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What is SAP SD?

SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) is an important module of SAP ERP consisting of business processes required in selling, shipping, billing of a product. The module is tightly integrated with SAP MM & SAP PP. Key sub-modules of SAP SD are Customer and Vendor Master Data, Sales, Delivery, Billing, Pricing, and Credit Management.

In this SAP SD tutorial, you will learn:

Features of SAP SD module

Here are some important features of the SAP SD module:

Price and Taxation: – It helps you to evaluate the price of goods and services under various conditions like rebate or discount, which is granted to a customer.

Availability Check: Check the availability of a product in the warehouse of an organization.

Billing & Invoice: Helps you to generate bills or invoices.

Material Determination: Helps you to determine the details of materials on the basis of a certain condition.

Credit Management: It is a method of managing the credit limits of the customers. It can be figured in two different ways simple credit check and automatic credit check.

Account Determination: Helps you to determine the details of customers on the basis of a given condition type.

Key Components of SAP SD

The SAP SD module is the most vital ERP module developed by SAP. It helps in better management of sales and customer distribution data and processes in organizations.

The important components in SAP Sales and Distribution module are:

Master Data


Shipping of Material


Sales support

Transportation of products

Foreign Trade

Sub Modules of SAP SD

SAP SD has master data, which helps you to track each and every transaction within the data. The SD master data comprises of both customer and material data, and credit management. This module includes processes of order and cash.

Functions of Mater Data

Master data is the most important factor in the Sales and Distribution module.

There are two levels of masters in SD.

Customer Master

Material Master

Pricing Conditions

While the second level master store details like:

Output condition

Detailed information about customers, materials and business partners

Flexible data structures support the business environment.

SAP SD sales help you to handle the minute details of every sale that is taking place. Starting from recording the product to customer details, pricing, feedback, everything is tracked using this module.

Functions of Sales Module

Inquiries & Quotes

Sales Orders


Scheduling Agreements

Rush Orders and Back Orders

Credit & Debit Memo Requests

Billing is the most crucial part of sales and distribution process. Consumers are given a choice of paying via online media or cash on delivery. This specific module should be keeping track of all the billing data in a proper way.

Functions of Billing Module

Automatic or manual Invoice Creation

The comprehensive set of billing functions

Real-time integration with finance

Fully integrated and comprehensive pricing

Sales are always associated with shipping and delivery. A product needs to be shipped correctly and delivered to the customer.

There are different methods of shipping, and this module tracks each delivery for each product. This entire process from being shipped to delivered or return back is recorded using this module.

Functions of SAP-SD-SHP

Generate Shipping Documents

Picking, Packing & Inventory management

Transportation Management and Scheduling

Delivery Scheduling, Returns Deliveries

Stock Transfer

This component works along with the shipping module. As the mode of transportation for each product differs, and this module helps you to track all the transportation-related data.

SAP-SD- TBA Features :

It is a flexible and easy to use component which enables you to collect, consolidate, and utilize data from sales and distribution processing.

It is widely used for (LIS) Logistic Information System.

From selling a product to maintaining it for a process, customers constantly interact with the sales team. The data exchanged between the sales team and customers while delivering support for a product is recorded and reported through this module.

Sales Support:

It offers functionality to support the staff, which is involved in business development and customer service related processes.

Functions of Sales support:

Sales Prospects

Contact Persons

Competitors and Competitive Products

Sales Activities

Direct Marketing

It helps you to manage data, which is related to foreign trade, which includes both imported and exported products. This module is ideal for enterprises that trade across different continents.

Advantages of SAP SD Software

Track sales transactions

Tracks sales data along with team performance

Record pre-sale and post-sale process

Defined process for sales and distribution

Helps you to categorize diverse sales and process

Effective management of sales documents in a specific system


SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) is an important module of which consisting of business processes required in selling, shipping, billing of a product,etc.

1)Price and Taxation, 2) Availability Check, 3) Billing & Invoice, 4) Material Determination, 5) Credit Management are some important features of SAP SD

Master Data, 2) Sales, 3) Shipping of Material, 4)Billing-Related, 5) Sales support, 6)Transportation of products, 7)Foreign Trade are some important components of SAP SD.

Master data, helps you to track each and every transaction within the data

SAP SD sales help you to handle the minute details of every sale that is taking place

SAP Billing module keeps the track of all the billing data in a proper way

SAP SD shipping module helps you record entire process from being shipped to delivered or return back.

SAP SD transportation module helps you to track all the transportation-related data

SAP SD sales support module record and report data between the sales team and customers

SAP SD foreign trade helps you to manage data, which is related to foreign trade

SAP SD helps you to track sales transactions along with team performance

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What Is Sap Abap? Types, Abap Full Form And Meaning

What is ABAP?

ABAP is a high level programming language created by SAP that helps large corporations to customize the SAP ERP. ABAP can help customize workflows for financial accounting, materials management, asset management, and all other modules of SAP. SAP’s current development platform NetWeaver also supports both ABAP and Java. The ABAP full form in SAP is Advanced Business Application.

In this SAP ABAP tutorial, you will learn,


Here are the reasons for using SAP ABAP:

SAP ABAP is used by developers to develop the SAP R3 Platform.

It is a simple language that is easy to learn when it comes to programming.

It allows you to choose from procedural and object-oriented programming.

It also helps SAP customers to improve their SAP-based applications.

It allows you to create custom reports and interfaces.

ABAP language is quite easy for programmers. However, it is not a right tool that can be used by non-programmers.

History of SAP ABAP

Here are important landmarks from the history of ABAP

ABAP is a 4/GL( Fourth generation) language developed in the 1980s.

ABAP becomes a language for developing a program for the client-server, which was first released in the year 1992.

In the year 1999, SAP introduced an object-oriented extension known as ABAP Objects

In 2006, 7.0 version released which offer switch framework feature

In, 2012, The version released with Table expressions feature

In 2023, with version 7.5 start supporting Open SQL expressions.

With version 7.52 in 2023, virtual sorting of the internal table feature introduced.

ABAP Runtime Environment

All ABAP programs stored in SAP database. However, they are never stored in external files like C++ and Java programs.

In the database, all the code is written in ABAP present in two different forms:

Source code, which can be view and edit with the help of ABAP Workbench tools, and generated code. It is a binary representation that is quite similar to Java byte code.

Types of ABAP Programs

SAP ABAP program is either an executable unit or a library, which is a reusable code. However, it is not separately enforceable.

ABAP executable programs are divided into two types:


Module pools

The Non-Executable Program types are:

INCLUDE modules

Subroutine pools

Function groups

Object classes

Interfaces Type pools

SAP ABAP Workbench

The ABAP Workbench is a vital part of the ABAP system and is accessed via SAP GUI. It contains various tools for editing programs.

ABAP WorkBench

It is widely used by SAP for the development of standard custom applications. The ABAP Workbench is also used for creating dictionary objects.

SAP ABAP has the following components:

ABAP Editor: It is mainly used to maintain programs.

ABAP Dictionary: It is is used to maintain Dictionary objects.

Repository Browser It is used to display a hierarchical structure of the components in a package.

Menu Painter: It is used to developing GUI, including menu bars and toolbars.

Screen Painter: It is used to maintain screen components for online programs.

Repository Information System: stores information about development and runtime objects, like data models, table structures, programs, and functions.

Function Builder: This component helps you to create and maintain function groups and function modules.

Test and Analysis Tools, like Syntax Check and the Debugger.

Data Modeler: This tool supports graphical modeling.

Workbench Organizer: It helps you to maintain multiple development projects that are manages by developers for distribution.


Here are important differences between SAP Java and SAP ABAP


Java is widely used in the IT community and plays a strong role in many open source initiatives ABAP is SAP’s default programming language for both on-demand and on-premise business applications.

Java is mostly used to run Java-based applications or services. ABAP is used to run ABAP based applications or services.

SAP uses Java for integration topics, portal and integration solutions, collaborative scenarios and products. ABAP offers highly scalable and reliable lifecycle management for the IT landscapes of large enterprises.

ABAP stack helps you to run ERP applications, mainly MM, SD, FICO, etc. ABAP stack Includes IE and BPE.


SAP ABAP meaning Advanced Business Application Programming

It is a simple language that is easy to learn when it comes to programming.

ABAP programming has become a language for developing a program for the client-server, which was first released in the year 1992.

In the database, all the code is written in ABAP present in two different forms:

Source code, which can be view and edit with the help of ABAP Workbench tools, and

Generated code.

ABAP executable programs are divided into two types:

Reports and, 2) Module pools

Java is widely used in the IT community and plays a strong role in many open source initiatives. In contrast, ABAP is SAP’s default programming language for both on-demand and on-premise business applications.

Understanding Sap In Digital Marketing

Due to the rapid emergence and evolution of technology, organizations have had to adapt to manage their massive lists of potential customers and develop effective marketing strategies. One of the most common factors that executives have to consider is the need to develop effective marketing programs. With the help of SAP, they can now create and implement marketing plans that are designed to meet the needs of their marketing departments.

The term SAP comes from the process that marketing departments use to increase sales. It involves using various systems and processes to create a dynamic customer profile and then selling more products. The company’s CRM system uses AI to analyze and learn about potential customers. It also stores and segments data to help marketing departments identify and target their ideal customers. The goal of the software system is to help businesses develop a stronger brand and deliver a personalized experience.

What are SAP marketing uses?

Through SAP, we identify which customers are either information seekers or serious shoppers depending on their needs. It then uses various tactics to reach these buyers. For instance, if a customer is looking to lose weight, but they have a lot of urgency around finding a solution that will help them achieve their goals, then the latter might be in the same funnel but is more likely to get messages that are focused on urgency.

One of the main goals of marketing departments is to create campaigns that drive sales. They can do this by engaging with their target audiences and converting those into buyers. Since most campaigns have multiple channels, SAP collects and manages data from various sources.

How to improve your company’s performance in SAP with marketing? Building better marketing campaigns

The marketing department spends a lot of time researching the target customer. This process helps them identify the ideal customer and develop a strategy to meet their needs. However, this is not enough for a larger pool of potential buyers. They need more education and hand-holding to understand the company’s offerings.

Generating website traffic

One of the most critical factors in marketing is traffic. With SAP, you can easily manage your product inventory and sales, as well as collect data about your audience.

Getting people to visit your site is very important, but it’s also very hard to do so if they’re not actively engaged in the process. That’s why it’s important that you have marketing efforts that can help boost site traffic. Through the use of SAP, you can easily collect valuable data about your visitors, which will allow you to improve the way that your company operates.

One of the most desirable companies to work with is SAP. Its culture and ethics are some of the reasons why many people prefer to work for the company for a long time. It has been observed that the company’s retention rate is very high compared to other firms. Its reputation and brand value are also some of the factors that help it make promotions. One of the most effective ways to promote the company is through word of mouth. They reach out to various organizations across the world and hire people who work with them.


The new hub for SAP’s channel marketing division provides the company with a comprehensive view of its partners’ activities, including who’s visiting the platform, what materials are being viewed, and how they are being used. It also eliminates the need for manual reporting and allows them to easily customize reports.

Sap Raises The Ante For Enterprise Software

SAP’s announcement of its NetWeaver technology platform heralds an important shift in the enterprise applications market that will have an impact not just on SAP but its competitors and some key partners as well.

The shift is in the details of a complex announcement that is almost too grandiose. But don’t be fooled by the potential scale of the NetWeaver announcement. SAP really has defined the future of enterprise applications and the platform on which they will be deployed. For the most part, SAP’s competitors will be hard-pressed to make a quick and comprehensive response.

An easy criticism of NetWeaver is that SAP is just bundling a lot of bits and pieces of what is already in its technology stack: a portal, an applications server, an integration layer, and business intelligence tools.

Sure, these and other pieces have been around for a while, but don’t underestimate the effort — or value — of putting them all together. NetWeaver isn’t just a piece of fancy packaging, it represents the rationalization of a tremendous amount of technology that has been floating around SAP for a number of years. This is truly a case of the sum of the whole being greater than the parts.

NetWeaver will have three important roles in the future of SAP and the enterprise software market. The first is that it will function as the platform for SAP’s xApps — the composite apps that SAP and its partners are building to fulfill the demand for applications that add value above and beyond what is available in the existing enterprise applications infrastructure. (See The Future of Enterprise Software.)

Commoditizing the Infrastructure Market

The second role is that it will help commoditize the applications infrastructure market. SAP accomplished this by pulling off a major coup: endorsements from IBM and Microsoft.

Why they got these endorsements is simple: IBM does billions in SAP-related business (even more now that they own PriceWaterhouseCoopers Consulting) and wants to make sure everyone knows that its heart and its wallet are intimately linked. Microsoft also does major SAP business, but Bill Gates’ video appearance at the launch was probably motivated more by what constituted the biggest and most important endorsement of .NET in the enterprise software market.

These endorsements help commoditize the infrastructure market for the simple reason that, at least among the Global SAP 20,000 — the market’s hunkiest user base — it really won’t matter whether the customer deploys .NET, Websphere, or some Java-based technology: NetWeaver will support them all. That basically takes the strategic value of the various infrastructure offerings down a couple of notches.

The third role will be to confound its competitors — at least for now. Most competitors lack a comprehensive technology platform like NetWeaver. And none, save Swedish vendor IFS AB, have made any significant effort towards xApp-like functionality.

xApps aren’t rocket science, but no one will be able to conjure up a competing strategy overnight. It’s harder than SAP has made it look.

And they will, to be sure. It’s inevitable: SAP is just following the evolutionary curve of the applications industry a little more closely than everyone else. Expect the rest to follow as soon as they can. Or else.

Sap Expands Partner Program For Application Development

SAP has broadened its partner program for companies that want to develop applications using its technology and then sell them through the SAP online store.

While SAP already had programs aimed at mobile application development and its HANA Cloud service, the expanded offering brings in more technologies and also accommodates partners who want to build products that run on-premises, according to Monday’s announcement.

Partners will also be able to bundle and sell runtime licenses for SAP platform software with any applications they build, “so you can join the program once and then decide on your application scope, architecture, business model and routes to market,” according to an FAQ document. This approach also gives partners the ability “to act as ‘one face to the customer,’” SAP said.

SAP will charge partners royalties for the platform products “as a percentage of the net revenue of your packaged application (based on license list price and considering standard discounts such as volume discounts),” according to the FAQ.

Admission to the program requires a “low annual fee,” which gives partners access to their choice of “innovation packs” centered on various SAP products.

SAP Technologies covered by the expanded program include HANA, HANA Cloud, mobile platform, NetWeaver and ABAP, Sybase ASE, Sybase IQ and Sybase SQL Anywhere.

The program features a variety of partner onboarding services, ongoing training and support, and ultimately product review and certification services.


Partners can get their products qualified for the SAP store through an application review at no additional charge. Integration certifications are available for a fee. SAP charges 15 percent of revenue for applications sold through its store, compared to 30 percent for Apple’s iTunes store.

However, iTunes has a far higher profile than SAP’s store, as one question in the FAQ document alluded to. “SAP will drive demand to the SAP Store and will develop it further,” the FAQ states.

One-year, limited access “exploration memberships” for the expanded partner program are available for those who want to try before they buy, according to SAP.

The announcement is “a welcome evolution of partner development onboarding,” said Jon Reed, an independent analyst who closely tracks SAP, via email. “It’s more integrated, and increasingly clear on pricing.”

“Basically SAP has consolidated and simplified the ability for partners to develop apps,” Reed added. “Even though the marketplace for those apps is not as well-established or conceived, SAP clearly needs a real apps ecosystem around its products and partners need this kind of simplified process.”

Still, “it’s a welcome step but there is still a lot to prove in terms of partners building apps that are truly impactful for customers,” he said.

In addition, “a big missing piece from what i can see is connecting this partner program to individual developers (such as highly skilled independents),” Reed said. “That path is clear inside SAP but it doesn’t seem clear from the outside.”

SAP’s announcement didn’t particularly emphasize one technology more than another, even though HANA has emerged as the focal point for all internal development efforts.

It has launched a separate program for HANA aimed at getting startup companies to build products on the platform, and says to date that more than 500 have joined.

Also Monday, SAP announced that three more software vendors—PROS, AlertEnterprise and Clockwork—have become HANA OEM (original equipment manufacturer) partners and will embed the technology in their products.

5 Ways Sap Job Scheduling Optimizes It Operations In 2023

Automation plays an important role in the digitalization of businesses. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, including SAP, the largest ERP by sales, are at the center of most enterprises’ businesses and are involved in numerous processes.

However, SAP-based processes are challenging to automate since

companies need to deal with numerous SAP instances in different environments. These SAP instances manage business processes for different countries or business units’ operations.

SAP systems are integrated with many different systems that build on SAP’s capabilities in areas like invoice processing etc.

SAP job scheduling tools help IT teams manage this complexity. They provide an orchestration capability to coordinate SAP and non-SAP jobs across multiple tools and environments.

In this article, 5 ways that SAP job scheduling optimize IT operations are examined with real-world examples.

What are SAP jobs?

SAP jobs are defined as “logical containers for all steps to complete a task”. SAP jobs enable users to treat complex tasks as single units. This means it helps you schedule multiple steps of tasks (Figure1) to complete a job as a single step. 

Figure 1: Example of steps to complete a certain job

Any particular scheduling rule such as repetition, that is applied to one job which includes more than one step, also applies to the entire steps. For example, when you schedule a job weekly, it applies to its background job steps as well (Figure 2). 

Figure 2: Example for scheduling rules on all job steps

1. Schedule jobs and processes with a single solution

Modern businesses use dozens of platforms, applications, and tools that are integrated into SAP. Coordinating and integrating these platforms is a complex process that demands manual effort.

SAP job scheduling helps organizations schedule and run processes across these numerous tools. As a result, organizations don’t need multiple automation and job scheduler tools specific to each application. With a single SAP job scheduling tool, users can improve process coordination between different tools. It also makes it easy to plan, monitor, and reschedule end-to-end business processes in real-time.

ActiveBatch users can roll out workflows faster using an extensive library of pre-built job steps and variables. It can be easily integrated and connected with business-critical systems such as SAP, Oracle, Microsoft, and so on. With ActiveBatch, you can monitor automation and orchestrate processes efficiently, reducing the time to complete end-to-end processes.

2. Streamline processes with integrations

Using multiple applications and tools in hybrid environments requires well-designed integrations. SAP job scheduling can be integrated using APIs and connectors with any system in the ERP ecosystem. Integrations into the SAP ecosystem connects disparate application and tools, while it helps manage jobs based on SAP and non-SAP.

The company chose SAP job scheduling and leveraged SAP® ERP integrations to orchestrate all phases of its end-to-end business processes. The tool redefined automated tasks, reordered supply chain processes, and eliminated unnecessary duplicates by providing a bridge with streamlined integrations. It enabled chúng tôi to provide real-time information to both customers and suppliers, improving speed and accuracy.

3. Customize jobs with event-driven architecture

SAP job scheduling has an event-driven architecture that enables companies to add customizable pre-conditions in building jobs. When a job is scheduled with event-driven processing, it is triggered when its pre-conditions occur. This feature enables companies to schedule and run processes in real time across applications with event-driven architecture without a need for manual triggering.

Daikin Europe N.V., a subsidiary of air conditioning giant Daikin Industries Ltd. lacked a scheduling tool that can provide an alert and run in synchronization with their SAP processes such as supply chain and logistics. They had 4500 tasks, one-third of which were based on legacy systems. The company required extensive manual processing for supply chain processing, which cost employees 11 hours overnight and delayed the next day’s business processes.

As a solution, Daikin Europe N.V. adopted SAP job scheduling which helped the company to orchestrate their SAP processes across all environments and integrate with all applications and tools that they used. As a result, nightly workflows were shortened to 6 hours, with no delays to the next morning. Thanks to event-driven architecture, the company completed data processing on time and was able to use data in one tool to trigger any other system across all platforms and applications.

4. Improve monitoring and alerting systems

SAP job scheduling can monitor SAP and non-SAP jobs and warn users when errors occur. It works according to the changed conditions or deviations from the Service Level Agreements (SLAs) and warns the users. When users are notified about the errors, they can react in real time.

French Connection, a UK-based fashion retailer, relied on a manual and error-prone monitoring system for data collection and reporting process. When an error occurred, it caused significant delays in the business processes. French Connection switched to SAP job scheduling and integrated it with their SAP ERP system. When something happened during the data collection and reporting process and the SAP job scheduling alerted with an email about it.

5. Save resources by eliminating additional license fees

In an organization, license fees can sometimes be overwhelming. IT teams often need a way to optimize their resources by removing unnecessary tools and licenses. The SAP job scheduling tool provides a solution to this problem. Without the need for a third-party connector, SAP job scheduling can connect with SAP, ERP, etc. systems. Since a third-party connector is removed from the system, IT teams save resources by eliminating license fees.

Esprit, an international fashion brand based in Germany, migrated to the SAP job scheduling tool and optimized the processes by saving on costs. The company removed third-party connector’s license fees as their legacy tool required a third-party connector to connect with SAP, ERP, etc.

Further Reading

To learn more about automation and orchestration, feel free to read our articles:

If you are looking for automation and orchestration tools, you can visit our hub for the automation software landscape.

To gain a more comprehensive overview of workload automation, download our whitepaper on the topic:

If you have other questions about SAP job scheduling, we can help:

Cem regularly speaks at international technology conferences. He graduated from Bogazici University as a computer engineer and holds an MBA from Columbia Business School.





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