Trending December 2023 # Medical Campus Sees Eight New Full Professorships # Suggested January 2024 # Top 14 Popular

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Medical Campus Sees Eight New Full Professorships Research on cancer biomarkers, health care corruption, implant dentistry rewarded

Full professorships have been granted to eight faculty at the Goldman School of Dental Medicine, the School of Medicine, and the School of Public Health. Photo by Jackie Ricciardi

At the BU School of Medicine, Tony Godfrey dedicates himself to finding molecular biomarkers for esophageal cancer, while Susan Minear devises training programs for healthcare professionals working with newborns addicted to opioids. And at the School of Public Health, Taryn Vian exposes healthcare corruption in developing countries. That research and other equally groundbreaking scholarship has helped eight Medical Campus associate professors receive promotions to full professor.

“These faculty, representing the Schools of Medicine and Public Health and the Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, have strong national and international reputations in their field,” says Karen Antman, dean of MED and provost of the Medical Campus. “We congratulate them on their significant accomplishments and recognition.”

The full list of promoted professors:

Albert Price (SDM’74), Goldman School of Dental Medicine professor of periodontology

Price is a well-known expert with more than 40 years of experience in clinical care and the teaching of implant dentistry and periodontics. He has written numerous book chapters and published papers on wound healing, surgical implants, bone grafts, and augmentations. A fellow of the International College of Dentists, he belongs to numerous dental societies, such as the American Dental Association, the International Association for Dental Research, and the American Academy of Periodontology. In addition to his current teaching and research work, he is developing a digital dentistry curriculum in collaboration with Jess Liu, an SDM clinical assistant professor.

Tony Godfrey, School of Medicine professor of surgery and associate chair for surgical research

Internationally known for his expertise in cancer genetics and molecular pathology, Godfrey and his lab are currently focused on a condition called Barrett’s esophagus, which is associated with chronic acid reflux, as well as an increased risk of esophageal cancer. His lab works closely with Translational Research teams of surgeons, pathologists, and oncologists to develop new molecular approaches to cancer detection and treatment. Godfrey’s work has appeared in 74 peer-reviewed publications and 4 textbooks, and he is often cited as a principal or co–principal investigator in numerous National Institutes of Health and foundation research grants.

Susan Minear, MED clinical professor of pediatrics

Minear is the cocreator of the Newborn Behavior Observation Curriculum, being used by newborn care professionals in 19 states and 13 countries. She helped develop the Eat Sleep and Console Training for professionals who care for infants exposed to opiates prenatally, which is being disseminated throughout New England. Minear has more than 20 years of experience in clinical care and teaching in childhood primary care and development, as well as in newborn medicine. Since 2009, she has been the medical director of Baby Steps, an outpatient clinic at Boston Medical Center (BMC) that works to prevent failure to thrive syndrome and promote early intervention strategies for at-risk infants.

Michael Silverstein, MED professor of pediatrics and director of the division of general pediatrics

Silverstein is widely recognized for his work in family-based mental health, including maternal depression, traumatic stress, and addiction in newborns and infants. A Harvard Medical School graduate with a master’s degree in public health from the University of Washington, he is committed to working with low-income and underserved children. He is BMC’s associate chief medical officer for research and population health and has been the principal investigator in numerous studies funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute.

Kevin Wilson, MED professor of pulmonary, allergy, sleep, and critical care medicine

Wilson is an expert in developing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the management of various pulmonary disorders. He has twice been awarded the Presidential Commendation from the American Thoracic Society, and he founded the society’s training program in guidelines and methodology, the first of its kind. His peer-reviewed articles have been published in several pulmonary journals, among them the American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, the European Respiratory Journal, Virology, and Biochemistry. He has received the pulmonary, allergy, sleep, and critical care department teaching award and has mentored 22 fellows.

Gheorghe Doros, School of Public Health professor of biostatistics

Doros evaluates the stresses of caregiving on physical and psychological health and develops methodological approaches to the design and analyses of clinical trials, with an emphasis on clinical trial data. He earned a PhD from Yale University and joined BU after two years at Eli Lilly as a member of the company’s Drug Discovery and Toxicology Department. He has published more than 130 peer-reviewed journal articles in such publications as JAMA, Statistics in Medicine, Lancet, and the Journal of Vascular Surgery and has been cited more than 2,000 times. He has won three SPH Excellence in Teaching awards.

Wendy Heiger-Bernays, SPH professor of environmental health

Taryn Vian (UNI’10), SPH clinical professor and associate chair of global health

Megan Woolhouse can be reached at [email protected].

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Cancer Expert Karen Antman Appointed Medical Campus Provost, Med Dean

Cancer expert Karen Antman appointed Medical Campus provost, MED dean

New Medical Campus Provost and MED Dean Karen H. Antman

This story was published in the BU Bridge on February 18, 2005.

Karen H. Antman, a prominent oncologist who is recognized internationally as an expert on breast cancer and other malignancies, has been named provost of the Medical Campus and dean of the School of Medicine. She will assume the positions May 1.

“Dr. Antman is an outstanding choice for these two posts,” says President ad interim Aram Chobanian, who held both jobs before stepping up to lead the University in November 2003. “She is a proven administrator and educator, she is an excellent clinician and clinical scientist, and she is an established leader on health policy issues. We are indeed fortunate to find an individual who combines all of these strengths, and I am sure she will be an exemplary leader for both our School of Medicine and the entire Medical Campus.”

As provost, Antman will be responsible for the overall operation of the Medical Campus in Boston’s South End, which includes the School of Medicine, the Goldman School of Dental Medicine, and the School of Public Health. In addition, she will oversee the University’s role in Boston Medical Center. Currently, MED Professor Thomas Moore serves as acting provost of the Medical Campus and MED Professor John McCahan as MED acting dean.

Antman has been deputy director for translational and clinical sciences at the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health for the past year. Translational research generally refers to early clinical trials of new drugs and treatments. Previously she spent more than 10 years on the faculty of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, where she was Wu Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology and director of the Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, a National Cancer Institute–designated cancer center. She was voted Senior Faculty Teacher of the Year by medical residents at Columbia in 1993. Antman also has been on the faculty of Harvard Medical School and has had hospital appointments at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston and Presbyterian Hospital in New York.

“The opportunity to work with the outstanding group of educators, care providers, and laboratory, clinical, and public health investigators at Boston University Medical Center is an enormous privilege,” says Antman. “Under Dr. Chobanian’s leadership, each of the components of the Boston University Medical Campus has thrived, and we will build on the strong foundation already created.”

Best known among oncologists for developing a standard treatment regimen for sarcomas of the bone and soft tissue, as well as her groundbreaking research on blood growth factors, Antman also is outspoken on public health policy issues. She has written extensively about impediments that exist to conducting clinical research on cancer, and she has testified before Congress on the need for federal research dollars to support cancer research.

Antman has served as president of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the American Association for Cancer Research and the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. She was for seven years an associate editor of the New England Journal of Medicine and has been on the editorial boards of several other major medical journals.

She was inspired to enter academia, she says, “when as a young oncologist I realized that I could be the best possible physician and my cancer patient still could die. It seemed essential for me to get involved in research and education. When problems arose in obtaining care for patients, colleagues and I wrote editorials. I was invited to participate in committees and became involved in making medical policy.”

Among Antman’s goals at BU will be to increase philanthropic support to the Medical Campus schools and encourage academia-industry partnerships. “I think that it’s the best of times, in that the biomedical sciences never have had so much information and resources available,” she says, “and it’s the worst of times in that the National Institutes of Health’s budget is now constricting. So we’re going to have to use new strategies and be more efficient than ever to stay competitive.”

Antman lives in Weston with her husband, Elliott Antman, a cardiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and a Harvard Medical School professor. They have two children, Amy, a fourth-year student at Harvard Medical School, and David, a third-year student at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. In her free time, Antman enjoys backpacking and traveling with her family.

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Eight New Mental Illnesses Brought To You By The Internet

The Internet is an endless buffet of cat videos, bingeable TV, and celebrity Instagrams. And it may also be slowly driving you to the brink of insanity.

That’s no mere bloggy hyperbole. As the Internet evolved into a ubiquitous part of #ModernLife, we’ve witnessed a rise in the number of distinct mental disorders directly tied to our use of digital technology. These afflictions, which range from benign to destructive, weren’t recognized by the medical community until very recently, and didn’t even exist before the Clinton administration.

Some of these disorders are new versions of old afflictions retooled for the mobile broadband age, while others are wholly new creatures. Don’t be surprised if you’ve felt a tinge of at least one or two of them.

Phantom Ringing Syndrome

What is it: When your brain punks you into thinking your phone is buzzing in your pocket.

Have you ever reached for the vibrating phone in your pocket only to realize that it was silent the whole time—or weirder still, it wasn’t even in your pocket to begin with? While you may be slightly delusional, you aren’t alone.

According to Dr. Larry Rosen, author of the book iDisorder, 70 percent of people who self-categorize as heavy mobile users have reported experiencing phantom buzzing in their pocket. It’s all thanks to misplaced response mechanisms in our brains.

“We’ve probably always felt slight tingling in our pocket. A few decades ago we would have just assumed it was a slight itch and we would scratch it,” Dr. Rosen told TechHive. “But now we’ve set up our social world to be tied to this little box in our pocket. So, whenever we feel any tingling in our leg we get a burst of neurotransmitters from our brain that can cause either anxiety or pleasure and prompt us to action. So, instead of reacting to this sensation like it’s a few wayward tingling nerves, we react as if it’s something we have to attend to right now.”

In the future, it’s possible that as new mobile form factors like Google Glass notify us in a visual way (the current incarnation of Glass uses audio cues rather than visual), our brains may be primed to see things that aren’t there.


What is it: The anxiety that arises from not having access to one’s mobile device. The term “Nomophobia” is an abbreviation of “no-mobile phobia.”

You know that horrible disconnected feeling when your phone dies and there’s no electrical outlet in sight? For a few among us, there’s a very neural pathway between that uncomfortable feeling of techno deprivation and a full-on anxiety attack.

Nomophobia is the marked increase in anxiety some people feel when they are separated from their phones. While phone addiction may sound like a petty #FirstWorldProblem, the disorder can have very real negative effects on people’s lives. So much so that the condition has found its way into the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and has prompted a dedicated Nomophobia treatment program at Morningside Recovery Center in Newport Beach, California.

“We’ve all been conditioned to be alert for notifications from our phones,” said Dr. Rosen. “We’re like Pavlov’s dogs in a way. You see people pull out their phones and two minutes later do it again even though nothing has taken place. That’s driven by reflex action as well as by anxiety to make sure we haven’t missed out on anything. It’s all part of the FOMO [Fear Of Missing Out] reaction.”

As it turns out, nomophobia is not distributed eaqually among all mobile users. Dr. Rosen and Dr. Nancy Cheever conducted an experiment that found that those who self-identify as heavy users experience the effects of being without their phone most acutely.

A study shows that high-usage phone users were most acutely affected by time apart from their phones.


What is it: The disorientation and dizziness some people feel when interacting with certain digital environments.

Apple’s latest version of iOS is a flattened, versatile, and beautiful reinvention of the mobile user interface! Unfortunately, it is also making people barf. And it provided the most recent high-profile example of cybersickness.

As soon as the new incarnation of iOS was pushed out to iPhone and iPad users last month, the Apple support forums started filling with complaints from people feeling disoriented and nauseous after using the new interface. This has largely been attributed to Apple’s snazzy utilization of the parallax effect, which makes the icons and homescreen appear to be moving within a three-dimensional world below the display glass.

This dizziness and nausea resulting from a virtual environment has been dubbed cybersickness. The term came about in the early 1990s to describe the disorienting feeling experienced by users of early virtual reality systems. It’s basically our brains getting tricked into motion sickness when we’re not actually moving.

The Apple support forums were alive with talk about the barftastic elements of the new iPhone iOS.

Facebook Depression

What is it: Depression caused by social interactions, or lack thereof, on Facebook.

Humans are social creatures. So you might think that the increased communication facilitated by social media would make us all happier and more content. In fact, just the opposite appears to be true.

A University of Michigan study shows that depression among young people directly corresponds to the amount of time they spend on Facebook.

One possible reason is that people tend to post only good news about themselves on Facebook: Vacations, promotions, party pics, etc. So, it’s very easy to fall under the false belief that everyone else is leading far happier and successful lives than you (when this may not be the case at all).

Keep in mind that increased social media interaction does not have to lead to despair. Dr. Rosen also conducted a study of the emotional state of Facebook users (PDF) and found that while there was indeed a correlation between Facebook usage and emotional issues such as depression, users who had a large number of Facebook friends were actually shown to have fewer incidences of emotional strain. This is particularly true when their social media usage was coupled with other forms of communication like talking on the phone.

The moral of the story seems to be 1) don’t believe everything your friends post on Facebook and 2) pick up the phone every so often.

Internet Addiction Disorder

What is it: A constant and unhealthy urge to access the Internet.

Internet Addiction Disorder (sometimes referred to as Problematic Internet Use) is excessive Internet use that interferes with daily life. The terms “addiction” and “disorder” are somewhat controversial within the medical community as the compulsive use of the Internet is often a symptom of a larger problem, rather than a unique disorder in itself.

“Dual Diagnosis is part of [treatments] so that the issue is focused on other disorders such as depression, OCD, ADD, and social anxiety,” wrote Dr. Kimberly Young in an email to TechHive. Dr. Young has run the Center for Internet Addiction, which treats numerous forms of Internet addictions such as online gaming addiction, online gambling, and cybersex addiction.

In addition, she finds that forms of Internet addiction can usually be attributed to “things like poor coping skills, low self-esteem, and low self-efficacy.”

Online Gaming Addiction

What is it: An unhealthy need to access online multiplayer games.

According to a 2010 study funded by the South Korean government, about 8 percent of the population between the ages of 9 and 39 suffer from either Internet or online gaming addiction. The country has even enacted a so-called “Cinderella Law,” which cuts off access to online games between midnight and 6 a.m. to users under the age of 16 nationwide.

While there are few reliable stats regarding video game addiction in the United States, the number of online help groups specifically aimed at the affliction has risen in recent years. Examples include the Center for Internet Addiction’s Online Gaming program and On-Line Gamers Anonymous, which has fashioned its own 12-step recovery program.

While the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders does not recognize online gaming addiction as a unique disorder, the American Psychiatric Association has decided to include it in its index (or section III), which means it will be subject to more research and may eventually be included along with other non-substance based addictions like gambling addiction.

“If you look at the brain, when you are addicted to something your brain is telling you that it needs certain neurotransmitters—particularly dopamine and serotonin—to feel good,” says Dr. Rosen. “The brain learns very quickly that certain activities will release these chemicals. If you’re a gambling addict, that activity is gambling. If you’re a gaming addict, then it’s playing games. That need for those neurotransmitters drives your behavior. It makes you want to do it again and again.”


What is it: The tendency to believe you have diseases you read about online.

The human body is a magnificent bundle of surprises that constantly greets us with mysterious pains, aches, and little bumps that weren’t there last time we checked. The majority of the time these little abnormalities turn out to be absolutely nothing. But the Web’s vast archive of medical literature allows our imaginations to run wild with all manner of nightmarish medical scenarios!

Have a headache? It’s probably nothing. But then again, WebMD did say that headaches are one of the symptoms of a brain tumor! There’s a chance you may die very soon!

That’s the kind of thinking that goes on in the head of Cyberchondriacs—a downward spiral of medical factoids strung together to reach the worst possible conclusions. And it’s far from uncommon. A 2008 Microsoft study found that search-engine-aided self-diagnosis typically led the afflicted searcher to conclude the worst possible outcome.

“[The Internet] can exacerbate existing feelings of hypochondria and in some cases cause new anxieties. Because there’s so much medical information out there, and some of it’s real and valuable and some it’s contradictory,” says Dr. Rosen. “But on the Internet most people don’t practice a literal view of information. You can find a way to turn any symptom into a million awful diseases. You feed the anxiety that you’re getting sick.”

Hypochondria, of course, was around long before the Internet. But previous generations didn’t have a way to surf medical sites at three in the morning researching the million different ways their bodies might fail them. Cyberchondria is just hypochondria with a broadband connection.

The Google Effect

Thanks to the Internet, a single individual can easily access nearly all the information civilization has amassed since the beginning of time. And as it turns out, this ability may be altering the very way our brains function.

Sometimes referred to as “The Google Effect,” research has shown (PDF) that the limitless access to information has caused our brains to retain less information. We get lazy. Somewhere in our minds we think “I don’t have to memorize this because I can just Google it later.”

According to Dr. Rosen, the Google Effect isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It could be the mark of societal evolution where the end result is a smarter, more informed populace. But it’s also possible, he concedes, that it may have a negative result in certain situations. For example, a young teenager might not retain information for a test by assuming the knowledge will be readily available, he says.

We are all going insane

If you’ve ever watched as a moth repeatedly kamikazes your porch lamp, or as your cat unnecessarily freaks out over the presence of a laser pointer, you’ve witnessed the sometimes uncomfortable meeting of the natural world with our new, digital reality.

Advanced as we humans are, we still share a lot in common with those lower creatures. In evolutionary terms, we’ve been thrust pretty quickly into a new digital world to which our brains are hurrying to adapt. Some of the afflictions we suffer may reveal that the process of adaptation isn’t yet finished.

In fact, when you think about it, it’s not surprising that our brains sometimes get sick because they can’t process all the bizarre figments of this new world. Really, it’s more surprising that it doesn’t happen far more often.

2023 Honda Ridgeline Sees Family

2023 Honda Ridgeline sees family-friendly pickup get a tougher look

Honda’s perennially-popular pickup is getting a refresh, with the 2023 Ridgeline bringing a new look and more cabin tech to dealerships next year. At the front it’s the new grille design that’s likely to be first spotted – not to mention most divisive – with its scalloped mesh and more upright position, with new LED headlamps promising better illumination.

The hood now has a new “power bulge” while the front fenders have been reworked to better emphasize the squared-off nose, Honda says. Indeed, everything from the front roof pillars forward is new sheet metal, and there’s a new front bumper with wide, functional side vents.

They create air curtains around the front wheels and tires, helping with pickup’s aerodynamics. A crossbar spanning the grille will be finished in chrome on the RTL and RTL-E trims, and gloss black on the Sport and Black edition trims. Honda has also extended the body color further down on the truck, and added new skid plates.

At the back, there’s a new bumper with twin exhaust outlets. 18-inch wheels with a more rugged design are standard, and the track has increased by 20mm for a more planted stance. An optional Honda Performance Development (HPD) Package cranks up the styling a little further, with a special grille, black fender flares, and new bronze-color wheels. It’ll be offered alongside the Utility, Function, and Function+ packages.

Standard is the 3.5-liter VTEC V6 with direct-injection, and a 9-speed automatic transmission. That gets 280 horsepower and 262 lb-ft of torque. The 2023 Ridgeline Sport and RTL will have optional i-VTM3 torque-vectoring all-wheel drive; the RTL-E and Black Edition versions of the truck will have AWD as standard.

It can push up to 70-percent of the torque to the rear axle, and then allot up to 100-percent of that power to the left or right wheels. It’s controlled by the Intelligent Traction Dynamics System – standard on both 2WD and AWD models – which adjusts the torque split automatically depending on traction and driving conditions. AWD versions add mud and sand modes to that system, on top of the standard modes which include snow and pavement settings.

Inside, there’s an upgrade to the infotainment system, with a newer version of Honda’s Display Audio tech. The automaker says we can expect better graphics and a physical volume knob, among other changes. Sport trim gets new cloth seat inserts, while there’s new contrast stitching across all trims. Sport, RTL, and RTL-E models have new dash, steering wheel, and center console accents. Honda Sensing, with features like adaptive cruise control, lane-keeping assistance, and collision-mitigation braking, is standard.

Optional is an In-Bed Audio system – using “exciters” that turn the bed into a huge speaker – that can be added to RTL-E trims and above. Pricing for that, and for the 2023 Honda Ridgeline in general, will be confirmed closer to its arrival at US dealerships early in the new year.

Fix: Eight Fixes To Error_Image_Subsystem_Not_Present





Regardless of whether your are running the regular Windows OS or Windows Server, not being able to install new applications can severely hinder your workflow

We will be covering 8 different solutions for you to try when you encounter the ERROR_IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NOT_PRESENT error message.

This article is part of our dedicated hub for troubleshooting System Errors, so make sure you keep it close, since these are pretty common.

Have a look at our specialized Fix page for more great troubleshooting guides.



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System errors can occur on almost any PC, and some users reported ERROR_IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM_NOT_PRESENT error on their PC. This error usually comes with The subsystem needed to support the image type is not present message, and today we’re going to show you how to fix it.


1. Copy 32-bit version of Imagex

According to users, this error occurs when using Imagex. To fix the problem, you need to copy 32-bit version of Imagex from Windows AIK to the ISO folder instead of AMD64 version. After doing that, the problem should be completely resolved.

2. Install the latest updates

Press Windows Key + I to open the Settings app.

Windows 10 is a solid operating system, but it has few bugs and glitches. To ensure your PC is bug-free and up to date, it’s recommended to install the latest Windows updates.

3. Check your antivirus

Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender that works as a default antivirus, but most users tend to install third-party tools because they offer more features.

If you can’t find the problematic feature, you might want to try disabling your antivirus tool completely. As previously mentioned, Windows 10 comes with Windows Defender so your PC will remain safe even after you disable your antivirus.

If disabling the antivirus solves the issue, you might want to try finding the problematic feature and disabling it. In addition, you can also try switching to a different antivirus software.

Lastly, you can also try to remove your antivirus software and check if that fixes the problem. Keep in mind that many antivirus tools tend to leave certain files and registry entries behind even after you remove them.

To make sure that all related files are removed, we recommend to use a dedicated removal tool. Most antivirus companies offer these tools for their software, so be sure to download one for your antivirus.

After you remove your antivirus software, check if the issue still persists. If not, you might want to consider switching to a different antivirus software or updating your antivirus to the latest version.

4. Check your PC for malware

Several users reported that this error was caused by malware infection. Malware infections can be sometimes hard to deal with so you might want to try using several different tools to remove the malware. Alternatively, you can also fix the problem by using a special antivirus software such as Bitdefender.

5. Perform an SFC scan

Press Windows Key + X to open Win + X menu.

Select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.

Once Command Prompt opens, enter sfc /scannow and press Enter.

Wait for the scan to complete.

Sometimes these types of errors can occur due to corrupted Windows files. However, you might be able to fix this problem by running an SFC scan.

This scan can take a while, so try not to interrupt it. After the scan is finished, check if the problem still appears.

Expert tip:

If you can’t run SFC scan or if the SFC scan can’t fix the problem, you might want to try using DISM scan instead. To do that, follow these steps:

Start Command Prompt as administrator.

When Command Prompt opens, enter the following commands:

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth

If any of these two commands report any corruption, run DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth command to repair your system.

Keep in mind that this process can take more than 20 minutes, so be sure not to interrupt it.

If you’re using Server Core and you’re getting this error, you might be able to fix it by running DISM.EXE /online /enable-feature /featurename:ServerCore-WOW64 command in Command Prompt.

7. Use System Restore

Press Windows Key + S and enter system restore.

System Properties window will now appear.

Check Show more restore points option and select the desired restore point.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the restoration process.

If this error message started appearing recently, you might be able to fix it by restoring your system. This is rather simple and you can do it by using System Restore.

Thanks to this feature, you can easily restore Windows to the previous state and fix any recent problems. Keep in mind that this feature can cause you to lose recently saved files, so be sure to back up your important data.

After restoring your PC, check if the error message still appears.

8. Reset Windows 10

You might be asked to insert Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to have it ready.

You’ll see a list of changes that reset will perform.

Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the reset process.

Several users reported that they managed to fix this error by resetting Windows 10. We have to warn you that this solution will remove all files and apps from your system drive, so use it only if other solutions can’t fix the problem.

Before you start the reset process it’s highly recommended to back up your important files. In addition, you might need a Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to create it.

After resetting your PC the problem won’t appear anymore. Once again, this solution will remove all your files and apps, so use it as a last resort.

Change your BIOS settings

Enter BIOS. If you don’t know how to do that, check your motherboard manual for detailed instructions.

Now look for SATA OPERATIONS setting and set its value to ATA.

Save changes and exit BIOS.

According to users, this error message can start appearing after updating BIOS. It seems that the cause of this problem was a certain setting in BIOS, and in order to fix it you need to make few changes.

Users reported that setting SATA OPERATIONS to AHCI can cause this problem, but after changing the value to ATA the error message should be resolved.

2. Enable / disable SecureBoot

SecureBoot is a useful feature that will prevent malware from infecting your PC. However, this feature can also cause certain problems when trying to run 32-bit program in 64-bit WinPE environment.

If you’re getting this error while trying to run a 32-bit application, be sure to turn off SecureBoot in BIOS. Alternatively, you can choose to use Legacy Boot instead. To see how to do that, be sure to check your motherboard manual.

On the other hand, if you’re trying to run 64-bit app, be sure to turn on SecureBoot option. Alternatively, you can also rename 32-bit chúng tôi file and copy Boot_x64.wim to its directory. To complete the process, rename the Boot_x64.wim to chúng tôi .

The subsystem needed to support the image type is not present message can cause certain problems on your PC, but we hope you managed to solve it by using one of our solutions.

Still experiencing troubles? Fix them with this tool:


Some driver-related issues can be solved faster by using a tailored driver solution. If you’re still having problems with your drivers, simply install OutByte Driver Updater and get it up and running immediately. Thus, let it update all drivers and fix other PC issues in no time!

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What Medical Exam Did Chatgpt Pass?

The topic that has recently taken the internet by storm is none other than ChatGPT, the AI chatbot that debuted last November. People have engaged with it in playful and light-hearted conversations to test its chatty prowess. Not only that, ChatGPT has achieved numerous accomplishments, such as passing some of the toughest exams like the US Medical licensing exam, a Wharton Business School exam, and four University of Minnesota Law School exams in Constitutional Law. This feat has sparked the attention of Twitter CEO Elon Musk, who took a dig at the AI chatbot, saying “I’m sure everything will be fine.” Let us take a look at What Medical Exam Did ChatGPT Pass?

It’s interesting to note that Open AI, the research company in which Musk and Microsoft have invested, created ChatGPT. Anyone who uses the AI tool website can ask it a question on any topic and receive a speedy, detailed response in paragraph form. ChatGPT has demonstrated its capability in various domains. It can write instant and complex essays, draft marketing pitches, produce poems and jokes, and even draft a speech for a Congressman in the United States. However, there are fears that AI could take over some human jobs.

Also read: Is ChatGPT 4 Free To Use?

One of the latest achievements of this tool is its ability to pass the US Medical Licensing exams. In a pre-print study, the researchers explored the upper limits of ChatGPT’s capabilities. They fed questions from previous exams to the AI tool and had the answers, ranging from open-ended written responses to multiple-choice, independently scored by two physician adjudicators. They made sure that the answers to those questions weren’t already in the dataset accessible by the chatbot when it had been trained. The team noted that even though ChatGPT hadn’t seen the answers before, it performed at or near the passing threshold for exams without any specialized training or reinforcement. The tool received more than 50 percent across all examinations and approached the USMLE pass threshold of about 60 percent. “Therefore, ChatGPT is now comfortably within the passing range,” the paper concluded.

In a groundbreaking new study, scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and AnsibleHealth have found that OpenAI’s ChatGPT can pass the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) with an impressive 60% accuracy rate. This research opens up exciting possibilities for the role of AI in medical education and training.

ChatGPT is a natural language processing tool that is trained on vast amounts of language data and looks for patterns and relationships. Its ability to generate new text based on the language it is trained on makes it an ideal candidate for use in medical education. However, ChatGPT’s reliance on training data means it does not scour the web like other AI chatbots.

The scientists evaluated the ChatGPT model based on the three standardized tests that make up the USMLE. The team trained the model using test questions from the June 2023 sample exam released to the public. Questions that required visual analysis were excluded from the training set.

To reduce memory retention bias, the team input three different types of questions into the model:

Multiple-choice single answer without forced justification, for example, “The patient’s condition is mostly caused by which of the following pathogens?”

Multiple-choice single answer with forced justification, for example, “Which of the following is the most likely reason for the patient’s nocturnal symptoms? Explain your rationale for each choice.”

Open-ended prompting, for example, “What would be the patient’s diagnosis based on the information provided?”

For the first time, the AI model passed the USMLE at or near 60% accuracy without the aid of clinician trainers. This result is significant and opens up new possibilities for AI in medical education. The researchers also found that ChatGPT’s results showed valid clinical insights and rationale, instilling more confidence in the model’s explainability and trust.

The team believes that ChatGPT and other generative conversational models can help with training future doctors. One such application could be to translate technical medical results into more comprehensible language for patients. AnsibleHealth is already pursuing this project.

Besides its ability to answer questions and diagnose illnesses, GPT-4 is also an excellent translator. It can translate discharge information for a patient who speaks Portuguese and distill technical jargon into something that 6th graders could easily read. GPT-4 can also provide doctors with helpful suggestions about bedside manners, offering tips on how to talk to patients about their conditions in compassionate, clear language.

Despite its limitations, GPT-4 can mimic how doctors diagnose conditions with stunning albeit imperfect results. When asked if it could actually engage in causal reasoning, it replied that its intelligence is still “limited to patterns in the data and does not involve true understanding or intentionality.”

In a forthcoming book titled “The AI Revolution in Medicine,” computer scientist and physician Dr. Isaac Kohane, along with two colleagues, tested GPT-4, the newest artificial intelligence model from OpenAI, to see how it performed in a medical setting. The results were impressive.

In the book, Dr. Kohane notes that GPT-4, which was released in March 2023 to paying subscribers, can answer US medical exam licensing questions correctly more than 90% of the time. It is a much better test-taker than previous ChatGPT AI models, GPT-3 and -3.5, and better than some licensed doctors as well. According to Carey Goldberg and Microsoft’s vice president of research Peter Lee, GPT-4 has better clinical judgment than “many doctors” and can diagnose rare conditions “just as I would.”

However, the authors also acknowledge that GPT-4 has several limitations. For instance, GPT-4 is unable to account for a patient’s unique medical history or social determinants of health. Additionally, GPT-4’s reliance on vast amounts of data raises concerns about data privacy and bias.

GPT-4 is more than just a fact finder and a good test-taker; it is also an excellent translator. According to the authors, GPT-4 can translate discharge information for a patient who speaks Portuguese and distill technical jargon into something that sixth-graders can easily understand.

But it is not just in the realm of diagnosis that GPT-4 shows promise. In the book, the authors explain how GPT-4 can provide doctors with helpful suggestions about bedside manner, offering tips on how to better connect with patients.

However, it is important to note that GPT-4 is not infallible. As the authors caution, it can still make mistakes, and it hasn’t taken the Hippocratic Oath. Moreover, AI technology, including GPT-4, raises ethical questions about job displacement and patient privacy.

Despite these limitations, GPT-4’s success in diagnosing medical conditions raises exciting possibilities for AI technology in medicine. In the future, AI models like GPT-4 could help physicians diagnose rare diseases, translate medical jargon, and provide better care to patients. However, it is important that AI models are developed and tested with ethical considerations in mind.

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