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We have already shown you how you can install both Ubuntu and Windows 10 on the same computer. While Linux’s GRUB bootloader can be used to select which operating system you’d like to boot into, you may prefer the default boot menu of Windows 8.
EasyBCD is a free tool that can be used to take control of your boot menu so you can change various settings without the need to edit configuration files in Linux. This is great if you are new to Linux in general as everything can be taken care from within Windows.Download EasyBCD
Run through the installation of EasyBCD and then launch the program once the setup process is complete.Boot Menu Configuration
The first time you launch the program, you’ll need to choose the language you’d like to use as well as confirming that you are using it for non-commercial purposes.
By default, EasyBCD is configured so that Windows is the default operating system. When the boot menu appears giving you a choice between Windows and Ubuntu, you have 30 seconds to select an operating system or Windows will load.
You can change which operating system should load automatically and how long a delay should be put in place by heading to the “Edit Boot Menu” section. Use the tick boxes in the upper half of the dialog to choose the default OS and then look to the Timeout Options section at the bottom to configure the delay.Edit Master Boot Record
We’re nearly done, but not quite. If you now restart your computer, you will be presented with the familiar GRUB menu from which you can choose Windows or Ubuntu. If you select Ubuntu, this operating system will load as expected.
However, if you select Windows, a second menu will appear, again asking you to choose between Ubuntu and Windows. This extra step can be eliminated by using EasyBCD to replace the MBR – this is handy if you think you’re going to be using Windows more than Ubuntu.
Restart Windows and you’ll see a Windows boot menu rather than the Linux one. However, you will find that the menu is text-based; but you can easily switch to a more graphical version.
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Ansible is a popular open-source automation tool that allows system administrators to automate repetitive tasks and manage multiple servers simultaneously. It is widely used for configuration management, application deployment, and task automation. While Ansible is primarily designed for Linux and Unix-based systems, it can also be installed on Windows. In this article, we will guide you through process of installing and configuring Ansible on Windows.Requirements
Before we begin, make sure your Windows machine meets following requirements −
A Windows operating system (Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, or Windows Server 2012 or later)
A minimum of 4GB RAM
PowerShell version 3.0 or later
Python 3.5 or laterStep 1: Install Python Step 2: Install pip
Once Python is installed, you will need to install pip, a package manager for Python. Open a PowerShell window as an administrator and run following command −python -m ensurepip --default-pip
This command will install pip and add it to PATH environment variable.Step 3: Install Ansible
Now that Python and pip are installed, you can use pip to install Ansible. In same PowerShell window, run following command −pip install ansible
This command will download and install Ansible and its dependencies. Once installation is complete, you can verify that Ansible is installed by running following command −ansible --version Step 4: Configure Ansible
Before you can start using Ansible, you need to configure it by creating an inventory file and setting up SSH. An inventory file is a list of hosts that Ansible can manage. To create an inventory file, open a text editor and create a new file named “inventory”. In this file, list IP addresses or hostnames of Windows machines you want to manage, one per line. For example −[windows] 192.168.1.101 192.168.1.102
Save inventory file in a location of your choice.#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
Save file and restart OpenSSH service.Step 5: Test Ansible
Now that Ansible is installed and configured, you can test it by running a simple command. Open a PowerShell window and run following command −
Here are some additional tips and best practices for using Ansible on Windows −
Use WinRM − While SSH is default protocol for connecting to remote machines in Ansible, it’s not always best option for Windows. Windows Remote Management (WinRM) is a more secure and efficient protocol that allows you to connect to remote Windows machines without need for SSH. To use WinRM with Ansible, you’ll need to configure it on your Windows machines and set up appropriate Ansible inventory variables.
Install PowerShell modules − Ansible can leverage PowerShell modules to perform various Windows-specific tasks, such as managing Active Directory, configuring IIS, and managing Windows services. To use these modules, you’ll need to install them on your Windows machines first. You can do this using PowerShell Gallery, which is a centralized repository for PowerShell modules.
Use variables and templates − Ansible allows you to use variables and templates to make your playbooks more flexible and reusable. You can define variables in your inventory file or playbook, and use them to control behavior of your tasks. You can also use templates to generate configuration files or scripts dynamically based on values of your variables.
Use roles − Ansible roles are a way to organize your playbooks into reusable modules. A role is essentially a collection of tasks, files, templates, and variables that can be applied to different hosts or groups of hosts. By using roles, you can avoid duplicating code and simplify maintenance of your playbooks.
Test your playbooks − Before running your playbooks in production, it’s important to test them in a controlled environment. Ansible provides several tools for testing, such as “check” mode, which allows you to simulate execution of your tasks without actually changing anything. You can also use “–syntax-check” option to validate syntax of your playbook, or “debug” module to print debug information during execution of your tasks.
Use version control − Ansible playbooks are essentially code, and like any code, they should be version-controlled. By using a version control system such as Git, you can track changes to your playbooks, collaborate with other team members, and roll back changes if necessary.
Use roles for modularization − Ansible roles can help you organize your playbooks and make them more modular. A role is a collection of tasks, files, templates, and variables that can be reused across multiple playbooks. By using roles, you can avoid duplicating code and make your playbooks more maintainable. You can create roles using “ansible-galaxy” command, which generates a directory structure for your role and allows you to easily share it with others.
Use WinRM connection plugin − WinRM connection plugin is a more efficient and secure way to connect to Windows hosts than default SSH connection plugin. It allows you to authenticate using Kerberos or NTLM, and encrypts all traffic using SSL. To use WinRM connection plugin, you’ll need to install “pywinrm” Python module on your Ansible control node.
Use “when” statement for conditional tasks − “when” statement allows you to conditionally execute tasks based on value of a variable or result of a previous task. This can be useful when you need to perform different tasks on different Windows versions or when certain conditions are met. For example, you can use “when” statement to install a software package only if it’s not already installed.
Use “register” statement for capturing task output − “register” statement allows you to capture output of a task and store it in a variable, which you can then use in subsequent tasks. This can be useful when you need to perform multiple tasks that depend on output of a previous task. For example, you can use “register” statement to capture IP address of a Windows host and then use it in a later task to configure a firewall rule.
Use Ansible Vault for sensitive data − Ansible Vault is a feature that allows you to encrypt sensitive data such as passwords, API keys, and certificates. This can be useful when you need to store this data in your playbook or inventory file. To use Ansible Vault, you’ll need to create an encrypted file that contains your sensitive data, and then reference this file in your playbook or inventory file using “vault_” prefix.
By following these tips and best practices, you can use Ansible to effectively manage your Windows infrastructure and automate your daily tasks as a system administrator. Ansible’s flexibility and versatility make it an ideal tool for managing Windows servers, and can help you achieve greater efficiency and productivity in your organization.Conclusion
Ansible provides a powerful set of features that can simplify your daily tasks as a system administrator. For example, you can use Ansible to manage user accounts, install software packages, and configure system settings across multiple Windows machines simultaneously. Ansible also supports a wide range of modules and plugins that can extend its functionality even further.
In summary, Ansible is a versatile automation tool that can be installed and configured on Windows. With Ansible, you can automate repetitive tasks, manage multiple servers, and simplify your daily workflow as a system administrator. We hope this article has been helpful in guiding you through installation and configuration process. Happy automating!
In Windows 11/10, there are a lot of options for Narrator that you can customize. You can change its keyboard shortcuts, personalize Narrator’s voice, enable Caps Lock warnings, and more. You can choose the voice for the Narrator, adjust the speaking rate, pitch, and volume.
We’ll explore this topic under the methods outlined below in this section as follows:Enable or Disable Lower Volume of Other Apps when Narrator is Speaking
To Enable or Disable Lower Volume of Other Apps when Narrator is Speaking pn your Windows device, do the following:
Press the Windows key + I to open Settings.
In the Narrator window, on the right pane, toggle the button to On to enable Narrator (if required).
Still on the right pane, scroll down to the Lower the volume of other apps when Narrator is speaking section.
Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) per requirement.
Exit Settings.Enable or Disable Online Services for Narrator
On the right pane, scroll down to the Get image descriptions, page titles and popular links section.
Toggle the button to On (enable) or Off (disable) per requirement.
Exit Settings.Enable or Disable Narrator Home
Narrator in Windows 10 introduced some new features, including a new dialog called Quick Start Guide – it is intended to teach the user the basics of using Narrator, including its keyboard shortcuts, navigation, commands you can use, and more. With Windows 10 version 1903, Quick Start Guide was replaced with a new ‘Narrator Home’ screen.
To Enable or Disable Narrator Home on your Windows 11/10 device, do the following:
Tip: You can quickly start Narrator from any app by using the global hotkey Win + Ctrl + Enter. Also, the Win + Ctrl + N keyboard shortcut for Windows 10 will lead you directly to Narrator settings page.
On the right pane, scroll down to the Show Narrator Home when Narrator starts option.
Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) per requirement.
Exit Settings.Minimize Narrator Home to Taskbar or System Tray
Narrator Home is a special dashboard that helps the user to quickly configure and start using the Narrator feature. It teaches the basics of using Narrator.
Starting in Windows 10 v1903, PC users can minimize ‘Narrator Home’ to the system tray and to remove it from the Alt + Tab dialog.
To minimize Narrator Home to Taskbar or System Tray on your Windows 10 PC, do the following:
On the right pane, scroll down to the Start-up options section.
Check or Uncheck the Minimize Narrator Home to the system tray option per requirement.
If you uncheck the option, the Narrator Home window will minimize to the taskbar instead of the system tray.
Exit Settings.Customize Narrator Cursor Settings
In Windows 10, Narrator comes with the following options:
Show the Narrator cursor on the screen. The Narrator cursor is highlighted with a blue focus box.
Have the text insertion point follow the Narrator cursor when on Editable text. When this is turned on, Narrator will move the text insertion point when navigating by views such as characters and words.
Sync the Narrator cursor and system focus. When this is turned on, the Narrator cursor and the system cursor will be synchronized when possible.
Have the Narrator cursor follow the mouse. This option becomes visible when the previous option is enabled. If you enable it, the Narrator cursor will follow the mouse pointer.
To Customize Narrator Cursor Settings on your Windows 10 PC, do the following:
On the right pane, scroll down to the Use Narrator cursor section.
Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) the desired options per requirement.
Exit Settings.Change Narrator Voice
In Windows 10, you can change the voice for Narrator, adjust the speaking rate, pitch, and volume.
To change Narrator Voice on your Windows 10 device, do the following:
On the right pane, scroll down to the Personalize Narrator’s voice section.
Choose one of the available voices.
Exit Settings when done.Change Narrator Keyboard Layout
To change Narrator Keyboard Layout on your Windows 11/10 device, do the following:
Note: You will only be able to change the Narrator key if the Standard keyboard layout is enabled.
On the right pane, scroll down to the Choose keyboard settings section.
Under Select keyboard layout, select Standard or Legacy per requirement.
Exit Settings when done.Enable or Disable Narrator Keyboard Shortcut
In recent Windows 11/10 versions, the Win+Ctrl+Enter keyboard shortcut is assigned to turn on the Narrator.
You can assign or release the Win+Ctrl+Enter keyboard shortcut to enable or disable Narrator for your user account in Windows 10. Here’s how:
On the right pane, scroll down to the Start-up options section.
Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) the Allow the shortcut key to start Narrator option per requirement.
Exit Settings.Change Narrator Keyboard Shortcuts
You can choose what modifier key you want to use in Narrator commands. Both the Caps lock and Insert keys serve as your Narrator key by default. You can use either of these keys in any command that uses the Narrator key. The Narrator key is referred to as simply “Narrator” in commands. You can change your Narrator key in Narrator settings. Here’s how:
On the right pane, scroll down to the Choose keyboard settings section.
On the pop-up, select a command you want to customize in the list of commands.
In the next dialog, press the keyboard sequence you want to use for the selected command.
That’s it on how to configure some settings for Narrator in Windows 11/10!
Related post: How to change Default Audio Output Device for Narrator.
How to Fix Windows 10 Start Menu Not Working? How to fix the start menu not working in Windows 10 Solution 1: Relog into your account
The first quick workaround is to log out of your Windows account and log back in. If you have encountered this issue occasionally, then you can try this quick fix. To do this, follow these steps:
Press Ctrl + Alt + Del keys simultaneously and select Sign Out.
Input your password and log in again.
Check if the start button not working issue is fixed.Solution 2: Create a new user account
Once you are on Powershell window, input command: net user newusername newpassword /add and press Enter.
Enter a new username and password.
Once done, restart your PC.
Log in to the new user account and check if the issue is fixed.
Note: It is suggested to change this new local account to a Microsoft account. You should also transfer all your settings and files here.Solution 3: Reinstall sound card and video card drivers
Once you are on the Device Manager window, expand the Sound, video and game controllers
Once done, restart your PC.
Once you have uninstalled video and sound card drivers, you need to update them now. To do this manually, you need to visit the manufacturer’s website to find and get the latest drivers. If you are using laptop, you should visit the laptop manufacturer’s website for correct drivers version.
If you find manual processes to update drivers too complex, then you can try to update drivers automatically using best driver updater tools. One such tool is Smart Driver Care that helps you update all outdated, missing, and corrupt drivers on your PC. It takes backup of your existing drivers before update to help you undo action if something goes wrong with the update.Solution 4: Disable or uninstall third-party antimalware software Solution 5: Run Microsoft Start menu troubleshooter
The recognition of the start menu not working issue by Microsoft after Creators update has forced them to roll out the Microsoft Start menu troubleshooter. You can download this tool from Microsoft’s official site and follow the on-screen instructions to fix Windows 10 start menu not working issue. It will help you find and fix all errors related to the start menu and other issues with the system.Conclusion
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If you are having any sort of Windows 10 start menu problems, you’ll know just how hard it can be to identify and find a solution for them. Thankfully there is a way to completely reset your start menu restoring it to factory default settings.
Windows 10 has undergone two major updates since its original release, the Anniversary update and the Creators update. Come mid-October (2024) a third major update will be released, adding more features and fixing many of the remain bugs. If you are having start menu problems, such as programs failing to launch, search items not appearing or an assortment of other errors, this update may fix problems. If you’re in no mood to wait or aren’t confident these issues will be fixed in the update, below you will find a solution you can put into action straight away.Fix Windows Start Menu Not Working Correctly.
The steps detailed below will reset your Windows 10 start menu back to its factory default settings, removing any bugs or errors it has accumulated since install. Unfortunately, the process does have its drawbacks but isn’t as painful as reinstalling or resetting Windows.
Each individual Windows user account includes a user profile, which contains files and folder that store all account information, files, app settings, windows settings, desktop info, and countless other settings. On rare occasions, some of this data can become damaged or corrupted, causing quite a few random problems. As the fix for this is a partial reset of your account, you will need to make a backup of all your personal files, music pictures, documents etc. Basically any files you have stored under C:UsersAccountNameFolder. AccountNameFolder being your personal username.
The good news is that although you will have to transfer your personal files back to your account after the process, all programs and apps will remain, so you won’t have to reinstall any software. You will, however, have to redo your windows settings.
Important: Deleting a user profile will delete the user’s personal documents, photos, music, and other files, so make sure you backup or move the files to another drive.
Note: If you are trying to delete your own user account, you will need to create a new account (as an Admin) and delete the profile from there.
Once the profile has been deleted, sign out of the current account you are in and sign back into the account you just deleted, Windows will now recreate the user profile. You can now transfer your files back to your account and sync your Windows settings if you are using a Microsoft account. Or manually configure them if you are using a local account.
The Start Menu is one of the most important UI elements in Windows 11/10. In the recent past, Microsoft has added new features and redesigned the Start Menu several times. It is very common for professionals to use multiple monitors on Windows. In this article, we explain how you can move the Start Menu to the second monitor.Move Start Menu to the second monitor
There are two easy ways you can do this in Windows 11/10-
Unlock and drag the taskbar
Change Setting – Use this device as the primary monitor.
Let us see how to do this in detail.
Using more than one display not only offers a better screen real estate but also helps in improving productivity. The taskbar and the Start Menu are usually present only on the original monitor. Most of the time it helps to move Start Menu to the secondary display. This will help us segregate tasks and use separate monitors for different tasks. Check out some of the best ways to move the Start Menu to a second monitor.
Read: How to make a program open on a specific monitor.1] Unlock and drag the taskbar
Follow the steps below to unlock and transfer the Start Menu to the second screen.
In the Taskbar Settings menu uncheck Lock the taskbar feature
The taskbar is now free and you can move it around.
Push the Start Menu to the furthermost corner and transfer the start menu to the other display
Transfer Start Menu to the second monitor by using the keyboard
Open the Start Menu by pressing the Windows key
Close the Start Menu by hitting Esc
Now the controls will shift back to the taskbar
Open the taskbar context menu by pressing Alt and Space-bar together
Note: In Windows 11, there is no option to lock the Taskbar using Windows Settings. That is why you need to follow the second method as mentioned below.2] Change Setting – Use this device as the primary monitor Windows 11
If you are using Windows 11, follow these steps:
Press Win+I to open Windows Settings.
Select the monitor you want to show the Taskbar on.
Expand the Multiple displays section.
Tick the Make this my main display checkbox.
Expand the Taskbar behaviors section.
Remove the tick from the Show my taskbar on all displays checkbox.
However, if you are using Windows 10, follow these steps:Windows 10
If the Taskbar is automatically moving to the wrong monitor or the program window does not start on the same monitor as the taskbar, then you can use this troubleshooting method.
Now select Make this my main display check box.
Now you need to select Show desktop only on 1 from the Multiple displays drop-down menu.
Select Keep Changes.
TIP: You can use Ultramon Smart Taskbar to add a taskbar to every monitor.How do I move something to my second monitor without dragging it? How do I move my taskbar to my second monitor in Windows 11?
To move Taskbar to the second monitor in Windows 11/10, you need to disable the Show my taskbar on all displays setting and choose your primary monitor correctly. Both are mentioned above, and you can do it using Windows Settings. You can also read this article to move Taskbar to the second display on Windows 11/10.
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