Trending December 2023 # “Web3 Ecosystems Are Being Built Around The Users Giving Them Control” Says Anshul Rustaggi # Suggested January 2024 # Top 18 Popular

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Web3 as a virtual space has come a long way drastically changing how an individual interprets the internet and gaming has remained no exception. Web3 gaming allows users to participate in innovative and decentralized ways. Unlike in conventional gaming, it puts the power into the hands of players rewarding them with Cryptocurrencies and NFTs. Totality Corp the first gaming mobile platform in India and interactive video space, says has plans to foray into building interactive video space specifically for Indian users. Analytics Insight has engaged in an exclusive interview with Anshul Rustaggi, Founder of TotalityCorp.

1.Kindly brief us about the company, its specialization, and the services that your company offers.

 Totality Corp is a 5.5 year old technology company focused on gaming and interactive media. We are passionate about how people interact with each other and how to make those interactions fun, more engaging, and meaningful by using cutting-edge technology. This has made us venture into casual mobile gaming, real gaming, interactive video platform and now into gaming Metaverse applications.

2.With what mission and objectives, the company was set up? In short, tell us about your journey since the inception of the company.

We started in July 2023, with a passion for mobile gaming. We launched our first game Space Run on iOS worldwide and in the 1st week, it was selected by Apple App Store as one of the “New Games we love” across 5 countries all over the world.

We then built India’s first real money mobile games platform called MGPL – Mobile Gaming Premier League, which was launched in April 2023. We scaled that to 2.3mn users and were the first movers in this category which then saw the likes of VC-funded companies like MPL, Winzo, and Paytm first.

In July 2023, we launched the world’s first Interactive video platform, Yovo. Our idea was to make videos more interactive and combine the joy of gaming and short videos. YoVo was a UGC (user-generated content) platform that was scaled to 3.5mm users. Users were creating 50,000 videos on a daily basis on the platform.

3.Mention some of the awards, achievements, recognitions, and clients’ feedback that you feel are notable and valuable for the company.

We have sold the largest amount of NFT drop in India of Rs 4.5 crores in December 2023. We have one of the largest NFT communities in India. 14k Discord users, 20k registered users, 100k users who follow us across different platforms.

4.How do you see the company and the industry in the future ahead?

We know that Web3 is the evolution of the Internet-driven by 3 changes. Web3 is user-centric and all ecosystems are being built around the users, their needs and by giving them control. Unlike Web2, which is platform centric, Web3 gives ownership to the users. We shall see identity, and digital data are owned by the users who will then be incentivized to share their data in return for tangible and intangible rewards. Metaverse also brings a more immersive experience to the users. Some of these experiences will fulfill the internal desires and needs of the users which games do, with some of them giving more convenient experiences to the users by enabling say virtual tourism and visiting Paris from your living room and some will enhance the fantasy layer for users where they can visit alien worlds, become soldiers fighting and saving their home world, etc. The last and third aspect of Web3 is the native economic layer that is enabled via tokens and NFTs. We believe that like in real life, most digital ecosystems would evolve to give economic opportunity to everyone.

At Totality, we are building across all 3 aspects of ownership, experience, and economic layer. We believe that the users will be spending more time digitally in ecosystems where they can fulfill their economic needs (buy things digitally and for real life, pay people for their services, earn money for tasks), have enhanced experiences (game with friends and strangers, hang out with people in alien worlds, build and destroy things together) and yet maintain the ownership of their data and identity (NFTs and digital wallets).

5.What is your Leadership Mantra?

I really believe in hiring people for their attitude rather than their aptitude. Hard skills can be learned much more easily than expecting people to change their attitudes. We hire for human traits of being a good team player, caring and loving the work you do, making sure that our common mission is more important than our individual goal, desire to keep learning and improving, and having honesty towards all interactions we have with each other.

I like to give ownership to people very quickly and help them in solving any hurdles that come along. We have built a really strong entrepreneurial DNA in our company and our leadership team carries this ethos with them on a daily basis. Our team members are Totality. Borrowing from Odin, Totality is not a company, it’s a people.

6.What are your growth plans for the next 12 months?

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Microsoft Says Yammer Sales Are Booming

With the backing of its new parent company, Yammer more than tripled its revenue year on year in the quarter that ended in March.

Sales of Yammer’s cloud-based enterprise social networking (ESN) software shot up 259 percent in Microsoft’s third fiscal quarter, compared with the same quarter in 2012, when Yammer was still an independent company, Microsoft said on Thursday.

Microsoft isn’t disclosing Yammer’s revenue in dollar figures, but the growth and momentum—Yammer added 312 new customers in the quarter—is a validation of the $1.2 billion it paid for Yammer last July, a Microsoft executive said in an interview.

“We’re really pleased with the acquisition, with the process of the teams coming together and with the continued customer acceptance and demand,” said Jared Spataro, senior director of the Microsoft Office Division.

“There are always questions after an acquisition, like, ‘How is it going?’ There’s a worry about cultures clashing, and about products and strategies coming together,” Spataro said. “When we did the acquisition, we talked a lot about how it would accelerate Yammer’s momentum. So this is a great data point to demonstrate how well things are going in general.”

Spataro specified that to calculate the revenue spike, Microsoft considered only sales of standalone Yammer licenses, and left out revenue coming in from Enterprise Agreement volume licensing deals involving the ESN product.

It should also be noted that after the acquisition, Microsoft eliminated Yammer’s Business edition and slashed the price of the more sophisticated Enterprise edition from $15 to $3 per user per month, so in this year’s quarter Microsoft generated significantly less revenue per license than Yammer did in the prior year’s quarter.

Microsoft expects Yammer sales to get another boost this summer when the Yammer sales team is merged with Microsoft’s global salesforce, boosting the number of reps pushing Yammer from about 100 today to thousands worldwide.

As a frame of comparison, worldwide revenue for enterprise social collaboration software grew about 25 percent in 2012 compared with 2011, according to Michael Fauscette, an IDC analyst.

Another market benchmark is Jive Software, a publicly traded ESN vendor, whose revenue grew 34 percent to almost $34 million in the quarter that closed at the end of March.

“Clearly with this announcement Microsoft is trying to put a certain amount of validation out there that says they made a good acquisition, because some people thought they had overpaid for Yammer,” Fauscette said.

Looking back, it’s clear to Fauscette that Microsoft picked the best ESN product available at the time, and that so far the acquisition appears to be working well for both parties.

Microsoft bought Yammer primarily to boost the ESN features in its all-purpose and ubiquitous SharePoint enterprise collaboration server, which has an on-premises version and a cloud-based version called SharePoint Online that is part of the broader cloud email and collaboration suite Office 365. The newest on-premises version is called SharePoint 2013.

Integration of Yammer and SharePoint is grinding along and will take probably two years to complete. In March, Microsoft offered an integration road map that calls for Office 365 customers to get the option this summer to replace SharePoint Online’s activity-stream component with Yammer’s, a modest, basic first integration point.

Also by this summer, Microsoft will deliver a Yammer application that will let users embed a Yammer group feed into a SharePoint site. This Yammer application, which will be available in the SharePoint app store, will work both with SharePoint Online and with SharePoint 2013 servers installed on a customer’s premises. Microsoft will also make it possible for customers to replace the newsfeed in SharePoint 2013 servers installed on premise.

Later in the year, the integration will deepen with a single sign-on and the inclusion of Yammer in the Office 365 interface. Yammer will also gain integration with Office Web Apps, the browser-based version of the Office productivity suite, before the end of the year.

Next year, Office 365 customers can expect integration between Yammer and other Office 365 components beyond SharePoint, such as Lync and Exchange. Yammer is already being integrated with Microsoft Dynamics enterprise software.

Fix: The Pipe Is Being Closed

FIX: The pipe is being closed




Windows registries seem to be the main cause of this error, so check out our many articles on the matter.

If an error prevents you from installing new applications, then it is certainly severe, and needs to be dealt with accordingly.

Windows 10 errors are common, and that is why our library holds articles covering most of them.

System Errors can have a wide range of effects on your Windows system, so don’t take them lightly.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

ERROR_NO_DATA is a system error and it usually comes followed by The pipe is being closed error message. This error can affect various applications, but today we’re going to show you how to fix it on Windows 10.

How do I fix The pipe is being closed error? 1. Change your registry

Note: To fix this issue, you need to open Registry Editor and make few changes.

Press Windows Key + R and enter regedit.

Optional: Since modifying the registry can be potentially dangerous, we strongly suggest you export your registry before making any changes. By doing so, you can restore your registry to the previous state in case any problems occur.

Set Export range to All and enter the desired file name.

In case anything goes wrong after modifying your registry, you can simply run this file in order to restore it to the original state.

Navigate to the following key in the left pane:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftCryptographyOIDEncodingType 0CryptDllFindOIDInfo2.16.840.!1 .

If this value isn’t available, you’ll need to create it and set it manually.

After making changes to the registry, restart your PC and check if the problem still persists.

Several users reported that they had issues while installing Visual Studio on their PC due to The pipe is closed error message. According to users, this problem is caused by Entrust Entelligence Security Provider for Windows.

This app makes changes to your registry and it can prevent you from installing Visual Studio.  It’s worth mentioning that you might have to create the same value in the following key as well:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREWOW6432NodeMicrosoftCryptographyOIDEncodingType 0CryptDllFindOIDInfo2.16.840.!1

By doing so, these changes will be applied to the 32-bit registry branch as well.

Can’t access the Registry Editor? Check out this guide for some troubleshooting solutions.

2. Tweak the Registry automatically with the REGEDIT file

If you’re not comfortable modifying the registry on your own, you can fix the problem simply by running a single file. Download Fix_it.reg and run it, and it will automatically make the necessary changes in your registry.

In addition, some users recommend to temporarily uninstall Entrust Entelligence Security Provider for Windows in order to fix this problem.  After uninstalling this application, restart your PC and try to install Visual Studio again.

3. Disable your antivirus software

Antivirus software is important because it can protect your PC from online threats, but sometimes third-party antivirus tools can interfere with your apps.

As a result, you might encounter The pipe is being closed error message while installing apps. To fix the problem, be sure to disable all third-party antivirus tools and check if that solves the problem.

If you don’t use third-party antivirus software, disable Windows Defender temporarily and check if that helps. After disabling your antivirus, try to run the setup file again. If the installation is successful, be sure to turn your antivirus back on again.

A good antivirus can keep you protected without system issues, so check out this guide with our top picks

4. Run application with administrative privileges

Choose Run as administrator from the menu.

Expert tip:

To make this process more straightforward, you can set the application to always run with administrative rights.

Go to the Compatibility tab and check Run this program as an administrator option.

After doing that, the application will always run with administrator privileges and the problem should be fixed.

This issue can sometimes appear if the problematic application is out of date. Outdated applications can have few bugs and glitches that can cause this error to appear.

To fix the problem, we suggest updating the problematic application to the latest version and check if that solves it. Several users reported this problem with Google Chrome, but after updating it to the latest version the issue was resolved.

If updating Chrome to the latest version doesn’t fix the problem, you might want to try installing the Beta version instead.

We have to mention that this error can affect almost any application, so to avoid it in the future try to update your installed applications as often as you can.

6. Change eConnect config file

This solution applies only to eConnect users, so if you’re not using this tool you can skip this solution entirely.

To fix the problem with eConnect, you just have to navigate to C:Program FilesMicrosoft DynamicseConnect 11.0Service and open its configuration file with Notepad or any other text editor.

After you open the config file, add receiveTimeout=”infinite” to it and restart the service.

Solution 7 – Reinstall your network card drivers

If you have problems accessing the Internet due to this error, you might want to try reinstalling your network card. To do that on Windows 10, follow these steps:

A confirmation message will appear.

Windows 10 will now install the missing drivers automatically.

After you install the drivers, check if the issue still persists.

8. Perform a System Restore

Press Windows Key + S and enter system restore.

If none of the previous solutions fixed your problem, you might want to try performing a System Restore. This feature allows you to fix any problem on your PC by restoring it to an earlier state.

After restoring your PC, check if the problem still persists.

ERROR NO DATA and The pipe is being closed error message can prevent you from installing certain applications, but you should be able to fix this problem by using one of our solutions.

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What Are Photoshop Overlays And How To Use Them

If you’re into photography, you’re probably always looking for ways to add new, dynamic, and unique effects to your finished pieces. An easy way to do this is by adding overlays when editing your photos in Photoshop. 

Overlays are like adding effects without having to do more work when you’re taking the photo. You can load the effects into your editing project and manipulate them as you wish until you’re happy with the result. This is a time saving perk of editing photos in Photoshop.

Table of Contents

There are lots of overlays available online, so here’s a guide to using them and creating a stunning photo. 

Where to Find Overlays for Photoshop

If you search for Photoshop overlays online, you’ll be bombarded with lots of overlay packs and designs. Some of them will be free, and a good many of them you’ll have to pay for. It all depends on what exactly you want. 

If you’re trying to decide whether to buy overlays or not, you can always try to find something similar for free. There are plenty of options out there. Some popular types of overlays are:

Bokeh: These are those blurry spots of light that can add a cozy feeling to photos. 

Color: If you want a quick way to edit the colors of your picture, overlays for this can be helpful. 

Texture: Trying to emulate the old, grainy film feel? Texture overlays will be your friend. You can use these to add all kinds of vintage, worn textures, or any kind of pattern. 

Weather: These overlays are good for bringing your outdoor photography to the next level. You can add effects like fog, snow, or rain. 

Alternatively, you can also make your own overlays in Photoshop for future use. 

How to Use Photoshop Overlays

Once you’ve found an overlay you want to use and have downloaded it to your computer, you’ll be able to edit your photo with it. Here’s how to do it.

Open Photoshop and the photo you want to add your overlay onto. 

Drag the overlay file into Photoshop onto your photo. 

It should load as a new layer in your project. From here you can position it to fit your photo, then press Enter to set the overlay onto your photo. 

Now you can edit the overlay against your photo. To do this, you can change the blend mode, which changes how the overlay is applied to your photo. You can also try altering the opacity if you want the overlay to be more or less subtle. If you want to remove the overlay in certain spots, you can edit this by using the mask function. This will allow you to erase parts of the overlay using a brush. 

Editing the Overlay With Your Photo

After you add the overlay, you’ll probably want to edit it a little bit to make it fit better with your photo and the look you’re going for. Besides some of the editing suggestions above, there are more ways you can change the overlay to suit your taste. 

Change the Overlay Color

Sometimes, the original color of the overlay may not exactly fit with the color scheme of your photo. You can easily fix this by doing some color editing to your overlay. 

You can also adjust Saturation or Lightness to achieve more effects. 

If you want to work with different color channels of the overlay, select the dropdown where the default is Master. You can select another color channel here to edit just those. 

Using Blend Modes

As mentioned above, blend modes affect how your overlay is applied to the underlying photo. For most overlays and textures, you’ll want to choose the Screen blend mode. 

However, you can also experiment with different modes to see which ones work best for your project. You can also edit the blend modes to get even more unique effects. 

Lighten or Darken

If you notice that your overlay is too light or too dark in certain spots, you can change this by using adjustment layers. You can add a Curves adjustment layer, and pull down the center of the curve to darken the photo. Then, you can use the paint tool in black to erase areas of the layer you don’t want. 

Using Photoshop Overlays

Photoshop overlays are a quick and easy way to add something extra to your photos and make them more unique. Keep in mind, though, that you don’t want to add too many overlays at once or else you may pull attention away from what you photographed. 

You also will want to try and make sure the overlay doesn’t clash too much with the photo. But how you use overlays for your creative purposes is up to you, and will depend on what kind of look you’re going for. 

Plant Pandemics Are On The Rise, And We Need A Plan To Stop Them

In 2004, a fungus blew into the Southern US on the winds of Hurricane Ivan. That fall, the first cases of the fungus, called soybean rust, were spotted on soy crops in Louisiana. The rust is a voracious eater, and, if a farmer is unlucky, can reduce soybean yields by 80 percent.

As globalized agriculture becomes increasingly vulnerable to plant pathogens, a group of plant pathologists argue that the world needs to do more to head off emerging plant pandemics like this.

By one estimate, close to a third of the world’s rice and between 10 and 25 percent of its wheat are lost to funguses, viruses, and insects.

Over the last century, changes to both agriculture and the planet have set the stage for the rapid spread of agricultural diseases. The right pathogen can quickly adapt to a supposedly resistant plant, and burn through fields planted with a genetically identical monoculture. Depleted soil can leave plants even more vulnerable to infections. And the global trade in agricultural commodities mean that diseases can spread quickly from one side of the world to another.

“There are broader changes that lead to the emergence of pathogens that are different from the past,” says Neil McRoberts, a plant pathologist at the University of California Davis who was not involved in the research. “Under circumstances where they’ve previously seemed relatively unimportant and unnoticed, it can seem as if they emerge in relatively short periods of time as being more important.”

The most famous example is that of the Cavendish banana, the variety you buy in American grocery stores. The strain is sterile, and new plants are generated from clones, leaving it exceptionally vulnerable. They’ve only been commercially dominant since the 1950s, when a fungus called Panama disease wiped out their predecessor. Now, a new strain of the fungus is working its way through Asia, parts of Africa, and Colombia, where it could wipe out monoculture plantations.

In order to mitigate the destruction caused by similar diseases, the researchers argue, we need to invest in systems that will let us detect and respond to crop pests as they arrive–especially diseases that are invisible to the naked eye. That’s going to take both geopolitical and technological solutions.

On the technological end would be scaled-up disease detection systems, and genomic surveillance—much like the technology that’s used to detect COVID variants–to track the spread, and determine the origin, of concerning diseases.

“We have sensors that can detect disease before a spot shows on the leaf,” Ristaino says. “Kind of like someone with diabetes might put a patch on to monitor glucose levels, we’re developing these little plant patches.”

More challenging is the international infrastructure to ensure that countries share data and resources with one another.

“Plant health is something that’s really hard to keep on the international policy agenda,” says McRoberts.

That’s in part because, absent strong international cooperation, countries have an economic incentive to conceal agricultural outbreaks: it might hurt their exports. Meanwhile, the immediate health consequences of a crop pest might not be obvious.

That’s easier said than done, because although the technology might be available, it doesn’t come cheap.

“It becomes a political question very quickly. It’s easy to see from the economic North”—essentially Western Europe, Canada, and the United States—“how surveillance can be an effective thing,” McRoberts says. “The economic North is able to get all the benefits of trade and travel, while protecting itself from the problems those bring with them. I think the trickier problem is the one that involves this global equity question: how do you give that capability to the rest of the world, too?”

The paper calls for international organizations, like a wing of the United Nations, and the World Bank, to provide that capacity. And Ristaino acknowledges that the US has the capacity to scale up the technologies, but outside money will be needed to use them globally.

Still, better surveillance doesn’t mean that crops will be free from pests—it means that we’ll be another step ahead of them in a continuing arms race. It means that farmers might be able to use fungicides more efficiently, or plant modified varieties that resist an incoming pest. But the pests themselves are simply a part of growing food.

That doesn’t mean that surveillance isn’t worthwhile, McRoberts notes. “We should be better at anticipating the consequences of things we’re going to do anyway.”

What Are National Monuments And Why Is Trump Reviewing Them?

Update, May 5: This post was written before the Department of the Interior released the final list of monuments that would be reviewed, and details all of the potential monuments that might be selected for review. Today the Department of the Interior revealed the full list which can be viewed here. The list includes the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Bears Ears National Monument and Craters of the Moon. Although the Executive Order which led to the reviews says it would concentrate on national monuments that were 100,000 acres or larger it also includes Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument in Maine which is 85,000 acres. It’s inclusion is likely decided by the clause “as made without adequate public outreach and coordination with relevant stakeholders.” The executive order doesn’t detail who is a relevant stakeholder.

I once had a colleague, an expat, who preferred everything about his home country to the United States. His list included culture, politics, education, and even the minutest aspects of our food. The bouquet of his native land’s cinnamon was allegedly more delicate and contained subtler flavors than the overpowering barbarism of American cinnamon, for example. This colleague preferred everything about his home country, that is, except its nature. In this, he begrudgingly admitted, the United States trounced his homeland. And he isn’t alone in appreciating America’s natural beauty. US travel analysis data shows that roughly a third of overseas visitors coming to the United States visited a national park or monument.

The United States has 58 National Parks, from marquee majesties like Yellowstone and the Grand Canyon, to less well known but no less precious places like Colorado’s Black Canyon. And then there are places like Organ Pipe Cactus in Arizona, and California’s Devil’s Postpile. We often think of those places as National Parks, because they are overseen by the National Park Services, but they’re actually National Monuments. It takes an act of Congress to create a National Park, but thanks to The American Antiquities Act of 1906, all it takes to establish a monument is a presidential pen.

Today, President Trump will sign an executive order to “review” 21 years of presidential decrees that established National Monuments, dating back to 1996 when President Clinton established in Utah Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.

What will a review accomplish?

What a review in this context actually means is unclear, since it’s never been done before. For more than a century, the Antiquities Act has allowed the President of the United States to declare that certain lands be placed under federal protection either because of their historic, prehistoric, or scientific significance. And up until now, there were no take-backsies.

The trackways of animals dating back 280 million years are on display at Prehistoric Trackways National Monument. Bureau of Land Management

In 1938, Attorney General Homer Stille Cummings wrote a formal opinion saying that the Antiquities Act authorized a president to establish a monument, but did not grant a president the right to abolish one. Congress basically incorporated Cumming’s opinion into the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, which says that a president can create a monument but it takes an act of Congress to revoke it.

It is unclear why President Trump is demanding a review, or what that will ultimately mean for our national monuments. But some Western lawmakers have called for the federal government to cede these lands back to state control for years. Others fear doing so would limit public access—including to outdoor industries such as hunting, hiking, camping, and fishing—in favor of turning over large portions for energy and property development.

But undoing monument status isn’t so straightforward: some of the lands were already public lands with lesser protections when they received the designation. Others, like Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument in Maine, were created with land deliberately donated by private citizens with the goal that they be protected. Some have a ton of community support even if their existence is opposed by federal lawmakers. The Grand Staircase National Monument, for example, was vigorously opposed, but then eventually welcomed when locals realized that monument status brought in tourism dollars. Usually, however, national monuments aren’t sprung on a community—many of them are deeply desired by locals.

But this question of reviewing monuments presents a unique opportunity to explore what past presidents have chosen to protect. Together they make up an interesting pastiche of American culture—historically and ecologically. We’ve created a gallery of some of the most stunning images of the national monuments that you can see here.

Monument type by percentage. Kendra Pierre-Louis

Monuments: what are they good for?

Some of these locations, like Pompey’s Pillar near Billings, Montana (which was designated a National Monument by President Clinton) are historical in nature. The pillar is one of the only living records marking the passage of the early American explorers Lewis & Clark. At 51 acres, it’s also one of the smallest. By PopSci’s estimates, a third of the lands protected during the past 20 years were historical in nature, including the Stonewall Inn in New York City (which served as the scene of a turning point in the movement for LGBTQ rights), or the bus station that acted as a lightning rod for integration during the 1960 Freedom Rides.

Another nine percent are a mix of historical and ecological. A place like the Sonoran Desert National Monument, which is home to at-risk species like the endangered Sonoran pronghorn and lesser long-nosed bat, falls into this category because it also has several historic sites and Native American relics. Similarly, Mojave Trails National Monument in California follows along a 105 mile stretch of the old Route 66, and serves as a wildlife corridor linking together Joshua Tree National Park with the Mojave Nature Preserve. Notes the BLM website: “The monument will protect irreplaceable historic resources including ancient Native American trading routes, World War II-era training camps, and the longest remaining undeveloped stretch of Route 66. Additionally, the area has been a focus of study and research for decades, including geological research and ecological studies on the effects of climate change and land management practices on ecological communities and wildlife.”

Laysan albatross in the rain on Midway Island a part of the Papahanaumokuakea National Monument. NOAA/Andy Collins

But most monuments are purely ecological in nature—the goal is to protect the broader environment. Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, which was established as a National Monument by President George W. Bush and expanded under President Obama, falls into this camp. At 583,000 square miles, it’s the world’s largest marine preserve and it’s remote—even for Hawaiians. Not exactly a tourist destination. Papahanaumokuakea will hopefully serve as a buffer against the conditions that are currently decimating coral reefs around the world, and by being so far away from human encroachment could provide insight into what it would take to restore the world’s reefs. Are Papahanaumokuakea and other ecological monuments safe in the wake of this unprecedented review? For now, all we can do is wait and see.

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