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G-code is a popular numerical computer programming code that is used in machinery and industries. Machines such as 3D Printers, laser cutting machines, vinyl printers, and cutters and machines used mills and factories use G-code. These machines are computerized and use G-code to identify the speed, variation, and nature of the material. Inkscape is a vector program that has a special extension to create and prepare G-code programming with utmost accuracy.How to create G-code in Inkscape?
Chiefly, G-code is used by the machines to designate coordinates or vertices of X, Y, and Z positions. The main purpose of having this programming language is to command and direct the instruments such as a marker pen, or razor blades, drilling tools in mills, or cords emission tools that perform and create required results.
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G-code is not a program but a code language used specifically by machines only. The Files used by G-code are determined by the projects and results that are expected out of the machines. For instance; a 3D printer will only support 3D files while a wending or cutting machine will require a 2D file.
With the 1st method, users can create G-Code for Inkscape files with the Plugins and Extensions already available in the program.
While in the 2nd method the users will require an additional program to convert and view the G-code and the output.Method 1
Since we all know that Inkscape is not a 3d program. So, to use G-code for 3D printers we need to create a 3D effect to get the desired results. This technique is proficient but, it may sometimes be a confusing or time-consuming process for the users. Still, without utilizing any external program, Inkscape is capable to create G-code for machine purposes.
Following are the steps to create G-code in Inkscape:-
Create a new file
Create any shape on this layer
Again add a layer and copy the same shape on this layer
The shapes should be adjusted in such a conduct that they appear as a 3D shape with hard edges.
Similarly, different boxes will be created with the other layers as well. The user can modify the settings from the boxes.
Wait for the process to be completed and you will get a program for the 3D printer to print your design.Method -2
In this method, we will create a 2D vector shape on Inkscape, save the file in SVG format. Then, we download an additional open-source program called Slic3r to convert our file into a G-code program for printing purposes.
Following are the steps to create a G-code file:
Launch Inkscape and create a new File.
Save the file in .svg file format
This is an online website that converts the .SVG files to 3D shapes in .STL formats.
Import the .SVG File on the website, edit the depth of the shape, and export the same to .STL file format.
Next, download a third party open source program Slic3r.
Import the .STL file in the program
The file will be exported in G-Code format for printing purposes.Conclusion
Creating programs and codes using G-code language can be a puzzle if all the steps are not performed systematically and incorrect order. Very different from other vector programs, Inkscape provides a hassle-free platform for the users to generate G-codes for 3D machine printing. On the whole, Inkscape is an accomplished program having multiple functions and tools for every purpose.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to Inkscape G-code. Here we discuss How to create G-code in Inkscape along with the two methods by which the users can create the code. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
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Introduction to Inkscape animation
Inkscape animation stands for creating frames for animating some objects of any illustration work that means in animation we have the number of frames which change within a fraction of time and give motion to animating object so here in the Inkscape we can create these frames by making changes in the different part of the object or different object of the illustration which we want to animate and after creating them we should need a software which converts that frames in animation that means you can make Gif by combining these frames. So let us find how we can create and save frames of an animation in Inkscape.
Now let us create some objects in which we will make variations for having frames of animation. I will make a background first. So for making it, I will take the Rectangle tool from the tool panel or press the F4 functional key of the keyboard as the shortcut key of this tool. I am drawing a freehand rectangle you can take specific dimensions for it. I will choose the blue color as my background.
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Now take Ellipse or Circle tool from the tool panel or press F5 shortcut key of the keyboard then draw a circle and make a moon-like shape like this. I use the Node editing tool for editing nodes of this circle.
This is part of the hand and I want to make them as one part because I used two different rectangles for making it so for making them one part I will select them.
I have made part of this object separately like this so that I can animate them by moving them in the desired direction. During creating any object which you want to animate make sure you have separated parts of that object which parts you want to include in animation.
Now I will take the Circle tool again and make this type of circle for giving extra effect to my animation. After making these circles select all circles and group them.
Now select this circle and make a copy of it. For making a copy of it press the Ctrl + d button of the keyboard as short cut key. I will make two copies of it and place them like this by moving them with the selection tool.
Choose a location where you want to save your png of this illustration. I will suggest making a folder for having a collection of all frames of this illustration for using them in animation. Name your illustration according to you just add a numbering letter so that you can identify the sequence of frames in the right way. I will name my work as 1.
Now you can see my work is saved at my desired location.
Now I will rotate this hand of the moon so that I will move in my animation. I will move the rotation center of the hand at the joint of the hand to the body because I want to rotate it from here. So make sure you place the rotation center point at that place from where you want to rotate any part of the object.
Now rotate another hand of it in the same way in the other direction.
I will animate the eyes of the moon also and for doing this I will rotate both of the eyes a little bit in opposite directions one by one.
In the next step, I will move the upper lip in the upper direction a little bit and the lower lip in the lower direction one by one.
And move slightly these circles in a forwarding direction one by one.
Now I will select all objects of this illustration again with the background then save it as 2 in the same way as we follow for 1 png frame.
In the next frame, I will only move circles in a forwarding direction and export it as a 3 png file.
Make changes in each frame according to your choice and save them one by one in sequence. I saved 5 frames here but we need more than it for having motion in our animation.
Now open it in the image viewer application and change each frame by pressing the forward button of the viewer application in speed and you can see your animation here. If you satisfy with this animation then take all frames of animation into the software through which you can make gifs with this frame. You can use GIMP for having gif from these frames.
I discussed all steps here through which you can create frames for an effective animation.Conclusion
I think you got very informative knowledge from this article for creating the animation of your desired objects of illustration. You can also use vector objects which you have been taken from the internet for this purpose just make sure you have separated parts of that object so that you can really move them for having natural animation.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to Inkscape animation. Here we discuss How to create some objects in which we will make variations for having frames of animation. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
Introduction to Vaporwave Photoshop
Photoshop is raster image editing software which has different technique through which we can make some old visual effects. Vaporwave is a late 1990s visual effect which was inporatated with glitch art, music videos, and different type of artwork. We can create this effect in present on our image with the help of different features of Photoshop software. In this article, we will learn how we can create vaporwave in this software by using its features and also analyze different parameters of these features. So let us start our discussion about the Vaporwave Photoshop topic in this software.How to Create Vaporwave in Photoshop?
We should follow some simple steps for applying this effect on our image but I think before starting our learning about this topic we should have look at the working screen of this software so that we can better understand this topic throughout this article.
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At the top, we have a Menu bar that has different menus such as File, Edit, Image, and some others. These menus helps us in the management of different parameters of this software during our working in this software. Below this menu bar, we have a bar of Properties of active tool or image through which we can manage parameters of those tools or images. Below this bar, we have tool panel a left side which has a different type of tool for making our work easy in this software, at the center we have display window in which we can see our work, at the right side we have some panels which helps in the management of different features of this software. You can reset all the sections at a different place as per your choice.
Now press Ctrl + J button for making a copy of this layer.
Now it will look like this.
Choose Red in the Output Channel option of the opened box and make the red value as 0 and blue value as 100.
Choose Blue in the Output Channel option of the opened box.
And make the red value as 100 and blue value as 0.
Now choose the Reds option from the list in Hue/Saturation box.
Decrease the value of Hue of Reds up to -40. You can see the effect on your image.
Decrease the value of Hue of Yellows up to -45. You can see the effect on your image.
Now choose Blues option from the list in Hue/Saturation box.
Decrease the value of Hue of Blues up to -60. You can see the effect on your image.
Now place an image of old television effect in this software. I have downloaded it from the internet.
Adjust the size of this image as it covers your background image like this and press Enter button.
Decrease the opacity of this layer up to 45 %.
Now a dialog box of liquify option will be open. Adjust the size of the brush according to you.
Now choose 50 % Gray option from the list of Fill box and press Ok button of this dialog box.
Set the value of noise up to 70 % in the Add Noise box and press the Ok button of this box.
Choose the Soft Light option from the mode option of this layer.
Decrease the opacity of this layer up to 53 %.
This is the final result of your Vaporwave effect.Conclusion
Now you can understand the Vaporwave effect in Photoshop after this article and can easily use this effect on your image for getting an old visual effect of the 1990s. You can have a good command of it by spending more and more time practicing this feature.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to Vaporwave Photoshop. Here we discuss how to create Vaporwave in Photoshop by using its features and also analyze different parameters of these features. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
For occasions like pool parties, weddings, or other outdoor activities, it’s imperative to create water-resistant cosmetics look. Makeup that is water-resistant may be exposed to perspiration, humidity, and water without melting or smearing. Use long-lasting, waterproof makeup, and set it with a powder or spray setting spray to obtain this look.
Additionally, layering your makeup and using a primer can both assist to keep your makeup in place. You can get a gorgeous, long-lasting, water-resistant makeup look that will keep you looking your best all day with the appropriate tools and methods.Step by Step Instructions to Create a Water-Resistant Makeup Look
Follow these easy steps for a water-resistant makeup look that will last all day if you want to create a makeup look that will withstand moisture or humidity.Start With a Clean, Moisturized Face
For a water-resistant makeup look, it is essential to start with a clean, moisturized face. While moisturizing gives the skin a smooth surface for the makeup to adhere to, cleansing the skin guarantees that any dirt or oils that could break down the makeup are gone. Your makeup will stay on better and look smoother and more perfect if you apply it on a clean, moisturized base.Apply a Water-Resistant Foundation
It’s crucial to utilize a water-resistant foundation while creating a water-resistant cosmetic look. These foundations are created with unique chemicals that fend off moisture, perspiration, and humidity, keeping your makeup in place. Applying a water-resistant foundation also gives the remainder of your makeup a smooth, even base, which improves its ability to stick to your skin. For a flawless finish, use a colour that complements your skin tone and blend it thoroughly.Use a Water-Resistant Concealer to Cover Any Blemishes or Dark Circles
When putting on a water-proof makeup look, a concealer that is resistant to water is the ideal choice for hiding any imperfections or dark circles. These concealers are made to be long-lasting, so even when exposed to moisture or water, they won’t smear or fade. For a finish that looks natural and lasts all day, dab a little quantity of concealer on the troublesome areas and blend thoroughly with a brush or sponge.Set Your Foundation and Concealer with a Water-Resistant Powder
A long-lasting, water-resistant makeup look requires setting your foundation and concealer with a water-resistant powder. These powders are designed to soak up extra oil and moisture, keeping your foundation and concealer in place even when in contact with water or perspiration. Apply a little amount of powder to your face with a fluffy brush, paying special attention to the T-zone and other oil-prone regions. This process aids in sealing in your makeup and keeps it from rubbing off or smearing.Apply a Water-Resistant Blush or Bronzer
A long-lasting, water-resistant makeup look requires the use of a bronzer or blush that is water-resistant. These products are made to resist fading or smudging even after being in contact with water or perspiration. To get a natural look, dab a small amount of blush or bronzer with a fluffy brush on your cheekbones or along the apples of your cheeks. To prevent harsh lines, make sure the product is thoroughly blended. Your cheeks will have a lovely, natural-looking glow with a water-resistant blush or bronzer that stays in place all day.Use a Water-Resistant Eyebrow Product to Fill in and Shape Your Brows
For a water-resistant makeup appearance, using a water-resistant eyebrow product is essential. These products are made to endure a long time and prevent fading or smudging even after being in contact with water or perspiration. Use a product that matches the colour of your brows and make short, hair-like strokes to fill in any bald spots or define the contour of your brows. For a natural finish, mix the product using a spoolie brush. If you use a water-resistant eyebrow product, you can be confident that no matter the weather, your brows will stay in place and look wonderful all day.Apply a Water-Resistant Eyeshadow Primer
A long-lasting, water-resistant makeup look requires the use of a water-resistant eyeshadow primer. These primers are made to grip your eyeshadow and keep it from smudging or creasing, even after being in contact with water or perspiration. Your eyelids should receive a small amount of primer, which you should combine with your fingers or a brush. Your eyeshadow will remain in place and look vivid all day long if you use a water-resistant primer.Use Water-Resistant Eyeshadow and Eyeliner
Use water-resistant eyeshadow and eyeliner for creating a cosmetic look that is water-resistant. Even when exposed to moisture or water, these products are designed to prevent fading or smudging. Apply eyeshadow and eyeliner as desired, being sure to use small, exact strokes for a tidy result. Your eye makeup will stay in place and look amazing all day long if you use water-resistant eyeshadow and eyeliner.Curl Your Lashes and Apply a Water-Resistant Mascara
The final step in creating a water-resistant makeup look is curling your lashes and using water-resistant mascara. To give your lashes more volume and length, curl them with an eyelash curler before coating them in water-resistant mascara. Since these mascaras are designed to prevent smearing and flaking, your lashes will stay gorgeous all day long, even when they are in contact with water or perspiration.Finish With a Water-Resistant Setting Spray to Lock Everything in Place
To maintain your water-resistant makeup appearance, use a setting spray that is water-resistant. These sprays are designed to produce a shield that keeps your makeup in place even in the presence of moisture, sweat, or humidity. Holding the bottle a few inches from your skin, spray the solution evenly over your face. Your makeup will remain in place and look beautiful all day with a water-resistant setting spray.Conclusion
For activities or events involving water, it’s imperative to create a water-resistant cosmetics appearance. To achieve this effect, waterproof and long-lasting cosmetics are required. Using a powder or spray to set the makeup helps to seal in the components and keeps them from smearing or melting off. Using a primer also provides a smooth surface for makeup to cling to, and layering methods can assist increase coverage and prolong wear. By following these instructions, you can create a gorgeous, water-resistant makeup look that will survive perspiration, humidity, and contact with water while keeping you looking immaculate all day.
Introduction to SketchUp Rendering
SketchUp Rendering is a process through which we can represent or see a photorealistic view of our designed 3D model. By rendering, we can understand how our model will look with applied material in the real world with all the material aspects (environment, sun light, etc. )around it. There is a number of rendering plugins through which we can do realistic rendering for our model, and V-ray is one of the effective plugins in this case. With V-ray, we get high quality of rendering and use its material to improve the material’s quality that we have applied to our model. So you have to go through some settings for getting the best result in rendering. So let find those settings and the process of rendering.How to perform rendering in SketchUp?
We can perform rendering by making some adjustments to the parameters of the V-ray plugin. Of course, there are many more things in V-ray which you have to learn gradually but let me tell you what are those parameters and settings on which you have a good command for having the best rendering effect. Before we start, let us make a simple model that we will use in the rendering process. Then, you can apply the below-discussed rendering settings on your own model.
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I will first take the Rectangle tool from the tool panel, which is at the top of the working screen, or press R as its shortcut key.
Now i will make a rectangle like this and then offset it at some distance with the help of the Offset tool. I am not taking any specific dimensions for creating this model.
Now i will make a door and window gapping area in this simple house like a model.
If there is no Material Panel, you can have it by going Window menu of the menu bar and going to the Default Tray option of the drop-down list of it; then, in the new drop-down list of this, you will find the Materials option.
I will apply tile material to the wall of this house model.
Now let us move to the V-ray plugin, and you will find V-ray plugins in the Extensions menu, and in the drop-down list of it, we will have a V-ray option. You can see this option here in the list if you have installed it.
Now i will place these panels at the toolbar area like this because they are moveable.
There is one more button here in this panel: Render Interactive, which means with this rendering button, you can see live changes (that you make in your model) in your render dialog box during the rendering process of your model.
Then enable V-ray (option of Denoiser) by sliding its slider button in the On side direction.
You can play with parameters of Ambient Occlusion for having variation in output. I will leave them as it is.
One more option is Render with Chaos Cloud, which means it will render your model on Cloud so that you can connect your model render online with others.Conclusion
Now you can understand rendering in SketchUp very well and adjust parameters of V-ray plugins for getting the best output result of the rendering process of your model. I told you just one plugin for rendering in SketchUp, but you can try other plugins for the rendering process to analyze their output quality.Recommended Articles
This is a guide to SketchUp rendering. Here we discuss How to perform rendering in SketchUp step by step in detail to understand easily. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
In music, you have scales. In Jiu Jitsu, it’s drilling. Most of us just call it practice. Whatever you label it, many believe that greatness, heck even mere competency, requires training a skill well past proficiency. It’s continuing to practice your free throw even after you’ve nailed every shot. It’s playing through that song one more time even though you’ve made no mistakes. Scientists call this training past the point of improvement ‘overlearning.’ And a recent study in Nature Neuroscience suggests that it might improve performance by altering chemicals in the brain that “lock” in training.
To understand how overlearning affects our ability to obtain a new skill, researchers exposed two groups to a series of visual perception learning exercises—basically orienting lines on a screen known as Gabor patches.
In the first group learners stopped practicing as soon as they stopped getting better. This happened usually around the eighth block of training. They then took a 30-minute break. After the break, they trained on another distinct, but similar visual learning exercise. The next day they took a post-test. In the post-test, subjects performed well on the second task—the one they learned more recently. They tanked the first task. Their results were the same as if they had never trained at all.
Gabor patch similar to those used in the study. National Library of Medicine
“In the usual situation in which you stop training on a new skill immediately after you’ve mastered it, the area of the brain related to the skill is still plastic,” said Takeo Watanabe, a professor of Cognitive, Linguistic and Psychological Sciences at Brown University and an author on the study.
Brains are flexible—they are adept at learning new tasks. What Watanabe’s research suggests is that if you stop training a skill right after you’ve acquired it the brain stays in its ready-to-learn state. If you then train on a second similar task while your brain is still in a plastic state, it overwrites the first skill. It becomes as though you haven’t studied the first skill at all.
“This is called retrograde interference,” said Watanabe going on to note that this problem has been recognized for many years.
But in the same study a second group of subjects “overlearned.” This group continued practicing past the point of competency, for eight more blocks, or sixteen blocks total. Like the previous group, after a 30-minute break they trained on a second task, and the following day they took a post-test.
“The other part of the story, is that you learn that second task less well,” said Robert Goldstone. Goldstone is a distinguished professor for psychological and brain sciences at Indiana University and was not a part of this study.
The first group, the one that didn’t overlearn, performed better on the second task. But the sum of their improvements on both tasks was below that of the overlearning group. In other words, the overlearning group learned the first task much better, and learned the second task roughly half as well as the first group. The first group, though it trained on both tasks, basically only learned the second task.
An image of a Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy brain scan. Library of Medicine
To understand why Watanabe and his colleagues turned to Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS). When it comes to brain scans, functional MRI or fMRI machines are better known. But fMRI machines measure brain function by tracking oxygen in the brain. Areas of the brain that are working hard use more oxygen, so it’s possible to connect brain function to oxygen usage. MRS machines, in contrast, track chemicals like carbon and nitrogen that are present in the brain’s neurotransmitters. They allow researchers to assess which neurotransmitters are present in the brain.
Using the MRS machine, researchers repeated the earlier experiments but with two changes. First, the two groups trained on either the usual (eight-block) condition, or the overlearning (sixteen-block) condition, but without a second training. And, before the first test and training researchers scanned the subjects’ brains in the MRS machine. Researchers also scanned the subjects’ brains 30 minutes after the training, and again 3.5 hours after the training. The post-test was again held on the second day.
What Watanabe found is that if you don’t overlearn, the brain has higher amounts of glutamate-dominate excitatory. Glutamate is a chemical that makes your brain plastic or more adept at learning. But overlearning decreases the amount of glutamate, and increases the amount of GABA, a chemical that stabilizes the brain.
“If you overlearn the skill, your brain state changes very rapidly from being plastic to being stable,” said Watanabe. Which in turn means that your brain has more time to lock in the skill preventing it from being overwritten.
If you’re a teacher and you want to make sure that your students get a foundation in a basic topic before moving onto a more complex, related topic, it may make sense to overlearn the first topic before tackling the second with the goal of revisiting the latter at a later date.
And Goldstone cautions not to put all one’s eggs in the basket. Some studies suggest that the benefits gained by overlearning can erode over as little as four weeks. It might be that we have to pair overlearning with other learning techniques. For example, researchers know that spacing out learning, and mixing up topics also helps.
“I’m on board with the idea that overlearning can add fluency to your processing. It can make you respond faster, can make you respond in cases where you have dual task interference—that is when you’re doing something else, you’re tired, you’re cognitively limited,” said Goldstone.
So, if you’re a surgeon who performs under life-or-death pressure, or a quarterback who has to land that pass when he’s exhausted, overlearning may make sense. For the rest of us, it may be useful but most likely in conjunction with other learning techniques.
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