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You’ve probably read several troubleshooting articles that warn you to create a System Restore Point before making potentially drastic changes to your Windows computer. If you have no idea what a System Restore Point means, think of it as a backup copy of your PC’s settings and other vital system files.
Say you installed a malicious program or deleted a registry file by accident, and your computer begins to malfunction, you can easily undo these (unwanted) changes by performing a System Restore. That allows you to revert your computer to an initial state (called Restore Point) when things were working smoothly.
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In this guide, we’ll explain how System Restore works in Windows 10 and teach you several ways to manually create a system restore point.Enable System Protection on Windows
System Protection is a section of the Windows OS where restore points are created and managed. To create restore points, you need to first have System Protection enabled on your device. Although some computers have this feature activated by default out-of-the-box, others may require you to manually turn it on.
Windows automatically assigns about 3 – 10 percent of your hard drive for System Protection. You can change this by adjusting the Max Usage slider. However, make sure you assign at least 1GB (or more) because the System Protection feature won’t run if the reserved disk space is below 1GB.
If the reserved space gets occupied, Windows will delete older restore points to make room for new ones. We recommend that you proceed with the default disk space that Windows recommends.
The default allocation should be enough to accommodate as many restore points as possible. The more restore points you have, the higher the chances of recovering files, settings, and other configurations should your computer ever run into a problem.
With System Protection set up, you can now manually create restore points.Manually Create a System Restore Point
Windows automatically creates restore points when you enable System Protection. It does so once every week or prior to significant events like a Windows update, driver installation, etc. You can also manually create a restore point if you’re making system-altering changes to your computer. For example, it’s always recommended to manually create a restore point before making changes to the Windows Registry.
Windows will create the restore point and display a success message when done.
The creation process may take a couple of minutes, depending on the sizes of files in the restore point as well as your drive’s performance.Create a Restore Point Using Windows PowerShell
There are usually many ways to get things done on Windows. You can swiftly create a restore point in seconds using the Windows PowerShell. All you need to do is paste some commands in the PowerShell console; we’ll show you how.
Paste the command below in the PowerShell console and press Enter.
powershell.exe -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -NoExit -Command “Checkpoint-Computer -Description ‘Restore Point Name’ -RestorePointType ‘MODIFY_SETTINGS’”
Note: You can replace the “Restore Point Name” placeholder in the command with any description of your choice.
Windows will create the restore point when the progress bar hits 100%.How to Recover Changes Using System Restore
Now that you’ve created a restore point, how do you use it to revert to an earlier point if your PC runs into issues? Perhaps, you recently installed a Windows update or network driver that messed up your internet connectivity. Here’s how to undo system changes using System Restore.
Can’t find a restore point in the System Restore window? Refer to this troubleshooting guide on fixing missing restore points on Windows.Windows Won’t Boot? Here’s How to Perform a System Restore
The technique above shows you how to undo changes with System Restore when your computer is on. But what if your computer won’t start up at all? Or perhaps Windows boots correctly but crashes before you get to the System Restore window? How then do you restore your device?
Like we mentioned earlier, Windows often provides multiple ways to get things done. So, if your PC won’t properly load Windows, you can initiate a system restore from the Advanced Startup Options menu.
Power off your PC and turn it back on. Press and hold the power button as soon as the Windows logo appears on the screen to shut down your PC again. Repeat this three times and your PC should boot into the Windows Recovery Environment.Never Lose Important Files & Settings
You’ve learned how to manually create a system restore point and how to perform a system restore, even when your computer won’t boot. However, you should note that a system restore isn’t a backup solution; it only saves system files and settings, not your personal data.
In addition to manually creating a restore point, we also recommend creating a System Image Backup or a recovery CD/USB drive. With these, you can restore your computer (including all installed programs, settings, files, etc.) to a previous state should your PC get corrupted to the point where it won’t load Windows.
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Back in March, I wrote about making a MacOS installer on a USB stick. But you may not be aware that it is entirely possible to do the same with Windows 10 (or whatever the current version of Windows is).
Windows comes pre-installed with every PC but there are times when a USB version becomes invaluable. One is when you have trouble installing operating system updates the normal way (which happened to me last year). The second is if you make a living wiping and refurbishing used computers. Having a USB version of the latest Windows version makes reinstalling the system absurdly easy.
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Obviously Windows is not free, so along with the USB installer, you will also need a valid legal license key. Obviously we can’t help you with that. But the installer? No problem. Read on.Creating The Windows Installation USB Stick
Before we start, it is worth pointing out that whatever version of Windows you put on your USB stick will be the current version that Microsoft is offering. This means that any subsequent patches and updates will not be included as the USB stick will obviously not auto-update.
So once you have installed Windows using the USB method, you will need to check regularly to see if Windows has been updated. If so, you will have to delete the version on the stick and replace it with the new version. The whole process which I am about to describe doesn’t take very long so it’s not a big deal.Wipe The USB Stick
The first step is to make sure the USB stick is completely blank. If you have just bought it, it will already be blank. But if it is a used stick, you need to format it. Doing so will wipe all of the contents. The stick needs at least 8GB of space for the
To format the stick,
In the box that comes
How long it takes depends on how used the stick is and how much data is already on it.Download The “Media Creation Tool” From Microsoft Choose Your Installer Format
After scanning your computer to see what’s needed and asking you to pretend to have read the Terms & Conditions, the installer will now ask you what you want to do.
It has seen that I haven’t installed the latest patch yet so it has offered me that. But I want to make an installer USB so the second option is the one I want. You can also put Windows 10 on a DVD or ISO file, and I will be discussing ISO files in my next article. As for DVD’s, I view them as impractical and expensive for something like this.
Next it will ask you to choose the language, Windows edition and whether it’s 32 bit or 64 bit you require. It will put it to what it thinks are the “recommended options” but if you disagree with any of them, just untick the box and choose what you want.
But unless you have a very good reason and you know what you are doing, it is best to stick with the recommended options.
Remember, don’t choose a version of Windows that you don’t have a valid license key for!
Now confirm that you want a USB option and not an ISO file.
drive list” link.
Take extreme caution that you pick the right USB device. I almost chose my backup portable hard-disk which would have been a catastrophe.Now Sit Back & Wait….
Your installer program will now start to be transferred to the USB stick. As the progress screen will say, you can continue to use your PC while you wait. But my experience was that the PC slowed down quite a bit when making the installer.
Either way, it took about 15 minutes for it to complete.What The USB Stick Now Looks Like
Explorer, this is what you will see.
The only file you need will open up a Windows installation window, after which you will be prompted for your license key.
How to remove system Z drive on Windows 10 in three steps
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The mysterious system drive Z: has dumbfounded some users who wondered how to remove it from Windows 10. That is a Z: system drive partition that appears in Windows 10’s File Explorer for some users. Z: drive often appears after users have partitioned a hard drive or upgraded to Windows 10. When they try to open the Z: drive, a pop-up window opens stating, “You don’t currently have permission to access to folder.”
However, an HP support representative shed light on what the Z: partition is. On a forum, he stated:
That new drive labeled (Z: ) is the restore partition which is added to give you the option of restoring back to your previous version of windows. It is nothing to worry about, and should not be deleted.
So the Z: drive is usually a hidden partition. Its appearance on some Windows 10 desktops and laptops is due to a system bug. As the HP representative stated, drive Z: isn’t something users really need to fix.
Yet, there are a few ways users can remove the Z: drive. That doesn’t mean deleting the drive, but merely removing the partition so that it doesn’t appear in Explorer. This is how users can remove the Z: drive in Windows 10.There are three ways to remove the Z: drive Method 1: Edit the Registry
Some users have confirmed that adding new NoDrive DWORDs (or QWORDs) to the registry gets rid of drive Z: in File Explorer. However, some might prefer to set up a System Restore point before editing the registry as an extra precaution. Using the Registry Editor is the safest way to remove system Z drive on Windows 10.
Open the Run accessory.
Enter ‘NoDrives’ as the name of the new QWORD or DWORD as shown directly below.
Select the Explorer key on the left of the registry.
Then select the Decimal option.
Thereafter, close the Registry Editor window.
Restart Windows after editing the registry and with that, you should remove system Z drive from Windows 10 for good.
Expert tip:Method 2: Roll Back Windows 10 to a Restore Point
A few users have stated on forums that they’ve removed drive Z: by rolling Windows 10 back to a previous date. System Restore is the utility that rolls Windows 10 back to an earlier date. Note that rolling Windows back to a restore point will also remove software installed after the selected date and undo other system changes.
Select a restore point that will roll the OS back to a time when File Explorer didn’t include a Z: drive partition.
Press the Next button to proceed to the confirmation step.
— RELATED: 5 best backup software for external hard drives [2024 LIST]Method 3: Update Windows 10
Some users have also stated that updating Windows 10 removes the Z: drive. Drive Z: can appear when updates have not completely installed. Thus, checking for Win 10 updates to see if there are any updates waiting to finish might remove the Z: drive.
To check for Windows 10 updates, press the Type here to search button on the taskbar.
Press the Check for updates button to scan for updates.
The Settings Windows Update window also lists pending updates. You might need to restart the platform to complete their installation. In some instances, pending updates might be stuck.
Those are a few resolutions that might get rid of drive Z: and ensure it never reappears in File Explorer. Then drive Z: will be a hidden restore partition again.
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It doesn’t matter whether you use macOS, Windows 11, or Windows 10. It’s a matter of time until the device refuses to start, which could happen for many reasons, including (and not limited to) file corruption, hardware failure, or buggy update. If the unexpected happens with an Apple computer, you can use a macOS bootable USB with the installation media to repair it.
This is one of the main reasons you should consider creating a macOS bootable USB when your computer is working correctly. However, if none of your devices (MacBook, MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, iMac, Mac Pro, or Mac Mini) are not working when you need them the most, you can use a Windows computer to rescue your Apple device. You can use a Windows 11, 10, 8.1, or 7 computer to quickly create a USB bootable installation media to reinstall macOS Ventura, Monterey, Big Sur, Catalina, or Mojave on your Mac.
This guide will teach you the steps to create a macOS bootable USB installation on Windows 10 (or 11), which you can use to reinstall or upgrade the Apple OS.Requirements
Before proceeding, you’ll need the following:
Broken Mac computer running macOS.
A trial copy of the TransMac software.
One high-quality USB flash drive with 16GB of storage.
Copy of macOS (DMG file).Create macOS bootable USB installation media
To create a bootable USB drive with macOS, use these steps:
Quick note: This is a paid piece of software, but it gives you a 15-day trial, which is more than enough time. (If this works for you and you want to support the developer, you can purchase the full version.)
Connect the USB flash drive.
Important: If you have any data on the flash drive, remember to back it up since this process will erase everything on it.
Quick note: You want to do this before creating the bootable media because there is a good chance that the drive was formatted using a Windows device. If this is the case, the chances are it’s using an MBR partition, and the USB drive needs a GPT partition to work on a Mac.
Confirm a name for the drive. For example, “macOS bootable USB.”
Select the “.dmg” file with the macOS installation files.
Once you complete the steps, you can insert the USB flash drive on your Mac to install, reinstall, or upgrade the operating system to the latest macOS version (Ventura, Monterey, Big Sur, Catalina, or Mojave).Create a GPT partition on a USB flash drive
If the USB flash drive is not working with TransMac, it could still be a partition problem. In this case, you may need to redo the entire process. However, this time, you should follow these steps to use the Diskpart command-line utility on Windows 10 (or 11) to create the appropriate GPT partition, and then follow the above instructions.
To create a GPT partition on a removable drive, use these steps:
Type the following command and press Enter:diskpart
Type the following command to view all drives connected to your computer and press Enter:list disk
Type the following command with the number assigned for the USB flash drive and press Enter:select disk 4
In the command, change “4” to the number corresponding to the USB flash drive.
Type the following command to clean the drive and press Enter:clean
Type the following command to convert the drive to the GPT style and press Enter:convert gpt
Type the following command to create a primary partition and press Enter: create partition primarycreate partition primary
Once you have formatted the USB flash drive with a GPT partition, you can use the instructions mentioned above to use TransMac to create a bootable media, but this time skip steps 5 through 10 and continue on step 11.
After the process is complete, which it’s something that could take up to an hour, connect the USB flash drive and power on your Mac by holding down the “Option” key, and select the USB drive to begin installing macOS.
We have to back up just about everything in today’s society, photos, movies, music, documents, you name it. Sadly, a lot of the time, we often forget about the little things, things that take just as much time to recover if they are lost, so why not learn how to create a back up of your Windows system drivers.
How to Remove the “G” Search From Google Keyboard ‘AKA’ Gboard.
These days Drivers aren’t as painful to track down and install as they used to be, with Windows 10 automatically taking care of the hard work. If you do get stuck and Windows can’t quite figure out a solution, you can always just go to the manufacturer’s website and search for your specific product.
In the future, rather than tracking down the remaining drivers or waiting for Windows to do it for you, you can use Windows Command Prompt to backup drivers installed on your PC. With this done, you can install a fresh copy of Windows, fire up the backup and be done in minutes rather than hours.
Note: This method will only make a backup of .inf drivers. Any other drivers installed using either .msi or .exe will be skipped. If you have the .msi files or the .exe files make sure to back those files up manually also. The folder will be quite big, my driver backup folder is 1.79gb.Backing Up Your Windows 10 Drivers Using DISM. (Deployment Image Servicing and Management)
The first thing you need to do is open the Windows 10 File Explorer and create a new folder in which you will store the backup of all your drivers. You can place it anywhere you like, just make sure you name it appropriately so you can find it later on.
Note: As you will be using a command line in the next few steps, it will be easier if you name the file DriverBackup and place it directly in C: drive this will allow you to cut and paste the command line into cmd without having to make a change.DISM /online /export-driver /destination:C:DriverBackup
Note: Change the C:DriverBackup ending in the above path to the path of the folder where you want to store the backup. (which will be the one we created earlier). Also, remember that you will need to take this folder with you before you start reinstalling Windows.
Once you have entered the line correctly into cmd, DISM will search for and make a copy of all the drivers stored in your computer’s C:WindowsSystem32DriverStore folder. Congratulations that’s the backup stage complete. The next step is showing you how to restore the drivers you just backed up.
Note: Don’t forget to take the folder with you before you start a Windows reinstall.How to Restore Drivers on Windows 10 From a Backup.
After reinstalling Windows 10 and connecting to the internet, your computer will automatically begin searching for the latest drivers and install them automatically, without you even noticing. However, you will need to install the remaining drivers that it doesn’t detect. To do this, you will need to use Device Manager.
On the next screen, select Browse my computer for driver software, select the driver from the backup folder and wait for Windows to install it for you.
Note: Make sure you tick the box to include subfolders.
You may have to repeat this step for more than one of your drivers depending on what Windows can detect automatically. This is especially handy if you are using older devices Windows has probably forgotten about. Or less common peripheral devices.
You may have probably heard this a million times: backup your Mac! Doing so allows you to restore all your data, including apps and settings, the moment your device crashes or when you accidentally delete them. But how do you restore a Mac from backup?
Below I’ll discuss different ways to restore your Mac from a backup. Of course, it’s assumed that you’ve got your Mac backed up to begin with. Let’s get going!
How to restore Mac from a Time Machine backup
If Time Machine is your preferred way to back up your Mac, you have the option to restore your entire hard drive to a previous date or just opt to restore a few files. You can also use Time Machine to transfer all your personal files from an old Mac to a new Mac using Migration Assistant.
Since you won’t be able to open your browser once you begin, be sure to keep these instructions handy by opening this page from another device or printing it. Also, ensure that the Time Machine backup disk is connected to your device and turned on.
The process varies depending on the kind of Mac you own. But generally, you’ll need to start your Mac in Recovery mode to begin the restoration process.
If you own an Apple silicon:
To restore your Intel-based Mac to a previous date:
Get back specific files with Time Machine on Mac
You can also use Time Machine to get back items you’ve accidentally lost or to recover old versions of your files.Use Migration Assistant to restore Time Machine backup on a new Mac
Retrieve backed-up data from iCloud or other cloud services on Mac
Before you can restore your Mac using iCloud, you must set it up. To do so:
By default, you’re only given 5GB of space, which is likely not enough, especially if you’re using iCloud on several devices. You can always upgrade your iCloud to iCloud+ on any of your Apple devices. Apple offers up to 2terabytes of iCloud space for users.
Note: Unlike Time Machine, an iCloud backup only backs up specific files and data and doesn’t cover all settings, data, and programs stored in your Mac.
You can always go to your iCloud Drive via the left-side pane on Finder to access your files when needed. Alternatively, you can go to chúng tôi to access your backup files.
There are also plenty of cloud services that let you back up your Mac. Some of these services even include your Time Machine backups on the cloud. Examples of cloud services for Macs are Backblaze and Cloudberry. If you’re interested in exploring your options, we’ve written a comprehensive article on Cloudberry backup for Mac.
How to restore your Mac from a local backup (clone)
You can also create a clone or a bootable copy of your Mac’s entire hard drive. Once your external drive already has the clone of your Mac, here’s what you need to do to restore it:
You’ve got plenty of options for restoring your Mac from a backup, depending on what you need to restore. You can choose from Time Machine to iCloud to using third-party apps and cloud services to restore your backup.
But what’s most crucial is that you regularly back up your Mac. After all, there’s nothing to restore if no backed-up data exists! Have you restored your Mac from a backup? Which method worked well for you? Comment it down below!
Rachel loves anything Apple —from iPhones, to Apple Watches, to MacBooks. She is also a medical writer and a ghostwriter for various publications.
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