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If you are trying to connect an external hard drive or USB drive to your Windows 10 computer but are constantly seeing ‘: is not accessible, The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable’. This article will take you through several different troubleshooting steps you can try to fix the issue.

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When you connect a USB pen drive or external hard drive to a Windows 10 computer it will automatically install drivers and prepare itself for access. Unless of course it has been encrypted first. If however, you connect a USB drive or external hard drive to your computer and receive the following error message ‘: is not accessible, The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable’, there’s a good chance the device has a hardware issue and has either died or is in the process of dying.

Although a hardware fault is the most likely cause of this error message, it’s still possible that the device is corrupted or infected with malware instead, though quite unlikely. If you aren’t entirely convinced of a hardware fault below you will find several different troubleshooting steps you can take to remedy ‘: is not accessible, The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable’ on Windows 10.

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How Do You Fix ‘: is not accessible, The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable’ on Windows 10?

Sadly at this point, the chances of recovering any data from the device are next to none so if the device does work from time to time when you connect it to your PC copy everything you can off of it. Once you have copied all the data you can off the device try to run a full malware/virus scan on it. Avast, AVG, Malwarebytes, Windows Defender, etc. If the device is infected with malware these programs should find and remove it. Hopefully restoring functionality to the device in return. If it’s not working sporadically enough to do this, you can try the following.

Run ‘chkdsk’ From Command Prompt.

One of the easiest tools you can use to fix this issue is the Windows 10 chkdsk tool which will hopefully check and fix any errors on your device. To run the tool open Command Prompt as Admin, then copy and paste the following command into the window. Obviously replacing (Drive Letter) with the drive letter of your device. Then press Enter.

chkdsk (Drive Letter): /f /r /x /b

It should look something like this.

chkdsk D: /f /r /x /b

The command will either start running straight away or display the following message:

Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process, Would you like the schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)

If you get this message press Y on your keyboard to confirm the check after a restart. Now Restart your computer and wait for the results. If your drive is working fine after the check, you can wrap this guide up here, if it isn’t, continue reading.

Worst Case Scenario…

If nothing above has helped at all, the only real step moving forward is to reformat the device. This will completely wipe the device and allow you to start using it again from a clean state. However, will only be a temporary solution if the device’s hardware is failing. Seeing as USB devices are quite cheap nowadays, it’s probably safer to buy a new one and save yourself some future heartache.

You're reading How To Fix: The File Or Directory Is Corrupted And Unreadable On Windows 10.

How To Open Or Run A Jar File On Windows 11/10

What is Java executable JAR file?

A JAR file is an archiving format that not only stores directories and source files and can also be run as executable files. Such Java ARchive files can contain Java class files that will run when the JAR is executed.

While Archiver tools like 7-Zip can extract content from JAR files, but doing that is pointless – we need to execute the files just as we run the EXE files.

How to run a JAR file in Windows 11/10

Since Java or JAR files can’t run on Windows on their own, you need to install the Java Framework or what is popularly called Java. That said, Java files can be dependent on a particular version of Java. So the steps you need to take to open JAR files on Windows 11/10 are:

Download and install Java.

Set the System path

Run the JAVA file

Set Java file association

Establish a file association with Java runtime.

1] Download and install Java Framework

To run a JAR file on Windows, you need to install Java on your system. Go to Java Download Page, and install it. The default will install the latest version only. However, if your JAR file needs a different version of Java, you can download it from here.

Sometimes, an existing older version of Java can cause an issue. So, if you are facing such a problem, make sure to remove the older version first. Use the official Java Remover tool to get rid of it. Then install the latest version.

2] Set System Path for Java

Next, you need to set the JAVA_HOME path. It ensures that any JAVA file you run can find the necessary libraries for the program. You can also use the command line to echo the Java path to determine if it is correct.

3] Run a Java or JAR file

If you have a JAR file which is not running on its own, then you can use java JDK to run it. Open Command Prompt, and type java -jar name_of_jar_file.jar. It will execute the JAR file automatically.

4] Set the Java or JAR file association

The last step is to establish a file association with Java runtime. It will make sure that every time you run, you are not asked to select a program that can execute it.

Select ‘Choose another app.’

And then choose Select app from the computer.

You should see ‘Java(TM) Platform SE binary’ listed in this context menu but don’t select it.

Locate the file which can run the JAVA or JAR file which is available in the path we suggested above.

Make sure to check the box which says, “Always use this program.”

Once done, all future JAR files will automatically open with Java run time library. You should see the Java icon for all of these files.

How run Java JAR from command line?

You’ll need to use the java command to run a .jar file

If you don’t have java installed, you can fix that by installing the default-jre package.

We hope these tips were easy to understand and were of help to open or run a Java file on Windows 11/10. 

How To Lock A File Or Folder In Windows 11/10

Your computer is the home of a lot of important information. Be it your business reports, bank statements, personal information, or more. And if multiple users are using your computer, you might want to safeguard your files. Hence, you may ask how to lock a file or folder in Windows 11/10. Locking a folder or file in Windows isn’t a tricky thing to do. Windows itself gives you all the necessary options. So let’s go ahead and learn about it.

Why you may need to Lock a File or Folder?

There are many reasons why you may feel a need to lock a file or folder. The most common reason is that you share your computer with others. Alternatively, you want to safeguard your files or folders and prevent them from being accidentally deleted. Or if you believe your PC is at risk of getting hacked, someone might steal sensitive information from you.

Locking a file or folder can help you control access to the data and ensure that it is not modified or deleted accidentally or intentionally. It is also helpful in cases where you need to ensure data integrity is maintained.

Windows comes with a built-in option to lock a file or folder. The feature is known as File encryption. Encrypting a file or folder with Windows ties the encryption to your account. This means that when you are logged in, the operating system automatically decrypts the files for you. However, if someone logs in using a different account, they will not be able to access files that were encrypted using your account.

How to Lock a File or Folder in Windows 11/10?

To lock a File or Folder in Windows, follow these steps:

Next, tick the Encrypt contents to secure the data check box.

The way it works is that if anyone else tries to access it, the person will not be able to do it because it’s linked to your account. The details of which can be seen using the following steps:

Go back to the Advanced Attributes

And it will mention who can access the file once the encryption is complete. If someone else tries to access the folder or the file, it will prompt for the account password.

Note: Previously, Windows created an encryption certificate and placed it under Credential Manager. You could take a backup of the key, carry it to another PC, and open the folder using that. In Windows 11, things have changed. As you can see in the above image, while it is tied to the user account, there is no option for a recovery certificate. The certificate is not generated at all.

Read: How to make a file or folder Private in Windows.

Using Windows’s built-in file encryption feature, you can lock your files and folders on Windows 11/10. However, if you are using Windows Home, the option to lock a file will be missing. You can use free file and folder encryption software to achieve the same.

Can I lock a file or folder in Windows so it cannot be deleted?

Once you lock a file or folder, it cannot be deleted or modified by any other user. You can delete or modify an encrypted when using your account. If you want a folder that can be moved, you will need to use third-party applications or this simple text file trick to protect folders. However, use it only for files that are not that important.

TIP: This post will show you how to password-protect Office documents, files, folders, games, programs, etc.

Can I lock a file or folder in Windows so specific users can only access it?

What Is The Page File In Windows 10?

The Windows page file is a special file that holds data your RAM cannot hold when it reaches its limits. Your system RAM has a limit. If your system tries to exceed that limit, it can pass some of the data off into the page file.

It isn’t the most efficient way to manage your system memory. However, a page file is a necessity and will keep your system ticking along nicely.

Table of Contents

So, here’s what the Windows 10 page file is, and how a page file works.

What Is a Page File?

Your computer has a set amount of RAM or Random Access Memory. Unsure how much your system has? Type system information in your Start Menu search bar. When the System Information window opens, scroll down to find Installed Physical Memory (RAM). Alongside this is the amount of RAM installed on your computer.

RAM holds all of the information relating to open programs, like a working storage area. RAM helps to keep activities on your computer fast by holding regularly accessed data. Plus, RAM is much faster than your old hard drive, and faster even than your solid-state drive.

When RAM runs low, the page file comes into play.

The page file (also known as a swap file) is a file on your hard drive. When your RAM becomes full, Windows moves some of the excess data into the page file. As such, the page file acts as a type of virtual memory, enabling some swapping of data between your hard drive and RAM.

How Does The Page File Work?

Windows attempts to use the page file efficiently. That means it looks for the data you are not using at the time but is still held in your RAM. For example, if you (like me!) sit with many different application windows open but minimized, Windows may move some of the background application windows into the paging file.

Moving the data for these files frees up active RAM space for the applications you are using (potentially helping them to run faster and smoother), and is easily retrievable from the page file when you open the window.

The page file is self-managing. You don’t need to fiddle around with the page file settings, except for in certain situations. Typically, the page file is set between a minimum of 1.5 times and a maximum of three times your install RAM.

For example, a system with 4GB RAM would have a minimum of 1024x4x1.5=6,144MB [1GB RAM x Installed RAM x Minimum]. Whereas, the maximum is 1024x4x3=12,288MB [1GB RAM x Installed RAM x Maximum].

Can I Disable The Page File?

Disabling the page file to improve system performance is a myth. If you have a system with relatively low memory, disabling the ability to pass some data off into your hard drive will only harm overall performance (albeit saving a few gigabytes of storage on your hard drive).

At the very worst, disabling the page file will cause programs to crash if you begin to run out of RAM, as there is nowhere for the additional data to go. Crashing programs can cause other system instabilities, so it just isn’t worth it.

Even with 16GB RAM installed on my computer, I keep the paging file intact!

Running Low On Virtual Memory

One common issue that alerts people to the presence of the paging file is running low on virtual memory. You might encounter an error message like this:

“Your system is low on virtual memory. Windows is increasing the size of your virtual memory paging file. During this process, memory requests for some applications may be denied. For more information, see help.”

This message means that as well as your RAM being full, your page file is also bursting at the seams. As such, you need to increase your virtual memory, e.g., the page file. Remember, meddling with your page file isn’t common, but this is one of the exceptions.

How To Increase The Page File Size

If you do need to increase the size of your page file, you can edit it manually. As mentioned above, you should only do this under exceptional circumstances.

2.       Switch to the Advanced tab. Under Performance, select Settings.

3.       Switch to the Advanced tab. Under Virtual Memory, select Change.

4.       Uncheck Automatically manage paging file size for all drives.

5.       Increase the size of the paging file within 1.5 to 3 times your installed RAM. Press Set when you’re ready.

Press OK to leave the Virtual Memory management window. You have now changed your page file size.

Upgrade Your RAM For Better Performance

Upsizing your page file is only a temporary solution to a virtual memory issue. If you frequently hit the virtual memory limit and find yourself having to adjust the page file, you should consider installing more RAM.

Unable To Load Directory Results Says Skype On Windows 11/10

Skype is one crucial but sometimes bothersome application. While Microsoft has been bettering upon issues reported by Skype users all these years, some known problems remain unresolved. One such case is with the error – Unable to load directory results.

This error occurs whenever the user tries to search for contacts. Since most conversations are picked up from saved contacts on Skype, this error could cause work stoppage.

Reasons behind Skype Unable to load directory results

The primary causes for the issue in the discussion are as follows:

Issues with the chúng tôi file: Problems with the chúng tôi file are known to cause the error mentioned above, especially with the Skype for Desktop version.

Firewall preventing functionality: Windows Defender Firewall sometimes prevents certain functions in Skype, including the directory loading results.

Corruption of the cache: Like many other applications, Skype also saves a cache folder. If the files in this folder become corrupt, it will prevent the directory from loading the contacts.

The Skype application might have gone corrupt: Some files of the Skype application might have gone missing or corrupt.

Skype Unable to load directory results

To troubleshoot this problem, proceed with the following troubleshooting sequentially:

Delete the chúng tôi folder

Disable the Windows Defender Firewall temporarily

Delete the cache folder for Skype

Re-install the Skype application.

1] Delete the chúng tôi folder

If the chúng tôi folder goes corrupt, it could cause a problem. We could delete it to resolve the problem. Don’t worry; the file will rebuild itself.

Press Win+R to open the Run window and type the command %appdata%skype.

Hit Enter to open the Skype application data folder.

Locate the chúng tôi file in this folder. The file could also be inside the Shared folder.

Restart the system.

2] Disable the Windows Defender Firewall temporarily

The Windows Defender Firewall can prevent some legit functionalities in Skype and other application in Windows. We could disable the Windows Defender Firewall temporarily to isolate the issue.

3] Delete the cache folder for Skype

The corrupt cache folder could prevent the Skype directory from loading. We could delete it as follows:

Press Win + R to open the Run window and type the command %appdata% . Press Enter to open the AppData roaming folder.

File the Skype folder and delete it.

Restart the system and check if it helps in resolving your problem.

4] Re-install the Skype application

In some cases, Skype’s files might be missing or corrupt. In such a situation, re-installing the Skype application could be helpful.

Restart the system once the app has been uninstalled.


These were the reasons and solutions behind the Skype Unable to load directory results, and I hope you have it fixed now. Make sure to use an administrator account to execute these suggestions.

How does Skype directory work?

It is a feature of Skype for Business that allows you to find people across domains and is not available in your contact list. Once you find the person, you can send a request, and once they accept, the contact will be available on your PC.

How do I turn off the Skype search directory?

You can switch it from the Privacy section if you don’t want to appear in the directory search. Go to Settings, then select Privacy, and turn Appear in search results off. It will ensure you are not listed; nobody can send you a request.

How To Reset The Start Menu On Windows 10 To Fix Bugs And Errors.

If you are having any sort of Windows 10 start menu problems, you’ll know just how hard it can be to identify and find a solution for them. Thankfully there is a way to completely reset your start menu restoring it to factory default settings.  

Windows 10 has undergone two major updates since its original release, the Anniversary update and the Creators update. Come mid-October (2023) a third major update will be released, adding more features and fixing many of the remain bugs. If you are having start menu problems, such as programs failing to launch, search items not appearing or an assortment of other errors, this update may fix problems. If you’re in no mood to wait or aren’t confident these issues will be fixed in the update, below you will find a solution you can put into action straight away.

Fix Windows Start Menu Not Working Correctly.

The steps detailed below will reset your Windows 10 start menu back to its factory default settings, removing any bugs or errors it has accumulated since install. Unfortunately, the process does have its drawbacks but isn’t as painful as reinstalling or resetting Windows.

Each individual Windows user account includes a user profile, which contains files and folder that store all account information, files, app settings, windows settings, desktop info, and countless other settings. On rare occasions, some of this data can become damaged or corrupted, causing quite a few random problems. As the fix for this is a partial reset of your account, you will need to make a backup of all your personal files, music pictures, documents etc. Basically any files you have stored under C:UsersAccountNameFolder. AccountNameFolder being your personal username.

The good news is that although you will have to transfer your personal files back to your account after the process, all programs and apps will remain, so you won’t have to reinstall any software. You will, however, have to redo your windows settings.  

Important: Deleting a user profile will delete the user’s personal documents, photos, music, and other files, so make sure you backup or move the files to another drive.

Note: If you are trying to delete your own user account, you will need to create a new account (as an Admin) and delete the profile from there.

Once the profile has been deleted, sign out of the current account you are in and sign back into the account you just deleted, Windows will now recreate the user profile. You can now transfer your files back to your account and sync your Windows settings if you are using a Microsoft account. Or manually configure them if you are using a local account.

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