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What is a Test Scenario?

A Test Scenario is defined as any functionality that can be tested. It is also called Test Condition or Test Possibility. As a tester, you should put yourself in the end user’s shoes and figure out the real-world scenarios and use cases of the Application Under Test.

Scenario Testing

Scenario Testing in software testing is a method in which actual scenarios are used for testing the software application instead of test cases. The purpose of scenario testing is to test end to end scenarios for a specific complex problem of the software. Scenarios help in an easier way to test and evaluate end to end complicated problems.

Let’s study this with the help of the video below –

Why create Test Scenarios?

Test Scenarios are created for the following reasons,

Creating Test Scenarios ensures complete Test Coverage

Test Scenarios can be approved by various stakeholders like Business Analyst, Developers, Customers to ensure the Application Under Test is thoroughly tested. It ensures that the software is working for the most common use cases.

They serve as a quick tool to determine the testing work effort and accordingly create a proposal for the client or organize the workforce.

They help determine the most important end-to-end transactions or the real use of the software applications.

For studying the end-to-end functioning of the program, Test Scenario is critical.

When not create Test Scenario?

Test Scenarios may not be created when

The Application Under Test is complicated, unstable and there is a time crunch in the project.

Projects that follow Agile Methodology like Scrum, Kanban may not create Test Scenarios.

Test Scenario may not be created for a new bug fix or Regression Testing. In such cases, Test Scenarios must be already heavily documented in the previous test cycles. This is especially true for Maintenance projects.

How to Write Test Scenarios

As a tester, you can follow these five steps to create Test Scenarios-

Step 1: Read the Requirement Documents like BRS, SRS, FRS, of the System Under Test (SUT).  You could also refer uses cases, books, manuals, etc. of the application to be tested.

Step 2: For each requirement, figure out possible users actions and objectives. Determine the technical aspects of the requirement. Ascertain possible scenarios of system abuse and evaluate users with hacker’s mindset.

Step 3: After reading the Requirements Document and doing your due Analysis, list out different test scenarios that verify each feature of the software.

Step 4: Once you have listed all possible Test Scenarios, a Traceability Matrix is created to verify that each & every requirement has a corresponding Test Scenario

Step 5: The scenarios created are reviewed by your supervisor. Later, they are also reviewed by other Stakeholders in the project.

Tips to Create Test Scenarios

Each Test Scenario should be tied to a minimum of one Requirement or User Story as per the Project Methodology.

Before creating a Test Scenario that verifies multiple Requirements at once, ensure you have a Test Scenario that checks that requirement in isolation.

Avoid creating overly complicated Test Scenarios spanning multiple Requirements.

The number of scenarios may be large, and it is expensive to run them all. Based on customer priorities only run selected Test Scenarios

Example 1: Test Scenario for eCommerce Application

For an eCommerce Application, a few test scenarios would be

Test Scenario 1: Check the Login Functionality

In order to help you understand the difference Test Scenario and Test Cases, specific test cases for this Test Scenario would be

Check system behavior when valid email id and password is entered.

Check system behavior when invalid email id and valid password is entered.

Check system behavior when valid email id and invalid password is entered.

Check system behavior when invalid email id and invalid password is entered.

Check system behavior when email id and password are left blank and Sign in entered.

Check Forgot your password is working as expected

Check system behavior when valid/invalid phone number and password is entered.

Check system behavior when “Keep me signed” is checked

Test Scenario 2: Check the Search Functionality

Check the Search Functionality

Test Scenario 3: Check the Product Description Page

Test Scenario 4: Check the Payments Functionality

Test Scenario 5: Check the Order History

Apart from these 5 scenarios here is the list of all other scenarios

Check Home Page behavior for returning customers

Check Category/Product Pages

Check Customer Service/Contact Pages

Check Daily Deals pages

Example 2:  Test Scenarios for a Banking Site

Test Scenario 1: Check the Login and Authentication Functionality

Test Scenario 2: Check Money Transfer can be done

Test Scenario 3: Check Account Statement can be viewed

Test Scenario 4: Check Fixed Deposit/Recurring Deposit can be created

And so on…

Test Scenario Template

Download Test Scenario Template Excel(.xlsx)

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What Is System Testing? (Definition, Types, Examples)

In software testing, what is system testing?

System testing entails testing the whole system. All of the modules/components are linked together to see whether the system performs as planned. After Integration Testing, System Testing is carried out. This is crucial for producing high-quality output.

Example of System Testing

An automobile is not built as a whole by a car manufacturer. Each component of the automobile, such as the seats, steering, mirror, brake, cable, engine, car structure, and wheels, is made independently.

After each item is manufactured, it is tested separately to see whether it functions as intended. This is known as unit testing.

Now, when each element is integrated with another part, the completed combination is tested to see whether the assembly has had any side effects on the functioning of each component and if both components are operating together as intended, which is referred to as integration testing.

When all of the pieces are put together and the automobile seems to be ready, it is not.

The entire car must be checked for various aspects as defined by the requirements, such as whether the car can be driven smoothly, if the breaks, gears, and other functionality are working properly, if the car does not show any signs of fatigue after being driven for 2500 miles continuously, if the color of the car is widely accepted and liked, and if the car can be driven on any type of road, including smooth and rough, sloppy and straight, and so on. This entire testing effort is known as System Testing, and

The example performed as anticipated, and the customer was satisfied with the amount of effort necessary for the system test.

System Testing – Approach

It is carried out after the Integration Testing has been finished.

It is mostly a sort of Black-box testing. With the use of a specification document, this testing assesses the system’s functionality from the perspective of the user. It does not need any internal system expertise, such as code design or structure.

It includes both functional and non-functional application/product domains.

What is the Purpose of System Testing?

Completing a full test cycle is critical, and ST is the stage when this is accomplished.

System Testing is carried out in a comparable setting to that of production, allowing stakeholders to obtain a solid picture of the user’s response.

It reduces the number of troubleshooting and support calls made following a deployment.

At this level of the STLC, both the Application Architecture and the Business Requirements are tested.

System testing is critical and plays a key part in providing a high-quality product to the consumer.

How Do You Run a System Test?

It’s essentially a subset of software testing, and the Test Plan should always include room for it.

To test the system as a whole, requirements and expectations must be clear, and the tester must also understand how the program is used in real-timereal time.

In addition, the system’s functionality, performance, security, recoverability, and installability are all affected by the most commonly used third-party tools, OS versions, flavors, and architecture.

As a result, having a clear image of how the program will be utilized and what kinds of challenges it may encounter in real-time may be beneficial for testing the system. Furthermore, a requirements document is just as crucial as comprehending the program.

A clear and up-to-date requirements document may prevent a slew of misconceptions, assumptions, and queries for testers.

In summary, a clear and concise requirement document with the most recent revisions, as well as an awareness of real-time application use, may help ST be more productive. This testing is done in a methodical and organized way.

System Testing Types

ST is known as a superset of all sorts of testing since it covers all of the primary types of testing. Although the emphasis on different forms of testing varies according to the product, the organization’s procedures, the timetable, and the needs.

Overall, it may be summarized as follows −

Functionality Testing − To ensure that the product’s functionality meets the established criteria while remaining within the system’s capabilities.

Recoverability Testing − This ensures that the system can recover from a variety of input mistakes and other failure scenarios.

Interoperability Testing − To determine whether or not the system is compatible with third-party goods.

Performance Testing − Verifying the system’s performance in terms of performance characteristics under different conditions.

Scalability Testing − To ensure that the system can scale in terms such as user scaling, geographic scaling, and resource scaling.

Reliability Testing − To ensure that the system can be used for a longer period of time without failing.

Regression Testing − To ensure the system’s stability as it integrates various subsystems and performs maintenance chores.

Testing of the system’s user guide and other help-related documents to ensure that they are valid and useful.

To ensure that the system does not enable unauthorized access to data and resources, security testing is performed.

Usability testing is performed to ensure that the system is simple to use, understand, and run.

More Types of System Testing

Graphical User Interface (GUI) Testing − GUI testing is used to see whether a system’s graphical user interface (GUI) performs as planned. The graphical user interface (GUI) is what a user sees when using a program. Buttons, icons, checkboxes, List boxes, Textboxes, menus, toolbars, dialog boxes, and other GUI elements are all tested.

Testing for Compatibility − Compatibility testing ensures that the generated product is compatible with a variety of browsers, hardware platforms, operating systems, and databases, as specified in the requirements specification.

Handling Exceptions − Handling Exceptions Testing is done to ensure that even if the product encounters an unexpected fault, it displays the relevant error message and does not cause the program to halt. The exception is handled in such a manner that the error is shown while the product recovers and the system is able to complete the wrong transaction.

Testing by Volume − Volume testing is a sort of non-functional testing in which a large volume of data is used to test. To test the system’s performance, for example, the database’s data volume is raised.

Stress Evaluation − Stress testing involves raising the number of users on an application (at the same time) until the program fails. This is done to see whether the application will fail at any point.

Sanity Checks − When a build is published with a change in the code or functionality, or if a problem has been repaired, sanity testing is conducted. It ensures that the modifications made did not impact the code and that no new issues have arisen as a result, and that the system continues to function normally. If a problem arises, the build will not be approved for further testing. In order to save time and money, rigorous testing is not performed on the build, which results in the build being rejected due to a problem discovered. Sanity testing is done for the specific modification or problem that has been resolved, not for the whole system.

Smoke Testing − Smoke Testing is a kind of testing that is done on a build to see whether it can be further tested or not. It ensures that the build is ready to test and that all-importanttime real features are operational. Smoke testing is carried out for the whole system, from start to finish.

Exploratory Testing − Exploratory testing is all about investigating the application, as the name implies. Exploratory testing does not include any scripted testing. Along with the testing, test cases are written. It emphasizes implementation over preparation. The tester is free to test independently, relying on his intuition, experience, and intelligence. In contrast to other strategies that employ the structural method to execute testing, a tester may select any feature to test first, i.e. he can choose the feature to test at random.

Adhoc Testing − Adhoc testing is unplanned testing that takes place without any documentation or preparation. The application is tested without any test cases by the tester. A tester’s goal is to break the application. To uncover the main faults in the program, the tester relies on his expertise, guesswork, and intuition.

Checking the installation − The purpose of installation testing is to ensure that the program is installed correctly. The installation of the program is the user’s first engagement with the product, hence it’s the most crucial phase of testing. The sort of installation testing required is determined by a number of elements, including the operating system, platform, software distribution, and so on.


System testing is crucial because if done incorrectly, serious concerns might arise in the real world.

The properties of a system as a whole must be confirmed. Any webpage would be a basic example. If it isn’t well tested, the user may find the site to be very sluggish, or the site may crash if a big number of people log in at the same time.

These features cannot be checked until the whole website has been examined.

What Is A B Testing In Email Marketing

A/B testing is a process that involves sending one variation of an email campaign to a specific set of subscribers and another variation to another set of subscribers. The goal of this process is to find the best possible outcome for the campaign. In this article, we will understand email marketing, A/B testing in email marketing, and how it works.

Constant testing is one of the most important factors to consider when it comes to improving your email marketing campaigns. While it may be tempting to make decisions based on intuition, it is also important to remember that there are times when evidence can help you make better decisions. This is why it’s important that you regularly test different aspects of your campaigns to see how they perform.

What is Email Marketing?

Email marketing is a powerful tool that can help businesses promote their products and services and encourage their customers to become loyal. It can be used to inform customers about new products or to provide a soft sale to entice them to buy. With the help of Mailchimp, you can create and manage effective email marketing campaigns.

Understanding A/B Testing in Email Marketing

A/B testing is a simple process that involves sending two different email variants to your list. It can be as minor as a change in the subject line or a more substantial change in the email layout or design. Good testing will only involve testing one component at a time. This method makes it easier to identify which of the elements performed better.

A/B testing is a process that involves testing different versions of an email to see which one performs better. You can choose what elements to test, such as the subject line or the content. By testing the factors that affect your open rate, you can get a better understanding of how your messages resonate with your customers. This will help you make changes to improve the effectiveness of your campaigns.

How Does A/B Testing Work?

You can create up to three different variations for each variable, such as the subject line, content, or send time. We’ll then send these to multiple recipients so that no one gets more than one campaign. The recipients will be randomly chosen, and the combinations will only be tracked so that you can see which one went to which person.

Set up the A/B Testing Campaign Choose Winner Criteria

If you are testing a small segment or audience of yours, then send the results to all of them at the same time. With other factors or a large group of people, you can then test the combinations with some of your remaining recipients. Before you start creating A/B tests, it’s important to think about the goal of the test, as it will determine the winning metric.

What can you test?

There are a few things that you might immediately think about when it comes to running an email marketing A/B test, but there are also many things that you can do that will improve the results. One of these is using email marketing tools to test various aspects of your campaign.

Your Subject Lines

One of the most common elements that email marketers use in their campaigns is the subject line. This is because they are very easy to change, and most marketers have a couple of great ideas for them. Once you have identified the two subject lines that you want to test, you can start analyzing your open rate. One of the most important factors that you can consider when it comes to testing your subject line is your open rate, as it is the first thing subscribers see.


According to a study conducted by Return Path, the ideal length of an email subject line is around 61 to 70 characters. There are many factors that go into choosing the ideal length, such as the type of message that you want to send and the effectiveness of the link. If you’re unsure about the optimal length for your email, try testing it out with your subscribers.


To see what changes can improve your content’s response, create different versions. This variable can be used to test various aspects of your content. You can also use it to analyze the effectiveness of links and calls to action. In the campaign report, you can compare the link performance of each combination.

Send Time

This option will tell you which campaigns are most likely to be opened by your recipients. Since this method tests certain days and times, it will only send the winning combination to all of your recipients at once. You can use this data to determine when it’s appropriate to schedule future campaigns.

Benefits of A/B Testing in Email Marketing Conclusion

It allows you to test the effectiveness of your marketing efforts and identify areas where you can improve. You can also set up a test that will allow you to see how your audience is reacting to your messages.

One of the most effective ways to improve your email marketing campaigns is by testing two different variants of the same message. This process can help you see which one works best for your customers. Having multiple email apps that allow you to set up these tests can make it easy to implement this strategy.

Project Risk Analysis & Solutions In Software Testing

What is Risk Analysis?

Risk is the probability of occurrence of an undesirable event.

Risk Analysis in Software Engineering is the process of analyzing the risks associated with your Testing Project.

For the success of your project, Risk should be identified and corresponding solutions should be determined before the start of the project. Risk Identification in Software Engineering helps you to identify probable risks in the early stages.

In this tutorial, we will discover the first step in Test Management process: Risk Analysis and Solution with the help of a case study.

In this topic, we will discover the first step in Test Management process: Risk Analysis in Software Testing and Solution with the help of a case study.

The Guru99 Bank will have two roles



Following features/modules will be available to these two different roles

Here is a little tour of the website

After reading the requirements documents, you may have realized that the website has too many functional and complex scenarios.

Here is the situation –

The Guru99 banking website has already finished the development phase. Now it starts the Testing phase. Sadly, you were not involved early during the requirements phase

Your boss needs you finish the testing in one month only with a limited budget, but expects great quality.

A team member who is an experienced engineer, tells you

In such case, what should you do?

A) It seems to be a big problem. We need to deal with ASAP!!!

B) I don’t care. We need to start working right now.

The project is a mess and took all of your resources and time. The employee’s workload increased drastically & they feel stressed and overloaded

– Your project is delayed so you could not release product on the decided deadline as you promised to your boss. As your team member said, the schedule of this project is too tight compare to the current resource allocation.

The above example illustrates the importance of Risk analysis in Test Management.

Risk management helps you in –

The risk, which was mentioned in above example, is just one of many potential risks that may occur in your project. You should identify them and make the decision to deal with them ASAP!!! So, the correct action in that example is action A.

Hence, Risk Analysis in Testing is important

How to Perform Risk ANALYSIS?

It’s a 3-Step process

Identify the Risks

Analyze Impact of each Identified Risk

Take counter measures for the identified & Analyzed risk

Step 1) Identify Risk

Risk can be identified and classified into 2 types in software product

Project Risk

Project risk can be defined as an uncertain event or activity that can impact the project’s progress. The impact has a positive or negative effect on the prospects of achieving project objectives.

There are primarily 3 categories of Project Risks

Organizational Risk

It is a risk related to your human resource or your Testing team. For example, in your project, lack of technically skilled members is a risk. Not having enough manpower to complete the project on time is another risk.

To identify the Organizational Risk, you should make a list of few questions and answer them as self-exercise. Here are some recommended questions.

Your project doesn’t have any organization risk

Your project doesn’t have any organization risk

Your project doesn’t have any organization risk

If you answer all the above questions, you will easily identify the potential risks, which may affect to your project.

Technical Risk

Technical Risk is the probability of loss incurred during the execution of a technical process such as untested engineering, wrong testing procedure…etc. Here is an example of technical risk

Your task in this project is testing a banking website. You have to set up proper test environments which mirror real business environments. If the Test Environment is not setup properly, the product will be not be tested correctly and many defects will not be detected.

Business Risk

The risk involves an external entity. It is the risk which may come from your company, your customer but not from your project.

The following picture shows you an example of business risk.

In such case, the Test Manager has to find out the solutions to deal with the risk such as:

Set priority for the testing phases, focus on testing the main features of website

Utilize a testing tool to increase the productivity of testing

Apply process improvement to reduce the management effort.

Product Risk

Product risk is the possibility that the system or software might fail to satisfy or fulfill the expectation of the customer, user, or stakeholder. This Risk in Test Plan is related to the functionality of the product such as Performance Issues, Security Issues, Crash Scenarios, etc.

Following are examples of a few product risks –


The software is unreliable and frequently fails to work.

Software fail in ways that cause financial or other damage to a user or the company that uses the software.

The software has problems related to a particular quality characteristic such as security, reliability, usability, maintainability or performance.

Now back to your project, is there any product risk in the Guru 99 Bank website? To answer this question, you should follow the following steps

Once you are done with above 3 steps, take a small quiz below to identify product risks







Step 2) Analyze the impact of the risk occurring

In the previous topic, we already identified the risks which may hamper your project. Here is the list of risks identified:

You may not have enough human resource to finish the project on the deadline

The Testing environment may not be setup properly like real business environment.

Your project budget may cut by half because of business situation

This website may lack security functions

Next, you should analyze these risks.

Each risk should be classified on the basis of following two parameters

The probability of occurrence

The impact on the project

Using the matrix below, you can categorize the risk into four categories as High, Medium, and Low or values 3,2, 1


High (3)

Has very high probability to occur, may impact to the whole project

Medium (2)

50% chance to occur

Low (1)

Low probability of occurrence


High (3)

Cannot continue with project activity if it is not solved immediately

Medium (2)

Cannot continue the project activity if it is not solved

Low (1)

Need to solve it but it is possible to take alternative solution for a while

Consider the following Risks




Priority = Probability* Impact

Project deadline not met




Electricity Failure




Based on the above priority you can take the Risk Mitigation in Testing or counter measures mentioned in below table


Risk Management Method


6 -9

Take mitigation action immediately and monitor the risk every day until its status is closed.



Monitor the risk every week at internal progress meeting



Accept the risk and monitor the risk on milestone basis.

It’s now time for an exercise, we have 4 risks identified in the Guru99 Banking project. Classify them yourself

Risk High Medium Low Status

You may not have enough human resource to finish the project at the deadline



The testing environment may not be setup properly like real business environment



Your project budget may cut by half because of business situation



This website may lack security features



Step 3) Take COUNTERMEASURES to mitigate the risk

This activity is divided into 3 parts

Risk response

The project manager needs to choose strategies that will reduce the risk to minimal. Project managers can choose between the following four risk response strategies

Back to the 4 risks identified earlier, we have to find the Risk and Mitigation in Testing or countermeasure to avoid or eliminate them.

B) The Testing environment may not be setup properly like real business environment

C) Your project budget may cut by half because of business situation

D) This website may lack security features

Select the talented and experienced member to join the Project Team

Create the training course to skill up the member, help them to improve the productivity

This risk could be avoided if you do the following activities

Ask the development team for their help to build up the test environment

Prepare all the equipment or materials (Server, database, PC..) needed for setting up environment

This risk is a critical; it may prevent the whole project from proceeding. In that case, you should do

Re-define the project scope, identify what will be tested and what will be ignored in such case

Negotiate with customer about the term of project to fit for the project budget

Improve the productivity of each project phase such as testing, making test specs,…If you can save time, you can save cost

This risk is considered as Medium priority, because it doesn’t affect to the whole project and could be avoided. You can request the development team to check and add these functions to the website.

Register Risk

All the risk must be recorded, documented and acknowledged by project managers, stakeholder and the project member. The risk register should be freely accessible to all the members of the project team.

There’re some useful to register risk such as Redmine, MITRE… etc.

Monitor and Control Risk

Risks can be monitored on a continuous basis to check if any changes are made. New risk can be identified through the constant monitoring and assessing mechanisms.

For better risk management, you can refer Risk Management template include in this article

Going Beyond The Conventional Test Pyramid: Api Testing

Test Pyramid is a blueprint divided into three parts that help Devs and QA professionals to get better results. Since the test pyramid increases the efficiency of a Dev team, it plays a vital role in the software testing strategy.

Like everything else, this strategy also comes with a toll. See, the traditional test pyramid consists of three layers: Unit test, Integration test, and End-to-End Test. As a result, it takes a lot of time and effort.

The Dev team requires three to six cycles on average to complete a whole testing phase with this idea. And it takes a lot of manual testing to go through. So, what’s the solution here?

Meet API testing. It’s a testing type that maintains short test cycles and handles frequent changes. In this article, I’ll give you a full-fledged idea about API testing and try to answer all your questions. So, let’s get to it.

What is API Testing?

API stands for Application Programming Interface. A software testing strategy that checks whether an API performs the way it should define API testing. In other words, it analyzes API’s functionality, readability, performance, and security.

In conventional testing, developers work with standard inputs and outputs. But in API tests, they use software to call APIs, get results and note down the system’s response.

You already know that the conventional test consists of three layers: presentation, business, and database. API works as an add-on to the middle layer (business) of traditional testing. The API test lies between the presentation and business layer in software development.

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Types of API Test

Different API tests are available to ensure the ongoing project’s API works as it should. Let’s get to know some of those.

Functional Testing

The definition of functional testing is simple. It ensures whether the software of the application is performing within the expected parameters.

This method analyzes the whole codebase and compares it with the intended output to get to a decision. The software can also prevent bugs outside the designed parameters in this process.

Reliability Testing

Validation Testing

Validation testing mainly checks the behavior and efficiency of an API. It’s a quality assurance strategy for determining if the product is ready to meet the dev’s and client’s expectations. The testing process is divided into three question sets to verify the entire development process.

The first set addresses the product. Checks if it’s correctly built, has proper baseline coding, how it solves an issue, etc.

The second set is about the API’s behavior. This means it confirms whether an API behaves as intended.

The third and final set of questions looks at the efficiency of the product.

Load Testing

In API tests, developers use load testing to understand how an API performs with the increased number of calls. This test helps the development team to agree on whether the product can meet certain real-life expectations under a high load.

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Security Testing

Security Testing gives the Dev team an overview of how the API will perform against cyberattacks. The process tests an API’s encryption methods and checks how it behaves with permissions and access controls.

Penetration Testing

You can call it “Security Test 2.0” because this process is the next level of security testing. In this type, the testers analyze different attacks on API from an outsider’s point of view. This helps them to design better security for the product.

Fuzz Testing

UI Testing

The general idea of UI testing is to check whether the API or other integral parts’ user interface is running correctly. In terms of the codebase, UI testing is not a significant part of API testing. However, this process helps measure the health and efficiency of the app’s front-end and back-end.

Runtime and Error Detection

This type of testing is directly associated with the running of the API itself. Mainly, it monitors, overviews, and executes errors and resource leaks of a product.

Benefits of API Test

Traditional testing does not cover all the aspects of back-end testing. As a result, the final product has a high possibility of containing bugs, which is pretty bad. That’s why we need API tests to ensure connections among different platforms are safe and reliable.

However, there’re other benefits of using API tests as well. Let me cover some of those for you.

API test is language-independent. In the test, data is exchanged via XML and JASON format. It gives you an edge to use any language format you want.

One of the best things about API testing is that it lets developers access the app without using the user interface. This way, the tester can identify bugs beforehand in the development lifecycle.

API test gives you improved test coverage. Most APIs allow you to create an automated test with enormous test cases. This applies in both functional and non-functional tests.

It is already known but let me tell you one more time that API testing takes less time. It can save you up to eight hours.

These are some of the biggest benefits of using API tests. Since you already know it’s a software-dependent testing strategy, you must be expecting a few names to get started with the process.

API Testing Tools

Every developer has two options to run an API test: Write a framework or work with the ready-to-go tools. Yes, both have pros and cons, but I’ll talk about the available software on the market.

There are a lot of API Testing tools out there on the internet. However, as the internet has become a tough place to find the best things, I’ll give you a few names to work with.

SoapUI: Soap UI is one of the world’s most popular SOAP and REST APIs. Its open-source testing functionality offers inspection, simulation, development, and invoking of a web service. The best thing about this API testing tool is that it is entirely FREE. So, you can run, integrate, and simulate your project here without worrying about anything.

Apache JMeter: Apache JMeter is a pure open-source Java application designed for functional testing, load testing, and performance testing. Generally, developers use it to analyze how much load a product can take or, in shorter words, load testing.

Apigee: Apigee is a Google cloud-based API analysis and management software. The app first started its journey back in 2004. In 2023, Google bought the software for 625 million USD. You can use the tool for free for the first few times, but you have to buy it eventually.

REST Assured: REST Assured is another Java application on my list. But the best thing about this tool is that it easily handles JAVA. With this one, source code becomes shorter and easier to read and understand.

Testsigma: Testsigma is a cloud-based E2E API testing tool. The company gives you 30 days of free trial with the product. The tool features a simple setup with no coding policy. This way, non-technical people can also run and analyze test results.

Swagger UI: Swagger UI lets the testers or the customers interact and visualize the API without any implementation logic in its place. The tool works in all development environments and supports all browsers. It is fully customizable, and the best part, you can easily handle it.

Postman: Postman is a complete and customizable API testing tool that allows you to design, run, mock, monitor, and publish the APIs from one place.

Katalon: Katalon is one of the most productive IDEs out there for API automation. It works with modern frameworks like most other API testing tools. The best part about the tool is that it’s low maintenance.

The Last Words

API test is more like conventional software testing on steroids. The main difference is steroids have too many cons, but API testing doesn’t. I’ve tried briefly explaining API testing and its benefits in the above article.

Yes, there are a few anti-sides as well. Since the number is way too less, I didn’t feel the urge to address them. One of the biggest problems with API testing is MAINTENANCE.

But I’ve already given you a list of automated tools as a big SOLUTION to this problem. I hope this article was enough to answer all of your concerns.

What Is Project Management Software? What Are Its Benefits?

blog / Project Management What is the Best Project Management Software and What are Their Benefits?

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Project management can be difficult in today’s fast-paced business environment, especially if you’re still relying on manual methods and outdated tools. Fortunately, many project management software solutions are available to help you streamline your workflow, improve collaboration, and increase project efficiency. We look at the best project management software solutions on the market, their key features, and their benefits, and pick the best one for your needs—whether you’re a small business owner, a project manager, or a team leader.

What is Project Management Software?

ALSO READ: What is Project Management and How to Become a Successful PM

Benefits of Project Management Software

Improved efficiency:

Project management software simplifies project planning and execution, making it easier to track progress, identify potential issues, and make necessary changes.

Enhanced collaboration:

It improves team collaboration and productivity by centralizing project information and allowing team members to communicate and collaborate in real time.

Improved time management:

Scheduling and time management can be improved by providing tools for managing tasks, deadlines, and resources.

Improved accountability:

Team members can be held accountable for their assigned tasks and deadlines, making it easier to identify areas for improvement and ensure project completion on time.

Increased transparency: T

eam members, stakeholders, and clients can have more transparency and trust as they have access to project status updates and progress reports.

Cost savings:

It also helps reduce project costs and increases profitability by improving project efficiency and minimizing potential risks.

The 5 Best Project Management Software Solutions

Here are five popular project management software solutions that industry experts and users frequently recommend:


Unique feature: The timeline view in Asana project management software is a unique feature that provides a visual representation of a project’s tasks and their timing. Users can see their project plan at a glance, adjust task timing using the drag-and-drop feature, set milestones to mark key points, and add dependencies between tasks using this feature. As a result, Asana’s Timeline view can assist users in better understanding their project schedule, identifying potential issues, and communicating the project plan to stakeholders; it is a powerful and intuitive way to manage project timelines and ensure project success compared to other project management software.

Trello Basecamp

Basecamp is a web-based project management software that offers tools for task management, project management, and team communication. In essence, it includes features like to-do lists, calendars, and file storage. Basecamp also offers message boards, chat rooms, and direct messages for team collaboration and communication. With a 30-day free trial, Basecamp’s flat pricing model is based on the number of projects and team members using it.

Unique feature: Basecamp project management software is distinguished by its all-in-one approach to project management, which includes a wide range of features and tools in a single platform. In fact, it combines project management tools such as to-do lists, schedules, group chat, document storage, and automated check-ins into a single platform, making it a comprehensive project collaboration tool.


Project management software is a must-have for any organization looking to streamline its project management processes, improve collaboration, and boost project efficiency. Thus, when choosing a project management software, keep in mind your organization’s specific needs and requirements, and the features and pricing plans provided by each software solution. To learn more about project management, you can check out Emeritus’  project management courses in collaboration with the best universities around the globe. 

By Siddhesh Shinde

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