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One of the many things I love about iOS is how customizable it is. You can even change the sort order of iPhone contacts to make them appear as you like. By default, contacts are arranged by the first letter of their last name, but you can easily tweak this. Keep reading to know how to sort contacts by first name or last name on iPhone. 

First, Last: Sorts your contacts according to the first letter of their first names. 

Last, First: Sorts contacts according to the first letter of their last names. 

Note: Names that follow a fixed order, such as those in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, will not be changed.

This relates to how names are displayed in your Contacts list. You can set it to show either the first name followed by the last name or the last name, followed by the first name. 

Go to Settings → Contacts → Display Order and select the one you want. 

Short Name

Your contacts list always displays full names, including any titles, prefixes, and suffixes you may have entered. But when you receive calls or texts, you can opt to have your phone display short names. This can be either first name or nickname.

To set this up, go to Settings → Contacts → Short Name and toggle on Short Name. 

Also, select the short name format you want from the options given. 

As mentioned above, this will not change the appearance of the names in your contacts list but will show short names in the call history menu and when receiving texts or calls. 


Q. What is the difference between Sort order and Display order?

Sort order is the sequence in which your contacts list is organized. Either by the first letter of the first name or the first letter of the surname.

Display order, on the other hand, refers to how each name appears. It can either show the first name followed by the last name (such as in Kevin Pearson), or the last name followed by the first, such as Pearson, Kevin. 

iOS does not directly let you categorize contacts, but you can create groups of contacts via iCloud. To know more, you can read our guide on how to create contact groups on your iPhone. 

It’s quite a straightforward process. Go to Settings → Contacts → select the contact you want to add a nickname for → tap Edit → add Field → Nickname → enter the nickname you want to set → tap Done.

You can choose a default number for a contact when you call them for the first time. After this, there is no way to set a default number. However,  you can tap and hold on the call icon under a contact name and select the number to call.

No, but you can use a third-party app for this, such as Contacts last entries and search.

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Mehak has a master’s degree in communication and over ten years of writing experience. Her passion for technology and Apple products led her to iGeeksBlog, where she specializes in writing product roundups and app recommendations for fellow Apple users. When not typing away on her MacBook Pro, she loves being lost in a book or out exploring the world.

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Swift Program To Sort An Array In Ascending Order Using Quick Sort

Quick sort algorithm in swift is a sorting algorithm which works on divide and conquer approach. In this sort, we first divide the array into subarrays by selecting a pivot element. Here the division takes place in such a way, in which the smallest elements placed at the left side of the pivot element and the largest element placed at the right side of the pivot element. Now the right and left subarrays are also divide using the same approach. This process continue till all the subarrays contain one element. At this point the array element are sorted now we combine them into one array to display them on the output. So now we sort an array in ascending order using quick sort.


Step 1 − Create a function to sort the array in ascending order using quick sort.

Step 2 − Inside the function, first we check the length of the array. If it has 0 or 1 element, then return the array is sorted.

Step 3 − Select the pivot element from the middle of the given array.

Step 4 − Filter the elements that are less than the pivot

Step 5 − Filter the elements that are equal to the pivot element

Step 6 − Filter the elements that are greater than the pivot element

Step 7 − Now recursively sort the sub-arrays and concatenate them into the single array using + operator.

Step 8 − Call the function and pass the array into it.

Step 9 − Print the sorted array.


In the following example, we will create a function named as quickSortAlgo(). This function takes an array as input and sort the given array into ascending order with the help of quick sort. Then we first select the middle element as a pivot element from the array. Then divide the array into three sub arrays containing elements: less than the pivot element, greater than the pivot element, and equal to pivot element. Now we recursively apply quick sort to lessEle and greaterEle and then concatenate all the sorted subarrays using + operator and finally display the sorted array in descending order.

import Foundation import Glibc let pivotEle = arr[arr.count/2] let lessEle = arr.filter { $0 < pivotEle } let equalEle = arr.filter { $0 == pivotEle } return quickSortAlgo(arr: lessEle) + equalEle + quickSortAlgo(arr: greaterEle) } let arr = [3, 6, 1, 8, 1, 56, 23, 12, 5] let resultantArr = quickSortAlgo(arr: arr) print("Sorted Array:", resultantArr) Output Sorted Array: [1, 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 12, 23, 56] Conclusion

So this is how we can sort an array in ascending order using quick sort. Here we use filter(_:) method to implement quick sort but you can also use other methods. The quick sort solves the problem easily due to its divide and conquer approach but it has the worst case time complexity that is O(n2). It works well with large dataset but does not good choice for small dataset.

Swift Program To Sort An Array In Descending Order Using Insertion Sort

In Swift, insertion sort is a sorting technique in which the given array is virtually divided into two parts that are the sorted and the unsorted part. Then the array is searched sequentially, compares two elements from the unsorted part, and moves them into the right place in the sorted part. Using insertion sort, we can easily sort the array elements in ascending or descending order. So in this article, we will learn how to sort an array in descending order using insertion sort.

Working of insertion sort

Finally, we get the sorted array in descending order.


Step 1 − Create a function which takes an array as an argument and returns the sorted array.

Step 2 − Inside the function create a copy of the original array.

Step 3 − Iterate a for-in loop through each array element starting from index 1 to n-1.

Step 4 − Then run a while loop and compare the current element to its predecessor element.

Step 5 − If the element in the sorted array is greater than the current element, then move to the next element. If not then shift the smallest element to the right.

Step 6 − Insert the current value in the resultant array.

Step 7 − Return the sorted array.

Step 8 − Create an array, call the function, and pass it into it.

Step 9 − Print the output.


In the following Swift program, we will sort an array in descending order using insertion sort. So for that, we will create an array and then we will pass that array in the function. Then the function creates a copy of the original array. Then it iterates over the elements of the array starting from index 1 and for each element it will store its value in the initalVal. Then it starts a while loop which moves each element that is smaller than initialVal one position to the right. This loop continues till the elements present in the initialVal are smaller than initialVal.After that, the function inserts initialVal in the sorted array at the correct position and finally will return the sorted array.

import Foundation import Glibc var resultantArray = arr for x in 1..<resultantArray.count{ let initialVal = resultantArray[x] var y = x-1 resultantArray[y+1] = resultantArray[y] y -= 1 } resultantArray[y+1] = initialVal } return resultantArray } var mArr = [3, 1, 9, 4, 2, 10, 5] var res = sorting(arr:mArr) print(res) Output [10, 9, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1] Conclusion

So this is how we can sort an array in descending order using insertion sort. Insertion sort is the easiest sorting algorithm, but it only works for a small data set. It does not work well with larger data sets. The worst-case time complexity of the insertion sort is O(N2), and the rest time complexity is O(N)

How To Change Iphone Keyboard Layout

Your iPhone gives you a plethora of helpful options for setting up and managing keyboards to your liking. You can easily switch between international keyboards, change the key layout, add third-party keyboards and more.

This is practical in markets where folks use different keyboard layouts with different scripts. With international keyboards, typing text in many different languages, including Asian languages and languages written from right to left, is a piece of cake.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to change the key layout of your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch’s stock keyboard or the physical hardware keyboard so that it behaves exactly as you’d like it to.

About keyboard layouts

With standard English keyboards, you can switch between the QWERTY, AZERTY and QWERTY layouts. These layout names indicate the order of the first six keys on the top-left letter row.

The most commonly used QWERTY design is based on a layout created for the Sholes and Glidden typewriter and sold to Remington in 1873. From the start, the QWERTY layout was so intuitive that it’s remained in widespread use to this date.

While QWERTY is the standard U.S. keyboard layout, AZERTY is a keyboard layout used for Latin-based languages and enabled by default in France. QWERTZ is predominantly used in Central Europe and is standard in Germany.

Changing the format of your iPhone’s keyboard not only adjusts the arrangement of the keys accordingly, but also switches the dictionary used for predictive text and Auto-Correct. In some cases, it also affects the number of letters you see on the virtual keyboard.

You can change the key layout for the software keyboards you’ve added or for any physical hardware keyboards you’ve paired with your iOS device.

How to change stock software keyboard layout

With certain languages, your iPhone allows you to change the key layout.

1) Open the Settings app on your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch.

2) Tao General → Keyboard → Keyboards.

3) You will be presented with the list of the available keyboard languages, as determined by the actual keyboards you’ve added. To adjust the key layout to your liking, first choose a desired keyboard from the list, then tap the language to select a new layout.

Don’t forget you can access additional useful keys on the virtual keyboard, such as the time-saving cut, copy and paste shortcuts, by holding your iPhone in landscape orientation.

TIP: To add a software keyboard for another language, tap Settings → General → Keyboard → Keyboards → Add New Keyboard, then choose a keyboard from the list.

Not all keyboards are permitted to use a different layout.

For instance, the Emoji keyboard won’t let you customize the key layout at all. If you use a third-party software keyboard with your iOS device, use its helper app to change the key layout and adjust other settings to your personal preference.

How to change physical keyboard layout

Most wireless keyboards can be used with iOS devices via Bluetooth networking.

If the physical keyboard connected to your iPhone uses a layout that doesn’t match the keys on it, don’t worry—you can  activate one that matches the keys on your physical keyboard.

1) Open the Settings app on your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch.

2) Tap General → Hardware Keyboard and select a layout.

The physical keyboard must be paired with your iOS device before you can change its layout.

TUTORIAL: How to select text like a pro with 3D Touch

You can pair a physical hardware keyboard with your iOS device in Settings → Bluetooth.

How to add iPhone keyboard dictionaries

iOS comes with the default English (U.S) dictionary, which you can use to define words. The dictionary feature can be especially powerful if you enable one of the supported language pairs, which will let you translate any foreign words to English—no app required whatsoever.

The keyboard language determines the language of the dictionary used for predictive text.

iOS permits you to activate a custom dictionary even if you don’t use the keyboard in that language. As an example, if you use a U.S. English keyboard on an everyday basis and have added a French dictionary for occasional chatting with your Parisian relatives, you’ll be able to define French words in almost any app and translate them to English, and vice versa.

1) Open the Settings app on your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch.

2) Tap General → Dictionary.

3) Tap a dictionary you’d like to install, then wait until your iPhone has finished downloading it.

Now you can define almost any French word in a few taps.

Select the word you’d like to define and choose Look Up from the copy/paste menu. The dictionary feature works with software keyboards only and is unavailable for certain languages.

At the time of this writing, the dictionary was available for select languages:


Chinese (Simplified and Traditional)










Portuguese (Brazil)






TIP: To delete all custom words that you’ve typed and return the keyboard to its default state, reset a dictionary by tapping Settings → General → Reset → Reset Keyboard Dictionary.

By the way, you add words to your keyboard dictionary simply by rejecting words your iPhone suggests as you type. Resetting the keyboard dictionary erases only the words you’ve added.

To disable pop-up character previews when typing on the keyboard, tap Settings → General → Keyboard and flip the switch Character Preview to the OFF position to disable this feature.

TUTORIAL: How to set up multilingual typing on iPhone

To alternate keyboards between lowercase and UPPERCASE letters, tap Settings → General → Accessibility → Keyboard and toggle the switch Show Lowercase Keys. The setting affects keyboards that use a Shift key to switch between uppercase and lowercase letters.

Feel free to explore other accessibility keyboard options there, including:

Key Repeat—Choose the key repeat interval for your keyboards.

Sticky Keys—Lets you hold modifier keys, like Command (⌘), as you press another key.

Slow Keys—The time between when a key is pressed and when it’s activated.

And that is how the cookie crumbles, girls and boys!

Need help? Ask iDB!

How To Change Wallpaper On Iphone And Ipad

You don’t have to settle for the default wallpapers set automatically on your iPhone or iPad device. Instead, you can change these backgrounds to any picture you want, as long as you can download them on your iOS devices. Or, if you like the default wallpaper but just want a change of color, you can choose from multiple other pre-set wallpapers available. 

Below we’ll show you how to change your wallpaper, as well as how to make it look the way you want so that you get the best-looking background for your iPhone or iPad. 

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How To Change Your Wallpaper

For both iPhone and iPad, changing your wallpaper is the same process. It all happens in the Settings app. 

If you want to set a wallpaper that’s one of your pictures, select one of your Camera Roll albums and choose a picture. 

From here, you can pinch in or out to scale the photo to your screen or tap and drag on it to move it. You can also turn Perspective Zoom on or off at the bottom center of the screen. This slightly moves the picture in the direction you tilt your phone. 

Once the photo is how you want, choose Set. Then choose whether you want this background to be your lock screen wallpaper, your home screen wallpaper, or both. 

When choosing your wallpaper, you’ll also be able to choose from Dynamic or Still pre-set wallpapers. These are designed specifically for iPhone or iPad, so they’ll all look great as wallpapers. 

Once you’ve changed your wallpaper, you can exit Settings to see how it looks. You can always go back and make changes as needed if you want. 

Dynamic Wallpapers and How To Use Them

Dynamic wallpapers can move when you turn your iPhone or iPad and on their own. Besides the dynamic wallpapers already available by default, you can also make your own using Live photos. 

To make your dynamic wallpaper:

Go through the steps above to change your wallpaper, and when selecting a photo, choose your Live photo. 

On the next screen, you’ll be able to tap and hold to see your photo animate. You can also tap on the Live Photo button at the bottom to toggle the Live feature on or off. 

There are some limitations to using dynamic wallpapers. First, a dynamic wallpaper made with a Live photo will only animate when set on the lock screen, not the home screen. 

Also, you can’t use dynamic wallpapers if you’re on Low Power mode. So, if you do want to use this type of wallpaper, make sure you turn that feature off. 

Light and Dark Mode Wallpapers

Some wallpapers switch between Light or Dark when your iPhone is set to these modes. You can set up Light and Dark modes under the Display & Brightness settings. These can be useful, so you don’t have to strain your eyes as much looking at a light wallpaper in the dark, and vice-versa. 

You can only choose from the default wallpapers for this feature, but here’s how to do it.

When choosing a wallpaper, select Stills. 

Look for the wallpapers with the Light and Dark mode icon at the bottom of the photo, which looks like a half-white, half clear circle. The wallpaper photo will also be split to preview light and dark modes. 

After selecting the wallpaper you want, you can turn Perspective Zoom on or off and then tap Set to choose where you want this wallpaper to appear. 

If you have your Light and Dark mode set to automatic, your wallpaper will change automatically according to when your iPhone goes into each mode. So you don’t have to always go to your Settings to switch between modes manually. 

What Is ‘Dark Appearance Dims Wallpaper’?

Before choosing a wallpaper, you may see the Dark Appearance Dims Wallpaper option. Turning this on will dim your wallpaper depending on the ambient lighting around you. So, if you’re in a darker area, your wallpaper will become dim accordingly. 

You can turn this on or off no matter what wallpaper you are using. However, your wallpapers may not always appear as vivid when it’s on. 

Enjoy Your Photos by Changing Your Wallpaper

Changing your wallpaper on iPhone or iPad is a great way to use any photo you have taken. You can remind yourself of past good memories or simply enjoy beautiful photos whenever you open your device. 

How To Move Or Change The Location Of My Documents Folder

By default, the My Documents folder is located in Windows XP and Windows Vista is located on the same drive or partition as the operating system. This is fine for anyone who has only a single drive or a single partition on their computers, such as the C drive, but if you have more than one physical or logical drive on your computer, it’s best to move your My Documents folder off the system drive.

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That means in Windows 7/8.1, you have to manually change the location for each of these system folders if you want to move them. In Windows XP, all the other folders were inside the My Documents folder. I prefer the setup in Windows 7/8.1 because I normally don’t need to move all of the system folders, just one or two.

So you might be asking why I would be recommending this? Here are the main two reasons I’ve moved the My Documents folder:

1. Free up precious hard drive space on the system partition – With all of the monthly updates for Office and Windows, my C drive was getting close to becoming full! Also, other system files like the paging file, system restore files, and hibernation files are all stored on the system partition. Once I moved the data off, I gave space-hogging Windows more space to live and breathe.

2. Easy backup and recovery of data in case of Windows crash – The best reason to move the My Documents folder is to better help protect your data. For example, if Windows crashes on you one day and you have to perform a reinstall, then all of your data will be lost if you didn’t have a backup. However, if your data is on the D drive, let’s say, and your Windows partition craps out, you can reinstall a fresh copy of Windows on the C drive and the rest of your data remains intact!

Of course, this will not save your data if the entire hard drive fails physically and your My Documents folder is on the same drive, just in a different partition, but there have been many occasions in my time when Windows has become unusable due to a virus, spyware or other calamity of sorts.

Using Libraries in Windows 7/8.1

Before we get into the actual steps for moving the different system folders in Windows, let’s talk about libraries as they are a pretty good solution for most people. Instead of physically moving the system folders to another location, you can simply move your data to wherever you like and then add that folder to one of the special libraries: Documents, Music, Pictures, Video.

This does not copy or move the contents of that folder to the library, it simply creates a shortcut to the folder, but it won’t look like a shortcut. It’ll seem as if the folder is actually located in that folder, where in reality it could be on a totally different disk.

In Windows 8.1, Microsoft suddenly hid the libraries feature for no apparent reason, even though it still exists. So instead of seeing Libraries in the left-hand menu in Explorer, you’ll see This PC with links to the system folders (Documents, Pictures, etc).

As I mentioned earlier, using libraries is a good alternative in case you don’t want to move a lot of data around from their current locations.

Move My Documents in Windows 7/8.1

Move My Documents Folder in Windows XP

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