Trending February 2024 # How To Open & Edit An Indd File Without Indesign # Suggested March 2024 # Top 3 Popular

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How to Open & Edit an INDD File without InDesign [Best Ways] Find out everything you need to know about INDD files








InDesign is a resourceful publishing tool that enables users to create professional-level projects.

The software generates its own file type, and if you want to open it with another tool, you need to make sure that it supports this format.

We gathered software solutions that not only can open, but also edit, convert and even recover IDD files.

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Adobe InDesign is a complex software solution that many users rely on to create posters, brochures, newspapers, ebooks, and other such materials.

The software generates its own file format – INDD. If you want to open such files with other apps, make sure that they are compatible or easily convertible.

Whether you alternatively work with InDesign and additional software or you don’t use the software at all, but need to open INDD files, you need to pick a good tool that is compatible with this format.

Even though publishing software follows similar patterns and provides similar tools, some won’t open certain formats, or convert them in such ways that you lose a lot of quality and need to work two times as hard to recover them.

Well, we got you covered. In this article, we’re going to list some of the best tools that you can use to open and edit InDesign files on your Windows 10 computer. Here’s what we’ve found:

Adobe InDesign – Layout adjustment

Canva – Photo straightener

Adobe InCopy – Swift hyperlink creation

Affinity Publisher – In-depth video tutorials

QuarkXpress – QR code generator

Stellar Data Recovery – RAID recovery

Quick tip

Adobe InDesign is basically the official tool, designed to create, format, and open INDD files. It is cross-compatible with both Windows and macOS computers.

Moreover, it is widely regarded as the ultimate tool if you need to open an InDesign file without using InDesign. And it has the largest user base, compared to others, so make sure to check it out, if you can.

Adobe InDesign

Get your hands on an excellent software that can help you create professional promotional materials!

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How can I open and edit InDesign files without InDesign?

Canva is an online graphic design platform that is very popular among social media and online marketing professionals. With its drag-and-drop feature, it is easy and intuitive to use.

You can create designs from scratch or use a big variety of templates for different types of designs such as infographics, calendars, book covers, banners, and social media posts.

While Canva doesn’t support .indd files yet, you can still find a way around it. If you convert your .indd files into pdf files you’ll be able to upload and edit them with Canva’s drag-and-drop tools.

This tool lets you edit all elements in PDF documents. You can change the font, add annotations, change placements, and insert other objects, all in a very intuitive manner.

Canva has both a premium and free option. The free version has a decent amount of features and you can use it to get familiarized with the designing experience. The pro version can be paid either yearly or monthly.

Key features of Canva include:

Text animations

Can create a team to work together on a design

Wide range of photo effects and filters

Thousands of icons and other elements to enhance your design

Pre-made templates 

Photo straightener


Convert and edit InDesign files with easy drag-and-drop tools and implement them within appealing templates.

Free trial Visit website

Adobe InCopy is another reliable software that opens InDesign files. Just like InDesign, InCopy is also developed by Adobe Systems, as one of the tools under Adobe Creative Cloud.

And it runs in sync with Adobe InDesign to create and open an INDD file without InDesign. The software is supported on both Windows and macOS.

Adobe InCopy, though a traditional word processor, is flexibly designed to work in sync with InDesign to create interactive and beautiful print works and digital documents like ebooks, posters, flyers, and so on.

It is a perfect collaboration tool, which provides an avenue for designers and writers to work together on InDesign projects.

Basically, in the execution of such projects, graphic designers or creative artists handle the layout design, while content creators or writers work on the write-ups (written content).

InCopy stands out as one of the best software that opens InDesign files. However, it cannot create INDD as a standalone tool, unless it integrates with InDesign.

Nevertheless, it remains one of the most reliable software that opens InDesign files. Adobe InCopy is offered a subscription plan that charges monthly.

Notable features of Adobe InCopy include:

Color swatches and templates

Spell check

Extensions/plugins (Adobe Exchange),

Multi-format support (INDD, ICST, PSET, etc.)

Swift hyperlink creation

Adobe InCopy

Trust Adobe InCopy if you want to benefit from various tools to help you make outstanding prints!

Free trial Visit website

Affinity Publisher is a multi-purpose publishing tool with specific features for different physical and digital publications such as books, scientific projects, social media templates, and website mock-ups. 

Affinity provides multiple text editing features that let you place your text pretty much however you want, with many modern styles available. You can add lines and borders, add drop capitals to paragraphs, make your titles and headings stand out with artistic effects, and place text on a path.

Expert tip:

Other key features of Affinity Publisher include:

Pan and zoom at 60 fps

Works with multiple publications simultaneously

Provides presets and lets you save your own

Offers in-depth video tutorials

Affinity is a licensed base product that provides constant free updates. It is available in multiple languages and works both on Windows and macOS.

⇒ Get Affinity Publisher

QuarkXpress is one of the most popular computer software that opens InDesign files.

It is widely seen as a reliable alternative to Adobe InDesign, and it hosts cross-platform support for both Windows and macOS.

QuarkXpress runs on the WYSIWYG – What You See Is What You Get – (lossless output) user interface, which presents you with accurate representations of your outputs.

Aptly put, QuarkXpress displays results in prints, with an akin reflection of what appears on the screen (no quality loss).

This feature makes QuarkXpress an excellent digital-print conversion tool, which is one of the most demanding aspects of graphics designing.

In addition, the tool also offers text alignment, custom color management, multilingual support (up to 35 languages), print scaling (10x reduction and enlargement), and many more.

Other key features of QuarkXpress include:

QR code generator

Font search

Filter and highlighting

MS Word import

PDF native support

Lossless zooming (up to 80x)

One of the most significant downsides of QuarkXpress is its pricing. The software is a little expensive, compared to other top software that opens InDesign files. However, you can try it for free for 7 days and see if you are happy with what it offers.

⇒ Get QuarkXpress

Stellar Data Recovery is more of a recovery and repair tool than an InDesign software. While it cannot create INDD file extensions, it can be used to open an InDesign file.

This is especially important if there is any form of corruption or file damage. Stellar Data Recovery is compatible with Windows, macOS, and iOS (mobile).

This tool is an all-inclusive solution, with support for several file formats, including INDD. It is especially useful in the event of damage or corruption to InDesign files.

In such cases, Stellar facilitates the repair and subsequent recovery. Stellar can repair various aspects of an InDesign file, notably INDD layers, cross-references, hyperlinks, images, and many more.

Essentially, you can employ Stellar to open InDesign files, whether corrupted or otherwise.

However, it should be noted that Stellar Phoenix is not a conventional InDesign tool, and so cannot be used to create or edit INDD file extensions, under whatever circumstance.

Other key features and functions of Stellar include:

File scanning and sorting

Outlook repair/recovery

Multi-format support

Technical support, money-back guarantee

Free updates

RAID recovery

⇒ Get Stellar Data Recovery

InDesign files (.INDD) are professional layout pages, which are very essential in publishing and printing works.

As a non-conventional document/file system, the files can only be accessed and read by a special kind of computer program.

In this article, we have outlined four of the most reliable software that you can use in order to open an InDesign file.

So, if you are a digital publisher, creative artist, or graphic design expert, the above tools are the recommended software for opening/reading InDesign (INDD) files on your PC.

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How To Open Cgi Files On Pc

How to open CGI files on PC




If you want to open a CGI file on your PC you can use a powerful text editor with a customizable GUI and UI design.

We recommend that you try a really great tool from Adobe with HTML and CCS support in order to fix the problem.

Opting for a program with

syntax highlight and folding can help you solve the issue.

Converting the CGI file is also a very handy alternative. See in our guide how it’s done.

One tool to open them all!

Popular file formats don’t need specific software anymore. Just download File Viewer Plus 4 and open them all in the same environment. Documents, media, archives, email, camera, infographics, source codes and many more – all are supported by this tool. Here’s what it does:

Opens over 300 file types

Edit, save and convert files

Batch file conversion

CGI (Common Gateway Interface) is a type of script file incorporated in website pages.

The CGI scripts are primarily for web forms and search boxes. For example, many developers add CGI scripts to pages that send out form data to email addresses.

The Common Gateway Interface files are essentially text documents that include scripts. Perl is the most common programming language for CGI scripts.

However, developers can also code them in C. All you need in order to open a CGI file is a text editor that supports this format.

How do I open a CGI file on my Windows PC? 1. Use Adobe Dreamweaver

IF you are serious about web development, then a great place to start is with Adobe Dreamweaver.

This web development platform is designed to easily get you started in visually creating web pages and as you progress, you can start working with scripts.

Using the simplified coding engine, you can easily get started in learning HTM or CSS and reduce errors thanks to the built-in visual aids.

However, if you want to skip all of that, there are thousands of templates you can use and modify to suit your website.

The pages you can create with Adobe Dreamweaver look stunning, and they change dynamically depending on what device you’re viewing them on.

Some of the features to look forward to when using Dreamweaver is the multi-monitor support, the live view editing, as well as the easy-to use UI.

Expert tip:

Adobe Dreamweaver

Get a professional and easy to use tool that can help you open a multitude of formats especially CGI files!

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2. Open a CGI file with a Text Editor

There are numerous programs you can open CGI files with. Third-party software isn’t even required as you can open them in Notepad. However, the Notepad text editor doesn’t have any options or tools for scripting.

So if you’re wondering how to how to open a CGI file, Notepad++ is a much better text editor that supports this type of format. The best thing about Notepad++ is that it includes syntax highlight and folding.

As such, this is a great software for editing CGI scripts. It also has a customizable GUI and a tabbed UI design that enables users to open multiple files within one window.

⇒ Download Notepad++

3. Convert the CGI File to PDF

You can also open CGI documents by using Google Chrome in order to convert your CGI file to PDF.

Chrome has its own PDF viewer that opens the documents in tabs. However, you can’t edit the documents in the browser unless you add an extension to it.

You’re not really opening the CGI file, but the PDF will include all its script. This is how you can convert a CGI file to PDF format.

So you can open a CGI file in Notepad++ and Chrome. Vim, EditRocket, and gVim are alternative software that also supports the file format.

If you need to edit the CGI script, open the file in Notepad++. Convert the CGI to PDF if you only want to share or print the file.

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What Is Afile And How To Open It

If you are into coding or just downloading a package from Github, you may come across the chúng tôi file extension. Popular with Linux users, the chúng tôi format (TGZ) is often used to package collections of files into a single downloadable.

But the question is, how exactly do you open TGZ files? Do you need any special software? Or are existing tools on your PC enough? Let’s find out.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the chúng tôi File Format

A chúng tôi file is a combination of two different packaging algorithms. The first is tar, short for tape archive. It’s an old utility, invented mainly for accurate data transfer to devices without their own file systems. A tar file (or tarball) contains files in a sequential format, along with metadata about the directory structure and other technical parameters.

It is useful to note that tar doesn’t compress the files in question, only packages them. Indeed, sometimes the resulting tarball can be of greater size due to padding.

So that’s where Gzip comes in. Gzip (denoted by a .gz file extension) is a compressed file format used to archive data to take up smaller space. Gzip uses the same compression algorithm as the more commonly known zip but can only be used on a single file. In short, Gzip compresses all the individual files and tar packages them in a single archive.

Extract chúng tôi Using 7-Zip in Windows

Since Windows doesn’t natively support chúng tôi files, you need a third-party tool to open them for you. Most file extraction applications like 7-Zip or WinZip will get the job done.

Begin by downloading and installing 7-Zip on your computer if you don’t already have it.

Now, navigate to the folder containing your chúng tôi file.

Open TGZ Files Using the Terminal in Linux

In Linux and Unix-based systems, the command to extract (or create) a chúng tôi file is built-in. Simply enter the following command in the terminal:

tar -xvf filename.tar

Here you should replace the filename with the actual name of the file in question. You also need to be in the directory containing the chúng tôi file, like with most terminal commands in Linux.

Mac users can also use this command to extract their chúng tôi files, though they also have access to a GUI-based method we will discuss in the next section.

Extract chúng tôi Files With the Unarchiver in Mac

You have multiple ways to open chúng tôi files in Mac. The terminal command used in Linux works here just fine if you are comfortable with terminal commands.

Open TGZ Files Using an Online Tool

Instead of downloading a specific application to your computer or leveraging its built-in abilities, you can extract your chúng tôi archive using an online app. Many websites allow you to extract all kinds of compressed files, including ZIP and TAR files.

For this guide, we will be using Archive Extractor, though you can use any other online tool. Head to the website to get started.

Select Choose file and upload the chúng tôi file you want to open. The utility will now extract the archive and then display the contents in the correct folder structure.

What Is the Best Method to Open chúng tôi Files?

It is not that difficult to access the data contained in a chúng tôi file. Thanks to its age and popularity, several methods exist to extract this file format, both system-specific and external tools.

In most platforms, the chances are that you already possess the right application to extract and open TGZ files. Linux, of course, can open these files natively, while most Mac and Windows computers have software like the Unarchiver or 7-Zip installed on them.

How To Open Rw2 Files In Windows 11/10?

If you have a Panasonic Digital Camera then you know how good its RW2 files can be. This file format allows you to capture an image in RAW that is an unprocessed or uncompressed form of the image. With this, you can twitch the White Balance, Exposure, Contrast, Saturation, Color Profile, etc of an image to make it look the way you want.

However, some photoshop applications don’t support RW2 files. That’s why we present you with some of the best applications in the market that allow you to view RW2 files in Windows 11/10.

How to open RW2 files in Windows 11/10

RW2 files are RAW images captured by Panasonic Cameras. These are some of the free applications that you can use to open RW2 files in Windows 11/10:

Irfan View

FastStone Image Viewer

XnView Classic

Chasys Draw IES Viewer

 Picasa 3

Let us talk about them in detail.

1] IrfanView

The first app on our list, IrfanView, supports RW2 and many other formats such as GIF, PNG, JPG, etc. However, you need to download both the software and its plugins to view the RW2 file.

With the help of IrfanView you can not only view but edit the RW2 images as well.  You can Zoom, watch the image in Full-Screen and do some meaningful adjustments to the image such as adjusting the White Balance, Exposure, etc.

Apart from the discussed features, IrfanView has a couple of exciting tools that can be very helpful for making the RAW image out of the Panasonic camera you own.

Batch Conversion or Rename: If you want to rename and/or edit multiple images in a go then this tool is what you need.

Effects: Following are the effects that you can add to your image with IrfanView

3D Buttons



Oil Paints

Edge Detection

Median Filter




Rain Drops

Insert Speech Bubbles/Ballons

There are more effects that you can add by installing free plugins.

The only caveat here is that this software is only available for private use.

2] FastStone Image Viewer

Next on our list is FastStone Image Viewer, it’s another free app to open RW2 file and customize it according to your taste.

Apart from RW2, it supports some other unconventional formats such as TIFF, ICO, BMP, etc making it a one-stop-shop for all your viewing needs.

Just like IrfanView, it allows you to view images on full-screen, zoom in and out, and has other quirks such as layout mode and other navigation options. Or if you want to view all your photos in a SlideShow you can do it with its help.

Screenshots: With this application, you can take Screenshots and store the file in JPG, BMP, and PNG file format.

Effects: It doesn’t have dozens of effects unlike IrfanView, however, there are some exciting effects that can add panache to your image. They are:

Border Effect

Frame Mask


Bump Map


Oil Painting


Obscure (Blur)

So, this is one of the best ways to open RW2 files in Windows 10.

3] XnView Classic

XnView is a free and light photo editing tool that allows you to open RW2 files in Windows 10. It is a cross-platform software that works on Windows, macOS, and Linux seamlessly.

One thing worth mentioning here is that it can not be your permanent Photoshop as it doesn’t have enough features. But still, you can twitch somethings like color depth, gamma, add filters, and other simple things.

Apart from RW2, it supports some other common and rare file types such as GIF, PNG, JPEG, etc.

Although, it is a simple app there are some exciting features that you must use. They are:

Filters: XnView has some exciting filters that can instantly change the look and feel of the image.

Capture screen: Just like FastStone, XnView can also take screenshots with the Capture screen feature.

But, there are two caveats here, it can only be used for personal use and the photo-editor is not very capable.

4] Chasys Draw IES Viewer

Next on our list is Chasys Draw IES Viewer. It comes with Chasys Draw IES Suite that is a combination of two apps, Chasys Draw IES Artists and Viewer.

It supports a wide range of file types such as JPEG, RW2, CRW, CRW2, etc. Using it is effortless but the caveat is that just like other apps on this list, Chasys Draw IES Viewer doesn’t have all the tools that a pro photo editing tool consists of.

However, it has all the basic tools that you need to view RW2 such as full-screen mode, zoom, etc, slideshow, etc.

Let us look at some of its exciting features.

Bluetooth Support: You can share your file via Bluetooth from the app itself.








Logic AND

Login OR

There is a lot more to this application that you can find out by downloading Chasys Draw IES Viewer from here.

5] Picasa 3

Picasa is an OG when it comes to photo-editing, it is one of the best free photoshop tools in the market. It supports almost all the type of files such as RW2, JPG, PNG, RAW, CRW, etc.

Let us see some of the features of Picasa.

Library View: Picasa searches your computer for images and displays them in one place called Library View.

Timeline: The timeline allows you to view images as per the date of their upload.

Picture Collage: As the name suggests it is a tool for making a collage.

The tool may have been retired by Google, but it is still available for download at some download sites.

The RAW images coming out of a Panasonic Camera have RW2 file type. There are a lot of image viewers that refuse to open an RW2 image. These however will surely open RW2 file in Windows 11/10.

How To Fix “Open With” Not Working In Windows 10

The “Open With” option has been a pillar of the Windows platform for well over a decade, allowing you to overrule the default program for opening a given file or giving a file a program to latch onto even when Windows doesn’t recognize what the intended program is. When this feature stops working, you can feel outright debilitated.

There are various nebulous reasons for this problem but some pretty clear fixes for the “Open With” not working issue. We have them right here for you.

Do You Definitely Have the Right Program?

First up, are you certain that the program required to open the file is installed on your PC? It’s easy to assume that a self-extracting Rar file, for example, should easily open on your PC, but it won’t happen if you don’t have WinRAR.

And did you know that JPG-LARGE files aren’t the same as JPEGs, and you’ll need to rename the extension to “.jpg” to open it with an ordinary image viewer?

These are just small things to consider, and just examples, but if you’ve already taken the necessary steps on this front, then read on.

Fix a Missing “Open With” Option

If the “Open With” context menu option is missing, then you can get it back by editing the registry (back up the registry first though!).

Open the Registry Editor by hitting Win + R, then entering regedit.

In the Registry Editor navigate to “HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT*shellexContextMenuHandlers.”

In the pane on the left you should see a folder called “Open With.” If it’s missing, then there’s your problem – you’ll need to create the key/folder afresh.

Once you’ve created it, select the new “Open With” folder, and in the pane on the right, you’ll see what is depicted in the following image.




Once all this is done, exit the registry editor, and your “Open with” option should be back in the context menu. If it’s not, reboot your PC, then check again.

Disable Shell Extensions

If your “Open With” option is missing or behaving erratically, it could also be because a third-party app you installed (with a context menu option) has disrupted its usual functionality.

To address this you can use the free cleanup tool CCleaner to delete third-party apps from your context menu one by one, and check after each one to see if it’s back to working order.

If that fails, disable all of the third-party context menu options one by one until “Open With” works again. This way you’ll find out exactly which app has been causing the problems and can make sure not to install its context menu features again.


One of the above methods should help you fix the “Open With” not working issue. Another alternative is to perform a System Restore to a point before the problems started. It’s a simple solution but often a reliable one.

Robert Zak

Content Manager at Make Tech Easier. Enjoys Android, Windows, and tinkering with retro console emulation to breaking point.

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How To Open Or Run A Jar File On Windows 11/10

What is Java executable JAR file?

A JAR file is an archiving format that not only stores directories and source files and can also be run as executable files. Such Java ARchive files can contain Java class files that will run when the JAR is executed.

While Archiver tools like 7-Zip can extract content from JAR files, but doing that is pointless – we need to execute the files just as we run the EXE files.

How to run a JAR file in Windows 11/10

Since Java or JAR files can’t run on Windows on their own, you need to install the Java Framework or what is popularly called Java. That said, Java files can be dependent on a particular version of Java. So the steps you need to take to open JAR files on Windows 11/10 are:

Download and install Java.

Set the System path

Run the JAVA file

Set Java file association

Establish a file association with Java runtime.

1] Download and install Java Framework

To run a JAR file on Windows, you need to install Java on your system. Go to Java Download Page, and install it. The default will install the latest version only. However, if your JAR file needs a different version of Java, you can download it from here.

Sometimes, an existing older version of Java can cause an issue. So, if you are facing such a problem, make sure to remove the older version first. Use the official Java Remover tool to get rid of it. Then install the latest version.

2] Set System Path for Java

Next, you need to set the JAVA_HOME path. It ensures that any JAVA file you run can find the necessary libraries for the program. You can also use the command line to echo the Java path to determine if it is correct.

3] Run a Java or JAR file

If you have a JAR file which is not running on its own, then you can use java JDK to run it. Open Command Prompt, and type java -jar name_of_jar_file.jar. It will execute the JAR file automatically.

4] Set the Java or JAR file association

The last step is to establish a file association with Java runtime. It will make sure that every time you run, you are not asked to select a program that can execute it.

Select ‘Choose another app.’

And then choose Select app from the computer.

You should see ‘Java(TM) Platform SE binary’ listed in this context menu but don’t select it.

Locate the file which can run the JAVA or JAR file which is available in the path we suggested above.

Make sure to check the box which says, “Always use this program.”

Once done, all future JAR files will automatically open with Java run time library. You should see the Java icon for all of these files.

How run Java JAR from command line?

You’ll need to use the java command to run a .jar file

If you don’t have java installed, you can fix that by installing the default-jre package.

We hope these tips were easy to understand and were of help to open or run a Java file on Windows 11/10. 

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