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Has it ever happened to you that a disk is completely full but you don’t know why? In that case, we can check Disk Space Usage in a Folder to know how big a folder is and how much space is it taking. We have a few methods on how to do the same. Let us check them out.

Check Disk Space Usage in a Folder in Windows 11/10

The following are methods to Check Disk Space Usage in a Folder in Windows 11/10.

Check the Folder’s Size from File Explorer

Check the Folder’s Size from Command Prompt

Check the Folder’s Size from Windows Settings

Check the Folder’s Size from TreeSize

Let us talk about them in detail.

1] Check the Folder’s Size from File Explorer

Let us start by checking the Folder’s Size from File Explorer. The only caveat with this method is that you won’t be able to see folder storage usage but will be able to see how much space is it taking. To do the same, follow the prescribed steps.

Open File Explorer on your computer.

Navigate to the location of the folder you want to check the size of.

Go to the General tab and check both Size and Size on disk.

If you think this method is too lengthy, you can just hover your cursor over the folder you want to know the size of. You will see a lot of details about that folder, from there, you can check the Size. Hopefully, this help you in managing your storage.

2] Check the Folder’s Size from Command Prompt

If you are familiar with CMD, you can use it to check the folder size. It is quite easy, all you have to do is run some commands in the elevated mode of Command Prompt. So, open Command Prompt as an administrator and run the following command.


Now, that you are in that folder, run the following command and it will print out all the details you need.


Every single subdirectory will be scanned and the size of the folder will be displayed. That is how you can use Command Prompt to see your folder’s details.

Read: How to get Folder Size using PowerShell

3] Check the Folder’s Size from Windows Settings

Last but not least, we can also try to check the size of the folder using Windows Settings. Windows Settings is a graphical interface that can help you in configuring your system and knowing its details. To know the size of the folder using Settings, try the following steps.

Open Settings.

The disk space consumed by every single folder will be displayed there. Look for the folder you want to check the size of, from the list.

Hopefully, know you know to check the disk space usage in a folder.

Read: How to sort Folders by Size or Month in Windows

4] Check the Folder’s Size from TreeSize

You can also use a freeware called TreeSize to know your folder’s size. Using the context menu of a folder or a drive, TreeSize can be used to see the size of folders, subfolders, files and NTFS compression rates. There are other Free Disk Space Analyzer software too that you may want to take a look at.

This will help you free up & increase hard disk space on your PC.

How do you see what folders are taking up space in Windows 11?

You can use Windows Settings to know which folder is taking up space on your Windows 11 computer. It is not straightforward, you need to dig a little deeper to fetch the information. But there is nothing to worry about; in this section, we will show you can do this probing. Just follow the prescribed steps.

Launch Windows Settings by Win + I.

Go to Others.

You will be able to see details of all the folders there.

Similarly, you can check the details on a Windows 10 computer.

Read: Folder is Empty but has Files and Shows Size in Windows

How do I find out what files are taking up the most space?

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How To Lock A File Or Folder In Windows 11/10

Your computer is the home of a lot of important information. Be it your business reports, bank statements, personal information, or more. And if multiple users are using your computer, you might want to safeguard your files. Hence, you may ask how to lock a file or folder in Windows 11/10. Locking a folder or file in Windows isn’t a tricky thing to do. Windows itself gives you all the necessary options. So let’s go ahead and learn about it.

Why you may need to Lock a File or Folder?

There are many reasons why you may feel a need to lock a file or folder. The most common reason is that you share your computer with others. Alternatively, you want to safeguard your files or folders and prevent them from being accidentally deleted. Or if you believe your PC is at risk of getting hacked, someone might steal sensitive information from you.

Locking a file or folder can help you control access to the data and ensure that it is not modified or deleted accidentally or intentionally. It is also helpful in cases where you need to ensure data integrity is maintained.

Windows comes with a built-in option to lock a file or folder. The feature is known as File encryption. Encrypting a file or folder with Windows ties the encryption to your account. This means that when you are logged in, the operating system automatically decrypts the files for you. However, if someone logs in using a different account, they will not be able to access files that were encrypted using your account.

How to Lock a File or Folder in Windows 11/10?

To lock a File or Folder in Windows, follow these steps:

Next, tick the Encrypt contents to secure the data check box.

The way it works is that if anyone else tries to access it, the person will not be able to do it because it’s linked to your account. The details of which can be seen using the following steps:

Go back to the Advanced Attributes

And it will mention who can access the file once the encryption is complete. If someone else tries to access the folder or the file, it will prompt for the account password.

Note: Previously, Windows created an encryption certificate and placed it under Credential Manager. You could take a backup of the key, carry it to another PC, and open the folder using that. In Windows 11, things have changed. As you can see in the above image, while it is tied to the user account, there is no option for a recovery certificate. The certificate is not generated at all.

Read: How to make a file or folder Private in Windows.

Using Windows’s built-in file encryption feature, you can lock your files and folders on Windows 11/10. However, if you are using Windows Home, the option to lock a file will be missing. You can use free file and folder encryption software to achieve the same.

Can I lock a file or folder in Windows so it cannot be deleted?

Once you lock a file or folder, it cannot be deleted or modified by any other user. You can delete or modify an encrypted when using your account. If you want a folder that can be moved, you will need to use third-party applications or this simple text file trick to protect folders. However, use it only for files that are not that important.

TIP: This post will show you how to password-protect Office documents, files, folders, games, programs, etc.

Can I lock a file or folder in Windows so specific users can only access it?

How To Use Storage Sense In Windows 11 To Free Up Disk Space

Storage Sense in Windows 11 is a great way to manage your computer’s storage. When configured, it can automatically empty the Recycle Bin, delete temporary files, and do other things to organize your storage. In this post, we show you how to turn on, configure and use Storage Sense in Windows 11 to free up disk space by deleting junk files automatically or manually. So, without wasting any time, let us see how to manage Disk Space using Storage Sense in Windows 11 Settings.

Use Storage Sense in Windows 11 to free up disk space

Enable Storage Sense on your Windows 11

First of all, you have to enable Storage Sense on your Windows 11 computer from the Settings app. Follow the given steps to do the same.

Open Settings by Win + I or from the Start Menu.

Now, use the toggle to enable Storage Sense.

Alternatively, you can also search out “Storage Sense” from the Start Menu and then enable the toggle.

Configure Storage Sense

Cleanup of temporary files: You can enable this toggle if you want Storage Sense to delete temporary files.

Automatic User content cleanup: To run Storage Sense automatically.

Run Storage Sense: From here you can select when you want to run Storage Sense. The options are:

Every day

Every week

Every month

During low free disk space (default)

Delete files in my recycle bin if they have been there for over: Select the lifespan of your bin files, after which they ought to be deleted by Storage Sense. The options are:


1 day

14 days

30 days

60 days.


1 day

14 days

30 days

60 days.

Locally available cloud content: To clean up unused items from your Cloud Storage. The options are:


1 day

14 days

30 days

60 days.

Related: How to delete Files older than X days in Windows

Run Storage Sense manually

Storage Sense Cleanup Recommendations

There are mainly four sections under Cleanup recommendations that you can access to find and clean temporary items and other data to free up disk space. These are:

Windows Update Cleanup: Cleaning the copies of installed updates can help you gain disk space is GBs

Temporary files stored by Microsoft Store apps or programs in specific folders

Temporary Internet Files

DirectX Shader Cache

Delivery Optimization Files (used for) downloading updates from Microsoft, etc.

Unused apps: If some apps are not being used for a very long time and occupying the disk space unnecessarily, then a list of those apps is visible in this section. You can select those apps and perform the clean-up action for your Windows 11 PC

Files synced to the cloud (if any)

Large or unused files: Here, you will see items and select those items that you don’t want anymore.

Free up storage space on other drives in Windows 11

Windows 11 Storage Sense feature is pretty good. However, this feature works for the system drive only (C drive or the drive where you have installed Windows) and not the other drives. So, if you want to free up space on other drivers in Windows 11, then use the following steps:

Open the Settings app using Win+I hotkey

Select the System category

Access the Storage page

Expand the Advanced storage settings in the Storage management section

Select a drive.

Now you will be able to see the storage space used by different categories (Apps, Pictures, Temporary files, Music, Documents, etc.) in the selected drive and access any category to take further action.

How to remove Temporary files in Windows 11

To remove Temporary files in Windows 11, you have to follow the given steps.

Open Settings.

Wait for a few minutes as Windows will automatically clean up your system.

How do I find out how big my Hard Drive is in Windows 11/10?

The easiest way to find the size of your Hard Drive is to open File Explorer, and see the figures mentioned for each of the partitions and add them. You will get to know how big your Hard Drive is.

How do I free up disk space on Windows 11?

If you want to free up disk space on Windows 11, then one of the best and recommended options is using the Storage Sense feature. It helps to automatically clean temporary app and system files, copies of installed updates, etc. You can configure it to run every day, every month, etc., and also set other options. This post covers all the steps to enable, configure, and use Storage Sense in Windows 11.

6 Ways To Check Hard Disk Health In Windows

Your hard drive is the soul of your PC, the place where all your most important data is stored. While most PC components can be replaced, the invaluable data on your hard drive can’t unless you have a recent backup. For this reason, it’s important to check your hard disk health in Windows 10 and Windows 11. There are various ways to check this – from built-in methods in Windows to your HDD manufacturer’s diagnostic tools. You can use all or just one of the methods we’ve listed below, depending on your preferences.

1. Check Hard Disk Health From the BIOS

As long as you’re using a relatively modern motherboard, you can run hard drive checks in the BIOS, free from any OS-based interference.

Reboot your PC, and after it’s switched off and on again repeatedly, press Delete, F2, F12, or whichever buttons the boot screen tells you will take you to your BIOS. You can also set Windows to boot directly into the BIOS.

The BIOS is also a good place to see whether the hard drive you want to check is actually being detected by your PC/motherboard.

On Dell and HP laptops, you should be able to check hard drive health by going to the BIOS and looking for “Diagnostics.”

2. Optimize and Defrag

Traditional SATA hard drives may have largely made way for much faster solid-state drives, but they’re still very popular and remain an affordable way to store things like pictures, videos and other non-strenuous file types. SSDs work a little differently, and while they never need defragmentation (because fragmentation relates to where the data is physically stored on the drive, which isn’t a factor on SSD), they do sometimes need optimizing.

If you feel like your non-SSD hard drive is slowing down, then you should check to see how fragmented it is. You can do this using the defrag tool built into Windows.

Open “Search” by pressing on the magnifying mirror icon in the Task Bar and typing “disk defrag.”

Choose “Defragment and Optimize Drives” from the results.

You can also optimize your SSD on the Windows defrag and optimize tool, though the system should be taking care of the process automatically.

Note: we actually found that the free app Defraggler does a better job of detecting and reducing fragmentation, but not everyone wants to install extra apps when the functionality is built right in to the OS.

Most major hard drive manufacturers provide free robust tools to monitor your hard drive health and performance. The first step to knowing which one to use is, of course, knowing the make of your hard drive.

If you already know the make of your hard drive, you can skip this part.

Type the model number into Google to bring up results that will show you the make of the hard drive.

After that, go to the manufacturer’s support page and search for its hard drive utility.

To help you out, the following are links to the relevant download pages of some of the biggest hard drive brands:

Each of these tools functions a little differently, but most importantly, each one has diagnostic features that let you test your hard drive health.

4. Windows CHKDSK Tool

The Windows CHKDSK tool is a built-in Windows tool that will scan your hard disk to find system errors and bad sectors. It also helps check hard disk health by showing you any errors. It’ll both scan and fix problems (if possible) and will let you know if there is a bigger problem that it can’t fix. You can use this tool to both check disk health and fix bad sectors and errors if possible.

Open “Search” and type cmd.

Choose “Run as administrator” under “Command Prompt.”

Enter chkdsk at the prompt and hit Enter. This runs a basic scan.

You can also use chkdsk /f /r to fix bad sectors and recover any readable data if possible.

Another option is chkdsk /f /r /x, which dismounts the drive first. Microsoft has a full list of parameters to use with chkdsk to check your hard disk health.

5. Use WMIC

WMIC is a command-line interface that lets you perform many administrative tasks, including checking hard disk health. It uses the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) feature of hard disks to see the status and provide a simple conclusion, like “OK,” “Pred Fail,” etc. It is still a very basic command that offers very little information but is a quick built-in feature of Windows.

Type the following and and hit Enter.


When the WMI interface is ready, type:

diskdrive get status

Press Enter again. You will see the status of your hard disk after a short delay.

6. Use a Third-Party Hard Disk Health Checking Tool

You can also use a third-party hard disk health checking tool that will offer much more information than just good or bad status. These tools use the same “S.M.A.R.T” feature of hard disks to fetch data, just like WMIC. However, they provide far more detail instead of just showing good or bad statuses.


For this purpose, CrystalDiskInfo is a really simple, yet powerful, tool. It is a free-to-use tool that is extremely light and offers all the required information, such as temperature, health status, hard disk type and features, and other attributes, like read/write error rate, spin-up time, etc.

When you download and extract the files, select the right tool for your Windows version. We recommend using the 64-bit version, “DiskInfo64” in this case. But you can also select “DiskInfo32” if you want to run the tool without installing anything.

Once you launch the tool, nothing will appear to be happening for around 10 seconds until you see a full report.

You can use the above-mentioned tools to check hard disk health on Windows. If you don’t need extra details, then the Windows built-in tools should work great.

What Should I Do If My Hard Drive Is Failing?

All of these methods are great to check hard disk health, but they don’t fix the problem. As a computer owner, there is one rule you should follow: always act quickly as if your hard drive could fail tomorrow. Even if the above methods show your hard drive health is fine, something could go wrong the next day, such as physical damage from a drop or a virus.

Image source: Unsplash

Of course, if the results of any of the checks above are less than positive, don’t wait until tomorrow – take action immediately. A few things you should do the moment you realize your hard drive is failing include:

Make a backup of all important files. If your hard drive is already having major issues, start by backing up what’s most important. The drive may not last long enough to do a full disk image.

Make a list of all installed software and product keys. To make it easier to make the transition easier from an old drive to a new one, create a list of everything you need to install along with any product keys. Belarc Advisor can help with this. If you can create a full disk image, you likely won’t have to worry about this though.

Save work frequently. If you’re trying to get the last bit of life out of your drive, make sure you’re saving any open files regularly to an external drive or a cloud-based storage service. As someone who lost a week-long project due to a sudden drive failure, keep those important files backed up in real time.

Have another drive or device ready. You have two options here. You could buy a new hard drive and install it in your current computer, which is ideal if your device is still fairly new, such as one or two years. For older devices, it may be time to consider a new computer.

Another option you may consider is removing the faulty drive and working completely from a USB drive or external hard drive. This allows you to connect to any computer and have the same setup. You could have a similar Windows setup from USB with these top Linux distros.

Frequently Asked Questions How long do hard drives normally last?

A mechanical hard drive usually lasts three to five years but can last longer if you’re careful, so you shouldn’t just toss your laptop around that time. SSDs tend to last around 10 years. Of course, hardware does have glitches sometimes, just like any product, so the drive could fail sooner rather than later.

What are the early signs my hard drive is failing?

Typically, you’ll get some warning before your hard drive health starts to decline. These signs may only appear a few weeks before the drive fails, so act quickly and back up your data regularly. Some of the most common signs include:

Increasingly longer boot times

System crashes, especially when they happen often

Blue Screen of Death appears, especially if it happens frequently

BIOS errors upon startup

Missing files (means segments are failing)

Longer file load times in File Explorer

How does upgrading to Windows 11 affect my hard drive health?

As long as your PC meets the minimum requirements and you have ample free space available, there shouldn’t be an issue. However, it’s important to note that Windows 11 is switching from Master Boot Records (MBR) partitioning to GUID Partition Table (GPT) partitioning, so older drives may need to be converted first.

Is it worth replacing a failing drive, or should I buy a new PC?

This depends on the age of your PC. If your PC’s only a year or two old, it’s much cheaper to buy a new hard drive. For older PCs, take a look at your other hardware. Is it still compatible with most newer apps and Windows 11?

If the answer is no, it’s probably best to upgrade to a new PC if possible. Otherwise, you may end up with a new hard drive while other hardware starts to fail or becomes obsolete.

How can I make my hard drive last longer?

If you’re using an HDD, be careful with it, especially when it’s spinning. Any type of shock, such as dropping your laptop, can destroy your hard drive. Also, ensure your PC is properly vented to prevent overheating, which can cause drives to prematurely fail.

While you can’t prevent any manufacturing defects, treating your PC as if it’s the only one you’ll ever have can help extend your hard drive’s lifespan by a year or more. If you’re already noticing issues, though, it’s too late and time to back up your data and either get a new hard drive or a new PC.

Can I also test the health of my external drives?

Yes. Most of the tools above will let you test external hard drives as well. After all, these fail just like internal drives. Testing these can help ensure you don’t lose your backup drive without warning.

Image credit: Vincent Botta via Unsplash All screenshots by Crystal Crowder

Crystal Crowder

Crystal Crowder has spent over 15 years working in the tech industry, first as an IT technician and then as a writer. She works to help teach others how to get the most from their devices, systems, and apps. She stays on top of the latest trends and is always finding solutions to common tech problems.

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How To Check Wifi Password In Windows 11

We don’t always remember all the passwords we use in our daily digital routine. We most certainly can’t always recall the passwords of all the WiFi networks we have ever connected to. If your device is set to connect to a WiFi network automatically when in range, you don’t need to enter a password every time your device is switched on and is near to the WiFi range. It will automatically connect to the WiFi network when it is in range.

Because of that, we often can’t recall the WiFi password when we need to enter it on another new device. How do we find out the password of a WiFi network your computer is already connected to? This short guide will show you how to check the WiFi password in Windows 11.

How to find your WiFi password on Windows 11

This guide is assuming you have a Windows 11 computer that is already connected to a WiFi network and that you want to find and see the password of the WiFi network so that you can use the password on another device.

To check the password of a WiFi network your PC is connected to in Windows 11, follow the steps below.

2. In the Settings window, under “Network & internet”, scroll down and select Advanced network settings.

3. Under Related settings, select More network adapter options. This will open the Control Panel’s Network Connections window.

You can then use the password on your other device to connect to the same WiFi network. In most cases, you don’t have to worry about the security type and encryption type of the WiFi network. Your device will usually be able to automatically detect and use the correct security and encryption type for the WiFi network.

Check WiFi password through Router/Modem

Another method is of course to check the WiFi password directly from the router’s settings. This requires users to know how to access to the router to be able to see or change the password of the WiFi network.

Generally, you can access to your router by accessing to the default gateway IP address, which is usually,,, etc. These are just some of the commonly used gateway IP addresses for most home networks.

Once you have the IP address, you can then enter it onto your web browser’s address bar to open your router’s web interface. You also need to know the login credentials to your router. The router’s login details are usually provided either by your ISP or whoever helped setting up your network. You can also try to check the router and see if there is any label that shows the login details.

Once logged in to your router, look for options called Wireless, Wireless Settings or something similar. From there look for the WiFi settings that show both the WiFi name and its password. If there is a checkbox that says “show password” or “show characters”, be sure to enable it to make the password visible.

For some routers, because of security reason, the routers won’t show the password. But they will allow you to change the WiFi password to a new password.

How To Check The Date A Photo Was Taken In Windows 11

Sometimes, you may want to know when a particular photo was taken. It could be for a project, to help you remember an important event, or simply to better organize your digital album. In this article, we will walk you through the process of checking the photo taken date in Windows 11 PC using various methods.

Also see: 3 Free Photo Viewer Apps for Windows 11 or 10

Before we delve into the methods of checking the photo taken date, it’s important to note that not all photos will have this metadata available. The photo taken date is a piece of metadata that is typically stored in a photo file when it is taken by a digital camera or a smartphone. This data is stored in a format known as EXIF (Exchangeable Image File Format), which includes various details such as the camera model, exposure settings, and the date and time the photo was taken.

However, there are several reasons why a photo might not have this metadata. For instance, if the photo was taken with a device that doesn’t record EXIF data, such as an older camera, the photo taken date may not be available. Additionally, some photo editing software and social media platforms strip out metadata for privacy reasons or to reduce file size. Photos that have been downloaded from such platforms or edited with such software may not contain the photo taken date.

Furthermore, if a photo is a screenshot, a downloaded image from the internet, or a scan of a physical photo, it will not have the original photo taken date in the metadata, as this information wasn’t recorded at the time the image was created. In these cases, the creation date of the digital file might be available, but this is not the same as the photo taken date.

In the event that the photo taken date metadata does not exist in a photo, unfortunately, there’s no reliable way to find out when exactly the photo was taken. The best you can do is to estimate based on other available information, such as the content of the photo, the file’s creation date, or any other context you might have. Now, let’s move on to the methods of checking the photo taken date in Windows 11.

Useful tip: How to change a file’s date & timestamp via CMD or PowerShell

Windows File Explorer provides an easy way to check the photo taken date by accessing the file’s properties. Follow these simple steps:

Navigate to the folder containing the photo you want to check.

In the Properties window, switch to the Details tab.

Under the Origin section, you will find the Date taken field, which displays the date and time the photo was taken.

If you have a folder containing many photos and you want to view the date taken for all of them at once, you can add a “Date taken” column to File Explorer. Here’s how to do it:

Open File Explorer and navigate to the folder containing your photos.

In the Choose Details window that appears, scroll down and find Date taken or Date Picture Taken.

Now, you will see the Date taken or Date Picture Taken column in File Explorer, showing the date each photo was taken.

If you prefer a different column arrangement, simply drag the Date taken column to your preferred location.

Linked issue: Windows 11 File Explorer Not Refreshing Automatically

Another way to check the photo taken date is by using the built-in Windows 11 Photos app. Here’s how:

Navigate to the photo you want to check, either by browsing your folders or using the search function.

A sidebar will appear, displaying various information about the photo, including the Date taken.

Related problem: Windows 11 Photos App Not Working or Crashing

Copy and paste the following PowerShell script to display the photo taken date: $photoPath = "C:folderphoto.jpg" $shellApp = New-Object -ComObject Shell.Application $photoFolder = Split-Path -Parent $photoPath $photoFileName = Split-Path -Leaf $photoPath $folder = $shellApp.NameSpace($photoFolder) $file = $folder.ParseName($photoFileName) # Get the index of the "Date Taken" property $dateTakenPropertyIndex = 12 # Assuming "Date Taken" is at index 12, adjust if necessary # Get the value of the "Date Taken" property $dateTaken = $folder.GetDetailsOf($file, $dateTakenPropertyIndex) $shellApp = $null # Release the COM object # Check if the "Date Taken" property value is empty if ([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($dateTaken)) { Write-Host "Failed to retrieve the date taken information." } else { Write-Host "Date Taken: $dateTaken" }

Replace C:folderphoto.jpg with the path to the photo you want to check the date taken for.

Press Enter, and PowerShell will display the photo taken date.

Recommended resource: How to Reduce Photo File Size in Windows 11

Now that you’re familiar with various methods to check the photo taken date in Windows 11 and understand the limitations of photo metadata, you can make better use of this information in organizing and managing your digital photo collection.

However, photo’s metadata such as the photo taken date isn’t always available due to a variety of factors, ranging from the device used to capture the image to the editing or sharing platform that may strip away metadata for various reasons. In such cases, you might have to rely on other clues to determine the date of the photograph, such as the context of the image, other files saved around the same time, or even your own memory.

Consider using a photo management software that allows you to view and edit metadata, such as Adobe Lightroom. These tools can help you organize your photos based on various criteria, including dates, locations, and keywords. By adding or changing tags and custom metadata fields, you can further enhance the organization of your photo collection.

Additionally, it’s important to be aware of the privacy implications of photo metadata. While sharing your photos online, consider using tools or settings that strip out sensitive metadata, such as GPS coordinates, to protect your privacy.

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