unit Price in $
Quantity in stock
Inventory Value in $
IN0001 ABC CBA 4.00 50.00 200 30 11
IN0002 DEF FED 2.00 40.00 80 25 3
IN0003 GHI IHG 1.00 100.00 100 70 10
IN0004 JKL LKJ 3.00 120.00 360 70 13
IN0005 MNP PNM 6.00 70.00 420 40 6
IN0006 OQR RQO 8.00 80.00 640 40 6Components of Inventories List
The components of the inventories list given in the above template are explained below. Though there is no strict format that is followed across the companies, the below components are more or less present in every inventories list:
Inventory ID: It is a unique code assigned to each item in the inventory, which serves as its identifier in the inventory management system.
Name: The field represents the name of the particular inventory item.
Description: Description specifies the details of the inventory item, such as its specifications, color, measurement, etc., which can help in its identification later on.
Unit price: It indicates the purchase price of a particular item per unit basis.
Quantity in stock: The field represents the remaining quantity in the stock. It serves as a basis for reorder level and helps decide when a particular inventory item needs reordered.
Inventory value: This indicates the total value of the inventory in the stock i.e. product of the quantity of an item and its unit price.
Reorder level: If an item reaches the reorder level, the order will be placed with the vendor again. The order is automatically placed at the reorder level if the inventory management system software is in place.
Reorder time in days: This suggests the time lag between the placing of reorder and its physical receipt.Advantages of Inventories List
Inventories list helps in the controlled management of the inventory.
The list helps track the inventory items in case of return of defective merchandise, multiple suppliers, and impacted items in case of a recall.
It also helps clearly categorize inventory since it contains useful information such as item number, description, etc.
Inventories list helps in the effective utilization of items in stock. Also, it helps in avoiding overstocking positions and shortage conditions.
Nowadays, companies use computer software to manage inventory or prepare inventories list, which is quite expensive, while manual intervention requires a lot of effort and is prone to errors.
Inventories list can be a little complex to be prepared through software, while manually, it can be cumbersome due to a lot of data.Conclusion
Since inventory is an integral part of every business, an inventory list for managing inventory is also important. An inventory list prepared through inventory management software helps smooth business operations. Though the inventory list is data-intensive and prone to errors in the case of manual intervention, its usefulness overshadows all of its negatives.Recommended Articles
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