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Excerpted from HOW TO RAISE AN INTUITIVE EATER: Raising the Next Generation with Food and Body Confidence by Sumner Brooks and Amee Severson. Copyright © 2023 by the author and reprinted with permission of St. Martin’s Publishing Group.

Movement and its relation to our body and health is the cousin of nutrition. It can be so deeply rooted in diet culture, yet is an important part of our lives, and likely an aspect of some of your children’s favorite activities. Movement for kids and adults is ideally about having fun and developing new skills—never about losing weight or burning calories. When it’s not fun—it won’t be for everyone—it may be an intentional choice to support physical strength, rehabilitation, mental health, or skill-building. The key difference with our approach to movement is that the choice is based in body appreciation; it’s not a mandate from diet culture. We need to be aware that in our culture, even when you say it’s “to stay healthy,” kids are conditioned to know and subconsciously associate “healthy” with “thin.” “Staying healthy” is an association we should question and would be best unassociated with movement.

Of course, we know that for many kids, participating in sports is positive: It builds social connection, grows self-esteem, it’s fulfilling, and it’s fun! Some kids can develop an interest early on, and become passionate and dedicated athletes by grade school or middle school. This immerses them into sports culture from a young age. If your child is one of these passionate athletes, we want you to be informed about the ways this may impact their risk of developing disordered eating.

We often see kids get into a certain sport because they love it. Then, as they get older and approach middle and high school years, there becomes more and more pressure on athletes to have an “athletic,” trim, lean, or thin build. The sports culture all on its own comes with increased risks for eating and exercise disorder development. Actually, if you have a child who is very into sports, you’ll want to be extra aware of what they’re being told about food, eating, and weight control in the setting of their sport, from teammates, other parents, and coaches.

It’s estimated that disordered eating affects around 62 percent of female and 33 percent of male athletes, specifically athletes that compete in sports that place a high emphasis on aesthetics, appearance, size, and weight such as bodybuilding, wrestling, gymnastics, figure skating, dancing, rowing, running, cheerleading, and horse racing, to name a few. Among female high school athletes, 41 percent reported disordered eating, and they were eight times more likely to experience an injury than their teammates who didn’t report disordered eating.

Further down the line, one study found that for college athletes the risk of developing anorexia nervosa was 25 percent (female) and 10 percent (male) and bulimia nervosa 58 percent (female) and 38 percent (male). These numbers are extremely high, and show that if your child is involved in competitive sports, just by being a part of the sports culture, they are at high risk.

St. Martin’s Publishing Group

Body changes that come with puberty, combined with the increased food needed for their sport and more attention on weight, shape, and appearance, is a recipe for body dissatisfaction and increased attention on food and weight. It’s common to find adolescents and young adults, with their newfound freedom of eating away from their parents more often than ever before, taking it upon themselves to start dieting without anyone noticing. That is, until you do notice. This can be really scary for parents, but it highlights the importance of talking about bodies and normalizing body diversity and body fat from a young age—so that your child is more equipped to say no to the temptation of dieting when it’s presented as a potentially necessary step to help them excel in their sport.

The more movement in their life, the more your child will naturally be hungry. It’s not unusual if you notice your middle-schooler or teen eating what appear to be large amounts of food at one time—their bodies are hungry for this! Your natural reaction might be to encourage them to eat less, to wait until dinner, or to choose something “healthier,” which can feel really shaming and imply that you don’t approve of the way they are eating. Ask yourself: Do you know how much they’ve had to eat that day? (No, you don’t—unless you actually do, but you probably don’t.) Is it possible they are really hungry and need to have permission to eat as much as they need without feeling guilty or embarrassed? Maybe they are eating emotionally; if that is the case, what they need is support, space, permission, and love—not to be shamed for eating.

Explicitly stating something like “Are you really hungry for that? or Are you listening to your body? You’ve had two bowls of cereal” will not help them feel supported; it will likely produce a shame spiral and cause them to want to eat apart from you, in private. Support them by reminding them to have meals and snacks, having food available, and asking for their input on what foods they want to have around for breakfast, easy lunches, and after-school snacks. Involve them and show them you want to support them in getting enough to eat and feeling satisfied. Home should never be a place where someone feels bad about what they eat.

If your child is eating a lot of “light” or diet foods—particularly in the high school age range and even more so among high school athletes who are growing and very active—they will likely not be getting enough calories to meet their needs, and their body will eventually register that. When the body and brain begin to recognize there is a calorie deficit, neurochemicals and hormones shift to protect their body, often causing noticeable surges in appetite and cravings. For some people, the pattern that ensues is binge eating, alternating with restriction, and on it goes. Many young athletes and active people who have high calorie needs but make it a priority to “eat healthy” (which to them may mean eating fewer calories) will begin to experience urges to binge. This isn’t a “normal” part of being a teenager. Despite being common, binge eating is a direct outcome of undereating or being unintentionally underfueled. So, although your child or teen may complain to you that they feel “out of control” or “eating too much”—and they may be gaining weight, too—the problem lies in the undereating, not the binges. Restriction is never the road to peace with food. Eating large portions can be normal, but when the feelings of guilt and shame, or compensation like exercise, vomiting, using laxatives or diuretics, or restricting food occur, these are signs of a more serious disorder. Eating disorders require professional treatment as well as a compassionate and supportive home environment that allows a child to recover from disordered thoughts and behaviors. Placing limits on food, regardless of how much they are eating, is never the answer. Eating disorder behaviors can also be a coping mechanism that your child develops to survive difficult circumstances.

Buy How to Raise an Intuitive Eater here.

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Apple Under Pressure To Enable Iphone’s Fm Radio

The fact that the wireless modem found in every iPhone features built-in FM radio capabilities that are intentionally disabled in software is getting some renewed attention following the strong hurricane season in the United States.

According to Bloomberg today, Senator Bill Nelson of Florida is pressuring manufacturers to activate the FM radio chips embedded in nearly all smartphones.

Dennis Wharton, a spokesman for the National Association of Broadcasters:

Broadcasters are providing information on how to evacuate quickly, where flood waters are raging, how to get out of harm’s way if there’s a tornado or a hurricane.

The notion that Apple or anyone else would block this type of information is something that we find fairly troubling.

He’s totally right about that. iPhone accounts for more than 40 percent of the US smartphone market so no wonder they’re singling out Apple as an example.

FCC chairman Ajit Pai:

The FM chip is a valuable functionality, not just when times are good or when it helps you save battery life or reduces congestion on the wireless network, but especially when it’s an emergency. People want to tune in to the radio broadcast and get emergency information and this can be a valuable way of doing that.

The FCC chairman directly called on Apple to activate the FM radio in iPhones:

In recent years, I have repeatedly called on the wireless industry to activate the FM chips that are already installed in almost all smartphones sold in the United States. And I’ve specifically pointed out the public safety benefits of doing so. In fact, in my first public speech after I became Chairman, I observed that “you could make a case for activating chips on public safety groundsalone.”

When wireless networks go down during a natural disaster, smartphones with activated FM chips can allow Americans to get vital access to life-saving information. I applaud those companies that have done the right thing by activating the FM chips in their phones.

Apple is the one major phone manufacturer that has resisted doing so. But I hope the company will reconsider its position, given the devastation wrought by Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria. That’s why I am asking Apple to activate the FM chips that are in its iPhones.

It is time for Apple to step up to the plate and put the safety of the American people first. As the Sun Sentinel of South Florida put it, ‘Do the right thing, Mr. Cook. Flip the switch. Lives depend on it.

UPDATE: Apple responded to FCC’s request with this statement:

Apple cares deeply about the safety of our users, especially during times of crisis and that’s why we have engineered modern safety solutions into our products. Users can dial emergency services and access Medical ID card information directly from the Lock Screen, and we enable government emergency notifications, ranging from Weather Advisories to AMBER alerts.

iPhone 7 and iPhone 8 models do not have FM radio chips in them nor do they have antennas designed to support FM signals, so it is not possible to enable FM reception in these products.

I’ve never understood why the FM radio features are disabled in phones.

At the very least, enabling an FM tuner built into Qualcomm and Intel modem chips would let iPhone owners listen to FM radio over the air. Not everyone wants to stream their music.

But way more important than listening to some tunes over airwaves is listening to emergency FM radio broadcasts. Sure, you can do it over Wi-Fi or cellular, but that’s problematic when hurricanes knock people off the power grid and cripple cellular services for weeks or months.

When disaster strikes, the FCC sees an exponential surge in radio audiences.

In those situations, over-the-air radio is a lifeline. I think there should be a law prohibiting technology companies from disabling FM radio capabilities in products for no apparent reasons. Critics rightfully say Apple clearly doesn’t want to cannibalize its streaming service by giving iPhone owners access to free radio service over the airwaves.

As the FCC chairman said earlier this year: “It seems odd that every day we hear about a new smartphone app that lets you do something innovative, yet these modern-day mobile miracles don’t enable a key function offered by a 1982 Sony Walkman.”

Thoughts? Should Apple and other companies activate FM receivers in smartphones?

Six Terrier Athletes Named To Bu Hall Of Fame

Six Terrier Athletes Named to BU Hall of Fame Special 50th induction ceremony tomorrow

John Curry (CAS’07) holds BU men’s hockey program records for career goals-against average (2.07) and career save percentage (.923). Photo courtesy of BU Athletics

In a special ceremony tomorrow evening, six former Terriers, spanning three decades and five sports, will be inducted into the Boston University Athletic Hall of Fame. The occasion marks the 50th induction ceremony honoring former BU athletes being recognized for their contributions on and off the field during their BU careers.

Headlining the 2014 class is John Curry (CAS’07), one of the greatest goaltenders in the history of BU’s storied ice hockey program. After joining the team as a recruited walk-on, Curry proceeded to set new goalkeeping records while leading the Terriers to three Beanpot titles and a Hockey East championship. He was named Hockey East Player of the Year in 2007.

“Before I came to BU, I played hockey, but I didn’t truly understand what it was about,” says Curry. “During my time at school I learned so much about the sport and about being part of a team, and that really molded me into the person I am today.”

Currently a member of the American Hockey League’s Iowa Wild, Curry signed a free-agent deal with the Pittsburgh Penguins after graduating from BU. He spent four years with the Penguins organization before joining the Iowa Wild. Curry says he’s looking forward to returning to campus for tomorrow’s ceremony. “It’s been too long since I’ve been back to Boston and seen all my old coaches and teammates. I owe so much to the BU hockey program, and it’s difficult to articulate what it means to receive this kind of honor,” he says. “It’s something that I know I couldn’t have done without help from so many people. It’s just very humbling.”

Two standout members of BU’s disbanded football program will also be inducted as part of this year’s class. Bob Speight (SED’83) was the only Atlantic 10 Conference player ever named a First Team All-Star all four seasons. The offensive tackle graduated with three All-America awards, despite several shoulder injuries. Jay Hillman (MET’94), the only running back to lead the Terriers in rushing all four seasons, earned BU’s Mickey Cochrane Award as the top male athlete in 1992. Hillman left BU after the 1992 season to pursue a professional career in the World League and the National Football League before completing his degree in 1994.

Katie Terhune (COM’04) will enter the Hall of Fame as the BU women’s basketball all-time leading scorer. During the 2003 season, she led the team to the program’s sole America East title (and was the only women’s basketball Terrier to be named America East MVP) and is one of two players whose jersey number has been retired. She received the Mildred Barnes Award, given each year to the BU’s top female student-athlete, at the end of junior year.

Alyssa Trudel (CAS’05) made history in 2005 when she led the women’s lacrosse Terriers to their first NCAA tournament victory. That season, she captained the team to an 18-2 overall record, a program tie for most wins. She was named America East Player of the Year in 2003.

This year’s youngest inductee is Pam Spuehler (CAS’08), whose outstanding field hockey career helped the Terriers claim three straight conference titles. A three-time All-American, Spuehler was an assistant coach after graduating, then went on to play professionally in Australia and Germany, and was a member of the 2011 US National Team.

Despite her accomplishments, Spuehler says, she was shocked to hear she had made the Hall of Fame during her first year of eligibility. “When I made the cut along with these amazing athletes, I was absolutely blown away,” she says. “It’s given me the opportunity to reflect on what my time at BU meant to me, and I’ve come to realize that it changed my life forever.”

The six honorees will receive a Hall of Fame signature red jacket at the ceremony, and each is expected to speak about his or her time at BU. They join Terrier greats such as BU football star and Red Sox first baseman Harry Agganis (SED’54), longtime men’s head hockey coach Jack Parker (SMG’68, Hon.’97), and Mike Eruzione (SED’77), captain of the 1980 “Miracle on Ice” Olympic gold medal US hockey team.

“Our 50th Hall of Fame induction ceremony will be a special event, and this is certainly a special class that highlights the best of our best here at BU,” says Mike Lynch, an assistant vice president and director of athletics. “I had the privilege of watching four of these amazing athletes and the other two are football greats whose spots in our hall are long overdue.”

This year’s Aldo Donelli Leadership Award will be given to a current senior student-athlete who has shown outstanding leadership on and off the field, and the William French Memorial Award will go to a current or former BU coach or graduate who has distinguished himself or herself in the coaching profession in the past year. This year’s Roger Washburn Award—given to a BU alum who has demonstrated continuous support of Terriers athletics—and the Murray Kramer Memorial Award—going to a person or organization to honor outstanding media coverage or publicity of intercollegiate sports—will be presented as well.

Nate Weitzer can be reached at [email protected].

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The Best Pressure Washers Of 2023

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Written By Jeremy Helligar

Updated Apr 18, 2023 10:24 AM

Sometimes getting down on your hands and knees with soap and water just won’t do. Going low with high hopes of scrubbing grimy outdoor surfaces clean can be hard on the knees and murder on the back. The best pressure washers will sweep in to clean excess gunk without requiring any manual scrubbing or stooping down to ground level.

A pressure washer is essentially a power hose connected to a water pump powered by an electric motor or gas engine. It blasts out water at hundreds of times the pressure of the air we breathe, helping users to get both high and low surfaces as clean as possible while standing upright. It’s a garden tool, patio cleaner, and concrete cleaner rolled into one that works on lawn furniture, barbecue grills, cars, and even the outside walls of the house. Here’s how to find one that fits your needs!

The best pressure washers: Reviews & Recommendations Best electric: Sun Joe Electric High Pressure Washer

This is the best electric pressure washer and it’s loaded with accessories, including two removable detergent tanks, a 35-foot power cord and a garden hose adapter. This Sun Joe pressure washer generates up to 2,030 PSI and 1.76 GPM of water spray.

Best gas: Simpson Cleaning MegaShot Gas Pressure Washer

This is the best gas pressure washer and it comes with five nozzle tips of different sizes, including a plastic soap one, as well as an ergonomic high-pressure gun and 10-inch pneumatic tires that can be maneuvered across a variety of terrains.

Best cold water: GreenWorks Pressure Washer

The pressure hose can extend up to 20 feet, and the 35-foot power cord is safe to use with exterior outlets. It also comes with two nozzle tips, a soap applicator, and an attachable detergent bottle for added convenience at clean-up time. This GreenWorks pressure washer blasts 1,600 PSI.

Best hot water: Easy-Kleen Professional Pressure Washer

This hot water pressure washer will cost you, but it offers optimal cleaning power along with 13-inch pneumatic tires, five easy-to-connect nozzles, and a high-pressure hose that’s 50 feet long with a diameter of ⅜ of an inch. Powered by a Honda gas engine, it releases an ultra-powerful stream of water of 4,000 PSI at 3.5 GPM.

Things to consider when looking for the best pressure washers

Now that we’ve offered a brief overview of what the best pressure washer can do, it’s time to make some big decisions. As you prepare to take the leap into the world of pressure washing, there are at least five big things to consider. First, do you want to go gas or electric? If you’ve got a bigger space to clean, a gas pressure washer may make yard maintenance easier. Second, do you want one that uses hot water or cold water? The answer might mean a hefty price difference.

Next, what are your strength requirements? Pressure washer power is measured in three ways: PSI (pounds per square inch), GPM (gallons per minute), and CU (cleaning units), which is PSI multiplied by GPM. For the record, gas models generally produce a higher PSI and GPM than electric machines, which means they’re faster and more powerful. But that can also mean the loss of paint on your car! So go a bit easier on the force for surfaces that are more vulnerable to chipping and peeling. The fourth consideration is portability. Even if you buy a larger pressure washer, if it’s easy to wheel around and can be stored without too much trouble, the size may not be an issue.

Finally, what nozzles and accessories do you need? Pressure washer accessories like turbo nozzles, trigger spray guns, lances, and detergent injectors are a few of the easy-to-install attachments that can increase the effectiveness of your machine. Once you’ve narrowed down your choices to two or three that tick all the right boxes, the best pressure washer that comes with the most attachments wins.

Should you go with an electric pressure washer?

The first step in choosing a pressure washer is deciding whether to go with a gas or electric model. The best electric pressure washer will be able to push out between 1,800 and 2,000 pounds of water per square inch (a garden hose, in contrast, produces in the neighborhood of 40 PSI), and is lightweight, portable, and low maintenance.

An electric pressure washer typically shoots out water at a volume of 1.3 to 1.5 gallons per minute (GPM). They’re great for smaller items and spaces, but they don’t last as long as gas models, and the power cord limits how far from the outlet source you can stray while they’re turned on. Using an extension cord to further the reach is highly discouraged, so you might not be able to make it far enough to give the fence a good spraying.

Does a gas pressure washer better suit your needs?

The best gas pressure washer will bring extra power to the cleaning game. They tend to have a PSI in the 2,000 to 3,000 range—sometimes more—and are ideal for more intense tasks like cleaning large decks and patios, the side of the house, boats, and utility vehicles. You’ll want one of these if you need to remove a lot of caked-on mud and dirt from a truck or ATV, but be sure to use a low-pressure nozzle to protect the paint.

Although most gas pressure washers are heavy, they often have wheels for portability, and while you must purchase gas or oil to power it, you’ll be able to use it as far away from the house as you need to go. Sure, these machines are more expensive, but depending on your cleaning needs, the extra cost might be worth it.

Is a cold water pressure washer strong enough?

When you buy a machine for home use, it will most likely be a cold water pressure washer. These are budget models compared to the hot water models, costing up to thousands of dollars less. These are the best pressure washers for cars and accomplishing other modest goals like removing dirt, loose paint, and mildew from outdoor surfaces.

Should you go for a hot water pressure washer?

For particularly stubborn grime, a hot water pressure washer uses heat to increase its power washing game. Cold water pressure washers tend to be more portable, but hot water models are the ones to turn to for tackling massive cleaning jobs. As pressure washer surface cleaners go, they’re best reserved for materials like concrete and cement that can withstand the heat.

Commonly reserved for industrial and farm use, hot water pressure washers are considerably more expensive and are more complicated to use. The extra cleaning power means you’ll need less detergent and cleaning chemicals to do the job.

Best pressure washer on a budget: What you can get for under $120

Power washers cover a fairly wide price range, and if you go gas instead of electric, you’ll end up paying more for the added machine power. Meanwhile, a hot water pressure washer can come with a four-digit price tag. But don’t despair if you are on a tight budget with a lot of outdoor surfaces to clean. You may have to skimp on a few extras, but there’s no reason why you cannot get a perfectly efficient pressure washer without spending much more than $100. Here’s the best pressure washer we’ve found for less.

FAQs Q: What is a good PSI for a pressure washer?

A good PSI for a pressure washer for smaller jobs around the home is between 1,300 and 1,900, with a water flow of 2 gallons per minute (GPM). Medium size jobs require a PSI between 2,000 and 2,800, with a 2 to 3 GPM. For dirtier concrete surfaces, experts suggest a PSI higher than 2,800 and a GPM of 3 to 4.

Q: What is the safe PSI for washing a car?

A safe PSI for washing a car that shouldn’t damage the paint is between 1,200 and 2,200. If you go below that range, your car will be protected from paint loss, but you probably won’t get it properly cleaned with just a pressure washer.

Q: How long should a pressure washer pump last?

A pressure washer pump should last at least 500 hours, which in an average household, will keep it going for around 10 years. The pump is the most important part of a power washer (a consideration that is right up there with PSI and GPM), and it will most likely fail before the engine does.

The bottom line on finding the best pressure washers

Whether you go electric or gas, hot water or cold water, the best pressure washer makes yard maintenance a lot easier. The type you choose will depend on the magnitude of your cleaning jobs (the higher the PSI and GPM, the more water power you’ll get), the pressure washer accessories, and your budget. Although prices range from the low hundreds well into the thousands, you can go lower and still get a high-quality machine. Of course, nothing this good can possibly last forever, but the best pressure washer can still clean effectively up to a decade after you buy it, maybe even longer.

Apple Responds To Antitrust Pressure With App Store Pr Blitz

Apple is today responding to increasing antitrust pressure with an App Store PR blitz. This includes a complete revamp of its main App Store page, a new page promoting the benefits of the App Store to developers, new messaging, and a new program for developers of streaming video apps.

The response begins on Apple’s homepage, with a large banner at the top pointing visitors to the new App Store page. The headline message is ‘The apps you love from a place you can trust’ …

The new page again stresses the consumer benefits of a curated app store.

For over a decade, the App Store has proved to be a safe and trusted place to discover and download apps. But the App Store is more than just a storefront — it’s an innovative destination focused on bringing you amazing experiences. And a big part of those experiences is ensuring that the apps we offer are held to the highest standards for privacy, security, and content. Because we offer nearly two million apps — and we want you to feel good about using every single one of them.

The new page for developers is headed ‘Together we turn apps into opportunities.’

Apple is committed to helping developers turn their brightest ideas into apps that change the world. That’s why the App Store helps you from start to finish — to build, test, market, and distribute your products and grow your business. Our marketplace is secure, trusted, and accessible — connecting you to over 1.5 billion devices in 175 regions. The App Store and you. Together every step of the way.

This again stresses the privacy and security message.

Over a decade of trust and success. In 12 years, the App Store has grown from 500 apps to 1.8 million — all reviewed to comply with our rigorous standards for privacy, security, and content. All along the way, we’ve provided developers with the cutting‑edge tools and end‑to‑end support they need. So they can keep making the apps that change how people work, play, meet, learn, travel, and live their lives.

The pages contain some new facts and figures, the most notable of which is that more than a million apps have been rejected for objectionable content, with more than 150,000 apps rejected last year alone for failing to adhere to Apple’s privacy requirements.

One of the antitrust accusations leveled against Apple is that it doesn’t live up to its claim to treat all developers equally. There is evidence of Apple offering special deals for large developers whose apps the company wants to have on its platform.

We learned in July that Amazon Prime Video pays half the usual App Store commission, in a special deal agreed between Jeff Bezos and Eddy Cue.

Apple is also accused of creating arbitrary rules to allow it to appease companies like Netflix. It claims that it has since 2023 offered a program open to all video streaming apps, but has for the first time formalized and promoted this in the form of a new webpage for the Apple Video Partner Program.

This program is designed for apps that deliver premium subscription video entertainment services. Participating apps are required to integrate with a number of Apple technologies, such as Universal Search, Siri, AirPlay, and single sign-on or zero sign-on, to ensure a seamless experience for customers.

As a result of this integration, these apps are featured on the Apple TV app and throughout tvOS, and their content is discoverable through Universal Search and Siri.

As a program member, you earn 85% of sales from customers who sign up using Apple’s in-app purchase system. You may also allow customers who subscribe using your payment method outside of the app to use that payment method for additional video transactions within the app. You must enable in-app purchase to enjoy these economic benefits.

Apple’s response comes as a number of big developers banded together to form a coalition intended to coordinate antitrust battles over the App Store.

I argued back in July that Apple’s antitrust woes aren’t going anywhere, and it needs to address them head-on. The company seems to be getting halfway there with the PR blitz offering better messaging, together with a more formal and consistent approach to its exceptions, but it still seems determined to resist any move likely to reduce its income from developers.

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Four Young Scholars Named Peter Paul Professors

Four Young Scholars Named Peter Paul Professors Cited for cutting-edge research

Cara Stepp, a 2012 Peter Paul Professorship recipient, in her Sargent College lab, with Alan Pacheco (ENG’12). Photo by Cydney Scott

The simple act of swallowing is a herculean challenge for an estimated one-third of elderly Americans—stroke victims, for example—and triples their risk of death, says engineer Cara Stepp. She hopes to help these patients by having them play video games.

With their necks.

Those last two sentences aren’t typos. There’s some evidence that training the swallow-challenged with unusual tasks may foster faster motor learning than traditional therapy, says Stepp, a Sargent College assistant professor of speech, language, and hearing sciences and a College of Engineering assistant professor of biomedical engineering. “We use noninvasive measurements of your muscle activity as the control signal, so patients literally play the game using their neck. Patients watch a video game screen and activate their muscles when they want to hit a target in the game. Electrodes hooked to the patient signal the game when the patient swallows. Coordinating their muscle activity to the game exercises their throat muscles and may improve their ability to swallow.”

Her work has secured Stepp one of this year’s Peter Paul Professorships, which provide $40,000 in research money annually for three years. Stepp, who has a doctorate from the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, says the funding will allow her to hire an assistant and travel to local assisted living centers to record patients.

The other Peter Paul winners are Kathleen Corriveau, a School of Education assistant professor of human development, James Uden, a College of Arts & Sciences assistant professor of classical studies, and Valentina Perissi, a School of Medicine assistant professor of biochemistry.

Corriveau’s research probes the social and cognitive influences that make children decide which adults in their lives can be trusted for reliable information. She has become a go-to source in her field, with her scholarly journal articles cited by peers almost 300 times in just the two years since she received her PhD from Harvard.

“As a junior faculty member, there are always times of self-doubt. Receiving this award gives me the confidence to know that the University believes that I can make a difference through my research,” says Corriveau. The Peter Paul grant will help fund her just-launched Social Learning Laboratory, which studies how children learn. “To learn the shape of the Earth, of the existence of germs, children often cannot rely on firsthand experience and instead have to turn to other people,” she says. “We investigate the cues children use to judge the credibility of the source, as well as how children incorporate the information into their worldview.”

Uden says his Peter Paul award will further his current project—a book about the Roman satirical poet Juvenal—and perhaps help him begin a new one. “I am becoming interested in ideas of intellectual freedom in the Roman Empire,” he says in regard to the latter. “How independent were scholars from political control? Could scholars become, in effect, critics of the society in which they lived?” Uden earned a PhD at Columbia University.

Perissi, whose doctorate is from the University of California, San Diego, is a cellular and molecular biologist studying “the role of inflammation in obesity-induced type 2 diabetes,” she says. Controlled inflammation helps the body protect itself against injury and disease, but can become harmful if chronic; studying helpful inflammation may lead to ways to keep it from running amok, she says. “I am really excited for this award, which will be critical to get our research going and obtain important preliminary data that will allow us to apply for other fundings.”

University trustee Peter Paul (GSM’71) created the professorships named for him in 2006 with a $1.5 million gift, later increased to $2.5 million. President Robert A. Brown and Provost Jean Morrison select recipients from those recommended by deans and department chairmen. The grants are given to promising scholars with two years or less of teaching experience and no previous professorship, who might otherwise have difficulty securing research funding.

Morrison says the grants support the “talented researchers and teachers who are at the core of a successful institution. We extend our deepest gratitude to Paul for his belief in the importance of recognizing and helping to elevate future leaders in the classroom and laboratory.” The awardees’ work “furthers BU’s distinction as a research leader and incubator of exciting new ideas.”

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