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Windows 11/10 has a Memory Diagnostic Tool that you can use to check for possible memory problems, including testing the Random Access Memory (RAM) on your computer. The tool helps you figure out bad memory, memory issues, and usually takes 20 minutes to complete.

Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool

Alternatively, you can also type ‘


‘ in Start search and hit Enter to open it.

Choose between two options for when to run the Memory Diagnostics Tool.

You can Restart now and check for problems.

Or you can select Check for problems the next time I start my computer.

If you choose to restart your computer and run the tool immediately, make sure that you save your work and close all of your running programs. The Memory Diagnostics Tool will run automatically when you restart Windows.

Two Test Passes will be run.

Advanced options for running the Memory Diagnostics Tool:

You can adjust the following settings:

Test mix. Choose what type of test you want to run: Basic, Standard, or Extended. The choices are described in the tool.

Cache. Choose the cache setting you want for each test: Default, On, or Off.



Type the number of times you want to repeat the test.

The default is Standard, and it includes all the Basic tests, plus LRAND, Stride6, WMATS+, WINVC, etc.

The Basic test covers MATS+, INVC, and SCHCKR.

The Advanced test includes all Basic and Standard tests plus Stride38, WSCHKA, WStride-6, CHCKR4, WCHCKR3, ERAND, Stride6, CHCKR8, etc.

If you change your options, press F10 to save and start the test.

Else you may press Esc to continue running the default test.

It might take several minutes for the tool to finish checking your computer’s memory.

Read: Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool stuck?

Once the test is completed, Windows will restart automatically. If the tool detects errors, you should contact your computer manufacturer for information about fixing them since memory errors usually indicate a problem with the memory chips in your computer or other hardware problem.

You may also want to try some Advanced Memory Diagnostic on Windows, with Memtest86+, and maybe check out some more PC Stress Test free software.

Is Windows Memory Diagnostic tool any good?

It’s an excellent program and a free tool to check if there is anything wrong with your RAM. If the tool shows any symptom of an issue, then you can further check with another program.  Along with the standard checking tool, it also offers checks such as ERAND, Stride6, CHCKR8 to find problems with the installed RAM.

Why does Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool take so long?

It doesn’t perform one test and gives a result. Instead, it checks using multiple programs, and if there is a problem, you will know about it. Combine this with the amount of RAM, and it takes even more time. This tool should be used when you have an issue with the memory, and you want to be sure before replacing it.

Read: Windows Memory Diagnostic displaying no results.

Can I exit Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool?

It’s only testing the memory, and it should be fine even if you have exited in between. However, you will have to force shutdown the PC to exit the tool. I would still suggest that you better wait it out. Keep the PC plugged, and get something else done in the meantime.

Can RAM suddenly go bad?

Any hardware can go bad with time or if there is a manufacturing fault. The same applies to RAM. If everything looks good, the memory test can reveal if there is an issue with the RAM. If there is a fault, it would be best to replace it with a new RAM.

TIP: See this post if you receive Only part of a ReadProcessMemory or WriteProcessMemory request was completed message.

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How To Run Windows Updates From Command Line In Windows 11/10

Windows Updates can be run from PowerShell and Command Prompt in Windows 11/10. In this article, we will be checking out how to do it. Windows Update is one of the most highlighted features of Windows 10. Because with the release of Windows 10, Windows was offered to the customers as a service rather than a product. Under the scenario of Software as a Service, this led to the Windows Updates on Windows 10 being on by default and without an option for anyone to disable it.

Now, while some criticized this move by Microsoft, ultimately this is a step towards the customer’s greater good. Because Windows Update helps the users stay secured against all kinds of threats and provide them with the latest and the greatest from Microsoft. So, for those who appreciate this service, today we are going to talk about another way to run these updates.

Run Windows Updates from Command Line

The following methods will be carried out to run Windows Update from Command Line on Windows 11/10-

Using Windows Powershell.

Using Command Prompt.

1] Run Windows Update using Windows Powershell

Running Windows Updates on Windows Powershell will require you to manually Install the Windows Update module, Get Windows Updates downloaded and Install Windows Updates. And for this, open Windows Powershell by searching for Powershell in the Cortana search box and run it with Administrator level privileges.

Install the PSWindowsUpdate Module

Type in,

Install-Module PSWindowsUpdate

to install the Windows Update module for Windows Powershell.

Check for Updates

After that,


to connect to the Windows Update servers and download the updates if found.

Install Updates

Finally, type in,


to install the Windows Updates downloaded on your computer.

Check for Microsoft Updates Add-WUServiceManager -MicrosoftUpdate Install specific updates only Get-WindowsUpdate -KBArticleID "KB1234567" -Install Hide specific Update Install-WindowsUpdate -NotKBArticle "KB1234567" -AcceptAll Skip Updates belonging to specific categories Install-WindowsUpdate -NotCategory "Drivers","FeaturePacks" -AcceptAll

Related: Command-line switches to deploy Microsoft software Update packages

2] Run Windows Update using Command Prompt

Command Prompt on Windows Operating Systems exists since a very long time whereas Windows Powershell is comparatively new. Hence, it has similar capabilities to run Windows Updates, but the highlighting point here is that you do not need to download any module for Windows Updates.

First, open Command Prompt by searching for cmd in the Cortana search box and run it with Administrator level privileges.

Finally, type in the following commands and hit the Enter key in order to perform the respective operations,

Start checking for updates: UsoClient StartScan Start downloading Updates: UsoClient StartDownload Start installing the downloaded updates: UsoClient StartInstall Restart your device after installing the updates: UsoClient RestartDevice Check, Download and Install Updates: UsoClient ScanInstallWait

It is worth noting that, the Command Prompt commands mentioned above are just meant for Windows 11/10 only.

How to enable the Windows Update service in Windows 11/10?

If the Windows Update service is disabled or is set to run manually, then you can enable the Windows Update service in Windows 11/10 using the following steps:

Type services in the Search box and use Enter key

In the Properties window, set the Startup type to Automatic

Press the Start button to run the service

Press Apply button and OK button to save the changes.

How do I know if Windows Update is installed in Command Prompt?

If you want to check the history of installed security updates or critical updates in Command Prompt on Windows 11/10, then first open the elevated Command Prompt window and execute wmic qfe list command. This will show the update description, update ID (or Hotfix ID), Installed by, Installed On, etc., information. Here, do note that not all Windows Updates are visible. So, it is better to access the Update history section in the Settings app of Windows 11/10 to see all the installed updates.

Related read: How to Update Drivers using Command Prompt.

How To Use Cipher Command Line Tool In Windows 11/10

chúng tôi is a built-in command-line tool in the Windows operating system that can be used to encrypt or decrypt data on NTFS drives. This tool also lets you securely delete data by overwriting it.

How to use Cipher command in Windows

Whenever you create text files and encrypt them till such a time that the encryption process is completed, Windows will create a backup of the file, so that in case anything was to go wrong during the encryption process, the data would still be recoverable using this file. Once the encryption process is completed, the backup is deleted. But then again, this delete backup file can be recovered using data recovery software, until it is overwritten by other data.

When you use this built-in tool, it creates a temporary folder named EFSTMPWP on the system partition. It then more temporary files in that folder, and writes random data comprising of 0’s, 1’s, and other random numbers to those files.

Cipher.exe thus allows you not only to encrypt and decrypt data but also to securely delete data. Thus, many use it to delete files permanently too.

Overwrite deleted data using cipher /w

To overwrite deleted data, one can use the  /w switch.

Open the WinX menu on your Windows and select Command Prompt. Type the following and hit Enter:

cipher /w:



Here you will have to specify the Drive letter and the Folder name or path.

Cipher can also be used to display or alter the encryption of folders and files. If it is used without parameters, it will display the encryption state of the current folder and any files it contains.

Cipher.exe switches

/?   : Displays help at the command prompt.

/e   : Encrypts the specified folders. Folders are marked so that files that are added to the folder later are encrypted too.

/d   : Decrypts the specified folders. Folders are marked so that files that are added to the folder later are encrypted too.

/w   : PathName – Removes data on unused portions of a volume. PathName can indicate any directory on the desired volume.

/s:   dir   : Performs the selected operation in the specified folder and all subfolders.

/a   : Performs the operation for files and directories.

/i   : Continues performing the specified operation even after errors occur. By default, cipher stops when it encounters an error.

/f   : Forces the encryption or decryption of all specified objects. By default, cipher skips files that have been encrypted or decrypted already.

/q   : Reports only the most essential information.

/h   : Displays files with hidden or system attributes. By default, these files are not encrypted or decrypted.

/k   : Creates a new file encryption key for the user running cipher. If you use this option, cipher ignores all of the other options.

/u   : Updates the user’s file encryption key or recovery agent’s key to the current ones in all of the encrypted files on local drives (that is, if the keys have been changed). This option only works with /n.

/n   : Prevents keys from being updated. Use this option to find all of the encrypted files on the local drives. This option only works with /u.

For a full list of Cipher command line switches and parameters, visit TechNet.

Due to the very nature of the tool, you are safe using it to securely delete data, as it will never overwrite your active files; it will only overwrite data that has been deleted by you.

Microsoft SysInternals also has a powerful tool that lets you delete files permanently. With the SDelete tool, which you can download for free, you can overwrite the contents of free space on your disk to prevent deleted or encrypted files from being recovered.

Related: What is the EFSTMPWP folder?

How To Fix High Cpu/Memory Usage In Windows 10

What causes high CPU & memory usage in Windows 10

If you have this perception that devices featuring lesser RAM might be facing high CPU usage issues on Windows 10, you are wrong. In fact, most of the people facing these issues have systems with 8 or 16 GB RAM and high-end Intel Core i7 chipsets. We are using a Windows 10 PC, which packs 4 gigs of RAM and is powered by the fairly modest Core i3 processor and we can personally assure you that Windows 10 works like a charm (well, at least most of the time).

So, low memory or lower end chipsets are certainly not the problem here. Now that we have cleared that doubt, here are some things that might be causing your Windows 10 PC to use up all the CPU power and RAM:

Driver Incompatibility Issues: Some hardware makers are yet to update their Windows drivers to play well with Windows 10 and that results in performance issues. Due to driver incompatibility, there might be a memory leak, which results in high CPU & memory usage.

Windows 10 updates: We are going to go ahead and say that Windows 10 updates are a headache. While Microsoft has tried to make things seamless, the regular prompts to update aren’t helping. Plus, there are various updates that are downloaded in background automatically, resulting in slowing down of the PC.

Registry Bugs: Windows 10 seems to feature a few bugs in its Registry that are resulting in the high CPU usage.

CPU hogging processes: There are various unnecessary processes that run in the background and take up all the CPU usage. Moreover, there are processes that automatically start up when you turn on your PC.

Ways to fix high CPU/Memory Usage in Windows 10

1. Disable start up apps and services

Note: Make sure to only disable third party apps and services because there might be apps & services that are part of Windows and disabling them might result in problems. 

2. Disable Superfetch and other services

When the service properties opens up, you will find a “Startup type” option in the General tab. Change that to “Disabled” through the drop-down menu and press “Ok”

You can use the same process to disabled other CPU intensive services like “Background Intelligent Transfer Service Properties” and “Windows Search Properties”.

3. Make changes to the Registry to disable RuntimeBroker

Open Run through the Win+R key combo and type “regerdit.exe” and press Enter to open Registry Editor.

Once done, reboot your PC for the changes to take effect. After which, you will see that there’s no process dubbed RuntimeBroker.

Note: The value 2 means automatic start up, 3 means manual, while 4 means disabled.

4. Fix Driver Issues

We have already mentioned that incompatible drivers can result in memory leak on Windows 10, so it’s important you fix all the driver issues. You can install apps like Driver Booster, DriverPack, DriverTalent etc. These apps automatically detect outdated drivers and update them from inside the app. So, you won’t have to go and search for them manually.

5. Turn off Windows 10 Tips

If you are new to Windows 10, the cool tips that pop up to show you the way can be pretty helpful. However, if you have been using Windows 10 for a while now, you should know that these tips might be the cause of your PC’s high CPU usage. Moreover, some people even think that turning off Windows 10 tips disabled the RuntimeBroker process. Either ways, it’s best to disable it.

6. Change Windows 10 Update Settings

Windows 10 updates were supposed to be seamless but the fact is, they have become a nuisance. Windows 10 keeps on downloading updates automatically and even installs it on will. This not only hinders the experience, it also takes up a huge chunk of CPU resources and memory. So, it’s important to change Windows 10 update settings, so that they play well with your PC’s CPU and RAM.

7. Disable “Ok Google” in Chrome and “Hey Cortana”

Google’s Chrome browser has made a name for itself for being a fast, responsive browser, as well as a resource hog. So, it’s no surprise that Chrome might be one of the key reasons for your PC’s high CPU usage. Reportedly, disabling Chrome’s “Ok Google” feature brings a pleasant impact on CPU usage. To disable it, you can go to Chrome Settings and in the “Search” section, uncheck “Enable Ok Google to start a voice search”.

8. Adjust Windows 10 Performance

The “Performance Options” dialog opens up and in the “Visual Effects” tab, you can either “Let Windows choose what’s best” or “Adjust for best performance” or “Adjust for best appearance” or you can disable/enable any effects manually under “Custom”. In the “Advanced” tab, you can even choose to allocate processor resources for best performance of either “Programs” or “Background services”.

9. Turn off Windows Spotlight 10. Defragment Drives

Note: The defragment process can take several minutes to hours, however you will be able to use your PC in the mean time. 

Try these methods to fix high CPU/memory usage in Windows 10

How To Open Or Run A Jar File On Windows 11/10

What is Java executable JAR file?

A JAR file is an archiving format that not only stores directories and source files and can also be run as executable files. Such Java ARchive files can contain Java class files that will run when the JAR is executed.

While Archiver tools like 7-Zip can extract content from JAR files, but doing that is pointless – we need to execute the files just as we run the EXE files.

How to run a JAR file in Windows 11/10

Since Java or JAR files can’t run on Windows on their own, you need to install the Java Framework or what is popularly called Java. That said, Java files can be dependent on a particular version of Java. So the steps you need to take to open JAR files on Windows 11/10 are:

Download and install Java.

Set the System path

Run the JAVA file

Set Java file association

Establish a file association with Java runtime.

1] Download and install Java Framework

To run a JAR file on Windows, you need to install Java on your system. Go to Java Download Page, and install it. The default will install the latest version only. However, if your JAR file needs a different version of Java, you can download it from here.

Sometimes, an existing older version of Java can cause an issue. So, if you are facing such a problem, make sure to remove the older version first. Use the official Java Remover tool to get rid of it. Then install the latest version.

2] Set System Path for Java

Next, you need to set the JAVA_HOME path. It ensures that any JAVA file you run can find the necessary libraries for the program. You can also use the command line to echo the Java path to determine if it is correct.

3] Run a Java or JAR file

If you have a JAR file which is not running on its own, then you can use java JDK to run it. Open Command Prompt, and type java -jar name_of_jar_file.jar. It will execute the JAR file automatically.

4] Set the Java or JAR file association

The last step is to establish a file association with Java runtime. It will make sure that every time you run, you are not asked to select a program that can execute it.

Select ‘Choose another app.’

And then choose Select app from the computer.

You should see ‘Java(TM) Platform SE binary’ listed in this context menu but don’t select it.

Locate the file which can run the JAVA or JAR file which is available in the path we suggested above.

Make sure to check the box which says, “Always use this program.”

Once done, all future JAR files will automatically open with Java run time library. You should see the Java icon for all of these files.

How run Java JAR from command line?

You’ll need to use the java command to run a .jar file

If you don’t have java installed, you can fix that by installing the default-jre package.

We hope these tips were easy to understand and were of help to open or run a Java file on Windows 11/10. 

How To Configure Narrator Settings In Windows 11/10

Configure Narrator settings in Windows 11/10

In Windows 11/10, there are a lot of options for Narrator that you can customize. You can change its keyboard shortcuts, personalize Narrator’s voice, enable Caps Lock warnings, and more. You can choose the voice for the Narrator, adjust the speaking rate, pitch, and volume.

We’ll explore this topic under the methods outlined below in this section as follows:

Enable or Disable Lower Volume of Other Apps when Narrator is Speaking

To Enable or Disable Lower Volume of Other Apps when Narrator is Speaking pn your Windows device, do the following:

Press the Windows key + I to open Settings.

In the Narrator window, on the right pane, toggle the button to On to enable Narrator (if required).

Still on the right pane, scroll down to the Lower the volume of other apps when Narrator is speaking section.

Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) per requirement.

Exit Settings.

Enable or Disable Online Services for Narrator

Open Settings.

On the right pane, scroll down to the Get image descriptions, page titles and popular links section.

Toggle the button to On (enable) or Off (disable) per requirement.

Exit Settings.

Enable or Disable Narrator Home

Narrator in Windows 10 introduced some new features, including a new dialog called Quick Start Guide – it is intended to teach the user the basics of using Narrator, including its keyboard shortcuts, navigation, commands you can use, and more. With Windows 10 version 1903, Quick Start Guide was replaced with a new ‘Narrator Home’ screen.

To Enable or Disable Narrator Home on your Windows 11/10 device, do the following:

Open Settings.

Tip: You can quickly start Narrator from any app by using the global hotkey Win + Ctrl + Enter. Also, the Win + Ctrl + N keyboard shortcut for Windows 10 will lead you directly to Narrator settings page.

On the right pane, scroll down to the Show Narrator Home when Narrator starts option.

Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) per requirement.

Exit Settings.

Minimize Narrator Home to Taskbar or System Tray

Narrator Home is a special dashboard that helps the user to quickly configure and start using the Narrator feature. It teaches the basics of using Narrator.

Starting in Windows 10 v1903, PC users can minimize ‘Narrator Home’ to the system tray and to remove it from the Alt + Tab dialog.

To minimize Narrator Home to Taskbar or System Tray on your Windows 10 PC, do the following:

On the right pane, scroll down to the Start-up options section.

Check or Uncheck the Minimize Narrator Home to the system tray option per requirement.

If you uncheck the option, the Narrator Home window will minimize to the taskbar instead of the system tray.

Exit Settings.

Customize Narrator Cursor Settings

In Windows 10, Narrator comes with the following options:

Show the Narrator cursor on the screen. The Narrator cursor is highlighted with a blue focus box.

Have the text insertion point follow the Narrator cursor when on Editable text. When this is turned on, Narrator will move the text insertion point when navigating by views such as characters and words.

Sync the Narrator cursor and system focus. When this is turned on, the Narrator cursor and the system cursor will be synchronized when possible.

Have the Narrator cursor follow the mouse. This option becomes visible when the previous option is enabled. If you enable it, the Narrator cursor will follow the mouse pointer.

To Customize Narrator Cursor Settings on your Windows 10 PC, do the following:

On the right pane, scroll down to the Use Narrator cursor section.

Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) the desired options per requirement.

Exit Settings.

Change Narrator Voice

In Windows 10, you can change the voice for Narrator, adjust the speaking rate, pitch, and volume.

To change Narrator Voice on your Windows 10 device, do the following:

On the right pane, scroll down to the Personalize Narrator’s voice section.

Choose one of the available voices.

Exit Settings when done.

Change Narrator Keyboard Layout

To change Narrator Keyboard Layout on your Windows 11/10 device, do the following:

Note: You will only be able to change the Narrator key if the Standard keyboard layout is enabled.

On the right pane, scroll down to the Choose keyboard settings section.

Under Select keyboard layout, select Standard or Legacy per requirement.

Exit Settings when done.

Enable or Disable Narrator Keyboard Shortcut

In recent Windows 11/10 versions, the Win+Ctrl+Enter keyboard shortcut is assigned to turn on the Narrator.

You can assign or release the Win+Ctrl+Enter keyboard shortcut to enable or disable Narrator for your user account in Windows 10. Here’s how:

On the right pane, scroll down to the Start-up options section.

Check (enable) or Uncheck (disable) the Allow the shortcut key to start Narrator option per requirement.

Exit Settings.

Change Narrator Keyboard Shortcuts

You can choose what modifier key you want to use in Narrator commands. Both the Caps lock and Insert keys serve as your Narrator key by default. You can use either of these keys in any command that uses the Narrator key. The Narrator key is referred to as simply “Narrator” in commands. You can change your Narrator key in Narrator settings. Here’s how:

On the right pane, scroll down to the Choose keyboard settings section.

On the pop-up, select a command you want to customize in the list of commands.

In the next dialog, press the keyboard sequence you want to use for the selected command.

That’s it on how to configure some settings for Narrator in Windows 11/10!

Related post: How to change Default Audio Output Device for Narrator.

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