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During the outbreak of the 2nd World War, Japan invaded the southern part of Asia and in that situation; the army was built with around 70000 troupes of soldiers. The Singapore force was made up of 45000 soldiers in 1942. The first INA was formed under the guidance of Mohan Singh who was a former officer of The British Indian Army.

Indian National Army: Background

The former initiative received considerable support and guidance from the Imperial Japanese Army along with the Ethnic population of India, especially from the south or east region. The army was initially set up during the period of the Malay campaign (Aryal & Bharti, 2023). The main reason for the formation of this army is the imprisonment of the prisoners and their pathetic condition.

The resentment against the officials of the British as well as British Generals guided numerous soldiers to this army. In the formation of this army, there was some negotiation and conflict of opinion between The Imperial Japanese Army and Mohan Singh (Parashar, Singh, & Chitranshi, 2023). This army was primarily formed with the aim of fighting against the army of British and this army was fully made up of the prisoners of the second world war.

The principal combatant of the formation of this army was the axis power of three countries like Germany. Italy as well as Japan. After the second war, the southern along with the eastern part of Asia was fully controlled by the British power. Another nationalist of India, Rash Behari Bose gave all the leadership of this army and the take most responsibility in the operation process as well. The disagreement between INA and the army of Japan led to the operational disbandment of the army in the year 1942.

The Role of S.C Bose in INA

After the disbandment of the first INA due to the action of Mohan Singh Japanese Army Command again agreed to the formation of the Indian National Army with his collaboration. S.C Bose was suggested by Mohan Singh as a leader of this INA as both countries’ people were very much aware of the contribution and devotion of this nationalist.

The activities of S.C Bose in India led to his imprisonment by the police force of Britain in his own house. He somehow managed to escape from India and arrived in berlin in the year 1941. The surge of volunteers of INA searched for another leader for them as S.C Bose was involved in the formation of another army namely Azad Hind Fauj. Axis power was in the hand of the provisional government that declared war against the power of Britain as well as the United States.

For the development of this army, all the trained soldiers along with resources were collected by him. There was a special woman regiment too namely the Rani Jhansi Regiment which was controlled by him. In 1943 the Japanese Army captured the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from the British and handed over the authorship to INA. These two islands were newly named Shahid Dweep as well as Swaraj Dweep.

Operations of INA

Two different phases were seen in the formation of INA the first phase was observed after the outbreak of the Quit India Movement and then the army gained a boost. The first division of this army was done in 1942 with more than 16,300 armies. The Japanese wanted to receive only 2000 soldiers while Sir Mohan Singh wished for a larger army. This is the reason he was seized by the Japanese army.

The second phase of this army is the most important and in this phase, the army became stronger with more force and developed leadership. In this phase, the army was led by the joint venture of Rashbehari Bose and Subhas Chandra Bose . In the year, 1942, Rashbehari Bose founded a League in Tokyo when he approached S.C Bose for leading the army.

Subhas Chandra Bose

Unknown authorUnknown author, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Contribution of INA to The Freedom Movement of India

INA was one of the most significant armies that boosted the movement of the mainstream nationalist struggle. Besides, it also motivated greatly the efforts of non-violent nationalists in the freedom movement of India. The principal motto of this army is unity, sacrifice as well as faith. It has a great contribution to securing the independence of India from the power of the British.

Another important contribution of INA was providing inspiration to the Naval revolts that occurred in 1946. It organized the provisional government of the independent for mobilizing all types of forces very effectively.


S.C Bose arrived in Singapore and he handed over all the power of INA to him. He was appointed as a Supreme Commander of the army on 25th August of that following year. Subhas Bose then formed a Provisional Government for independent India on 21st October in Singapore. He separated different departments into several personalities like the finance portfolio was handed over to H.C. Chatterjee, M.A. Aiyar looked after the broadcasting operations and the women’s department was led by Lakshmi Swaminathan.


Q.1. Who was the actual founder of INA?

Ans. INA was founded by the commander Mohan Singh and in the initial phase, it was called the Indian Independence League. The prisoners along with the captured person by Japan were included in this army.

Q.2. What was the principal motto of INA?

Ans. The principal motto of INA was unity, faith as well as sacrifice. The motto has a great impact on the youngsters of India.

Q.3. Who was the leader of INA?

Ans. The leader of INA was changed several times and at first, it was Mohan Singh. Rashbehari Bose became the leader of INA in the second phase and he handed over the leadership to S. C Bose.

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National Credit Union Administration (Ncua)

National Credit Union Administration (NCUA)

An independent federal agency in the United States responsible for supervising credit unions

Written by

CFI Team

Published May 11, 2023

Updated July 7, 2023

What is the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA)?

The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) is an independent federal agency in the United States responsible for supervising credit unions. Specifically, the NCUA is tasked with insuring deposits at federal credit unions in the US, protecting members who own credit unions, and chartering credit unions.

The NCUA’s primary mission is to provide a safe credit union system that protects both credit unions and its consumers through regulation and supervision to promote confidence in cooperative credit.

Today, the federal agency currently monitors over 9,500 federally-insured credit unions that provide services to over 80 million customer accounts.


The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) is a federal agency in the United States responsible for supervising credit unions.

The NCUA is tasked with insuring deposits at federal credit unions in the US, protecting members who own credit unions, and chartering credit unions.

Two main areas of responsibilities of the NCUA is administering the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF), which provides up to $250,000 of insurance in the event of credit union failure to millions of account holders, and acting as a regulator of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC).

What are Credit Unions?

Credit unions, similar to banks, provide a number of services, such as mortgages, loans, and savings accounts. What differentiates credit unions is that they are non-profit organizations that operate as a financial cooperative. The main purpose of credit unions is to serve its members rather than earning a profit as banks do, since banks are responsible to their shareholders.

Members of credit unions pool their money together in order to provide services to each other. Any income generated is used to fund products and provide services that benefit its community of members as a whole.

Credit unions typically provide fewer services than traditional banks, but its members often benefit from better rates on savings, lower interest rates on loans, and reduced fees.

History and Structure of the NCUA

Federal credit unions themselves were first created in 1934 at the height of the Great Depression under former US President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. The Federal Credit Union Act enabled the chartering of federal credit unions in all states.

The purpose of the law was to make credit available to American citizens and promote the system of cooperative credit, which provided benefits to all the members within the system. Throughout the decades, the number of credit unions in the United States grew rapidly in the 1940s and 1950s – reaching over 10,000 in the 1960s and serving over six million Americans.

From its inception, credit unions were initially regulated by the Bureau of Federal Credit Unions until 1970, when there were over 24,000 credit unions in the US. The growth in the credit unions’ number led to the creation of the National Credit Union Administration through an act of the United States Congress in March 1970, which remains the regulatory board today.

Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, the NCUA is led by a three-member board of directors who are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate, with one member acting as the chairman. The board is responsible for setting matters of policy, issuing directives and regulations, and approving budgets. It also hears appeals concerning issues regarding individual credit unions.

The NCUA is divided into three administrative regions that are responsible for governing the affairs in specific US states and territories.

Western Region: Headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, the region is responsible for the affairs of the Western and Mid-Western United States, as well as Guam, Hawaii, and Alaska.

Eastern Region: Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, the region is responsible for most of the Northeastern US.

Southern Region: Headquartered in Austin, Texas, the region is responsible for the affairs of the “Deep South,” as well as the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico.

National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF)

The National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF) is one of the NCUA’s primary responsibilities. The Share Insurance Fund provides up to $250,000 of insurance in the event of credit union failure to millions of account holders in all federal and the majority of state-chartered credit unions.

The NCUSIF operates with the backing of the “full faith and credit” of the United States government, meaning that the government offers an unconditional guarantee to back the interest and principal of the fund’s debt.

Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC)

Another responsibility of the NCUA is acting as one of five regulators of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC). The FFIEC is responsible for developing uniform principles, standards, and report forms and for promoting uniformity in the supervision of depository financial institutions.

Additional Resources

CFI is the official provider of the Commercial Banking & Credit Analyst (CBCA)™ certification program, designed to transform anyone into a world-class financial analyst.

Can Our National Flagship Be Saved?

Beyond her technological achievements, the United States, which carried 1,928 passengers and 900 crew on Atlantic crossings between 1952 and 1969, is a marvel of mid-century design. In our 1952 article, we touted her elegance: “There is a lightness and easiness about her lines. The bow springs forward not sharply, but cleanly and in harmony with the bulk behind it. The white superstructure and the great stacks lie easily on the sleek black hull.”. Eric Adams

She’s the most famous ship that never sank, and a technological triumph of her era. At her launch, she boasted the most extensive use of lightweight aluminum in any structure, full air-conditioning, and the most rigorous fireproofing ever seen in a commercial vessel. She was fast, too—the speed record she set on her maiden transatlantic voyage in 1952 still stands.

Today, in this age of bloated, outrageously overendowed cruise ships, our elegant national treasure, the SS United States, languishes at a pier in Philadelphia. There, within sight of the diners downing Swedish meatballs at Ikea, she awaits either a successful preservation bid, or the scrapyard. With luck–and a committed backer–it will be the former, says Susan Gibbs, executive director of the SS United States Conservancy and granddaughter of the ship’s designer, renowned naval architect William Francis Gibbs. “The SS United States is an American original, an iconic symbol of the nation’s post-war pride, national purpose, and industrial might,” Gibbs notes. “Not only is she still afloat, but even in her dotage, she symbolizes something important about ambition, innovation, and this nation’s can-do spirit. She tells us that anything is possible.”

A May 1952 feature in Popular Science noted the vehicle’s ambitious goal of raising the bar in nautical performance, safety, and luxury—and stealing supremacy from the Britain’s RMS Queen Mary and RMS Queen Elizabeth.

I wanted to see for myself what the experience of her three-day crossings might have been like, so I went aboard recently with several of the Conservancy’s leaders. Though all the furnishings and most of the vessel’s hardware have been removed and sold or auctioned off, the ship remains in remarkably good condition. Critically, it’s also still got its mojo. Even in its embattled state, the United States commands authority and respect.

Beyond her technological achievements, the United States, which carried 1,928 passengers and 900 crew on Atlantic crossings between 1952 and 1969, is a marvel of mid-century design. In our 1952 article, we touted her elegance: “There is a lightness and easiness about her lines. The bow springs forward not sharply, but cleanly and in harmony with the bulk behind it. The white superstructure and the great stacks lie easily on the sleek black hull.” Eric Adams

The ship’s knife-like prow helped her cut through the water at up to 38 knots, or 44 mph. Her four Westinghouse steam turbines generated 240,000 shaft-horsepower. The SS United States is 990 feet long and 101 feet across, with 12 decks and a 47,000-ton water displacement. By comparison, the RMS Titanic was similarly sized—882 feet long and 92 feet wide, with 9 decks and a 52,000-ton displacement. (SS United States has a lower displacement than Titanic thanks to the former’s lightweight construction. Her contemporaries, Queen Elizabeth and Queen Mary, each displaced about 80,000 tons despite being similarly sized.) By the way, the current world’s largest cruise ship, Royal Caribbean’s MS Allure of the Seas, is a relative beast: 1,187 feet long, 198 feet across, with 16 passenger decks. It displaces a mammoth 100,000 tons. Eric Adams

This door on the port side shows the deteriorating paint. The ship was assembled with 1,500,000 aluminum and steel rivets and more than 1,500 miles of welding. Many of the ship’s capabilities and specifications were kept secret, since the U.S. government—which helped finance construction—held the right to convert the ship to a troop transport in times of war. The converted vessel could carry up to 15,000 troops—though it’s unclear if they would all be permitted to use the ship’s pool. Eric Adams

The starboard-side promenade on the Promenade Deck was fully enclosed, but with operable windows. SS United States was the first fully air-conditioned passenger ship. That posed a particular challenge to engineers, since air-conditioning at sea is more challenging than on land—there’s greater moisture and greater disparities between interior and exterior temperatures. Designers installed traps to collect moisture, and thermostatic controls in each cabin to warm the air—circulated at a steady 50 degrees—to the occupant’s preference. Eric Adams

This is the Man Deck passageway, with the remains of first-class cabins on the right. All cabin furnishings were made of aluminum or plastic instead of wood, lending the interior design a distinctly modern look. The color schemes ranged from soft tones to brighter hues. Think Mad Men at sea. Eric Adams

The tourist-class smoking room on the Main Deck, sitting just forward of the grand staircase. Allure of the Seas—Royal Caribbean’s monstrous flagship—has 25 restaurants and cafes, an ice-skating rink, and a two-deck dance hall, but I’d take this any day. (Well, minus the smoking…) Eric Adams

The port-side foyer on Promenade Deck. Through this door sits an small dining area that’s separate from the main dining room. The black paint here is the original color. Eric Adams

The grand staircase on the Main Deck level. The staircase was built of steel and linoleum. There are also elevators, just opposite the staircase. Eric Adams

The ballroom on the Promenade Deck. The ship contained a multitude of luxuries—sculpted glass decoration, a plaster relief map of the North Atlantic, anodized aluminum panels in soft colors, and many sculptures. The only wood on the ship was a butcher’s block and a grand piano, which was made of a rare fire-resistant wood. Eric Adams

One of the two movie theaters on SSUS, this one on the Promenade Deck, for first-class and cabin-class passengers. There’s also a swimming pool, barber shop, night club, library, and several lounges and beauty shops onboard. Eric Adams

This passageway from the port-side dining area on the Promenade Deck into the ballroom contains the only remaining original and untouched surface on the ship—the white ceiling in the curved passageway. This is one of the few jogs in the ship’s layout—most passageways are long straightaways in which you can distinctly see the curvature of the floor. Eric Adams

Looking aft from the port side of the Bridge area. The railings are all long sections of extruded aluminum, and the decks, per our original reporting in 1952, are “remarkably open, swept free of the all possible protrusions and fittings, with few ups and downs.” The stacks, shown here, are fitted with panels that wind-tunnel tests proved would keep exhaust fumes clear of all decks, regardless of the ship’s speed. Eric Adams

The ship’s port-side Sun Deck, looking aft through a porthole. The ship had appearances in many movies—including West Side Story—and hosted a long list of dignitaries and personalities on its voyages, including Bob Hope, Princess Grace of Monaco Harry Truman, and Rita Hayworth. (Former President Bill Clinton sailed on SSUS in 1968, and is a strong supporter of current efforts to preserve the ship.) The ship was taken permanently out of service in 1969, after a decade of financial struggles plagues the ship and her operator. It was a victim of labor disputes, skyrocketing oil prices, and the growing jet age, which spawned a fundamental shift in how people chose to travel. Eric Adams

The view from above the Bridge, looking forward. Despite her superficial rust and peeling paint, the SS United States is still structurally sound, and offers over half a million square feet of “prime waterfront real estate,” Gibbs says. She hopes the ship will become a mixed-use development and museum complex, and with retail, hospitality, and event space. Eric Adams

The restored vessel could also include the SS United States Center for Design and Discovery, a museum and educational center that Gibbs envisions would explore the ship’s history as well as “themes of 20th century industrial design and innovation, the transatlantic liner era, and American cultural identity and artistic expression.” The Conservancy estimates that it would cost $1 billion to return the ship to full maritime service, but a fraction of that to restore it and make it usable as a permanent installation. Eric Adams

The Manovigyan: Ancient Indian Understanding Of Psychology

Meaning of Manovigyan

India’s immense information base psychology has access to is still separated from the Indian philosophical writings. Given these religious texts and books, the potential for creating theoretical approaches to oneself and human growth is enormous. In India, psychology is returning to its roots around the beginning of the new millennium, and a new era appears to be dawning. Academic psychology has remained an alien field in India for about a millennium. Psychology was completely acquired from the West around the turn of the 20th century and was introduced in 1916 at Calcutta University.

Indian research developed for a considerable amount of time on the foundation of the Western perspective of investigation and instruction. It has taken a long road for Indian psychologists educated in western art to return to their roots and adopt Indian notions and ideas pertinent to comprehending Indian sociological phenomena. In fact, throughout this lengthy history, reservations have occasionally been raised about the need to integrate psychology with modern cultural difficulties to deal with the difficulties posed by accelerated socio-economic and worldwide developments.

Psychology has spent its entire time like an alien graft attempting to anchor to Indian soil and fit in with the environment. This implantation has expanded throughout the years, with tendrils appearing all around the nation. However, in terms of the actual problems of nation-building, it has yet to produce the desired results and has mostly stayed an academic endeavor. Psychologists’ absence from many national arenas raises major questions about their relevancy and viability. A greater grasp of the present incarnation is necessary to determine the type of psychology we hope to have in the twenty-first century.

Development of the Field

The slow development of academic psychology in India is explained using three justifications. One that is more forgiving is the absence of an intellectually encouraging environment.

Any academic endeavor is viewed as marginal in a nation where a significant portion of the population suffers from inhumane destitution and choices on societal development initiatives are made for political reasons. Education systems beset by an increasing youth population, bureaucratic scheming, and a funding shortage have progressively degraded into non-performers. Competency in research and teaching should be prioritized.

The question of “why psychology in India lags behind most sister sciences, such as sociology, anthropology, and economics,” however, is left unanswered by this. The second pathway is that psychology is a scientific field with some inherent limits. Its focus on micro-level issues and overzealous adherence to empiricist-positivist approaches have constrained the breadth of its psycho-social research. For more practical macro-level issues, this methodology needs to be revised. The narrow scope of the discipline eliminates the necessity of working in practical scenarios or with official or quasi-organizations.

Psychology course availability in colleges and universities has yet to be discovered. Psychologists are engaged in their careers. There is no information that legitimate organizations, including the Indian Council of Social Science Research, the University Grants Commission, or the Department of Technology and science, can provide. According to one assessment, throughout India, there are around 15,000 psychologists. Whatever the scenario, India has the greatest among all psychologists outside of the Western Balkans, and she is regarded as a “publishing giant” in developing nations. Numerous aspirations and anticipation about the discipline’s significant application to the accomplishment of programs aimed at constructing nations have been sparked by its explosive development.

The investigation of subjective experiences and their substance was a topic that was widely documented in ancient Indian scriptures. This ancient exposition’s key distinction is that it emphasizes experiential learning and is the culmination of a lengthy heritage of self-verification. The medieval Indian texts did not establish a rigid division between philosophy, religion, and psychology. The main objective was to support people in their quest for self-realization and freedom from life’s hardships. This philosophy emphasized discovering the “world within” to lessen suffering because it assumed that all pain originated within each individual. To find an enduring equilibrium of the spirit, mind, and body to experience eternal enjoyment. To achieve this, the yoga system developed extremely complex mind-control strategies. This large study area is considered “Indian Psychology” in modern literature.

Journey of Psychology in India

Indian philosophical and artistic heritage is a living force that has endured uninterrupted from ancient to modern times. Multiple thought traditions in this history included psychological phenomena as a fundamental component of disciplined inquiry and analysis.

British hegemony from 1857 to independence in 1947 weakened the vitality of this culture by demeaning its worldview and disciplines in Anglicized schooling institutions. Continental psychology was extended to the Indian subcontinent under the British administration, where it took hold and flourished. Traditional methods, which were long neglected, are now receiving attention and being made known to the globe. It is essential first to clarify some substantial and artistically different elements of Indian psychological approaches since the cultural setting in which they arose differs from the European backdrop of contemporary psychology.


Indian psychologists have made some important breakthroughs. When contrasted with an Indian ideology belief, the foreign ideological stance of current psychology is different in that it offers a variety of viewpoints on existence and death, awareness, human behavior, and values; in such a way that the western style of thought-belief psychology appears on the outside to be overly worldly.

As a result, some theories and books may have little practical application compared to India’s psychological context and demographics. To examine data more effectively and thoroughly, qualitative and numerical data should be analyzed considering the relevance of Indian philosophical underpinnings. One major issue that has to be addressed is the dearth of literature in Indian psychology.

Microsoft Thinks Everyone Should Have An Army Of Bots

Despite Tay’s PR debacle, Microsoft is still committed to the idea that bots are the new apps.

Bots, in this context, refer to software that’s able to use conversation on a messaging platform to accomplish a task.

At the company’s Build conference today, CEO Satya Nadella made it clear that Microsoft is heavily invested in computers that can naturally talk to its users. The conference brought announcements of Microsoft’s commitment as well, most notably its new Bot Framework, an infrastructure that lets developers build bots inside their applications with little prior experience.

“Bots are like new applications that you can converse with,” Nadella said.

The Bot Framework was announced alongside new updates to Cortana, Microsoft’s digital personal assistant. Cortana will be able to carry out instructions within third-party apps, which means it could order food or potentially post on Facebook for you. Cortana will even be able to talk to other bots, and grab information for you that it thinks you might want.

This is all a part of Microsoft’s grand plan for the future of how we’ll use computers. At the highest level, we have our digital personal assistant for task-related needs. If you need to order a pizza, or send a text, that’s the personal assistant.

But then each app has a bot, or even is just a bot. You’ll talk to your bank app like you would talk to a bank teller. Microsoft isn’t the first with this idea, but it might have the largest platform of those trying to make it happen (Windows) to develop it on.

Microsoft’s bots can connect to a wide variety of conversation-based services, like Slack, Skype, email, and SMS. Screenshot

These bots would be able to work within a third-party developer’s app, or with Twitter, Slack, Skype, SMS, and more.

The most powerful thing about these little bots, though, is that they’ll be able to tap into all of Microsoft’s new APIs (application program interfaces). These are artificial intelligence tools that easily allow the bots to identify objects in photos, or recognize speech, or even gauge emotion.

An important distinction to draw, though, is even though these bots would be able to use artificial intelligence tools, they themselves are not artificially intelligent, which means they do not yet generate their own responses. Each interaction needs to be hand-coded by the developer. This could help avoid other instances like Tay, where users were able to hijack the bot.

Microsoft has a small bot directory live now, showcasing some of the simple tasks bots can be made to do. It has a bot that can chat about the news, a bot to caption images, and even one that searches for images and GIFs. But in Microsoft’s grand scheme, every app would have a bot in some form.

And Microsoft doesn’t want to be the only one building those bots. By decentralizing the work amongst developers, it removes a lot of the work from Microsoft, who can continue developing their APIs and core tools. Their main challenge, as it has been in the past, is incentivizing developers to actually build tools that work with Windows and Cortana natively.

This is contrary to the approaches seemingly taken by Facebook and Google, who want Facebook M and Google Now to be able to reach into other services and talk to them. Microsoft instead wants to ease that communication through native bots.

“Ultimately it’s not going to be able man versus machine. It’s going to be man with machines,” Nadella said at the conference. “It’s that bringing together that I think is going to move our society forward.”

What Is The Revolutionary Army In One Piece? Explained

One of the most significant military organizations in the One Piece universe right now is the Revolutionary Army. We all know that Luffy’s father, Monkey D. Dragon, is the leader of the organization. But information about the group’s members and capabilities was previously unknown and is slowly starting to emerge in the manga. Furthermore, due to its recent acts, the notorious Revolutionary Army is currently the subject of much discussion within the One Piece community. The army commanders are going head-to-head against two of One Piece’s strongest admirals. So, it is time for us to examine the Revolutionary Army in detail, including its objectives, members, etc.

Spoiler Warning: This article contains spoilers about the story and the Revolutionary Army characters in One Piece. We suggest you watch the anime or read the manga first to avoid ruining the intended experience.

Who Are the Revolutionary Army in One Piece?

Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Fandom)

Japanese Name: Kakumei Gun

Debut: Episode 52, Manga Chapter 100

Supreme Commander: Monkey D. Dragon

Main Ship: Wind Granma

Total Bounty: At least 2,564,000,000 Berries

Here is a quick overview of the organization wreaking havoc in the Egghead Arc (one of the best arcs in One Piece). As the name indicates, the Revolutionary Army is a formidable military force commanded by their supreme commander, Monkey D. Dragon.

Revolutionary Army Flag

Image Courtesy – One Piece by Toei Animation Studios (Fandom)

Just like how the pirates have their Jolly Rogers in One Piece, the Revolutionary Army has its own flag. This striking red flag is simple in its design. As a reference to their supreme commander, there is a dragon insignia at the center surrounded by the letters R & A, which signifies the organization’s name.

Members of the Revolutionary Army in One Piece

Now that you know about the Revolutionary Army’s goals in One Piece, let’s take a look at its rebellious members:

Monkey D. Dragon


Emporio Ivankov

Bartholomew Kuma

Belo Betty










Terry Gilteo


Bunny Joe


Note: There are a few more members whose names are yet to be revealed, and there can be new additions in the future too. We will update this article with the newest additions.

Revolutionary Army Ranking System (High to Low)

The Revolutionary Army has a hierarchically structured ranking system like the Marines in One Piece. Here’s a quick look at the ranking system within the Revolutionary Army.

Top Leadership

Much like how every Pirate captain has a right-hand man, Dragon chose Sabo as his “No. 2” in the Revolutionary Army. Sabo holds the Chief of Staff position and is the second most powerful person in authority after Dragon.

NamesRolesMonkey D. DragonSupreme Commander (Leader)SaboChief of Staff (No. 2)

Army & Deputy Commanders

Next in line, in terms of power and authority, we have the Army Commanders. Depending on the geological structure of the One Piece world, the Revolutionary Army is split into five armies led by their Army Commanders and their assistants Deputy Commanders (much like Captains and Vice Captains in the Marines).

Together, these armies are scattered across the seas to revolt against the corrupt World Government by setting the lands free under their reign. These five Army and Deputy Commanders are as follows:

Army UnitsArmy CommanderDeputy CommanderLocationNorth ArmyKarasuJironNorth BlueSouth ArmyLindberghGamboSouth BlueEast ArmyBelo BettyAhiruEast BlueWest ArmyMorleyUshianoWest BlueG-ArmyEmporio IvankovInazumaGrand Line


Under the supervision of the Army and Deputy Commanders, we have officers in the Revolutionary Army in One Piece. Their role is to assist the superiors in battle and manage other operations of the organization. Some of the well-known officers are:

OfficersBartholomew KumaKoalaTerry Gilteo

Other RA Members

There are several other Revolutionary Army members whose positions are yet to be confirmed. Moreover, there are a few members whose name is also unknown.

Other MembersBunny JoeHackModa

And that’s everything we know about the Revolutionary Army for now. There have been lots of reveals about Revolutionary Army and its members in the One Piece manga recently. We have included all the latest information here and will continue to update the article in the future. Stay tuned for more articles about the Revolutionary Army and its members in One Piece.

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